IC 10 = UGC 192 = MCG +10-01-001 = LBN 591 = PP 5 = PGC 1305

00 20 23.2 +59 17 35

V = 10.4;  Size 6.3'x5.1';  Surf Br = 14.0

 

18" (9/6/10): this local group dwarf Irregular was immediately picked up at 108x (without a printed finder chart) as a large, low surface brightness hazy glow, ~4'x2.5', roughly elongated NW-SE, though the outer extent increased with averted vision and careful viewing.  A mag 12.7 star is superposed to the southeast of center and a few stars are on the northwest end.  The 1.5' region surrounding the mag 12.7 star is the brightest portion of the galaxy and the W and NW regions have a very low surface brightness and appeared irregular and patchy.  Located 12' NE of mag 7.3 HD 486 and just north of a right triangle of mag 10-11 stars

 

Using 175x, a very small 15" knot was clearly visible about 50" following the mag 12.7 star.  This knot is a giant HII region (site of violent starburst formation) catalogued by Hodge and Lee (1990) as HL 111.  At 285x with direct vision a faint star at its west edge was similar in visibility, but with averted vision the HII knot was more evident.  I probably viewed the brightest component 111c, which has a diameter of 11", of this HII complex.  Two mag 10.5 stars 3.5' S and 5.5' S of the galaxy (part of the right triangle mentioned above) provide a useful guide to pinpoint the location of HL 111.  The HII region is directly on a line and equally spaced with these stars -- just follow the stars to the small knot.

 

18" (7/15/07): at 225x this Local Group member (M31 subgroup) appeared faint, fairly large, slightly elongated NW-SE, ~4.5'x3.5', low even surface brightness except fades at the edges.  A mag 13 star is superimposed west of center and a fainter star follows.  Located 1.4 degrees ENE of mag 2.3 Beta Cas (Caph).

 

18" (10/8/05): picked up fairly easily at 115x as a large, low surface brightness hazy region with a mag 13 star superimposed.  Good view at 160x using the Meade 14mm Ultrawide.  Appeared faint, large, slightly elongated, ~4'-5' diameter (though no distinct borders) with a patchy, mottled appearance, very weak concentration.  Several faint stars (besides the mag 13 star) are superimposed.  Situated within a rich star field and appears similar to a low surface brightness emission or reflection nebula.

 

13.1" (11/5/83): very faint, moderately large, elongated NW-SE.  Unusually low even surface brightness.  A mag 13 star is superimposed near the center.  Located in a very rich star field just 3.3” from the galactic plane!  Member of the Local Group.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 10 = Sw VII-1 on 8 Oct 1887 and recorded "F * involved in vL, eeeF nebulosity, eee difficult.  In line with 2 stars of equal mag which with a 3rd forms a right angled triangle."

 

Nicholas Mayall first recognized IC 10 as a galaxy in 1935 ("An Extragalactic Object 3” from the Plane of the Galaxy" in PASP, 47, 317).  In 1936, Hubble suggested it might be a member of the local group and called it "One of the most curious objects in the sky" in his 1936 classic "The Realm of the Nebulae."  This wasn't confirmed until 1996 using Cepheid variables and the current distance estimate is ~2.5 million l.y.  This irregular dwarf galaxy is probably a member of the M31 satellite system and it lies only 3.3 deg from the galactic plane.

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IC 18 = Arp 100 NED1 = VV 234 = VIII Zw 25 = MCG -02-02-023 = PGC 1759

00 28 35.0 -11 35 12

Size 1.0'x0.5';  PA = 29d

 

48" (10/25/14): at 488x; moderately bright, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 30"x20", weak concentration with an overall fairly low surface brightness.  A mag 16.5 star is adjacent to the center of the galaxy at the east edge.

 

The northern tidal plume was visible as a very faint, narrow extension, ~1' long, to the north-northeast (PA 30”).  The spike or plume stretched roughly twice the length of the galaxy and was slightly brighter or easier to view near where it emerged on the north side of the galaxy. 

 

24" (9/15/12): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, 30"x15", low surface brightness.  Fainter of a pair (Arp 100) with IC 19 3.4' SSE.  The long, narrow tidal plume extending to the NNE was not seen.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 18 = J. 1-11, along with IC 19, on 31 Aug 1892.  He noted "pF, S, irr, gbM" and measured an accurate position.

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IC 19 = Arp 100 NED2 = Mrk 949 = MCG -02-02-024 = PGC 1762

00 28 39.5 -11 38 27

Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 30d

 

48" (10/25/14): at 488x; fairly bright, fairly small, slightly elongated SW-NE, , 25'x 20", bright core, stellar nucleus.  Brighter (higher surface brightness) of an interacting pair with IC 18 3.4' NNW.

 

24" (9/15/12): at 322x appeared fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 25" diameter, weak even concentration.  Brighter of pair (Arp 100) with IC 18  3.4' NNW.  Located nearly at the midpoint of mag 7.4 HD 2438 and mag 7.4 HD 2553 (17' separation WSW-ENE).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 19 = J 1-12, along with IC 18, on 31 Aug 1892.  He noted "R, 20" diameter, stellar [nucl] = 14m." and measured an accurate position.

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IC 27 = (R)NGC 135 = PGC 143572

00 33 06.2 -13 22 17

Size 0.6'x0.6'

 

17.5" (12/3/88): very faint, small, slightly elongated ~N-S, very low surface brightness.  Located 7.9' SSE of mag 8.9 SAO 147331 and 8.6' NW of mag 8.6 SAO 147330.  MCG -02-02-051 lies 13' N.

 

The RNGC misidentifies IC 27 as NGC 135.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 27 = J 1-19 on 4 Nov 1891 and recorded "faint, ill-defined, slightly elongated along the diurnal movement, 20" long, brighter center."  The RNGC misidentifies IC 27 as NGC 135, as well as secondary sources such as Megastar.  PGC 143572 is not identified as IC 27 in HyperLeda (as of 12/15).

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IC 43 = MCG +05-02-040 = CGCG 500-072 = LGG 014-017 = PGC 2536

00 42 22.1 +29 38 30

V = 13.2;  Size 1.5'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 117d

 

17.5" (10/5/02): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.9'x0.7', broad concentration to a slightly brighter core.  A faint stellar nucleus was visible with direct vision.  Located 3.4' NW of a mag 10.4 star.  Member of the Pisces-Perseus Supercluster.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 43 = B. 106 on 15 Nov 1889 and noted "diffuse, with a stellar condensation, and seems slightly eccentric."

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IC 48 = IC 1577 = MCG -01-03-001 = MCG -02-03-001 = PGC 2603

00 43 34.5 -08 11 11

V = 13.1;  Size 1.0'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 171d

 

18" (12/17/11): at 288x appeared moderately bright, fairly small, round, sharply concentrated with a very small, very bright 15" core surrounded by a much fainter 35" halo.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 48 on 30 Nov 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory and noted "pB, S, R, gbM to stellar nucleus 13m."  His position (published in AN 3097) is accurate, but Dreyer made an error precessing the declination and the IC declination is 18' too far south.  Barnard apparently later sent the discovery directly to Dreyer and it was recatalogued as IC 1577, though the RA is 1 minute too small!  So, IC 48 = IC 1577, probably both from the same observation.

 

Barnard thought IC 48 and IC 356 were variable nebulae ("Two Probably Variable Nebulae" in AN 3097, 1892) and wrote "On November 30, 1888 I discovered a small pretty bright nebula in Cetus [IC 48] and was surprised from the brightness of the nebula, to find that it was not in any catalogue.  I carefully measured its position with the micrometer, and examined it the next night, suspecting it to be a comet.  No motion being detected it was observed further.  I have a very distinct recollection of the object and from my description I would estimate that it was between 9th and 10th magnitude.  In its center was a very small stellar nucleus of the 13th mag.  Not having seen the nebula in my subsequent sweeps in that neighborhood, I was led in 1891 to examine its position with the 12-inch.  The nebula was found with some difficulty.  It was extremely faint, and was only identified by the aid of the comparison star of the previous observation.  This was November 22, 1891.  I estimated it to be 13.5 magnitude, 1/2' in diameter, with perhaps a faint nucleus.

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IC 51 = Arp 230 = MCG -02-03-011 = PGC 2710

00 46 24.2 -13 26 32

Size 1.3'x1.2';  PA = 30d

 

17.5" (12/11/99): at 280x, faint, fairly small, round, 0.6' diameter.  A mag 15 star is just off the SW edge [52" from center].  Located 28' E of mag 7.6 SAO 147425].

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 51 = J. 1-33 on 30 Aug 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "pB, S, bM, slightly mottled."

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IC 59 = Sh 2-185 = LBN 620 = Ced 4a

00 57 30 +61 08

Size 10'x5'

 

18" (12/22/11): best view was unfiltered at 108x.  Appears as a faint, large, irregular glow, roughly 8'x5'. Elongated E-W and extends to a group of a half-dozen stars at the NE end.  This group of stars is also possibly involved with the haze.  There is a slightly brighter patch on the south side.  Located 25' N of Gamma Cas.

 

18" (7/15/07): this large reflection nebula just 20' N of Gamma Cas (Navi) has a low even surface brightness and appears as a large oval-shaped hazy region ~6'x4' and elongated ~N-S.  Fainter of pair with IC 63 located 25' SE.

 

17.5" (11/1/86): located 20' N of Gamma Cassiopeia.  This emission nebula is larger than IC 63 but has a lower surface brightness.  Easy with averted vision and appears large, elongated ~N-S, with a fairly even surface brightness.  IC 63 lies 20' SE.

 

13": very faint, fairly large, very diffuse, visible with averted only.  Forms a pair with IC 63.

 

IC 59 and 63 were discovered independently on photographs taken by Max Wolf (end of Dec 1893) as well as E.E. Barnard (6 Feb 1894).  Wolf announced the discovery in AN 134 [3214], 365 (1894), "Ueber einige neue Nebelflecke" (Some New Nebulae).  Roberts photographed the Gamma Cas area earlier on 17 Jan 1890, but his image shows no nebulosity and he fails to mention nebulosity in the field.

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IC 63 = Sh 2-185 = LBN 622 = Ced 4b

00 59 29 +60 54 40

Size 10'x3'

 

18" (7/15/07): unusual triangular or wedge-shaped nebula just 20' NE of Gamma Cas.  At 115x appears fairly large, elongated SW-NE, ~6' diameter, with the brighter vertex at the west end. The southern edge, which extends towards the SW, is slightly brighter and more sharply defined.  The interior of the wedge is slightly fainter with subtle brightness variations.  The OIII and UHC filter dimmed the object.  IC 63 is brighter than IC 59, which is found 20' N of Gamma.

 

17.5" (11/1/86): distinct fan-shaped nebulosity extending east and NE with the vertex at the west end.  The southern border (extending E-W) has a sharper edge.  Brighter than nearby IC 59 in the field 20' NW.  Located 20' NE of Gamma Cassiopeiae.

 

13": very faint, fairly large, very diffuse, fan-shaped.  Forms a pair with IC 63.

 

IC 59 and 63 were discovered independently on photographs taken by Max Wolf (end of Dec 1893) as well as E.E. Barnard (6 Feb 1894).  Wolf announced the discovery in AN 134 [3214], 365 (1894), "Ueber einige neue Nebelflecke" (Some New Nebulae).

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IC 65 = UGC 625 = MCG +08-03-005 = CGCG 551-004 = LGG 016-003 = PGC 3635

01 00 55.6 +47 40 55

V = 12.8;  Size 3.9'x1.1';  Surf Br = 14.3;  PA = 155d

 

17.5" (9/1/02): fairly faint, fairly large, edge-on 4:1 NNW-SSE, 2.5'x0.6'.  Contains a slightly brighter, bulging core.  The outer tips fades into the background, so it was difficult to estimate the full extent.  A faint star is just off the following side of the core and a pair of mag 14 stars is off the southeast extension.  Located in a rich star field 8.5' WSW of mag 8 HD 5982.

 

17.5" (11/26/94): fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated 7:2 NNW-SSE, 3.5'x1.0', weak concentration to a brighter middle but no nucleus.  Several faint stars are near including a mag 14 star at the northwest tip and two mag 14 stars are situated on either side of the south-southeast end.  A brighter mag 12 star is 3.5' NNW of center.  Located 8.6' WSW of mag 7.8 SAO 36857.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 65 = Sw X-4 on 25 Sep 1890 and recorded "eF; pL; vE; 2 B st. in field; one f[ollowing] the other s[outh]."

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IC 66 = UGC 623 = MCG +05-03-033 = CGCG 501-059 = LGG 014-039 = PGC 3606

01 00 32.5 +30 47 50

V = 14.1;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 125d

 

17.5" (10/5/02): faint, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 0.6'x0.3'.  Located 8' N of NGC 338 and 18' SW of IC 69 in the Pisces-Perseus Supercluster (SW of the Pisces Chain).

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 66 = Big 108 on 12 Nov 1890 with the 12" refractor at the Paris Observatory.

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IC 69 = MCG +05-03-041 = CGCG 501-066 = LGG 014-041 = PGC 3666 = PGC 1929122

01 01 23.8 +31 02 29

V = 13.6;  Size 0.9'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.1

 

17.5" (10/5/02): faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.8'x0.6', low even surface brightness.  Located 4' SW of mag 8.4 SAO 54358.  IC 66 lies 18' SW.  Member of the Pisces-Perseus Supercluster.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 69 = Sf 66 on 8 Nov 1866 with the 18.5" refractor at the Dearborn Observatory and recorded "F, iF, lbM."

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IC 77 = MCG -03-04-012 = SCG 8 = PGC 73653

01 08 43.7 -15 25 15

Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

18" (11/22/03): extremely faint and small, round, 10" diameter.  Only visible intermittently.  Located just 2' SW of IC 80 in AGC 151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 77 = J 1-41, along with IC 80 on 31 Aug 1892.  Harold Corwin notes that Javelle's positions are unambiguous although MCG misidentified IC 80 (a double galaxy) as IC 77.

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IC 78 = MCG -03-04-010 = PGC 4079

01 08 47.6 -15 50 34

V = 13.5;  Size 1.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 124d

 

18" (11/22/03): faint, moderately large, fairly low surface brightness with weak concentration.  Initially just a 40" core was noticed but with extended viewing larger extensions increased the total size to ~1.2'x0.6'.  Possible member of AGC 151 or in a foreground group with IC 79 6.4' S and IC 82 10' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 78 = J 1-42, along with IC 79 and 82, on 30 Aug 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 79 = MCG -03-04-011 = PGC 4082

01 08 49.7 -15 56 55

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.3

 

18" (11/22/03): faint, small, slightly elongated, 25"x20", a mag 14 star is just off the NNE edge, 30" from center.  Located between IC 78 6.4' N and IC 82 5' SE in AGC 151 (or possibly a foreground cluster).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 79 = J 1-43, along with IC 78 and 82, on 30 Aug 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 80 = MCG -03-04-008/009 = SCG 8 = PGC 4072 + PGC 4071

01 08 51.1 -15 24 23

V = 13.7;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  PA = 45d

 

18" (11/22/03): faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 40"x25", low even surface brightness.  This is a double system and the observation probably refers to both components, which were not resolved.  IC 80 forms a close pair with IC 77 2' SW in AGC 151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 80 = J 1-44, along with IC 77 on 31 Aug 1892.  Although Javelle's positions are unambiguous MCG misidentifies IC 80 as IC 77 and SIMBAD misidentifies MCG -03-04-012 = PGC 4070 as IC 80.

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IC 82 = MCG -03-04-013 = PGC 4103

01 09 05.8 -16 00 01

V = 13.8;  Size 0.8'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 111d

 

18" (11/22/03): very faint, small, round, 0.4' diameter, low surface brightness.  Third in the 257x field close south of the core of AGC 151 with IC 79 5' NW and IC 78 10' NW.  Located 6' NW of a mag 10.4 star.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 82 = J 1-45, along with IC 78 and 79, on 30 Aug 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 92 = MCG +05-04-020 = CGCG 502-029 = PGC 4780

01 19 48.4 +32 46 04

V = 14.4;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 0d

 

17.5" (12/23/89): extremely faint, small.  A mag 15 star is 1' NW.  Located 10' WNW of NGC 472 = NGC 468.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 92 = Big. 115 on 2 Nov 1885 with the 12" refractor at Paris.  His position is a fairly close match with CGCG 502-029 = PGC 4780.  This galaxy has been assumed identical to NGC 468 = h98, discovered by JH on 22 Nov 1827.  His position is 4' south of the galaxy and as a result Dreyer added the comment in the IC "? different from h 98", indicating his uncertainty if IC 92 was the same object.

 

In Mar 2015, Harold Corwin checked JH's observing logs (in response to an inquiry from Courtney Seligman about the identity), and found that Herschel made an error in reducing the position of NGC 468 by 37 seconds (recording the wrong wire).  Once corrected, his position for h98 = NGC 468 is a close match with NGC 472 = UGC 870, a significantly brighter galaxy than IC 92.  So, IC 92 should be the single identity for this galaxy.  See NGC 468 for more.

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IC 93 = IC 1671 = MCG -03-04-043 = PGC 4724

01 19 02.3 -17 03 37

V = 13.2;  Size 1.3'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 170d

 

18" (11/13/07): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated at least 3:1 NNW-SSE, 0.7'x0.2', broad weak concentration.  The tips taper, though there is a strong impression of irregularities at the tips.  Forms a pair with much fainter IC 1667 4.8' W.  The IC 1670 pair lies 15' N.

 

18" (12/18/06): faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 NNW-SSE, 0.75'x0.3', weak concentration, slightly asymmetric appearance at the ends.  IC 1667 lies 4.8' W.  Located 11' W of mag 8.5 HD 8061.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 93 = Sw IX-2 on 28 Sep 1889 and recorded "vF; pS; lE; 8 mag * f 46s and 1' north."  His position and description matches   MCG -03-04-043 = PGC 4724.  He found this galaxy again on 18 Dec 1895 and included it in list XI-18.  His position, though, was poor (30 seconds of time too large and 2.3' too far south), so Dreyer assumed Sw XI-18 was a new object and recatalogued it as IC 1671.  Swift's description ("p 7m * nf 47 sec") confirms IC 93 = IC 1671.

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IC 101 = UGC 949 = MCG +02-04-036 = CGCG 436-039 = LGG 023-003 = PGC 5147

01 24 08.6 +09 55 50

V = 13.8;  Size 1.4'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 127d

 

18" (12/3/05): faint hazy spot, irregularly round, ~20"-25" diameter.  A mag 14.5 star lies 1' S.  Pair with fainter IC 102 5' SE.  Located 10' SW of NGC 522 in the NGC 524 group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 101 = J. 2-523, along with IC 102 and 114, and recorded "vF, E, about 1' long, no central condensation."  It was found again on a Crossley reflector plate and published in 1908PLicO...8...31 ("Catalogue of New Nebulae Discovered on the Negatives").

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IC 102 = UGC 954 = CGCG 436-040 = PGC 5172

01 24 26.3 +09 53 12

V = 14.4;  Size 0.9'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.8

 

18" (12/3/05): extremely faint, very small, 15" diameter, no details.  Marginal object that was just glimpsed as drifted through the field.  Located 8' SW of NGC 522 in the NGC 524 group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 102 = J. 2-524, along with IC 101 and 114, and recorded "eF, S, poorly define, no central condensation."  It was found again on a Crossley reflector plate and published in 1908PLicO...8...31 ("Catalogue of New Nebulae Discovered on the Negatives").

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IC 107 = IC 1700 = UGC 986  = MCG +02-04-041 = CGCG 436-047 = PGC 5271

01 25 24.7 +14 51 53

V = 13.3;  Size 1.2'x0.9';  PA = 6d

 

24" (12/1/13): moderately to fairly bright, small, round, 20", high surface brightness.  Gradually increases towards the center, then a sharp stellar nucleus.  A mag 14.5 star is at the southwest edge.  Brightest in a small trio with IC 1698 1.6' SSW and UGC 978 2.8' WNW.  IC 1704 lies 26' ESE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 107 = Sw X-5 on 18 Sep 1890 and recorded "vF; vS; R; * close preceding."  His position is 19 seconds of RA west of UGC 986 = PGC 5271, the brightest of a trio, and this galaxy has a star "close preceding" matching his description.  Coincidentally, his poor position falls near UGC 978, the faintest in the trio, which is misidentified as IC 107 in the CGCG, UGC, MCG, RC 3 and NGC 2000, as well as secondary sources such as Megastar software.  

 

Stephane Javelle independently found PGC 5271 again on 18 Jan 1896 (along with IC 1698, IC 1704 and IC 1706), assumed it was new, and Dreyer catalogued it again as IC 1700.  Most sources identify UGC 986 as IC 1700 due to its unambiguous position, though by historical precedence IC 107 should be the primary designation.

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IC 114 = UGC 1015 = MCG +02-04-048 = CGCG 436-050 = PGC 5343

01 26 22.6 +09 54 36

V = 14.1;  Size 1.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 14.1;  PA = 150d

 

18" (12/3/05): extremely faint, small, appears as a low surface brightness spot ~25" diameter, appears elongated but too faint for details.  A mag 13 star lies 1.8' W.  Located 30' NE of NGC 524 in a large group of galaxies.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 114 = J. 2-526, along with IC 101 and 102, and recorded "eF, vS, R, 20" diameter."

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IC 131 = M33-A29 = BCLMP 290

01 33 14.6 +30 44 56

 

18" (12/8/07): faint, quasi-stellar knot to the southeast of a N-S pair of stars (this pair is also collinear with NGC 592 located 6' S of IC 131).  But, according to Harold Corwin this compact HII region was assumed to be a mag 13.5 star by Bigourdan and IC 131 refers to two very small star clouds close following (seen in the 10/25/97 observation below, but missed this time). The nearly stellar knot I observed is listed as BCLMP 290B.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): very faint, very small, round, 10" diameter.  This HII region is located 10' WNW of the center of M33 near a wide pair [50"] of mag 11/12 stars.  A mag 14 star is nearby and at first I thought this star was IC 131 (on the DSS this 14th magnitude "star" is a compact HII region and was also described as a star by Bigourdan).  Collinear with IC 133 8' N and IC 132 11.5' N.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 131 = B. 122, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.

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IC 132 = BCLMP 638

01 33 15.8 +30 56 45

Size 0.8'x0.6'

 

18" (12/8/07): this faint HII complex in M33 appears as a 20"-25" knot, situated just 1' N of a 10" pair of mag 13 stars and 1.5' W of mag 9.3 HD 9444.  IC 133 lies 3.5' S.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): faint but easily visible HII knot of 20" diameter. Located 1' N of a pair of mag 13 stars at 10" separation and 1.6' W of a mag 9 star.  Forms the northern member of a pair of HII regions with IC 133 3.4' S.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 132 = B. 123, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.

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IC 133 = M33-A137 = BCLMP 624

01 33 15.8 +30 53 05

V = 14.3

 

18" (12/8/07): this star cloud/HII complex appeared as a faint, fairly large diffuse patch, elongated 5:2 NNW-SSE, 1.0'x0.4'.  Located 15' NW of the center of M33 and 4' SSW of mag 9.3 HD 9444.  IC 132 lies 3.5' N.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): faint, diffuse, hazy HII region of 35" diameter at the NW end of M33 15' NW of the center.  Forms a "pair" with IC 132 3.4' N.  This object is larger than IC 132 at times with averted vision but has a lower surface brightness.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 133 = B. 124, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.  Harold Corwin notes that Bigourdan's position is "toward the southern end where there appears to be a fairly compact HII region."

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IC 135 = M33-A100 = BCLMP 28/88

01 34 15.8 +30 37 11

 

18" (12/8/07): fairly faint, moderately large, elongated N-S, ~1.0'x0.5'.  Located off the ESE side of the core of M33 on the opposite side of the core from NGC 595.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): fairly faint, fairly small, 1' diameter.  This HII region is located 6' ESE of the center of M33 and is symmetrically placed on the opposite side of M33 from NGC 595.  IC 136 lies 3.5' S.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 135 = B. 126, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.  Harold Corwin notes that Bigourdan made an error with the "estimated offset from M33's nucleus of his comparison star".  It also appears that his offsets were applied with the wrong signs as the relative positions of these objects are reversed in RA as well as declination!  As a result, the IC positions for IC 135, 136, 139, and 140 are incorrect and out of RA order.  But if the relative differences in RA and NPD are reversed and applied to IC 135 at the position given here, then they land on the correct positions for IC 136, 139 and 140.

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IC 136 = M33-A101 = BCLMP 88

01 34 17 +30 34 00

Size 0.6'

 

18" (12/8/07): faint, fairly large, very low surface brightness patch, ~1.5' diameter, located 3.5' S of IC 135.  Appears roughly circular, though the outline is ill defined.  This object is not as prominent as nearby IC 139/140 (to the west and southwest) and IC 135 to the north.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): very faint, ill-defined hazy region in M33 between IC 135 3.5' N and a mag 11.5 star 2.5' SSE (just west of the line connecting these objects).  Appears as a slightly locally brighter region of 30" diameter and not as noticeable as the other IC HII regions - would have passed over if casually sweeping galaxy.  This star association may have a smaller HII component.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 136 = B. 127, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.  See IC 135.

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IC 137 = M33-A12 = BCLMP 21/200/201/202/203/204/205/207/208

01 33 39.1 +30 31 20

 

18" (12/8/07): very large brightening in the outer spiral arm, ~9' to the SSW of the center of M33, ~2.5'x2.0'.  M33-A14 lies NW.

 

17.5" (7/5/86): very faint HII knot or star association in M33 located along the main southern spiral arm 10' SSW of center of M33.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 137 = B. 128, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.  His micrometric position falls within M33-A12; IC 137 is the southwestern part of the association.

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IC 139 = M33-A4 = BCLMP 6/7/11

01 33 59.2 +30 34 03

 

18" (12/8/07): fairly small, ~45"x30, extended N-S, moderately bright HII knot/cluster forming a 1' pair with IC 140 to the south.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): fairly prominent elongated HII region and star association just following a mag 13 star 5.4' SSE of the center of M33.  Extended ~N-S, perhaps 2.0'x0.5' and consists of two brighter knots at both ends (the size appears too large).  Similar view on 7/5/86.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 139 = B. 129, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.  See IC 135.

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IC 140 = M33-A5

01 33 58.1 +30 33 02

 

18" (12/8/07): this moderately bright knot in M33 is ~35" in diameter, roundish and located just 1' S of IC 139.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): located SSW of IC 139 in M33 and visible as an easy knot, ~1' in diameter with ill-defined edges.  There is a second knot close west which is slightly fainter.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 140 = B. 130, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.  See IC 135.

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IC 142 = M33-A67 = BCLMP 301

01 33 55.6 +30 45 26

Size 0.5'

 

24" (12/28/13): B324, a highly luminous hypergiant and the brightest individual star in M33, appeared as a 15th magnitude star at the north edge of IC 142.  At 325x, it was not resolved from the general glow, but appeared as a sharp stellar point just within the glow on the north side.  IC 142 is nearly collinear with a mag 13.5 star 2.1' NW and a mag 11 star 2.9' NW.  Globular Cluster U49 lies 3.3' NW.

 

18" (12/10/07): fairly bright, small, contains a bright core and faint extensions SW-NE, ~25"x13".  Forms the south vertex of an equilateral triangle with two mag 11 stars 3' WNW and 3' N.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): fairly faint, very small, round.  Stands out nicely 6' N of the center of M33.  Either contains a stellar spot near the center or a faint star is superimposed.  This "stellar spot" is likely B324, the brightest individual star in M33 excluding Luminous Blue Variables.  B324 is an A-type supergiant with a V magnitude of 15.2. IC 142 is the first of three HII regions in the spiral arm containing IC 142, IC 143 and ending with NGC 604.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 139 = B. 131, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.

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IC 143 = M33-A75 = BCLMP 688/689

01 34 11.2 +30 46 38

 

18" (12/10/07): very faint, small, hazy patch, ~25"x20", situated close west of a mag 13.5 star and 4.5' due west of NGC 604.  Immediately noticed at 225x, though diffuse with an ill-defined outline.  Forms a pair with M33-A71 just 1.5' NW.

 

17.5" (10/25/97): appears as a very faint, hazy patch close WNW of a mag 13.5 star.  This HII region (M31-A75) is located 5' W of NGC 604 and 8' NNE of the center of M33.  M33-A71 is another very faint, 20" knot just 1.3' NW that appeared slightly brighter than IC 143. This is the second of three HII regions along with IC 142 3.5' WSW and NGC 604 5' E in the spiral arm attached at the west side of M33 and winding towards the NE.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 143 = B. 132, along with numerous other HII regions and star clouds in M33, on 28 Oct 1889.

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IC 154 = UGC 1229 = MCG +02-05-023 = PGC 6439

01 45 16.4 +10 38 57

V = 14.0;  Size 1.4'x0.2';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 66d

 

17.5" (12/18/89): very faint, fairly small, appears as a very thin sliver WSW-ENE.  A mag 13.5 star is at the preceding end 40" WSW of center.  Member of the NGC 665 group and forms a pair with IC 156 6' SSE.  NGC 665 lies 14' SSW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 154 = J 2-535, along with IC 156, on 15 Dec 1892 and recorded "F, vS, lbM, * 11.5 sp."

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IC 156 = UGC 1231 = MCG +02-05-025 = PGC 6448

01 45 29.3 +10 33 09

V = 13.5;  Size 1.5'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.9

 

17.5" (12/18/89): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated NW-SE.  A mag 14 star is 0.9' N.  Located 2.5' W of mag 8.7 SAO 92617.  Member of the NGC 665 group with IC 154 6' NNW and NGC 665 11' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 156 = J 2-536, along with IC 154, on 15 Dec 1892 and recorded "pB, R, 30" diameter, mbMN = * 12 mag."

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IC 161 = VV 54a = UGC 1266 = MCG +02-05-036 = CGCG 437-033 = Mrk 1007 = LGG 031-015 = PGC 6644

01 48 43.7 +10 30 28

V = 13.8;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.5;  PA = 65d

 

24" (12/28/13): at 375x appeared moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 3:2 ~E-W, 0.4'x0.25', well concentrated with a very bright core than increases to a stellar nucleus.  An extremely faint companion off the SE side (together forming VV 54) was not seen.  Forms a pair with IC 162 = VV 55 = Arp 228 2.5' ENE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 161 = Sw IX-3 on 3 Oct 1889 or 8 Jan 1891, and recorded "eeF; S; cE, between 2 dist star in meridian."  He returned to the field in January 1891 and recorded IC 161 again, as well as IC 162 (list X-11 and X-12).   It's not certain whether his first observation in 1889 refers to the southwest or northeast member of this pair.  To further confuse the situation, the entry for List X-11 is 10' too far south and Dreyer used the erroneous dec for IC 161.

 

UGC, CGCG and MCG all misidentify IC 161 = UGC 1266 as IC 162 and don't assign an IC designation to IC 162 = UGC 1267.  See Corwin's notes on IC 161 and 162 as well as Malcolm's Thomson's IC Corrections.

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IC 162 = Arp 228 = VV 53a = UGC 1267 = MCG +02-05-038 = CGCG 437-034 = LGG 031-009 = PGC 6643

01 48 53.4 +10 31 17

V = 12.7;  Size 1.4'x1.4';  Surf Br = 13.3

 

24" (12/28/13): at 375x appeared moderately bright, fairly small, round, 30" diameter, fairly well concentrated with a small bright core.  The halo increases in size to at least 0.8' with averted vision.  In a small group with MCG +02-05-039 = PGC 6653 just 1.0' SE, IC 161 2.5' WSW and UGC 1268 4.0' N.  PGC 6653 appeared very faint, small, elongated 2:1 N-S, 24"x12".

 

Arp placed IC 162 in his category of "concentric rings".  V-V classified this galaxy as an interacting pair (VV 53), but the galaxy looks single on the SDSS.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 162 = Sw X-11 in January 1891 or perhaps earlier on 3 Oct 1889 (list IX-3).  The interpretation depends on which single galaxy he picked up in 1889.  Furthermore, Swift's position for List  XI-11 is 10' too far south.  The UGC, CGCG and MCG misidentify IC 161 (southwestern member of the pair) as IC 162.  See Harold Corwin's notes and Malcolm Thompson's IC Corrections.

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IC 166 = OCL-334 = Lund 60 = Tombaugh 3

01 52 22 +61 51 18

V = 11.7;  Size 5'

 

18" (12/22/11): easily picked up at 175x though at this power appeared as a faint, fairly small, roundish glow.  At 285x ~10-12 mag 14-15.5 stars are resolved with a couple at the edge of visibility over a mottled background.  Roughly 3.5' diameter.  A brighter mag 12.5 star is at the west edge.

 

17.5" (8/5/97): position identified at 100x using a GSC chart, although only a couple of stars are plotted.  Appears as a very faint circular glow with a couple of faint stars superimposed.  Located 7' E of a wide pair of mag 9/11 stars [at 38" separation].  Does not resemble a cluster in appearance and would have otherwise thought this was a Milky Way patch. At 220x, the glow is ~4' in diameter and there are a sprinkling of ~10 very faint stars, mostly mag 14.5-15.5 with one mag 13 star.  The glow has an irregular surface brightness with a mottled appearance and the periphery is not well defined.

 

William Denning discovered IC 166 around 1890 with his 10-inch With-Browning reflector.  The discovery was communicated directly to Dreyer.  The IC position corresponds with the faint open cluster OCL-334 = Lund 60.  Clyde Tombaugh independently found IC 166 and was the first to classify it as an open cluster (previously described as a small, nebulous cluster).

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IC 167 = Arp 31 = UGC 1313 =  MCG +04-05-021 = CGCG 482-025 = Holm 123 = LGG 034-008 = PGC 6833

01 51 08.6 +21 54 46

V = 13.1;  Size 2.9'x1.8';  Surf Br = 14.8;  PA = 95d

 

18" (11/22/03): very faint, elongated 4:3, 0.8'x0.6', low surface brightness.  Located 5.5' SSE of NGC 694 in a group and 3.9' S of a mag 10.5 star.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 167 = Big 133 on 4 Jan 1889.  He noted a mag 10.5 star was at 4' separation in PA 358” (N).

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IC 171 = UGC 1388 = MCG +06-05-050 = CGCG 522-064 = PGC 7139

01 55 10.3 +35 16 52

V = 12.2;  Size 2.5'x2.2';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 105d

 

17.5" (12/19/87): fairly faint, slightly elongated ~E-W, 1.0'x0.8', weak central concentration, stellar nucleus.  A mag 10 star is off the NE edge 45" from center.  Almost collinear with double star mag 12/13 at 18" located 2.5' W.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 171 = Sw VIII-1 on 6 Sep 1888 and recorded "pB; pS; cE; * nr nf."  His RA is 10 seconds too large but the identification is certain.

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IC 178 = UGC 1456 = MCG +06-05-070 = CGCG 522-094 = LGG 037-014  = PGC 7488

01 58 54.8 +36 40 30

V = 13.3;  Size 1.3'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 170d

 

17.5" (9/1/02): this member of the AGC 262 cluster appeared faint, small, round, 0.5' diameter, weak concentration.  Located 4.6' NNE of mag 7.3 HD 12007.  A wide pair of mag 11.5/13 stars is 1.5' SE.

 

17.5" (12/19/87): fairly faint, fairly small, round, brighter core.  Located 4.7' NNE of mag 7.2 SAO 55161.  Member of AGC 262 with CGCG 522-098 10' NNE.

 

17.5" (11/14/87): fairly faint, small, round, slightly brighter core. A wide pair (35" separation) of mag 12 and 13 stars is 1.5' SE of center.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 178 = Sf 67 on 8 Nov 1866 with the 18.5" refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  The discovery list was not published until 1887 so Safford is not credited in the NGC.  His position is 4' south of CGCG 501-066 = PGC 3666.

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IC 179 = UGC 1475 = MCG +06-05-075 = CGCG 522-101 = PGC 7581

02 00 11.5 +38 01 17

V = 12.6;  Size 1.8'x1.5';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 110d

 

24" (11/24/14): at 375x; moderately bright, fairly small, round, high surface brightness (central region), 25" diameter, weak concentration to the center, possible very low surface brightness halo.

 

UGC 1493 lies 14' NE and appears fairly faint to moderately bright, moderately large, very elongated 3:1 E-W, 0.8'x0.3', fades at tips.  Seems to have a sharper light cut off on the north side. A string of four mag 13-14.5 stars is close NE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 179 = Sw X-13 on 28 Jun 1890 with the 16-inch refractor at the Warner Observatory and recorded "pB, S, lE, 9m * near nf."  His position is 8 second of time too far west.  Herbert Howe measured an accurate micrometric position around 1900 (repeated in the IC 2 Notes).

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IC 180 = MCG +04-05-029 = CGCG 482-040 = PGC 7558

02 00 00.4 +23 36 16

V = 14.3;  Size 0.9'x0.4'

 

17.5" (12/8/90): very faint, small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE.  In a trio with NGC 776 3' NNW and IC 181 3.0' N.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 180 = J. 2-544, along with IC 181, while observing the field of NGC 776 on 15 Dec 1892. 

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IC 181 = MCG +04-05-030 = CGCG 482-040 = PGC 7559

02 00 02.3 +23 39 31

V = 14.8;  Size 0.5'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.7

 

17.5" (12/8/90): extremely faint and small, round.  Faintest of a close trio with NGC 776 2' SW and IC 180 3.0' S.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 181 = J. 2-545, along with IC 180, while observing the field of NGC 776 on 15 Dec 1892.  CGCG and the UGC notes to NGC 776 fail to identify this galaxy as IC 181.

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IC 184 = MCG -01-06-021 = PGC 7554

01 59 51.2 -06 50 25

V = 13.8;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 177d

 

48" (10/24/14): fairly bright, moderately large, elongated 5:2 N-S, 0.6'x0.25'.  Contains a bright core and a very bright nucleus.

 

IC 184 is a Seyfert 2 galaxy and the brightest in a small group that includes the three brightest members of HCG 14, located ~13' S.

 

17.5" (12/23/97): faint, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S, broad concentration.  Located 2.7' NNW of a mag 10-11 star.  This galaxy was picked up while searching for HCG 14 which is located 14' due south and is brighter than the two primary galaxies in HCG 14.  NGC 788 lies 19' E (also stumbled across in the area).

 

Ormond Stone discovered IC 184 = LM(S) 55 on 15 Oct 1887 and recorded it as #55 in the Leander-McCormick Observatory catalogue of Southern Nebula (1893).  Stone noted mag 15.0 and 0.2' diameter and his micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 187 = UGC 1507 = MCG +04-05-037 = CGCG 482-048 = LGG 041-009 = PGC 7683

02 01 30.7 +26 28 51

V = 12.9;  Size 2.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 70d

 

24" (12/22/14): moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 5:2 WSW-ENE, 0.6'x0.25'.  Contains a small, brighter rounder core with fairly low surface brightness extensions that increased in size with averted.  Brighter member of an double system with PGC 2800932 at the east-northeast edge.  The companion was faint, small and barely detached.  An evenly matched 10" pair of mag 12.5-13 stars lies 6' SSW.  NED does not include redshift data on the companion, so this may be either be a merging or overlapping pair.

 

18" (12/22/11): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 WSW-ENE, 0.6'x0.3'.  Broad concentration with a brighter and rounder 15" core.  Forms a double system with PGC 2800932 = MAC 0201+2629.  The fainter companion was at or just off the east end and appeared as very faint, small, roundish glow that was sometimes detached, depending on if the halo (arms) of IC 187 was visible or not.

 

Edward Swift discovered IC 187 = Sw IX-7, along with IC 188, on 18 Jan 1890 while searching for "Swift's Comet".  The RA is 21 sec of time too large, but matches in declination.

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IC 188 = UGC 1510 = MCG +04-05-038 = CGCG 482-049 = LGG 041-010 = PGC 7706

02 01 46.5 +26 32 49

V = 13.8;  Size 0.7'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.3;  PA = 45d

 

24" (12/22/14): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 24"x12", nearly even surface brightness.  Located 5' NE of the double system IC 187.

 

18" (12/22/11): faint to fairly faint, small, elongated 4:3 SW-NE, 20"x15", weak concentration to center but no nucleus.  Located 5' NE of IC 187.  The IC designation (from Corwin) is uncertain due to a poor declination by Swift.

 

Edward Swift discovered IC 188 = Sw IX-8, along with IC 187, on 18 Jan 1890, while searching for "Swift's Comet".  Described as "eeef, vS; R; 2 stars point to it."  There is nothing at his position, but 10 sec of RA west and 30' south is UGC 1510, and there is a pair of 12th magnitude stars to the north-northwest that could fit Swift's description. 

 

But due to the large error in declination Malcolm Thomson rejects UGC 1510 as IC 188.  He argues that no similar error occurred with nearby IC 187, and if he did find this galaxy, the description would have mentioned "sp of 2" and "nf of 2." for the pair.   No modern catalogue identifies UGC 1510 as IC 188.  So this identification is quite uncertain.  See Harold Corwin's IC identification notes as well as Courtney Seligman's summary.

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IC 195 = Arp 290 NED1 = VV 309b = UGC 1555 = MCG +02-06-017 = CGCG 438-019 = PGC 7846

02 03 44.6 +14 42 33

V = 13.0;  Size 1.5'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 126d

 

17.5" (11/17/01): faint, small, bright core, faint extensions NW-SE, 0.4'x0.2'.  A mag 12 star lies 1.4' S.  Forms a close pair (Arp 290) with brighter IC 196 2.2' NE.  Preceding by just 2.2' is a nice mag 10.5/12.5 pair at 15" with two additional mag 12 stars to the SSW of the closer pair.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 195 = Sw IX-10, along with IC 196, on 20 Oct 1889 and recorded "eeF; S; R; F * nr south; sp of 2 [with IC 196]."  His position and description is a good match with UGC 1555.

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IC 196 = Arp 290 NED2 = VV 309a = UGC 1556 = MCG +02-06-018 = CGCG 438-020 = PGC 7856

02 03 49.8 +14 44 21

V = 12.9;  Size 2.8'x1.4';  Surf Br = 14.2;  PA = 5d

 

17.5" (11/17/01): fairly faint, fairly small, nearly edge-on 4:1 SSW-NNE, 1.2'x0.3'.  Contains a rounder, bright core and stellar nucleus.  Forms a close pair with IC 195 2.2' SW.  This galaxy is actually an interacting quartet, although only the main galaxy was observed along with IC 195.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 196 = Sw IX-11, along with IC 195, on 20 Oct 1889 and recorded "pF; pS; R; trap with 3 st; nf of 2 [with IC 195]."  His position and description is a good match with UGC 1556, though Howe measured an accurate micrometric position in 1898.

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IC 200 = UGC 1577 = MCG +05-06-002 = CGCG 503-085 = CGCG 504-007 = LGG 042-008 = PGC 7967

02 05 26.8 +31 10 30

V = 12.9;  Size 2.2'x1.5';  Surf Br = 14.0;  PA = 85d

 

18" (12/22/11): fairly faint, moderately large, irregularly round, 0.8' diameter, broad concentration with a small brighter core.  Forms the northeast vertex of a right triangle with mag 8.8 SAO 55246 7' W and mag 8.7 SAO 55245 10' SW.  Several additional 11th and 12th magnitude stars are scattered around SAO 55246.  CGCG 504-012 (often identified as IC 200) lies 18' E.  It was logged as faint, small, round, 18" diameter, low even surface brightness.

 

17.5" (11/26/94): faint, fairly small, irregularly round, about 1.5' diameter.  Low but uneven surface brightness, weak concentration with one or two brighter spots near the center.  A mag 14.5 star is just off the west edge 1.1' from the center.  Located 27' NE of NGC 804.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 200 = Sf 71 on 4 Dec 1866 with the 18.5" refractor at the Dearborn Observatory and recorded "pB, pL, R, bM."  There is nothing at his position but two minutes west is UGC 1577, which fits his description.  CGCG and PGC likely misidentify CGCG 504-012 = PGC 8064 as IC 200.  This 15th magnitude galaxy is closer to Safford's position -- off by 34 seconds of RA -- though Harold Corwin notes "[this galaxy] is probably too faint to have been seen by Safford, and the description does not match in any case."

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IC 206 = MCG -01-06-053 = Holm 57a = PGC 8238

02 09 30.7 -06 58 06

V = 14.2;  Size 0.9'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 138d

 

18" (11/22/03): second of trio with IC 209 10' SW and IC 207 3.6' NE.  Appears very similar to IC 207: very faint, small, round, 25" diameter (elongated 5:2 on DSS image so probably viewed core only), weak concentration.  The IC positions are incorrect due to a mix-up by Javelle with his offset star.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 206 = J 1-77, along with IC 207, on 26 Jan 1892.  There is nothing at his position, but both Harold Corwin and Malcolm Thomson found that Javelle misidentified his reference star.  Applying his offsets to the correct star (SAO 129729) matches this identification.

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IC 207 = MCG -01-06-054 = Holm 57b = PGC 8251

02 09 39.3 -06 55 20

V = 13.9;  Size 2.2'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 99d

 

18" (11/22/03): third of 3 with IC 206 3.6' SW and IC 209 13' SW.  IC 206 and IC 207 for an equilateral triangle with a mag 11.4 star 3.4' WNW.  Although this galaxy is quite elongated I must have just recorded the brighter core as appeared very faint, small, round, 25", weak concentration.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 207 = J 1-78, along with IC 206, on 26 Jan 1892.  There is nothing at his position, but both Harold Corwin and Malcolm Thomson found that Javelle misidentified his reference star.  Applying his offsets to the correct star (SAO 129729) matches this identification.

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IC 208 = UGC 1635 = MCG +01-06-044 = CGCG 413-045 = LGG 047-002 = PGC 8167

02 08 27.7 +06 23 42

V = 13.8;  Size 1.3'x1.3';  Surf Br = 14.2

 

24" (1/25/14): fairly faint, fairly large, round, 1.5' diameter, very low though irregular surface brightness, no core or nucleus.  Located 4.5' NNW of NGC 825.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 208 = B. 134 on 3 Dec 1888 and recorded "mag 13.4-13.5; very diffuse; 1.0'-1.5' dia; no nucleus."  His position is 1.5' too far south but the description is accurate.

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IC 209 = MCG -01-06-051 = Holm 56a = PGC 8200

02 08 58.7 -07 03 32

V = 13.1;  Size 1.5'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 60d

 

18" (11/22/03): brightest in trio with IC 206 10' NE and IC 207 13' NE.  Appears moderately bright, fairly small, irregularly round, 1.2'x1.0', weak concentration, irregular surface brightness.  Surprisingly easy for an IC galaxy.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 209 = J. 1-79 on 28 Jan 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 210 = MCG -02-06-032 = PGC 8232

02 09 28.3 -09 40 49

V = 13.1;  Size 2.3'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 66d

 

18" (10/21/06): fairly faint, fairly large, edge-on 6:1 WSW-ENE, 1.8'x0.3', very low even surface brightness.  Located 3.4' SW of a mag 9.3 star (SAO 129724).  MCG -02-06-035 lies 11' E.  Located 27' due north of NGC 835 (HCG 16).

 

Aron Skinner, an assistant to Truman Safford, discovered IC 210 = Sf 101 on 23 Oct 1867 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  As the discovery list wasn't published until 1887 (too late for inclusion in the main NGC table), Dreyer credited Safford with the discovery in the IC 1.  The discovery position is just off the north edge of the galaxy, so the identification is certain.

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IC 211 = UGC 1678 = MCG +01-06-053 = CGCG 413-057 = PGC 8360

02 11 08.0 +03 51 09

V = 13.4;  Size 2.3'x1.8';  Surf Br = 14.8;  PA = 50d

 

24" (1/25/14): faint, moderately large, slightly elongated SW-NE, low surface brightness and difficult to estimate diameter, increases in size with averted but at least 1.0'x0.8', slightly brighter core.  Located 4.5' NNW of NGC 851.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 211 = J. II-559 on 5 Dec 1893 and recorded "F, R, 40" dia, vS core."  His position is accurate.

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IC 218 = MCG +00-06-061 = CGCG 387-066 = PGC 8716

02 17 07.2 +01 16 56

V = 14.9;  Size 0.8'x0.25';  PA = 75d

 

24" (1/25/14): very faint, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 WSW-ENE, 25"x8", low even surface brightness.  A mag 15 star is close off the ENE edge [35" ENE of center].  Located 2.4' NNE of NGC 875

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 218 = J 2-564 on 26 Dec 1893 and recorded "vF, poorly defined, slightly elongated, close to a *13.5."  His position and description is accurate.

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IC 223 = ESO 545-008 = MCG -04-06-031 = KTS 16B = LGG 056-004 = PGC 8998

02 22 01.1 -20 44 45

V = 13.5;  Size 1.2'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 152d

 

24" (10/3/13): fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, oval 3:2 NW-SE, broad concentration, 30"x20".  Forms the vertex of a triangle with a mag 11.5 star 1.8' N and a mag 12.5 star 2.5' ENE.  Second in a trio (KTS 16) with brighter NGC 899 5' SSW and NGC 907 14' ENE.

 

17.5" (12/4/93): faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, broad concentration.  Forms an isosceles triangle with a mag 11.5 star 1.8' N and a mag 12.5 star 2.5' ENE.  Forms a pair with NGC 899 5' SSW. NGC 907 lies 14' ENE.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 223 = LM(S) 71 = Big. 135 on 19 Nov 1887 with the 26-inch refractor at the Leander McCormick. It was recorded as #71 in the 1893 catalogue of "Southern Nebulae" with the description "iR, sbM, stell nucleus?"  Bigourdan independently discovered it on 1 Dec 1888.  The IC position is accurate.

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IC 226 = UGC 1922 = MCG +05-06-046 = PGC 9373

02 27 45.9 +28 12 32

V = 14.2;  Size 1.7'x1.4';  Surf Br = 15.0

 

24" (2/7/16): fairly faint, fairly small, very sharply concentrated with a small, round bright core embedded in a very low surface halo perhaps 0.6' diameter (no distinct edge).  Two mag 14/15 stars (15" separation) are just off the northwest side.  A mag 9.6 star is 1.8' NNW and mag 8.6 HD 15271 is 6.2' WNW.  The two stars are collinear with the galaxy.  IC 226 forms a 4.4' pair with IC 227 to the southeast.

 

Rudloph Spitaler discovered IC 226 = Spitaler 2, along with IC 227, on 31 Dec 1891 with the 27" refractor at the Wien Observatory.  His micrometric position is accurate.  His description (summaried in the IC) is "pF, S, R, bM, 2 F st n."

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IC 227 = UGC 1932 = MCG +05-06-048 = CGCG 504-087 = PGC 9383

02 28 03.6 +28 10 31

V = 14.5;  Size 1.3'x0.8';  Surf Br = 14.6;  PA = 70d

 

24" (2/7/16): at 200x; slightly brighter and larger of a pair with IC 226 4.4' NW.  Appears fairly faint or moderately bright (the listed mag may be too faint), fairly large, slightly elongated, ~1.0'x0.8', the diffuse halo fades out gradually so the size is difficult to estimate.  Sharply concentrated with a well defined, relatively large core that gradually increases to the center.  Mag 8.6 HD 15271 lies 4.6' NNE.  I also picked up LEDA 213001 11.5' ESE, but missed nearby UGC 1958, an extremely low surface brightness edge-on.  LEDA 213001 appeared very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.

 

Rudloph Spitaler discovered IC 227 = Spitaler 3, along with IC 226, on 31 Dec 1891 with the 27" refractor at the Wien Observatory.  His micrometric position is accurate.  His description (summaried in the IC) reads "F, pS, R, lbM."

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IC 230 = MCG -02-07-016 = PGC 9436

02 28 47.3 -10 49 53

V = 14.8;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 87d

 

24" (12/22/14): faint to fairly faint, small, round, 12"-15" diameter.  Easily seen despite a mag 15.7B.  Located 5.5' due west of the double system NGC 942/943.

 

Sherburne Wesley Burnham discovered IC 230 on 8 Oct 1891 with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory while observing the double system NGC 942 and 943.

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IC 239 = UGC 2080 = MCG +06-06-065 = CGCG 523-071 = LGG 070-002 = PGC 9899

02 36 27.9 +38 58 08

V = 11.1;  Size 4.6'x4.2';  Surf Br = 14.2;  PA = 3d

 

18" (11/26/03): at 115x appears as a large, round, low surface brightness glow, ~3.5' with a broad, weak concentration to a slightly brighter 30" core.  With extended viewing the surface brightness is somewhat irregular with a hint of structure.  IC 239 is located just north of a mag 8.6 (2.2' from center) that somewhat hinders viewing.  A distinctive curved string of mag 10-11 stars close west cradles the galaxy.  Member of the NGC 1023 group.

 

17.5" (8/6/02): at 274x appeared faint, fairly large, slightly elongated ~N-S, ~3' diameter.  The galaxy exhibited only a broad, weak concentration with no defined core.  The halo faded at the edge and was ill defined.  Situated between mag 8.6 SAO 55698 just off the south end 2.2' from center and a mag 9.6 star 3.3' N within a distinctive asterism of 5 brighter stars.  Located ~45 due west of NGC 1023.

 

Isaac Roberts discovered IC 239 in 1893 and it was announced in MNRAS 54, 371 (1894), "Photograph of a 'New' Spiral Nebula in Perseus."  He noted "the convolutions of the spiral is very faint, but clearly visible on the negative, and involved in them are four 14-15 mag stars and 6 or 7 stars, or star-like condensations, less bright than 16th mag.  The convolutions are symmetrical, and proceed from a very faint star-like nucleus."

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IC 241 = UGC 2115 = MCG +00-07-058 = CGCG 388-071 = PGC 9969

02 37 54.5 +02 19 40

V = 13.4;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 150d

 

18" (11/18/06): fairly faint, small, low surface brightness halo surrounding a very small brighter core.  Located 8' N of a mag 9.5 star and 14' NW of NGC 1016 in a cluster.

 

18" (10/21/06): faint, very small, round, 20" diameter, fairly faint stellar nucleus.  Located 12' SE of mag 7.2 HD 16314 in the NW corner of the NGC 1016 cluster.  A fainter galaxy, NGC 1009, lies 6' ESE. 

 

17.5" (10/17/87): fairly faint, very small, slightly elongated, weak concentration.  Located 6.2' W of NGC 1009 in the NGC 1016 cluster.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 241 = B. 137 on 19 Nov 1886 and recorded "mag 13.3; round, 35"-40" diameter, stellar nucleus."  His position matches UGC 2115.

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IC 248 = UGC 2170 = MCG +03-07-044 = CGCG 462-043 = PGC 10197

02 41 25.8 +17 48 44

V = 13.4;  Size 1.0'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 145d

 

17.5" (1/20/90): fairly faint, fairly small, gradually brighter middle, almost round, diffuse halo.  Located 11' WNW of a mag 8.2 SAO 93057 in the NGC 1020 group.

 

Sherburne Wesley Burnham discovered IC 248 in Sep 1891 while unsuccessfully searching for NGC 1059 with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory (Publ of Lick Observatory, II). His position is accurate.

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IC 253 = MCG -03-07-058 = PGC 10226

02 42 05.7 -15 02 50

V = 13.5;  Size 0.3'x0.25'

 

17.5" (12/20/95): IC 253 is in a compact group (SCG 19) and forms a pair with NGC 1065 2.7' S.  Fairly faint, fairly small, round, small bright core, stellar nucleus, 30" diameter.  Interestingly, IC 253 appeared slightly larger and brighter than NGC 1065!  Located 9' NE of mag 7.6 SAO 48549.  PGC 144985, situated just 1.2' SW, was not seen.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 253 = J. 1-96, along with IC 254, on 5 Dec 1891.  His position is accurate. It seems strange that Swift, who discovered NGC 1065, missed this object.

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IC 254 = PGC 3642494

02 42 05.0 -15 06 24

PA = 55d

 

17.5" (12/20/95): appears as an extremely faint, round, barely nonstellar spot just 1.0' SSW of NGC 1065 in a small group with IC 253.  It required averted vision to glimpse and appeared less than 10" in diameter.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 254 = J. 1-97, along with IC 253, on 5 Dec 1891.  Despite a good position, the RNGC incorrectly equates IC 254 with nearby NGC 1065.

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IC 256 = V Zw 280 = PGC 10729

02 49 40.3 +46 57 17

V = 15.3;  Size 0.3'x0.2'

 

17.5" (10/24/87): extremely faint and small, slightly elongated N-S, ~15"x10".  Located 26" N of an easier mag 15 star.  Requires averted and visible ~50% of the time.  Situated 1.6' SW of IC 257 (2nd in V Zw 280, a trio of three compact ellipticals).  Identification not certain.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 256 = Sw VIII-2, along with IC 257 and IC 260, on 6 Sep 1888 and recorded "eF; lE; S; in vacancy. 1st of 3."  His position is 5 sec of RA west and 0.3' south of IC 257.  The galaxy described here is 1' due south of this offset.  It's possible, though, it's too faint to have been seen by Swift, but it was detected in my scope (knowing the exact location in advance) and Swift has a few other faint discoveries in the same ballpark.  See Corwin's notes.

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IC 257 = UGC 2298 = MCG +08-06-011 = CGCG 554-008 = PGC 10729

02 49 45.5 +46 58 34

V = 12.6;  Size 2.2'x1.6';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 155d

 

17.5" (10/24/87): faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, 0.8'x0.5'.  The slightly brighter core contains a quasi-stellar nucleus at moments.  A trio of very faint galaxies lies close SW (including IC 256?).  IC 260 lies 13' E.

 

WH discovered IC 257 = Sw VIII-3 on 11 Dec 1786 (sweep 645) and recorded "a few very small stars mixed with very faint seeming nebulosity, in the direction of the meridian [north-south]; most probably only a patch."  He didn't assign this nebula an internal discovery number or H-designation, but his position is just 2' north of IC 257 and the orientation of the galaxy (PA 155”) is a reasonable match with his description.  Steinicke confirms this observation (email April 2015).

 

Lewis Swift rediscovered this galaxy on 6 Sep 1888 and recorded "eF; pS; R; in vacancy; v diff.  2nd of 3 [with IC 256 and IC 257]."  Swift, of course, is credited in the IC.  MCG misidentifies this galaxy as IC 256.

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IC 258 = UGC 2306 = CGCG 539-107 = PGC 10730

02 49 46.1 +41 03 06

V = 14.1;  Size 1.4'x1.2';  Surf Br = 14.5;  PA = 165d

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x fairly faint to faint, slightly elongated N-S, 30"x24", small brighter nucleus.  A mag 10 star is 1.9' ENE and interferes a bit with viewing.  IC 258 is the brighter of a close pair with IC 259 1.0' WNW.

 

Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 258, along with IC 259, on 3 Sep 1891 while observing double stars with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  The identifications of IC 258 and IC 259 are reversed in most modern sources.  See notes on IC 259.

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IC 259 = CGCG 539-106 = PGC 10721

02 49 40.9 +41 03 18

V = 14.3;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 126d

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, stellar nucleus.  A star (close double on the DSS) is at the northwest edge [17" from center]."  Forms a close pair with IC 258 1.0' ESE.

 

Sherburne Wesley Burnham discovered IC 259, along with IC 258, on 3 Sep 1891 while observing double stars with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He measured the offsets for both objects correctly with respect to 10th magnitude BD +40”608.  But he applied his RA (time) offset in the wrong direction for the western object, which he described as double.  So the computed position for IC 258 is east of IC 259, placing these objects out of RA order in the sky.  As a result, the identifications of IC 258 and IC 259 are reversed in UGC, CGCG, PGC, HyperLeda, WikiSky, etc.  NED has the correct identifications.

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IC 260 = UGC 2325 = MCG +08-06-014 = CGCG 554-011 = PGC 10812

02 51 00.9 +46 57 17

V = 13.1;  Size 1.4'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 175d

 

17.5" (10/2/99): faint, small, slightly elongated N-S, ~30"x24", weak concentration.  A pair of mag 11.5 stars is close southwest (0.7' and 1.4') and collinear with the galaxy.  In a group with IC 257 located 13' W.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 260 = Sw VIII-4, along with IC 256 and IC 257, on 6 Sep 1888 and recorded "eeeF; pS; in line with 2 nr faint stars. 3rd of 3."  His position is accurate.

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IC 263 = CGCG 389-027 = PGC 10716

02 49 40.0 -00 04 12

Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 167d

 

18" (1/15/07): faint, very small, slightly elongated, 20"x15", even surface brightness, seen with direct vision.  This galaxy is not identified as IC 263 in the CGCG or PGC as an error in Javelle's offset star gave an incorrect position in the IC.  Located 20' NE of NGC 1104 and 105' due east of M77.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 263 = J 1-99 on 9 Nov 1891.  There is nothing at his position, but Malcolm Thomson found that Javelle misidentified his reference star, which should have been GSC 4699-221.  When his offsets are applied to this star, the position lands on this galaxy.

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IC 265 = MCG +07-07-006 = CGCG 539-127 = CGCG 540-009 = AWM 7-3 = PGC 10978

02 54 44.0 +41 39 19

V = 14.6;  Size 0.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.9

 

18" (11/18/06): faint, small, round, 20" diameter.  Located 5.5' NE of NGC 1129 in the cluster AWM 7 and 4.5' NW of a mag 9.7 star in a cluster.  PGC 10962 lies 3' W.  Appears brighter than listed CGCG magnitude of 15.7pg. 

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 265 = Sw VIII-6 on 3 Nov 1888 and recorded "eeF; eS; R; 1129 near."  His position is fairly accurate.

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IC 267 = UGC 2368 = MCG +02-08-028 = PGC 10932

02 53 50.2 +12 50 57

V = 13.0;  Size 2.0'x1.6';  Surf Br = 14.2;  PA = 15d

 

17.5" (10/21/95): faint, moderately large, edge-on 5:1 NNW-SSE, 1.8'x0.3', broad weak concentration.  Located 10.3' SSE of NGC 1134.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 267 = Sw VII-7 = Big 138 and recorded "eeF; pS; E; sf of GC 620 [NGC 1134]."  His RA is 35 seconds too large.  Bigourdan independently found it again on 28 Nov 1888 and measured an accurate position.  Both are credited in the IC.

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IC 270 = MCG -02-08-028 = PGC 11061

02 55 44.1 -14 12 29

Size 1.3'x1.2'

 

17.5" (10/17/98): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:3 SW-NE, ~0.9'x0.6'.  Forms the northeast vertex of a small trapezium with three mag 12 stars 1.0' SW, 1.5' WNW and 2.2' SW.  Forms a pair with IC 272 5.5' ENE.  NGC 1158, which is a fainter galaxy, lies 24' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 270 = J 1-103, along with IC 272, on 1 Dec 1891 with the 29-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory. His position matches MCG -02-08-028.  IC 270 and IC 272 appear to be the brightest in a cluster of faint galaxies (or superimposed on a more distant cluster).

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IC 272 = MCG -02-08-030 = PGC 11086

02 56 06.4 -14 11 13

Size 0.9'x0.6';  PA = 25d

 

17.5" (10/17/98): extremely faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, ~0.8'x0.6'.  Forms a pair with brighter IC 270 5.5' WSW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 272 = J 1-104, along with IC 270, on 1 Dec 1891 with the 29-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory. His position matches MCG -02-08-030.

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IC 284 = UGC 2531 = MCG +07-07-023 =LGG 082-003 = PGC 11643

03 06 10.2 +42 22 18

V = 11.5;  Size 4.1'x2.1';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 13d

 

24" (1/25/14): at 200x and 375x appeared moderately bright, large, elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE, at least 3'x1.5', weak concentration to a brighter core.  Two mag 15 stars are superimposed on the east edge of the core.  V Zw 319 = PGC 11646 is on the southwest edge of the halo, 0.7' SW of center!  The companion appeared very faint, round, only 12" diameter. A 17" pair of mag 11.5 stars lies 2.5' NW.  IC 288 lies 15' E.

 

NED has no distance info on V Zw 319, though there is no indication of interaction on the SDSS and an arm from IC 284 is silhouetted on V Zw 319, indicating it may be a background object.

 

17.5" (10/24/87): faint, moderately large, diffuse, elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE, gradually increases to a small bright core.  A mag 11 double at 16" separation is 2.5' NW.  Located 18' E of NGC 1175.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 284 = Sw VIII-13 on 27 Oct 1888 with the 16" refractor at Warner Observatory.  He noted "eeF, pL, lE, D * np, bet 2 st".  His position is 12 sec of RA west of UGC 2531 but the comment "D * np" pins down the identification.

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IC 285 = MCG -02-08-044 = PGC 11557

03 04 06.2 -12 00 56

Size 1.1'x0.2'

 

17.5" (10/20/90): very faint, small, elongated 5:2 WNW-ESE, very low even surface brightness.  Last of four in the NGC 1200 compact group with NGC 1200 3' WNW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 285 = J 2-578 on 7 Dec 1893 with the 29-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory. His position matches PGC 11557.

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IC 288 = UGC 2544 = MCG +07-07-027 = CGCG 540-043 = LGG 088-001 = PGC 11702

03 07 32.9 +42 23 15

V = 13.9;  Size 1.1'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.5;  PA = 42d

 

24" (1/31/14): moderately bright, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 SW-NE, 0.6'x0.2', sharply concentrated with a very small bright core.  IC 284 lies 15' W.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 288 = Sw VIII-14 on 31 Oct 1888 with the 16" refractor at the Warner Observatory and recorded "vF, vS, R, 2 pB st nf point to it, r[esolution] suspected".  His position is 1.6' SW of UGC 2544 = PGC 11702, though the two "pB" stars are south-following.  MCG +07-07-027 does not label their entry as IC 288.  The NGC 2000.0 classifies this galaxy as an open cluster, probably as Dreyer changed "r suspected" to "? S Cl".

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IC 289 = PK 138+2.1 = PN G138.8+02.8 = Hb 1

03 10 19.2 +61 19 01

V = 13.5;  Size 42"x28"

 

48" (10/25/14): at 375x unfiltered; fairly bright, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 0.6'x0.5'.  Weakly annular with a slightly brighter rim and irregularly lit darker center that contains a very faint central star.  A thin, very low surface brightness outer halo is more elongated along the minor axis.

 

18" (11/13/07): at 300x appeared fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, ~35"x30" with an irregular surface brightness.  The rim was very slightly brighter than the interior with a strong impression of irregularities.  The rim sometimes appeared slightly brighter along the north side or contained a very faint stellar knot.  At 450x, there was an occasional faint sparkle in the interior, but I couldn't pin down if it was likely the central star.  Located 1.8' N of a mag 10 star.  A mag 14 star lies just 45" NE.

 

17.5" (1/16/02): at 140x, IC 289 was seen as a fairly faint, 35-40" disc with a modest contrast gain using a UHC filter.  Situated 2' N of a mag 10 star and near the tip of two curving strings of stars which head north and NW from IC 289.  Excellent view at 380x - the planetary is slightly elongated and has a mottled appearance with a marginally brighter rim, particularly on the west or NW side, giving an impression of weak annularity.  At moments, there was a brief sparkle at the center, possibly the central star.  A mag 14 star is 45" NE of center and a mag 13 star lies 1.3' following.

 

13" (12/7/85): at 79x and OIII filter appears faint, small, round.  At 166x and UHC filter can just hold steadily with averted vision, fairly small, almost round.

 

8": at 100x and UHC filter this planetary is very faint, very small.  Situated near the tip of two converging rows of mag 10-12 stars.  Several difficult positive sightings made from poor transparency in El Cerrito!

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 289 = Sw VIII-15 on 2 Sep 1888 and recorded "pB; pL; R; bet 2 vF st."

 

Hubble included this object in a 1921 paper titled "Twelve New Planetary Nebulae" in PASAP, Vol 33, No 193, p. 174 available at http://cdsads.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/nph-iarticle_query?1921PASP...33..174H. Included in his table are NGC 2818, NGC 6072, NGC 7048, NGC 7635, IC 289, IC 1470, IC 4670, Hb 4, Hb 5, Hb 7, Hb, 8 and Hb 12.

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IC 290 = UGC 2561 = CGCG 540-047 = IC 1884 = PGC 11817

03 09 42.7 +40 58 27

V = 14.6;  Size 1.1'x0.2';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 131d

 

18" (11/22/03): very faint, very small, appears as a tiny elongated streak, ~25"x8".  Located 5' N of NGC 1212 and 2.8' NNW of mag 8.7 SAO 38614 at the west side of AGC 426.  Two mag 12/13 stars lie 50" E and 1.3' NE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 290 = Sw VIII-16, along with IC 292, 293 and 294, on 11 Sep 1888 and recorded "eeeF; S; R: in field with Algol."  His position is just off the northwest edge.  Barnard independently discovered the galaxy (as well as the other Swift discoveries) on 26 Nov 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He communicated the result directly to Dreyer who didn't notice the equivalence with the previous entry.  As a result, IC 290 = IC 1884. See Harold Corwin's notes.

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IC 292 = IC 1887 = UGC 2567 = MCG +07-07-030 = CGCG 540-049 = PGC 11846

03 10 12.9 +40 45 56

V = 13.5;  Size 1.2'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 75d

 

18" (11/22/03): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 WSW-ENE, 0.9'x0.4', very weak concentration.  Located 2.4' S of a mag 10 star at the west edge of AGC 426.  NGC 1212 lies 10' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 292 = Sw VIII-17, along with IC 293, on 11 Sep 1888 and recorded "eF; pS; R; * nr s; bet 2 st.; in field with Algol."  His position is fairly accurate.  E.E. Barnard independently discovered this galaxy (as well as IC 293) on 23 Nov 1888 while sweeping near Algol with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  The discovery was communicated directly to Dreyer and he recatalogued it as IC 1887.  So, IC 292 = IC 1887.  See Corwin's notes.

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IC 294 = IC 296 = IC 1889 = UGC 2574 = MCG +07-07-033 = LGG 088-012 = PGC 11878

03 11 03.1 +40 37 20

V = 13.8;  Size 1.4'x1.0';  PA = 106d

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 E-W, 24"x18", weak concentration.  Three similar stars are near; a mag 14.5 star is 0.6' NW, a mag 14 star is 1.4' WNW and another mag 14 star is 1.1' WSW.  IC 292 lies 13' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 294 = Sw VIII-19, along with IC 290, 292, 293 and 294, on 11 Sep 1888 and recorded "vF; pS; iR; in finder field with Algol."  Barnard independently found this galaxy (along with IC 292 and 293) while sweeping near Algol on 23 Nov 1888 and noted "faint, moderately size, follows several stars."  Barnard send the discovery notice directly to Dreyer at some point so it also has the designation IC 1889.  Swift placed IC 295 close southeast, but there is nothing there.  IC 296 = Sw VIII-21, discovered by Swift just 3 nights later, is perhaps another observation (position matches and nothing else nearby he might have picked up, except for faint stars).  So, IC 294 = IC 296 = IC 1889 (and perhaps IC 295!).  CGCG labels this galaxy as IC 296 while MCG and RC3 lists it as IC 294.

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IC 296 = IC 294 = IC 1889 = UGC 2574 = MCG +07-07-033 = LGG 088-012 = PGC 11878

03 11 03.1 +40 37 20

V = 13.8;  Size 1.4'x1.0';  PA = 106d

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 E-W, 24"x18", weak concentration.  Three similar stars are near; a mag 14.5 star is 0.6' NW, a mag 14 star is 1.4' WNW and another mag 14 star is 1.1' WSW.  IC 292 lies 13' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 296 = Sw VIII-21 on 14 Sep 1888 and recorded "eF, pS, irr R, F D * p."  His position is fairly close match with UGC 2574.  This galaxy was probably discovered 3 nights earlier by Swift and listed as VIII-19 (later IC 294).  Some sources identify this galaxy as IC 294, others as IC 296 or both.  IC 1889 is an independent discovery by Barnard a couple of months later.

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IC 298 = Arp 147 = I Zw 11 = VV 787 = CGCG 390-016 = MCG +00-09-015 = PGC 1190197 = PGC 11890

03 11 18.9 +01 18 53

V = 14.6;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 126d

 

48" (10/23/11): at 488x both components of this ring system were easily resolved.  The eastern "collider" component (identified as IC 298A in PGC but IC 298B in NED) appeared moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 5:2 N-S, 24"x9", very small brighter core.  The ring component (no nucleus) just west is a faint, small, irregularly round glow, ~20" diameter with a low but very uneven surface brightness.  The rim was slightly brighter, creating a weak annular appearance, particularly on the east side.  The system is located 3' NW of a mag 9.3 star.

 

18" (1/26/09): at 285x appeared very faint and small, elongated 2:1 ~N-S, ~18"x9", low even surface brightness.  Located 3' NW of mag 9.3 SAO 111034.  This is a remarkable pair of disrupted galaxies (Arp 147) forming a "10" or "IC" on images.  The fainter western component (collisional Ring), forming the "C" or "0" was not visible.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 298 = J 2-580 on 29 Dec 1893 and recorded "Small, nearly round, 1 'in diameter. It looks like the nebula covers two very small bright spots."  Based on his description, it appears Javelle saw both components described in my observation.  MCG appears to misidentify IC 298 as MCG +00-09-015 instead of MCG +00-09-014.  Although IC 298 applies to both systems, PGC identifies the ring as IC 298 and the eastern component as IC 298A, while NED identifies the ring as IC 298A and the eastern system as IC 298B.

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IC 304 = UGC 2609 = MCG +06-08-005 = CGCG 525-010 = LGG 089-001 = PGC 12080

03 15 01.4 +37 52 55

V = 13.8;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 27d

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, elongated ~5:3 SSW-NNE, ~25"x15", slightly brighter nucleus.  A mag 14 star is 30" SE and a mag 13 star is 1.2' SE.  Forms a pair with IC 305 1.4' SSE.

 

Sherburne Wesley Burnham discovered IC 304, along with IC 305, while searching for double stars on 12 Sep 1890 with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  The micrometric position (measured by Barnard) is accurate.

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IC 305 = CGCG 525-012 = MCG +06-08-006 = PGC 12083

03 15 03.8 +37 51 36

Size 0.8'x0.6';  PA = 45d

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, small, round, very small bright nucleus, compact, 15" diameter.  Appears brighter (higher surface brightness) than CGCG mag of 15.7 suggests.  A mag 13 star is 50" NE.  Forms a close pair with IC 304 1.4' NNW.

 

Sherburne Wesley Burnham discovered IC 305, along with IC 304, while searching for double stars on 12 Sep 1890 with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.

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IC 309 = MCG +07-07-043 = CGCG 540-072 = LGG 091-001 = PGC 12141

03 16 06.3 +40 48 16

V = 13.5;  Size 0.8'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.9

 

17.5" (1/7/89): faint, small, round, even surface brightness.  Situated between two mag 12 stars 1' NW and 1.4' SE.  UGC 2617 lies 5' NNW but was not seen.  Member of AGC 426.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 309 = Sw VIII-26 on 11 Sep 1888 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; bet 2 st."

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IC 310 = UGC 2624 = MCG +07-07-045 = CR 6B = PGC 12171

03 16 43.1 +41 19 29

V = 12.7;  Size 1.3'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.2

 

17.5" (12/19/87): moderately bright, fairly small, round, bright core, faint stellar nucleus.  Forms a pair with UGC 2626 3.7' NE.  Member of AGC 426.

 

17.5" (12/3/88): fairly faint, fairly small, round, small bright core.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 17 year-old son, discovered IC 310 = Sw VIII-28 on 3 Nov 1888 and recorded "vF; pS; R; [NGC] 1259, 1260 in field."  The position matches UGC 2624, probably the brightest member of AGC 426 that is not in the NGC.

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IC 312 = UGC 2644 = MCG +07-07-051 = CGCG 540-086 = LGG 088-004 = PGC 12279

03 18 08.4 +41 45 16

V = 13.4;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 125d

 

17.5" (1/7/89): faint, small, oval NW-SE.  A mag 13 star is 1.2' E of center.  Forms a pair with PGC 12288 1.9' SE within AGC 426.  The companion appeared very faint, very small, elongated SW-NE.  A mag 15 star is just off the NE edge.

 

17.5" (8/12/88): faint, small, elongated NW-SE, brighter core.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 312 = Sw VIII-29 on 3 Nov 1888 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; nearly bet. 2 stars."  His position is accurate though MCG doesn't identify their catalogue entry MCG +07-07-051 as IC 312.

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IC 313 = UGC 2682 = MCG +07-07-073 = CGCG 540-111 = LGG 097-005 = CR 45 = PGC 12558

03 20 58.1 +41 53 38

V = 14.1;  Size 1.3'x0.9';  Surf Br = 14.1;  PA = 42d

 

24" (2/7/16): fairly faint, small, round, 24" diameter, slightly brighter nucleus.  A double star 14.5/14.5 (separation ~6") is 30" SE, just off the southeast edge.  A superimposed star barely south of the nucleus was not noticed.  IC 316 lies 4.6' NE and a mag 10.5 star is 2.5' N.

 

17.5" (1/7/89): very faint, very small, almost round.  A mag 14 star (close double) is off the southeast edge 30" from center.  Forms a pair with IC 316 4.5' NE within AGC 426.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 313 = Sw VIII-33, along with IC 316, on 14 Sep 1888 and recorded "eeF; vS; R; e close D * v near south."

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IC 316 = UGC 2688 = MCG +07-07-074 = CGCG 540-112 = PGC 12576 +12578

03 21 19.9 +41 55 55

V = 14.1;  Size 1.4'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 64d

 

24" (2/7/16): IC 316 is a spectacular interacting/merging pair of spiral galaxies with the nuclei of the two galaxies separated by only 10".  The close duo is embedded in a irregular common halo about 1' across.  At 226x, a single fairly faint glow was seen, slightly elongated ~N-S, ~25" diameter.  At 452x (10mm ZAO + 2x Powermate), I immediately noticed a nearly stellar nucleus [of the northern face-on spiral] offset near the north edge creating an unusual appearance.  Often a very faint "spike" [the southern edge-on spiral] was seen close south of the stellar nucleus, angling towards the southeast, ~15"x5".

 

17.5" (1/7/89): faint, small, oval ~N-S, weak concentration.  Located 5' ENE of IC 313 in AGC 426.  A companion is superimposed 0.2' S, but the merged systems were not resolved.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 316 = Sw VIII-34, along with IC 313, on 14 Sep 1888 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R."  So, Swift did not resolve the two nuclei.

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IC 334 = UGC 2824 = MCG +13-03-007 = CGCG 346-006 = PGC 13759

03 45 16.9 +76 38 17

V = 11.3;  Size 2.5'x1.9';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 58d

 

17.5" (1/9/99): surprisingly bright for an IC galaxy!  The center is sharply concentrated with a bright 1' core and a much fainter irregular halo at least 2.5' in diameter.  A faint star is superimposed at the south side of the core.  Situated in a starry field with several mag 12/13 stars within a few arcmin.

 

William Denning discovered IC 334 on 30 Sep 1891 with his 10-inch reflector.  He called it "tolerably bright, pretty small" and noted "an extremely faint star involved on the S. side of the nebula.  The latter is fairly conspicuous with a power of 60, and much brighter in the middle."

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IC 335 = IC 1963 = ESO 358-026 = MCG -06-08-031 = LGG 094-008 = PGC 13277

03 35 31.0 -34 26 49

V = 11.9;  Size 2.6'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.3;  PA = 84d

 

18" (1/21/04): fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated ~E-W, 1.5'x0.4', slightly brighter core, tapering extensions (spindle-shaped).  Located 7.5' E of a mag 11.5 star.  This is one of the brighter non-NGC galaxies in the Fornax I cluster.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 335 = Sw VII-8 on 15 Oct 1887 and recorded "pF pS; eE; east and west."  His position is 30 seconds of RA west of ESO 358-026 = PGC 13277.  Swift found this galaxy again on 7 Sep 1897 and logged "pB; S; eeeE; a hair line 90”.  See note."  The note mentions "these [along with IC 2135] are the most interesting nebulae I have ever seen, especially No. 56 [IC 1963], which is a nebulous hair-line of one uniform size from end to end."  His second position was 37 seconds of RA too far west (both positions have the same declination) though clearly refers to the same edge-on.  Dreyer assumed they were different, but IC 335 = IC 1963.

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IC 342 = UGC 2847 = MCG +11-05-003 = PGC 13826

03 46 48.6 +68 05 47

V = 8.4;  Size 21.4'x20.9';  Surf Br = 14.9

 

17.5" (12/16/95): very unusual galaxy, appears as a very faint, very large glow surrounding a 1' high surface brightness core that increases to a bright stellar nucleus.  The irregular halo is difficult to trace but extends to ~10' diameter with a number of superimposed stars including a striking 6' string of six mag 10.5-12 star oriented NW-SE on the southwest side of the halo.  No arm structure was seen.  The core forms a small triangle with two similar superimposed mag 11 stars 1.0' N and 2.0' NE.  Situated just 10.6” above the galactic plane and suffers from significant dust obscuration.

 

13.1" (1/18/85): at 144x the nucleus is prominent as a mag 12 "fuzzy" star.  At this power the outer halo disappears.

 

8" (10/13/81): very faint, large, very diffuse outer halo, very small prominent 12th magnitude nucleus.  A line of three stars is superimposed.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 342 on 11 Aug 1890 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted "with 500x it is quite a bright object, 1/2' dia and quite [?], mbM, not cometary.  Object 1' S of this star [shown on sketch] and following 3s or 4s." His rough position and sketch (showing the superimposed linear strings of stars) is an excellent match.

 

William Denning independently discovered IC 342 on 19 Aug 1892 while comet hunting with his 10-inch reflector.  The discovery was announced in a short note, "New nebula", Astronomy and Astro-Physics, 12, 189 (1893).  As Barnard never published his discovery or informed Dreyer, Denning is credited with the discovery in the IC.

 

In a note by Hubble and Seyfert titled "A Spiral Nebula of Unusually Large Dimensions" (Harvard College Observatory Bulletin No. 899, pp.16-17): "In a letter written to Dr. J. L. Dreyer before 1894, Mr. W. F. Denning, the well known meteor observer of Bristol, included in a short list of new nebulae an object in the position 3h 37m 8s, +67d 46.9' (1900), which was simply described as "pretty bright, very small, star of 12th magnitude close to nucleus."

 

Hubble and Humason (1934), first recognized this object as a spiral galaxy and suggested the possibility that IC 342 was a possible Local Group member (heavily reddened) based on its recessional velocity, though it was later shown to be too distant.

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IC 343 = ESO 548-066 = MCG -03-10-029  = PGC 13495

03 40 07.1 -18 26 37

V = 13.2;  Size 1.6'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 118d

 

17.5" (12/11/99): faint, small, elongated 3:2 E-W, 30"x20".  Situated between two mag 13 stars 1.6' E and 2.0' SW of center.  Located 8' N of NGC 1407 in a group of 8 NGC galaxies.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 343 = LM(S) 160 on 14 Oct 1887 and noted "lE 90”, dif."  His micrometric position in the 1893 catalogue of "Southern Nebulae" (#160) matches ESO 548-066.

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IC 344 = MCG -01-10-020 = PGC 13568

03 41 29.5 -04 39 58

V = 14.2;  Size 0.9'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.9

 

13.1" (12/7/85): first of three on a line with NGC 1417 and NGC 1418.  Extremely faint, round, very diffuse.  Detectable with averted vision only 20% of time.  Located 7.3' WNW of NGC 1417.

 

JH discovered IC 344 = h305 = LM(S) 163 = Sw IX-13 on 17 Oct 1827 and simply recorded "the first of 3 [with H II-455 and H II-456]".  His position matches MCG -01-10-020 = PGC 13568, although he thought the object was identical with H-III 569 = NGC 1397. So, both the GC (756) and NGC (1397) misidentify h305 as H III-569.  As a result, h305 did not receive a separate NGC designation and IC 344 is JH's only discovery with an IC designation.  This galaxy was also observed at Birr Castle (and missed on several occasions).

 

Lewis Swift independently found the galaxy again on 23 Dec 1889, reported "eeF; pL; R; passed in line with 1417-18; cometary; unable to refind it; seeing good.  Failed also at Harvard College Observatory [during a visit]."  Frank Muller also found it in late 1887 while measuring positions for NGC 1417 and 1418.  Dreyer credited both JH (h305) and Swift in the IC.  Sherburne Burnham measured IC 344 (Publ of Lick Observatory, II) and correctly sorted out the confusion with JH's observation.

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IC 347 = MCG -01-10-024 = PGC 13622

03 42 32.6 -04 17 55

V = 12.7;  Size 1.2'x1.0';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 40d

 

13.1" (12/7/85): fairly faint, small, almost round, stellar nucleus.  Surprisingly bright for an IC galaxy.  Located 26' N of NGC 1418 in the NGC 1417 group.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 347 = Sw IX-14 on 25 Dec 1889 and recorded "eF; vS; R; stellar."

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IC 348 = IC 1985 = Cr 41 = OCL-409 = vdB 19 = LBN 758 = Ced 20

03 44 36 +32 10

V = 7.3;  Size 10'x10'

 

17.5" (12/16/95): IC 348 is an unusual object consisting of a scattered group of stars with associated nebulosity situated near a large dark cloud virtually devoid of stars.  The cluster consists of 15 stars of varying magnitudes in a 6' group located 5'-10' S of Omicron = 38 Persei (V = 3.8).  The brightest star in the group is mag 8.4 SAO 56680, which has two nearby companions and the group is clearly encased in a fairly bright reflection nebula, ~3' diameter.  The star at the southwest end of the cluster is a nice close evenly matched double (·437 = 9.8/10 at 11").  The immediate 50' low power field to the south is strangely devoid of almost all stars! (Barnard 3 and 4).  Omicron also has a halo but this appears to be scattered light.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 348 = Sf 70 on 1 Dec 1866 and recorded "vL, pB, vgbM."  He added the footnote "a loose cluster with nebula" and his position is accurate.  E.E. Barnard independently discovered this nebulous cluster photographically on 6 Dec 1893 and it was also catalogued as IC 1985.

 

The Lynga position for the scattered cluster is about 8' too far north and this error is repeated in the Sky Catalogue 2000.

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IC 349 = Barnard's Nebula = vdB 22 = Ced 19i

03 46 20.1 +23 56 23

Size 0.5'

 

48" (10/31/13):  IC 349 is a reflection knot just 36" SSE of Merope.  We used 813x and carefully placed Merope barely outside the north edge of the field.  The orientation was easy to judge using two 15th magnitude stars 1.8' S and 1.8' SSW of Merope and the elongated glow fell between the diffraction spikes.  Despite the glare from Merope making the observation much more difficult, I was surprised this small reflection nebula was fairly bright and elongated (roughly pointing south from Merope) with a straighter western edge, perhaps 20"x10" in size.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 349, a fan-shaped knot of nebulosity just 0.6' SSE of Merope, visually on 14 Nov 1890 using the Lick 36" refractor.  It was announced in a discovery note in AN 3018.  "On Nov. 14 while examining the cluster, I discovered a new and comparatively bright round cometary nebula close south and following Merope, every precaution was taken to prove that it was not a ghost of Merope by examining the other stars of the group under the same conditions.  I have since seen it several times and on Dec. 8th I could see it with some difficulty in the 12-inch by occulting Merope with a wire in the eyepiece.  With the great telescope the nebula can be seen fairly well with Merope in the field and is conspicuous when the star is placed just outside the north edge of the field.  It is about 30" in diameter, of the 13th mag, gradually brighter in the middle, and very cometary in appearance.  It was examined with powers of 300, 520 and 1500, with all of which it was comparatively easy."

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IC 351 = PK 159-15.1 = PN G159.0-15.1

03 47 33.0 +35 02 49

V = 11.9;  Size 8"x6"

 

17.5" (3/1/03): swept up at 100x as a fuzzy mag 12 "star".  Nice view at 380x, which reveals a moderate surface brightness 7" disk.  Fairly evenly illuminated but the halo has a slightly irregular surface brightness.  A mag 15 star is 20" WNW of center with a slightly fainter star further north.  Located 3.4' NW of mag 9.5 SAO 56707.  A mag 11 and 13 stars complete a trio to the SE. 

 

17.5" (1/8/00): picked up at 100x as an out of focus mag 11 "star".  At 220x, this high surface brightness PN was clearly nonstellar and slightly oval with a hint of a sparkle (central star) at the center.  At 500x, appeared as a small, well-defined disc, elongated 4:3 SW-NE with dimensions ~7"x5".  The quasi-stellar center was brighter with a small, fainter halo that seemed irregular.  A couple of faint stars are close west and north.  Located 3.5' NW of a distinctive trio of mag 10/11/13 stars.

 

8" (12/4/80): fairly faint, very small, slightly elongated SW-NE.  A wide trio of stars is about 3.5' SE consisting of mag 9 SAO 56707, a mag 10.5 star and a mag 12.5 star (separations of 32", 36" and 58").

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 351 on 5 Dec 1890 with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory, while examining the region near Comet Zona.  He estimated a diameter of 4.6" and a magnitude of 10.5-11.  Sherburne Burnham measured a diameter of 10".

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IC 356 = Arp 213 = UGC 2953 = MCG +12-04-011 = PGC 14508

04 07 46.5 +69 48 45

V = 10.5;  Size 5.2'x3.9';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 90d

 

48" (2/18/12): bright, large, oval 3:2 E-W, 3.0'x2.0', large brighter core.  There appears to be a very slightly brighter streak extending from the core to the southwest.  Several stars are superimposed on the halo.  UGC 2955 is 9' SSE and PGC 166486 = 2MASX J04083779+6950160 lies 4.7' NE.

 

17.5" (11/2/91): moderately bright, fairly large, elongated 3:2 E-W, 2.25'x1.5'.  Contains a large brighter core 30" diameter with a fairly faint stellar nucleus.  A mag 14 star is embedded in the NE portion of halo.  Located 3.5' S of mag 8.6 SAO 13024.  This is one of the brightest IC galaxies.

 

8" (11/28/81): very faint, round, diffuse, even surface brightness.  Located south of a mag 9 star.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 356 on 23 Aug 1889 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  His simple eyepiece sketch clearly identifies the neighboring stars.  Barnard didn't publish his discovery until 1892 (AN 3097) in response to an independent discovery by William Denning on 7 Nov 1890 (Observatory, 15, 104 (1892)).  Barnard's article was titled "Two Probably Variable Nebulae".  In the article he mentions "from its brightness it is not possible that it has been so conspicuous for any great length of time, or it would surely have been found by Swift and others."

 

Both Barnard and Denning are credited in the IC.  Denning was a bit peeved about Barnard's late discovery note and wrote "Mr. Barnard claims to have discovered [IC 356] in August 1889 whereas I did not pick it up until Nov 1890.  While admitting this claim, I would venture to remark that anyone who makes a discovery ought to be prompt in announcing it, as a delay of several years is very likely to cause misconception and unnecessary trouble to others.  I think that in ordinary cases priority of announcement ought to be accepted as priority of discovery."  But perhaps Barnard wasn't the first to discover this galaxy.  Swift claims (Astro-Physics, Vol XI, 566) the first discovery before 1879 based on marking the object on his Burritt's star atlas, but he didn't record or remember any particulars as he claimed he thought his early discoveries were all known!

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IC 357 = UGC 2941 = MCG +04-10-016 = CGCG 487-016 = PGC 14384

04 03 44.0 +22 09 33

V = 13.2;  Size 1.2'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 175d

 

24" (2/14/15): at 375x; fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, round, 30" diameter, contains a very small brighter core.  A mag 12 star lies 1.5' E and two additional stars form an isosceles triangle (sides 2', 2' and 3').  Located 14' WNW of 4.3-magnitude 37 Tauri.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 357 = Sf 73 on 1 Jan 1867 with the 18.5" refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  He reported "F, S, R, Nucl = 13.5m".

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IC 359 = UGC 2980 = MCG +05-10-009 = CGCG 508-008 = PGC 14653

04 12 28.4 +27 42 08

V = 13.9;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.9

 

17.5" (3/1/03): easily swept up at 100x.  At 280x appears faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter, weak concentration to a slightly brighter core and nucleus.  A mag 15 star is just off the WSW edge [26" from center].  A mag 15.5 star is ~1.5' ~1' E (other nearby stars surround the galaxy on the DSS).

 

This number is incorrectly applied to the reflection nebula GN 04.15.5 = LBN 782 at 04 19.0 +28 17 (2000) in NGC 2000, Lynds, Neckel and Vehrenberg, etc.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 359 = Sw X-14 on 25 Dec 1891 and recorded "eeF; pL; R; Not no. 29 cat. 2.  That is still missing."  There is nothing at his position but 1 min of RA west is UGC 2980.  This galaxy is not identified as IC 359 in MCG (+05-10-009) and IC 359 is misidentified as the reflection nebula GN 04.15.5 = DG 29 = LBN 782 at 04 19.0 +28 17 (2000) in NGC 2000, Lynds, MOL, Neckel and Vehrenberg, etc (private communication with Corwin on 10/3/94).  LBN 782 is 6.5 min of RA following Swift's position and according to Dave Riddle, is the tail of cometary nebula Ced 30 = Hubble 4 = Hubble's "nebulous star".

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IC 361 = Cr 48 = Mel 24 = OCL-393 = C 0414+581

04 18 51 +58 15 00

V = 11.7;  Size 6'

 

18" (11/26/03): very faint cloud of partially resolved stars, ~4' in diameter.  A number of fairly uniform mag 14-15 stars are just resolved over haze, though it's difficult to tally a total. A brighter 7' string of mag 11-12 stars oriented NW-SE passes along the north edge of the cluster.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 361 on 10 Oct 1890 with the 6 1/2" refractor at Lick Observatory.  He recorded in his logbook, "In 6 1/2 inch it is apparently a very faint nebula between two or three stars.  In 12-inch (175x) it is pL, excessively faint and seems to be an excessively faint cluster or extremely faint stars, with possibly some nebulosity - power too high."  His simple sketch shows the cluster on line with two 6th magnitude stars to the southwest and the identity is certain.   William Denning found it again on 11 Feb 1893 with his 10-inch reflector (see The Observatory, 41, 140) and is credited with the discovery in the IC as Barnard never published his discovery or notified Dreyer.

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IC 366 = CGCG 393-002 = PGC 14887

04 19 41.5 +02 21 35

Size 0.35'x0.2';  PA = 20d

 

24" (12/22/14): faint, small, round, 12" diameter.  Located 3.1' SSE of much brighter NGC 1550.

 

Sherburne Wesley Burnham discovered IC 366 on 5 Oct 1890, while observing NGC 1550 with the 36" refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted "That found by d'Arrest [NGC 1550] is at least six or eight times brighter than the other.  There is a faint star, about 13m, between the two."  His micrometric offset from NGC 1550 is very accurate.

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IC 373 = MCG -01-12-013 = PGC 15335

04 30 42.7 -04 52 13

V = 13.4;  Size 1.3'x0.9'

 

17.5" (12/26/00): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 40" diameter.  Gradually increases to a brighter core.  In a line of 3 stars oriented N-S and ~2' from two mag 11 stars to the north and south.  Located 19' NW of NGC 1600 in a group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 373 = J 2-595 on 11 Feb 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 374 = MCG +03-12-001 = CGCG 467-001 = PGC 15474

04 32 32.8 +16 38 03

Size 0.8'x0.4';  PA = 85d

 

17.5" (1/31/87): faint, extremely small, round, brighter core, possibly elongated ~E-W.  Visible with direct vision at 220x.  Located 3.2' NE of a mag 9 star.  Two stars mag 11/12 7' E and 9' ENE are collinear with the mag 9 star.  Located 48' W and 7' N Aldebarran.  Appears almost stellar on the POSS.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 374 = Spitaler 4 on 28 Oct 1891 with the 27-inch refractor at the Vienna Observatory.  His position is accurate.

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IC 381 = NGC 1530A = UGC 3130 = MCG +13-04-007 = CGCG 347-006 = PGC 15917

04 44 28.5 +75 38 24

V = 12.3;  Size 2.4'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.4

 

17.5" (3/1/03): picked up at 100x as a moderately large, low surface brightness galaxy.  Brightens somewhat towards the center.  A mag 13 star is superimposed near the edge of the halo.  At 220x, the star is at the north edge and the galaxy is elongated 4:3 NW-SE, 0.8'x0.6', although the edge of the halo is difficult to define.

 

William Denning discovered IC 381 on 26 Aug 1889 with his 10-inch reflector in England and recorded "F, S, bM, * 12 np."  Harold Corwin comments that IC 381 was called "NGC 1530A" in Philip Keenan's 1935 paper discussing magnitudes of galaxies.

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IC 382 = (R)NGC 1632 = MCG -02-12-049 = PGC 15691

04 37 55.5 -09 31 10

V = 12.2;  Size 2.3'x1.4';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 0d

 

17.5" (1/23/93): fairly faint, moderately large, round, 1.5' diameter, gradually increases to small bright core.  A 10' string of stars extends towards the NW.  Appears brighter and larger than NGC 1632 30' ENE!  Misidentified in the RNGC as NGC 1632.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 382 = J 2-587 on 6 Feb 1893.  His position is accurate.  RNGC and NGC 2000.0 incorrectly equates IC 382 = NGC 1632.  See NGC 1632.

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IC 391 = UGC 3190 = MCG +13-04-011 = CGCG 347-009 = PGC 16402

04 57 21.7 +78 11 25

V = 12.7;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 12.8

 

17.5" (3/1/03): easily swept up at 100x; fairly faint, moderately large, round, fairly even surface brightness.  At 220x, embedded in the middle of a scattered group of stars, 1' diameter, nearly uniform surface brightness, possibly slightly elongated ~E-W, 1.0'x0.9'.

 

William Denning discovered IC 391 on 7 Nov 1890 with his 10-inch With-Browning reflector from England.  He simply noted "F, S, R." and measured a fairly accurate position.

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IC 392 = UGC 3158 = MCG +01-13-001 = CGCG 420-002 = PGC 15973

04 46 25.9 +03 30 22

V = 12.3;  Size 1.6'x1.2';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 170d

 

17.5" (2/11/96): faint, fairly small, irregularly round, 1.0' diameter, even concentration to a very small brighter core.  Located 2.3' WNW of a mag 10 star.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 392 = J 2-604 on 6 Jan 1894.  His position matches UGC 3158, although neither UGC nor MCG equate their entry with IC 392.

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IC 395 = NGC 1671? = UGC 3178 = MCG +00-13-015 = Holm 80a = PGC 16095

04 49 34.1 +00 15 10

V = 12.9;  Size 1.1'x0.9';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 130d

 

17.5" (2/11/96): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 45" diameter.  At first appeared elongated but this illusion was caused by a mag 14.5 star at the following edge 25" from center.  Another mag 13.5-14 star is 1' W.  This galaxy may be NGC 1671 with a very poor position.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 395 = Sw IX-15 on 20 Oct 1889.  His position is 10 seconds west of UGC 3178 (Howe later measured an accurate position).  It is possible NGC 1671 = Sw V-63 also refers to this galaxy, though this requires Swift's earlier position to be off by 45 seconds in RA and 1 degree in declination.  His comment "pB * nr sp" applies, though, to IC 395.

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IC 396 = UGC 3203 = MCG +11-07-002 = CGCG 306-007 = CGCG 307-001 = PGC 16423

04 57 59.0 +68 19 23

V = 12.0;  Size 2.1'x1.4';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 85d

 

17.5" (3/1/03): fairly faint, moderately large, elongated 3:2, 1.2'x0.8', small bright core is extended NNW-SSE.  This galaxy is fairly bright for the IC galaxy and was immediately swept up at 100x.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 396 on 20 Sep 1890 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted a "small, indef, 12 1/2 mag, field marked by 3 or 4 pairs of stars.  The neb = 3/4' diameter, somewhat brighter in the middle [difficult to read]." His rough position is off by 16', but he made an accurate field sketch that clearly identifies this galaxy.  He later computed an accurate position using the coordinates for his offset star (HD 30530). William Denning independently discovered it just a month later (19 Oct 1890), describing "F, S, R< bMN, F double star Sf."  Denning was credited with the discovery in the IC as Barnard never notified Dreyer.

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IC 399 = Mrk 1090 = LGG 123-007 = PGC 16582

05 01 44.1 -04 17 19

V = 14.8;  Size 0.3'x0.3'

 

48" (11/2/13): at 375x appeared moderately bright, fairly small, round, 18", fairly high surface brightness with a very small bright nucleus.  Located 2.3' SE of the HCG 31 quartet.  A mag 11.4 star lies 1.5' NW, between IC 399 and the quartet.

 

17.5" (2/8/97): very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, low even surface brightness.  This galaxy is located just 2.3' SE of NGC 1741 = HCG 31A and 2.5' SE of a mag 12 star on a line, although it was not listed as a group member.  Nevertheless, it is part of the same group, with a similar redshift as HCG 31A, 31B and 31C.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 399 = Spitaler 35 on 25 Feb 1892 with the 27-inch refractor at the Vienna Observatory.  His micrometric position is accurate.  The MCG and NGC 2000 incorrectly equate IC 399 with NGC 1741.  See Malcolm Thomson's IC identification notes.

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IC 405 = Flaming Star Nebula = LBN 795 = Sh 2-229 = Ced 42 = vdB 34

05 16 12 +34 16

Size 30'x19'

 

18" (1/20/07): barely visible without filter as a very low surface brightness hazy region mainly to the north of mag 6 AE Aurigae.  The H-beta filter increases the contrast somewhat.  The haze is brightest in the region surrounding AE and mostly extends in a broad fan for 10'-15' to the north and NE.

 

17.5" (2/8/86): the "Flaming Star" nebula is a very faint, large, diffuse nebulosity extending mainly north of AE Aurigae without filter.  Enhanced with an H-beta filter.

 

13.1" (12/7/85): very low surface brightness haze at 62x using an H-beta filter, though nebulosity seen to 15' diameter and extending generally to the north and NE of AE Aurigae.

 

13.1" (1/18/85): nebulosity highly suspected on east side of AE Aurigae.

 

John Martin SchŠeberle discovered IC 405 photographically on 21 Mar 1892 using the Willard lens strapped to the 6-inch Clark refractor at Lick Observatory.  An announcement ("A Large New Nebula in Auriga") and description was given in PASP, Vol 4, No. 22.  Wolf also photographed it on 25 Sep 1892 (AN 131 [3130], 159) and in 1903 reported this nebula "looks like a burning body from which several enormous curved flames seem to break out like gigantic prominences".  He urged his colleagues to aim their spectroscopes at this "flaming star" - hence the name "Flaming Star Nebula".

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IC 410 = LBN 807 = Sh 2-236 = Ced 43

05 22 36 +33 31

Size 40'x30'

 

24" (1/4/14): at 125x unfiltered, emission nebulosity is evident surrounding and beyond the borders of open cluster NGC 1893, but the only a large patch to the NW of the cluster stands out well.  A UHC filter transformed the nebula to a showpiece and it appeared bright, very large (~30' diameter), very irregular with a large darker patch to the west of the central portion of the cluster.  The brightest section of nebulosity is to the NW of the cluster (as noticed without a filter), though mag 9.0 HD 242908 (a hot 04-type star) at the NW tip of the cluster is at the east edge of this bright, 6' circular patch.  Somewhat fainter nebulosity envelops the entire cluster but an extensive field of nebulosity continuous south of the cluster for an additional 10'.  It was difficult to see a clean edge on the south and west side as the nebulosity seems to gradually fade away, but the entire diameter is at least 25'.

 

13.1" (1/18/85): very faint nebulosity involved with open cluster NGC 1893.  The brightest portion is at the NW edge of cluster.  A dark "hole" is just south of this nebulosity.  More extensive nebulosity is suspected but difficult to confirm due to the general background haze of the cluster.  Enhanced with UHC and OIII filters.

 

13.1" (2/25/84): nebulosity is evident preceding the NW star of the triangle of stars surrounding the cluster.  Very faint but definite with a filter in poor transparency.

 

Max Wolf discovered IC 410 on 25 Sep 1892 on a Heidelberg plate.  In AN 3130, p159, he noted the plate revealed a group of stars and a large nebula surrounding the star BD +33”1023.  His position matches the brightest star (mag 9.0 HD 242908) in the nebula.  NGC 1893 refers only to the open cluster, which was discovered by John Herschel.

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IC 412 = IC 2123 = UGC 3298 = MCG +01-14-034 = CGCG 421-041 = VV 225b = VV 630 = PGC 17180

05 21 56.7 +03 29 11

V = 13.6;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 30d

 

24" (1/12/13): both members of this interacting pair (VV 225) are fairly faint, small, roughly 20"-25" in size, and each contains small bright cores.  IC 412, the northwest component, is larger and more elongated , roughly 5:3 SW-NE, 25"x15".  IC 413 is just off the ESE side, 35" between centers. A mag 12.3 star is 30" ENE (at the north edge of IC 413).  The stretched spiral arm or tidal tail to the north was not seen. The pair is 14' WSW of the bright double 23 Ori = STF 696 (5.0/7.2 at 32").  IC 414 lies 8.5' S.

 

17.5" (12/26/00): this is the northwest member of an unusual close pair of interacting galaxies with IC 413 -- just 35" separation (in PA 115”) and both members appearing to extend from a mag 12 star (30" from centers to star)!  Both galaxies are faint, very small, slightly elongated, ~25"x15", with small brighter cores.  IC 412 is elongated SSW-NNE and 30" SW of the mag 12 star - with the NE end just west of the star.  Located 6' SSW of mag 7.6 SAO 112679 and 14' WSW of the (32") mag 5/7 double 23 Orionis.  A third galaxy, IC 414, is in the field 8.5' S, forming the poor galaxy cluster WBL 114.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 412 = IC 2123, along with IC 413 = IC 2124, on 30 Oct 1888 while sweeping with the 12-inch telescope of Lick Observatory.  He noted "the nebulae are very small, roundish, mbM.  Close south of a small star."  His field sketch confirms the identification.  Sherburne Burnham who discovered nearby IC 414, also observed and measured the pair at Lick Observatory (Publ of Lick Observatory, II).  The discovery was communicated at some point directly to Dreyer.

 

Stephane Javelle independently found the pair (J. 608 and 609) on 12 Jan 1894.  These observations became IC 412 and 413 (Javelle's descriptions used), though Barnard is also credited. So IC 412 = IC 2123 and IC 413 = IC 2124.  See Corwin's notes.

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IC 413 = IC 2124 = UGC 3299 = MCG +01-14-035 = CGCG 421-042 = VV 225a = VV 630 = WBL 114-003 = PGC 17181

05 21 58.9 +03 28 56

V = 13.7;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 135d

 

24" (1/12/13): this is the southeast component of the close interacting pair VV 225.  At 375x it appeared fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, ~22"x17", sharply concentrated with a very small, high surface brightness nucleus.  A mag 12.3 star is just 25" N of center and a mag 16.2 star is 46" SSW. IC 412 is just 35" NW and roughly similar in appearance.  IC 414 lies 8.5' S.

 

17.5" (12/26/00): the southeast member of an unusual interacting pair (tidal tails on DSS image) of similar galaxies with IC 412 just 35" NW and both galaxies straddle a mag 12 star!  IC 413 appears similar to IC 412 - ~25"x15", slightly elongated NW-SE with a small brighter core.  The northwest tip of the galaxy is virtually in contact with the mag 12 star.

 

See notes for IC 412 = IC 2123.

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IC 414 = MCG +01-14-033 = CGCG 421-040 = WBL 114-001 = PGC 17179

05 21 55.0 +03 20 31

Size 0.4'x0.3';  PA = 135d

 

24" (2/5/13): faint to fairly faint, small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 24"x18", weak concentration.  Located 8.5' S of the interacting pair VV 225 = IC 412/413.

 

17.5" (12/26/00): faint, small, round, 25" diameter.  Located 9' S of the IC 412/413 pair and 2' NW of mag 9.4 SAO 112675.

 

Sherbourne Burnham discovered IC 414 on 8 Nov 1891 with the 36" refractor at Lick Observatory while sweeping for IC 412 and 413.  The latter pair was discovered earlier by Barnard using the 12-inch at Lick.

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IC 417 = LBN 804 = Sh 2-234 = Ced 46

05 28 06 +34 26

Size 13'x10'

 

18" (1/20/07): large, irregular faint haze, ~8'-9' diameter.  Involved with open cluster Stock 8 (35-40 stars at 115x) in the field of 5.2-magnitude Phi Aurigae.  Mild contrast gain with a UHC filter.  NGC 1931 lies 45' ESE and NGC 1907 is 53' N.

 

17.5" (2/9/02): this large HII region encases the open cluster Stock 8 and is situated ~6' SE of 5th magnitude Phi Aurigae.  At 140x, the cluster consists of 40-50 stars including two mag 10 (the brightest is the wide double ·707 = 9.7/11.4 at 18") and numerous mag 12-14 stars.  With a UHC filter (or OIII filter at 100x), the cluster is encased in a moderately bright glow, ~8'x5'.  The nebulosity is brightest in a triangular wedge, tapering towards the south with the two mag 10 stars oriented N-S (2' separation) along the western boundary.  The glow is irregular but has a fairly sharp border along the western edge.

 

8" (12/6/80): faint nebulosity involved with three stars mag 9-11 including ·707 = 9.7/11.4 at 18".  The brightest portion is located 8' SE of Phi Aurigae (V = 5.1).  Embedded in the open cluster Stock 8.

 

Max Wolf discovered IC 417 on 25 Sep 1892 on a Heidelberg plate.  In AN 3130 (131), p159, he noted a "vast nebula envelopes the star cluster" and his position is within the cluster.

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IC 418 = PK 215-24.1 =  PN G215.2-24.2 = Spirograph Nebula = Raspberry Nebula

05 27 28.2 -12 41 50

V = 9.3;  Size 12"

 

48" (2/18/12): at 488x, the sharply defined, vivid raspberry annulus appeared relatively thin and extended NNW-SSE, ~14"x12".  The high contrast central dark hole was striking surrounding the bright central star.  Surrounding the annulus is a faint outer halo, increasing the size to roughly 20".

 

48" (4/2/11): truly impressive view at 375x and 488x, which revealed a very high surface brightness, slightly elongated halo, ~14"x12", surrounding the very bright central star.  I was surprised to see the planetary was clearly annular with a very bright, irregular rim that varied slightly in thickness and a fairly high contrast darker hole surrounding the central star.  The ring's outer rim was a shocking, deep raspberry color.  The color was more intense at 375x and slightly more saturated along one-half of the annulus.

 

18" (1/26/09): striking view at 175x with the mag 10.5 central star blazing within a 10" disc with a crisply defined halo.  Excellent contrast gain using an H-beta filter with the central star nearly lost with the high surface brightness disc.  There appears to be a very faint, thin envelope surrounding the main 10" disc extending a few arc seconds.  At 285x, the planetary is slightly oval NNW-SSE with subtle variations in surface brightness; slightly weaker around the central star and slightly brighter along portions of the rim.

 

18" (1/15/07): at 115x, the bright mag 10.5 central star is surrounded by a small 10" disc with a noticeable raspberry tint.

 

17.5" (2/22/03): at 100x, the bright 10.5 magnitude central star was centered in a 10" round halo with a definite rosy or raspberry tint at the outer edge of the halo, though the effect is fairly subtle.  Using an H-beta filter, the central star is strongly dimmed but the halo is significantly enhanced, dramatically changing the view of this planetary.  At 380x, no color was visible but the halo was a bit asymmetrical with a "softer" edge and possible double shell structure.  The center was very slightly darker around the central star.

 

17.5" (12/30/99): at 82x the mag 10.5 central star was enveloped in a very small round halo which appeared to have a slight reddish tinge at its edge.  This is a low-excitation PN and using a H-beta filter, the halo brightened and the central star faded, leaving a more noticeable disc.  At 220x, the prominent central star was surrounded by a well-defined 10" halo that partially "blinked" on and off switching from averted to direct vision.  At 280x, the small halo was possibly surrounded by an extremely faint envelope, but this could not be confirmed.  380x and 500x presented a superb view of the inner disc which appeared weakly annular.

 

17.5" (3/8/97): unusually bright mag 10.5 central star surrounded by a small high surface brightness halo.  At 220x, this planetary has a distinct "blinking" effect; staring at central star partially washes out the halo and with averted the halo is more dominant.  At 82x, an unusual rosy tinge is evident at the edge of the small halo, although the effect is fairly subdued.  The seeing was not steady enough for high power viewing of the outer shell.

 

17.5": high surface brightness planetary, appears very bright at 481x.  Contains a bright "fuzzy" central star with a bright inner portion surrounded by a second fainter shell slightly elongated N-S.

 

13" (10/20/84): very bright, small, takes 350-410x well, bright central star, subtle shell structure.

 

8" (2/5/81): nearly stellar at 100x, bright, appears as a mag 10 star with a small, faint bluish halo.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 418 on 26 Mar 1891 based on a spectrum plate taken at Harvard College Observatory.  In a letter communicated by Pickering in AN 3049, she mentioned the hydrogen spectrum was unusually large for a planetary.  Pickering is attributed with the discovery in the NGC.

 

A star is plotted at this position on the Uranometria 2000.0 Atlas because the BD catalogue included the central star.

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IC 420

05 32 09.5 -04 31

Size 8'

 

18" (2/19/09): large, extremely faint reflection nebula surrounding mag 8.2 HD 36540.  Appears roughly 6' in diameter.  The surrounding field seems weakly luminous, but the glow surrounding the star is slightly more evident and extends roughly to mag 8.8 HD 36559 located 4.5' SE.  Located 45' W of the bright, scattered cluster NGC 1981 and 50' NW of the bright nebulous cluster NGC 1977 (north of M42).

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 420 = HN 63 on 27 Jun 1888 on a Harvard College Observatory photographic plate.  She noted "very faint nebulosity preceding and a little south of DM -4”1162.  Not confirmed by Plate 2414."  Edward Pickering announced the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P).  Photographs taken with the Bache telescope, a photographic 8-inch f/5.5 doublet, covering 10 degrees square, were examined by Fleming with a magnifying glass.

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IC 421 = UGCA 111 = MCG -01-15-001 = PGC 17407

05 32 08.5 -07 55 05

Size 3.2'x2.8';  PA = 80d

 

24" (2/7/16): fairly faint, very large, slightly elongated ~E-W, ~2' diameter, broad fairly weak concentration, so the surface brightness of this reddened galaxy is fairly low.  A wide double star (HJ 2271 = 10/11.5 at 19") is 6.4' NNW.  MCG -01-15-002 = VV 848 is 14' NE.  This disrupted galaxy appeared faint, fairly small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 24"x18", contains a slightly brighter nucleus.  The tidal tail to the southwest was not seen.

 

17.5" (2/14/99): very faint, moderately large low surface brightness glow, ~2' diameter, very weak concentration, ill-defined halo fades into background.  A mag 13 star lies 2.3' ESE of center.  The galaxy is collinear with two wide brighter unequal pairs 6' NNW and 13' NNW.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 421 = HN 66 on 27 Jun 1888 on a Harvard College Observatory photographic plate of the M42 region.  She described "faint nebulosity about 2' in diameter."  Edward Pickering published the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annal publication (1890AnHar..18..113P) and he was credited with the discovery in the IC.  The published position is 10' too far south.

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IC 423 = LBN 913 = Ced 52

05 33 24 -00 37 00

Size 6'x4'

 

17.5" (12/26/00): fairly faint, large, slightly elongated NW-SE, ~5' diameter.  A couple of mag 12.5 stars are superimposed.  The edges fade into the background.  Photographically, this reflection nebula has an irregular ring shape.  Located 28' SE of mag 2.2 Delta Orionis (top star in Orion's Belt).  Nearby IC 424 to the NE was not noted, though observed on 2/19/09.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 423 = HN 58 on 27 Jun 1888 during a photographic survey of the M42 at the Harvard College Observatory.  She noted a "irregular oval ring having diameters 3' by 5'.  The position angle of the larger axis is about 165”." Edward Pickering published the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P) and is credited with the discovery in the IC.  Fleming examined photographs taken with the Bache telescope, an 8-inch f/5.5 doublet covering 10 degrees square, with a magnifying glass.

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IC 424

05 33 36 -00 25

Size 2.0'x1.0'

 

18" (2/19/09): faint, fairly small reflection nebula, ~2' in diameter.  Involving 4 or 5 stars with the two brightest at mag 13-14 forming a 35" pair oriented E-W.  Located 3' NE of mag 8.3 HD 36683 and 25' ESE of mag 2.2 Mintaka (Delta Orionis).  IC 423 (observed previously) is located 12' SSW.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 424 = HN 56 on 27 Jun 1888 during a photographic survey of the M42 at the Harvard College Observatory.  Edward C. Pickering announced the discovery in the 1908 Harvard Annals publication and he is credited with the discovery in the IC.  IC 423 was described as a "Nebula about 2' in diameter, brightest on the following side."

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IC 426 = LBN 921 = Ced 55j

05 36 31 -00 17 54

Size 5'x5'

 

18" (11/22/03): at 115x, surprisingly large reflection nebula just following a mag 8.6 star.  Appears ~7'x5' in diameter and oval E-W, though the outline is ragged.  There are a number of brighter stars nearby and the nebula is situated northeast of a distinctive N-S chain of 5 stars mag 8.6-10.  A distinct border runs E-W just following the mag 8.6 star.  An OIII filter killed the nebula, though I didn't try either a UHC or H-beta filter.  Located one degree NNE of Alnilam (middle belt star).

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 426 = HN 57, along with IC 423 and 424, on 27 Jun 1888 during a photographic survey of the M42 at the Harvard College Observatory.  Edward C. Pickering reported the discovery in the 1908 Harvard Annals publication and he is credited with the discovery in the IC.  IC 423 was described as a "faint nebula about 5' in diameter."

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IC 428 = Bernes 120

05 36 23 -06 27 02

 

18" (2/5/11): at 108x, this difficult reflection nebula appears as a very faint, hazy glow just west of mag 8 HD 37210, which detracts from viewing.  A mag 11 star may be involved.  Located 15' N of NGC 1999.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 428 = HN 64 on a Harvard College Observatory photographic plate on 27 Jun 1888 and noted "perhaps this object should have been included with No. 15 [IC 427]."  Edward Pickering published the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P).

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IC 429 = PP 37 = V883 Ori

05 38 19.2 -07 02 24

 

18" (1/21/04): this cometary nebula appears as a very weak, small enhancement, ~10" diameter, about 2' NE of a wide pair of mag 13 stars located 13' NW of mag 4.8 49 Orionis.  At moments it appeared stellar or an extremely faint star is involved.  Located at the northwest tip of reflection nebula IC 430, which extends primarily to the northwest of mag 4.8 49 Orionis

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 429 = J 2-612 on 6 Feb 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  Dave Riddle noted the equivalence with Parsamyan-Petrossian 37.

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IC 430 = Ced 55k

05 38 33.2 -07 05 07

Size 11'x11'

 

18" (1/21/04): very faint, fairly large low surface brightness glow to the northwest of mag 4.8 49 Orionis, ~4'.  Extends to a wide pair of mag 13 stars.  This reflection nebula needs to be reconfirmed as the bright star may have confused the observation.   See IC 429, which lies at the northwest tip of IC 430.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 430 = HN 65 on a Harvard College Observatory photographic plate taken on 27 Jun 1888.  She noted a "nebulous band 3' wide extending 10' north preceding from DM -7” 1142."  Edward Pickering published the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P)."

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IC 431 = LBN 944

05 40 13.4 -01 27 45

Size 5'x3'

 

17.5" (12/26/00): very faint, hazy glow surrounding mag 7.7 SAO 132436 and 11' WNW of brighter IC 432, which encases a mag 7.5 star.  Located 30' NNW of Zeta Orionis!

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 431 = HN 61 on a Harvard College Observatory photographic plate taken on 27 Jun 1888.  She noted "nebulosity surrounding DM -1” 1001."  Edward Pickering published the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P).

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IC 432 = LBN 946 = Ced 55m

05 40 56.2 -01 30 26

Size 8'x4'

 

13.1" (1/11/86): very faint glow surrounding mag 7.5 SAO 132446, diffuse appearance.  Located 27' N of Zeta Orionis.

 

8" (12/6/80): faint, diffuse, 4' diameter, envelops a mag 8 star.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 432 = HN 60 on a Harvard College Observatory photographic plate taken on 27 Jun 1888.  She noted "well-marked nebulosity surrounding DM -1” 1005.  Unlike most nebulous stars, the nebulosity does not fade away towards the edges.  It looks rather like an irregular oval nebula on which a star was superimposed."  Edward Pickering published the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P).

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IC 434 = LBN 953 = Sh 2-277 = Ced 55n

05 41 00 -02 24

Size 60'x10'

 

13.1" (1/11/86): using an H-beta filter IC 434 appears a very faint, very large, very elongated strip of nebulosity running south of Zeta Orionis for almost one degree in a N-S direction.  There is a well-defined sharp edge along the east side while the west side fades off into the background.  Contains the famous dark nebula B33 = "Horsehead Nebula" as a dark "notch".  IC 434 extends beyond NGC 2023 off the east edge and the star density drops off significantly east of IC 434 whereas a number of faint stars are pepper the field to the west of IC 434.  This is one of the few emission nebulae that responds very well to a H-Beta filter.  Extremely difficult without filter.

 

24" (1/21/12): the view of the Horsehead through a 24" f/4.1 Starmaster using a Collins I3 image intensifier mated with a narrowband H-alpha filter at the Mauna Kea visitor center (9300') was absolutely stunning.  The outline stood out in extremely sharp relief like a photograph and the dark cloud was pitch black against the bright background.  I'm not sure of the magnification used but the field was 30' or less and the Horsehead was large enough to show exquisite detail in the outline.

 

17.5" (12/26/00 and 12/28/00): at 100x using an H-beta filter, the huge IC 434 strip was very prominent and easy to follow south from Zeta Orionis throughout the entire 50' field of view.  The boundary was razor-sharp along its eastern edge against a background sky darkened by the H-beta filter.  The Horsehead was very easy to view as a nearly black, semi-circular 4' indentation that protruded into the nebulosity.  With averted vision there was a short extension or knob on the north side.  This forms the snout of the horse and with concentration faint nebulosity is visible just below (east) of the snout.

 

17.5" (10/8/88): easily held with direct vision using the H-beta filter.  The head or snout protrudes to the north.

 

17.5" (9/14/85 and 10/12/85): the Horsehead Nebula appears as a jet black dark nebula using an H-beta filter at 84x superimposed against the fairly prominent emission nebula IC 434.  Appears as a semi-circular indentation or "bite" of 5' diameter along the sharply defined eastern edge of IC 434 "strip" which extends through field in a N-S orientation.  Significant contrast gain with and H-Beta filter which renders the background sky and B33 extremely dark.  Difficult to see the "snout" feature which protrudes to the north but it is detectable.  Mag 8.5 SAO 132451 lies 8' N.

 

13" (1/18/85): visible with direct vision with H-Beta filter and striking with averted.  The snout was suspected.  The contrast between B33 and the sky was high with the background jet black and sharply outlined against the easy glow of IC 434.  Best view with 24mm.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 434 on Harvard College Observatory plates in 1883. Edward Pickering announced the discovery (along with a number of other Orion nebulae) in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P).  She also described the dark notch (later dubbed the "Horsehead") as "A large nebulosity extending nearly south the Zeta Orionis for about 60'.  More intense and well marked on the following side with a semicircular indentation 5' in diameter 30' south of Zeta. All good plates of this region show this object, and it has been used here as a test for some time." Dreyer didn't mention the "indentation" in the IC description.

 

Harold Corwin comments that "Some people have suggested that it was actually found by WH.  This is not true; WH's comment (see Latusseck, J. Astron. Data 14, 4, 2008 where it is reprinted) "Wonderful black space included in Nebulosities" refers to NGC 2024, not to IC 434."

 

But Wolfgang notes that on 1 Feb 1786 (sweep 518), WH recorded a large region of nebulosity extending roughly 2” north-south, not far east of IC 434.  He noted "I am pretty sure the places of which these are the boundaries are all full of diffused milky nebulosity; but notwithstanding I used every means of ascertaining it by motion of the telescope, my range was neither far enough, nor sufficiently quick to put it beyond doubt.  He assigned it internal discovery number (1321), which became H. V 35 (first of 4 different fields associated with that designation).  Wolfgang Steinicke feels it may apply to IC 434, though Herschel's RA is about 3 minutes too large, so this identification is very uncertain.

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IC 435 = Ced 55q

05 43 00 -02 19

Size 5'x3'

 

13.1" (1/18/85): at 88x with OIII filter appears as a very faint and difficult circular nebulosity surrounding mag 8.3 SAO 132478.  Located 20' ESE of bright NGC 2023.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 435 = HN 59 on a Harvard College Observatory photographic plate taken on 27 Jun 1888 and noted "Nebulosity surrounding DM -2”1350."  Edward Pickering published the discovery in the 1890 Harvard Annals publication (1890AnHar..18..113P).  Photographs taken with the Bache telescope, a photographic 8-inch f/5.5 doublet, covering 10 degrees square, were examined by Fleming with a magnifying glass.

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IC 438 = ESO 555-009 = MCG -03-15-025 = UGCA 115 = LGG 134-003 = PGC 18047

05 53 00.1 -17 52 34

V = 12.0;  Size 2.8'x2.1';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 55d

 

17.5" (3/8/97): fairly faint, moderately large, nearly 2' diameter.  Appears as a diffuse roundish glow with a very weak, broad concentration.  A mag 14.5 star is attached at the NE end 1.0' from the center.  A 1' pair of mag 10 stars precedes by 3.5'.  Located 8' SSE of mag 8.6 SAO 150914.  Forms a pair with IC 2151 7.7' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 438 = Sw X-15 = Sw XI-88 on 7 Jan 1891 and recorded "eeF; pS; E in meridian; wide D * nr preceding."  He found it again on 7 Oct 1897 and included it in list XI-88 as "vF; pL; R; v wide D * near p[receding]."

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IC 442 = UGC 3470 = MCG +14-04-003 = CGCG 362-022 = CGCG 363-005 = PGC 19306

06 36 11.9 +82 58 06

V = 12.9;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 12.9

 

24" (2/7/16): IC 442 was picked up at 226x (10mm ZAO) as a fairly faint, fairly small round glow, ~18" diameter.  Adding a 2x Powermate (452x), two extremely close nuclei [separated by 8"] were resolved within the halo!  The nucleus in the south-southwest part of the halo (PGC 2787456) was almost seen continuously in periods of fairly steady seeing, while the north-northeast nucleus (PGC 19306) was a bit more subtle.  Both were stellar or quasi-stellar and towards the outer edges of the halo.

 

William Denning discovered IC 442 on 9 Nov 1890 while comet seeiking in Camelopardus with his 10-inch reflector.  He noted "F, S, R, mbM"

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IC 443 = LBN 844 = Sh 2-248 = Ced 73 = Simeis 40 = SNR G189.1+03.0 = Jellyfish Nebula

06 16 54 +22 47

Size 50'

 

18" (2/23/06): easily visible at 73x and OIII filter.  The brightest portion is a 5' elongated strip that very gently curves WNW-ESE.  Faint haze extends out from this strip towards the south and west.  An extremely faint extension of the strip continues to the SE and curves towards an obtuse triangle of three stars, increasing the length of the edge of the shell to over 10'.

 

17.5" (1/16/02): at 64x and OIII filter, the most prominent section of this supernova remnant is a gently curving band of nebulosity oriented NW-SE, ~10'x3' with a well-defined edge along the eastern (bowed-out) boundary. A larger region of low surface brightness haze, ~20' in size, spreads out to the west of the northern end.  At the SE end, the band dims and seems to hook to the SW towards a small arrowhead of stars.  Located ~2.5 degrees SE of M35 and following mag 3.3 Eta Gem.

 

17.5" (1/20/90): at 82x with OIII filter this supernova remnant appears moderately bright, large, elongated 5:2 NW-SE.  Appears a bit larger and brighter at the NW end.  Much fainter nebulosity is close south off the west end and a couple of mag 10 stars are superimposed. Surprisingly easy to view with an OIII filter.

 

13.1" (1/18/85): at 62x with filter, appears as a very faint elongated strip of nebulosity, perhaps 10' in length.  Not visible without a filter.

 

Max Wolf discovered IC 443, along with IC 444, on 25 Sep 1892 with a 2 1/4" lens.  In AN 3130 (1892), he recorded finding "[Two] Very large and bright nebulous masses are visible there [near Mu and Eta Geminorum], which very roughly have their centers at approximately 6h 14m +24” [IC 444] and 6h 08m +22” [IC 443]."

 

E.E. Barnard independently discovered these two nebulae in 1894 and his report appeared in "Astronomy and Astro-Physics", Vol 8, No. 3, page 177, 1894.  Harold Corwin quotes Barnard's description, "On this same plate [taken on 1 Feb 1894 with a 2h 10m exposure] is a faint narrow curved nebulosity in about, 1860.0, 6h 8m + 23” 0'.  It is nearly 1/2” long, extending north and south and convex to the east."

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IC 444 = LBN 840 = Ced 74

06 19 22.5 +23 16 28

Size 8'x4'

 

17.5" (2/11/96): fairly easy, round reflection nebula surrounding mag 7.0 SAO 78225 (12 Gem), ~3' diameter.  Visible without filter in comparison with other nearby comparable stars.  This star forms the southern vertex of an equilateral triangle with mag 7 stars 12' N (SAO 78222 = 11 Gem) and a mag 7.5 star 13' NE.  The illuminating star is at the northwest edge of a large, scattered 15' triangular group of mag 9-13 stars (Cr 89?), with most of the stars forming the outline.

 

See IC 443.

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IC 446 = IC 2167 = LBN 898 = Ced 77

06 31 07 +10 27 18

Size 5'x4'

 

17.5" (1/23/93): fairly faint reflection nebula surrounds a mag 10-11 star. This bi-polar nebula is fairly large, about 2.5' diameter.  Appears to extend further (or is brighter) on the south side.  Bordered by three collinear mag 13 stars on the south side.

 

E.E. Barnard visually discovered IC 446 = IC 2167, along with IC 2169, on 11 Oct 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted "a 9 1/2 mag star with largish faint nebula, a little heavier following." 

 

He later found it again photographically on 24 Jan 1894 with the Willard 6" lens and announced it in "Photographic Nebulosities and Star Cluster Connected with the Milky Way" (Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol XIII, No 3).  Based on this discovery note, Dreyer catalogued it as IC 446.  Barnard states, though, he first found it visually around 1888 "while sweep over this region..I also found a 10 mag nebulous star about half a degree north preceding 2245."  His position in this paper is accurate.  Apparently Barnard also sent Dreyer his original visual discovery, hence the two IC designations.  In any case, IC 446 = IC 2167.  This object is a bi-polar reflection nebula. Listed in article on bi-polar nebulae by Ronald Stoyan in Deep Sky Observer #12.

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IC 447 = IC 2169 = LBN 903 = Ced 78 = vdB 76 = vdB 77 = vdB 78

06 31 12 +09 54

Size 25'x20'

 

24" (1/31/14): picked up unfiltered at 200x, though low contrast as the entire field is patchy in faint stars and affected by some dust.  Seems roughly 20'x10, elongated N-S and includes several bright stars (Cr 95) with mag 7.9 HD 46005 near the center (illuminating star), mag 8.9 HD 258853 near the south end, and a mag 9.3 star at or beyond the NW end.  The contrast is significantly improved at 125x using a NPB filter and the outline is better defined, particularly at the southern end.  Although the nebulosity is slightly brighter to the south of HD 46005, there are no high surface brightness sections.

 

18" (2/4/08): at 175x unfiltered, this is a huge, interesting reflection nebula, ~25'x18', elongated N-S with an irregular outline and subtle variations in brightness.  A number of mag 8-10 stars are superimposed, including mag 8 HD 46005 (illuminating star) which is part of a 10' N-S string of four brighter stars on the east side. Nearby reflection nebulae include NGC 2245 ~30' NE, IC 446 35' N and NGC 2247 40' NE (this group forms the association Monoceros R1).

 

IC 2169 is located two degrees due west of the Christmas Tree cluster and the whole region of bright and dark nebulosity is part of the same molecular cloud complex Mon OB1.

 

E.E. Barnard visually discovered IC 447 = IC 2169, along with IC 446 = IC 2167, on 11 Oct 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted "1 radius of 80x field [21'] south and 1 radius [21'] preceding the 7 1/2' m star [NGC 2245] is a large nebulosity, faint, that involves several 9 or 9 1/2 mag star.  Nearly 1/2” in size, irregular(?)".  His offset lands in the southern part of the nebula, though clearly he was referring the entire portion.  This discovery was not published but later sent directly to Dreyer.  He picked it up again on 26 Feb 1889 and logged "22' S and 22' p. the neb NGC 2245 is a vL neby, with some bright stars in it.  It is extended N & S nearly, 15 x 12' +/- diam.  There are 3 or 4 9th and 10th mag stars in a curve seemingly connected with it."

 

He found this reflection nebula again photographically on 24 Jan 1894 with the Willard 6" lens though and announced it in "Photographic Nebulosities and Star Cluster Connected with the Milky Way" (Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol XIII, No 3).  Barnard stated he first found it visually around 1888 "while sweep over this region, I found a very large, weak, diffused nebulosity some half a degree south of the nebula NGC 2245. This was mixed up with several considerable stars."  As a result, it was catalogued twice (IC 2169 = IC 447).

 

Barnard retracted his discovery of IC 447 in Lick Publications, Vol 11, incorrectly claiming it to be identical to NGC 2245.  Hubble included this object in his 1922 paper "A general study of diffuse galactic nebula" in Contributions from the Mount Wilson Observatory / Carnegie Institution of Washington, vol. 241, pp.1-38.

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IC 454 = UGC 3570 = MCG +02-18-002 = PGC 19725

06 51 06.3 +12 55 19

V = 13.4;  Size 1.2'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 140d

 

24" (2/7/16): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 0.6'x0.3'.  A star (mag 13.5-14?) is superimposed near the northwest end.  Contains a slightly brighter nucleus, which is close southeast of the star.  There may be one or two additional mag 15.5-16 star near the periphery.  Since the galaxy appears to extend from the brighter star it has a comet-like appearance.  Situated in a rich Milky Way star field.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 454 = Sw IX-16 on 21 Jan 1889 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted "a faint nebula, elongated with 13 mag star attached to end N.p."  His rough RA (in his notebook) is about 24 seconds too large, but his small field sketch matches.  The discovery was probably not communicated to Dreyer as Barnard isn't credited in the IC.

 

Lewis Swift independently found this galaxy on 27 Dec 1889 and simply noted "eeF; S; e diff."  Swift's RA is 9 seconds too large and he gets the credit in the IC.  Howe measured an accurate position in 1898 and noted, "One or two stars are involved in this nebula."

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IC 455 = UGC 3815 = MCG +14-04-033 = CGCG 362-044 = CGCG 363-030 = LGG 145-012 = PGC 21334

07 34 57.7 +85 32 14

V = 13.3;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 82d

 

18" (8/2/11): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, ~30"x25", fairly sharply concentrated with a small bright core that increases to a stellar nucleus.  Located 11' SSE of NGC 2300 in a group of far northern galaxies near +85” declination.

 

18" (3/13/04): fairly faint, small, round, 25" diameter, weak concentration to a slightly brighter core.  With direct vision, a sharp stellar nucleus is intermittently visible.  Located 16' ESE of NGC 2276 and 11' SSE of NGC 2300.  This galaxy is the 5th closest to the celestial pole in the NGC or IC (2nd in the IC) and 3 of these 5 are visible in the same low power field!

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 455 on 20 Sep 1890 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  While comet hunting in the north, Barnard found NGC 2276, 2300 and IC 455.  He was confused on his pointing direction this far north, but made a field sketch including nearby stars and labeled the nebulae A (NGC 2276), B (NGC 2300) and C (IC 455, outside the 150x field).  He noted "C is 10' S and 3' foll B.  A is 2' diameter, faint, vglbM."  The sketch clearly identifies the three galaxies.  William Denning independently discovered IC 455 less than a month later on 17 Oct 1890 with his 10-inch reflector.  Denning is credited with the discovery in the IC as Barnard never published his discovery or notified Dreyer.

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IC 456 = ESO 427-024 = MCG -05-17-002 = PGC 19993

07 00 17.5 -30 09 50

V = 12.0;  Size 2.1'x1.3';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 110d

 

17.5" (3/20/93): fairly faint, fairly small, round, gradually increases to a small bright core.  Located just 1' SW of mag 9 SAO 197461 and 6' SE of mag 7.1 SAO 197448.  Also mag 8.7 SAO 197447 lies 7' WNW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 456 = Sw X-16 on 19 Dec 1890 and recorded "vF; pS; R; B * close nf; B * with pB dist comp np."

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IC 458 = UGC 3713 = MCG +08-13-085 = WBL 133-004 = PGC 20306

07 10 34.3 +50 07 06

V = 13.5;  Size 0.9'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.3;  PA = 175d

 

18" (12/18/06): fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 N-S, 0.6'x0.4', weak concentration to center.  A mag 12.5 star is just off the south edge 0.6' from center.  In a small group with NGC 2340, IC 458, IC 461, IC 464, IC 465.

 

17.5" (1/20/90): very faint, very small, elongated 5:2 N-S, small bright core.  A mag 13 star is off the south end 36" from center.  In a field of four galaxies with NGC 2340 7' ENE, IC 464 5.0' ENE and IC 465 12' NE.

 

Bindon Stoney discovered IC 458, along with IC 459, 461, 464 on 31 Jan 1851 (shown on sketch) with LdR's 72".  The 1861 publication did not include any details of the Birr Castle discoveries so this nebula was not included in the GC or GC Supplement.  Lewis Swift found this galaxy again on 14 Sep 1888 (list VIII-44 and by Kobold on 15 Apr 1893 (all 3 credited in the IC).  The IC position from Kobold matches UGC 3713.  The MCG misidentifies +08-13-089 as IC 458.

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IC 459 = CGCG 234-082 = PGC 20311

07 10 38.7 +50 10 38

Size 0.5'x0.4'

 

18" (12/18/06): extremely faint, very small, round, 20" diameter, low surface brightness, no concentration.  Located 5' due west of NGC 2340 in the core of the cluster and 3.6' N of IC 458.

 

Bindon Stoney discovered IC 459, along with IC 458, 461, 464 on 31 Jan 1851 (shown on sketch).  Hermann Kobold discovered it independently at Strasbourg on 2 Dec 1893 (both Rosse and Kobold are credited in the IC).

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IC 460 = MCG +08-13-089 = CGCG 234-084 = WBL 133-007 = PGC 20318

07 10 44.3 +50 12 09

V = 14.3;  Size 0.8'x0.5'

 

18" (12/18/06): extremely faint galaxy in the core of the NGC 2340 group.  Just visible with averted vision and concentration as a 10" knot just off the northeast side of a mag 13 star [only 18" separation].  This star forms a pair with another mag 13 star 44" NW.  Located 4.5' WNW of NGC 2340 and 1.8' NNE of IC 459.

 

Hermann Kobold discovered IC 460 on 2 Dec 1893 with the 18" refractor at Strassburg Observatory.  This galaxy was missed at Birr Castle when the cluster was observed in January 1851.

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IC 461 = MCG +08-13-088 = CGCG 234-083 = WBL 133-006 = PGC 20319

07 10 45.0 +50 04 53

Size 0.6'x0.35';  PA = 35d

 

18" (12/18/06): extremely faint, very small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 0.3'x0.2'.  This small galaxy is just preceding a 1.5' string of 3 mag 12-13 stars angling from SW to NE and 2.8' SE of IC 458 in the NGC 2340 group (second faintest of 7 in the field at 280x).

 

Bindon Stoney discovered IC 461, along with IC 458, 459, 464 on 31 Jan 1851 (shown on sketch) with LdR's 72".  Lewis Swift found this galaxy again on 14 Sep 1888 (list VIII-45 and by Kobold on 8 Dec 1893 (all 3 are credited in the IC as Kobold's position was used).

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IC 464 = CGCG 234-087 = MCG +08-13-092 = WBL 133-009 = PGC 20332

07 11 04.8 +50 08 13

V = 13.8;  Size 0.8'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.4;  PA = 60d

 

18" (12/18/06): fairly faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 SW-NE, 0.6'x0.35', even concentration but with no defined core of nucleus.  Located 2.5' SSW of NGC 2340 in a rich group of galaxies with NGC 2350, IC 458, IC 459, IC 460, IC 461 and IC 465 in the same 280x field!

 

17.5" (1/20/90): faint, small, oval SW-NE.  Located 2.5' SSW of NGC 2340 in a group with IC 458 5.0' WSW and IC 465 8.1' NE.

 

Bindon Stoney discovered IC 464, along with IC 458, 459, 461 on 31 Jan 1851 (shown on sketch) with LdR's 72".  Kobold measured an accurate position on 18 Jan 1893.

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IC 466 = Sh 2-288 = LBN 1013 = Ced 92

07 08 36 -04 19

Size 1'x1'

 

17.5" (2/28/87): mag 12.5 star in an easy, very small, round nebulosity.  Located 1.5' SSW of a mag 10.5 star.  A wide pair of mag 10 stars lie 7' SW.  Enhanced with a UHC filter at 220x.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 466 = J 2-616 on 18 Feb 1893 with the 30-inch f/23 refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 467 = UGC 3834 = MCG +13-06-007 = PGC 21164

07 30 17.3 +79 52 21

V = 12.6;  Size 3.2'x1.3';  Surf Br = 14.0;  PA = 80d

 

17.5" (2/22/87): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated ~E-W, weak concentration.  A faint mag 15 star is near the SW end.  Located 20' SSE of NGC 2336.

 

William Denning discovered IC 467 on 7 Nov 1890 with his 10-inch reflector while comet hunting and recorded "vF, pS, 22' ssf of NGC 2336."  Although his position is poor, the identification is certain based on the description.

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IC 469 = UGC 3994 = MCG +14-04-038 = CGCG 362-047 = CGCG 363-035  = CGCG 364-001 = LGG 145-004 = PGC 22213

07 55 59.1 +85 09 32

V = 12.6;  Size 2.2'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 90d

 

18" (8/1/11): fairly bright, fairly large, elongated 5:2 E-W, ~2.0'x0.8', broad concentration, brighter core increases to a slightly brighter nucleus.  This galaxy, NGC 2300 and IC 512 are the brightest within 5 degrees of the north celestial pole.  Situated within a triangle formed by mag 9 star 3.8' N, a mag 10 star 4.5' SW and a mag 10.5 star 3.7' SSE.  A 3' group of mag 11-13 stars is close NE.

 

17.5" (3/20/93): fairly faint, moderately large, elongated 2:1 E-W, 2.0'x1.0', large brighter middle, broad concentration but no nucleus.  Surrounded by three mag 8.5-9.5 stars.  Mag 8.5 SAO 1236 just 3.8' N is at the west edge of a scattered group of 10 stars including a close, faint double (mag 14/14 at 10").  Mag 9.2 SAO 1224 lies 4.4' SW and mag 9.5 SAO 1237 is 3.6' S.  This galaxy is relatively bright for an IC galaxy.  UGC 3993 lies 14' S.

 

William Denning discovered IC 469 on 14 Sep 1890 with his 10-inch reflector while comet hunting and recorded "F, S, E, 46' sf of NGC 2336."

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IC 471 = UGC 3982 = MCG +08-14-035 = CGCG 235-033 = PGC 21659

07 43 36.4 +49 40 03

V = 13.3;  Size 0.6'x0.6'

 

24" (2/7/16): at 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 20" diameter, well concentrated with a small bright nucleus.  Forms a pair with IC 472 3.9' SE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 471 = Sw IX-17, along with IC 472, on 20 Apr 1890.  He recorded "eF; pS; R; np of 2 [with IC 472]."  His RA is 15 seconds too small, a similar offset as IC 472.

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IC 472 = UGC 3985 = MCG +08-14-036 = CGCG 235-034 = PGC 21665

07 43 50.3 +49 36 51

V = 13.4;  Size 1.6'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 167d

 

24" (2/7/16): at 260x; fairly faint to moderately bright, slightly elongated ~N-S, 30"x24", well concentrated with a roundish bright core.  Forms a pair with IC 471 3.9' NW.   Double star Es 1082 = 10.1/11.1 at 5.6" lies 4.7' SE and is collinear with the two galaxies.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 472 = Sw IX-18, along with IC 472, on 20 Apr 1890.  He recorded "eeF; pS; R; sf of 2 [with IC 471].  D * nr sf nearly points to both."  His position is 3' too far northwest, a similar offset as IC 471, and the double star is Es 1082.

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IC 476 = MCG +05-19-006 = CGCG 148-018 = WBL 152-002 = PGC 21796

07 47 16.3 +26 57 03

V = 15.0;  Size 0.6'x0.45';  PA = 102d

 

24" (2/16/15): at 300x appeared very faint, small, slightly elongated, 15"x12".  Appeared brighter at Willow Springs 3000 than two nights ago from Lake Sonoma.

 

24" (2/14/15): at 300x and 375x; extremely faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  Required averted vision and could not hold steadily.  Located just 1.5' NW of NGC 2449.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 476 = J. I-138 on 30 Jan 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His position is accurate.

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IC 484 = CGCG 148-084 = WBL 165-003 = PGC 22419

08 00 01.1 +26 39 57

V = 14.5;  Size 0.8'x0.4';  PA = 49d

 

24" (2/7/15): faint, small, slightly elongated SW-NE, ~18"x12".  A mag 15.5 star is 0.8' SW.  IC 485 is 4.8' NE and IC 486 is 5.5' SE.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 484, along with IC 485 and IC 486, on 6 Mar 1891 with the 27" refractor at Vienna.  Stephane Javelle independently discovered the galaxy on 30 Jan 1892.  Both measured accurate micrometric positions.

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IC 485 = UGC 4156 = CGCG 148-088 = WBL 165-006 = PGC 22443

08 00 19.8 +26 42 05

V = 14.5;  Size 1.2'x0.3';  PA = 153d

 

24" (2/7/15): at 260x; very faint, small, slightly elongated, 15"x10".  Faintest in a trio forming an equilateral triangle with IC 484 4.7' SW and IC 486 5.3' S.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 485, along with IC 484 and IC 486, on 6 Mar 1891 with the 27" refractor at Vienna, thoug didn't measure a position.  Stephane Javelle independently discovered the galaxy on 30 Jan 1892 and measured an accurate position.

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IC 486 = UGC 4155 = MCG +04-19-018 = CGCG 148-087 = WBL 165-005 = PGC 22445

08 00 21.0 +26 36 49

V = 13.7;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 139d

 

24" (2/7/15): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 18"x12", small brighter core.  Brightest in a trio with IC 484 5.5' NW and IC 485 5.3' N.  The trio, along with a few CGCG galaxies, from the small group WBL 165, and lies at a distance of ~380 million l.y.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 486 = Spitaler 12, along with IC 484 and IC 485, on 6 Mar 1891 with the 27" refractor at Vienna.  Stephane Javelle independently discovered the galaxy on 2 Mar 1892 and measured an accurate position.

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IC 497 = MCG +04-20-001 = CGCG 118-067 = CGCG 119-002 = KTG 20A = PGC 22918

08 10 06.1 +24 55 19

V = 14.3;  Size 0.9'x0.4';  PA = 177d

 

24" (3/22/14): at 375x appeared faint to fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 N-S, 0.4'x0.2', weak concentration. A 12" double (mag 12.5-13 stars) lies 1' N and a mag 14 star is just off the NNW side [27" from center].  Brightest in the KTG 20 triplet.

 

UGC 4257 = KTG 20C lies 2' SE and appeared as an extremely faint, thin edge-on 6:1 SW-NE, 0.6'x0.1', very low even surface brightness.  A mag 15.5 star is just off the west edge.  CGCG 118-068 = KTG 20B, just 1.0' S, was extremely faint to very faint (slightly higher surface brightness than UGC 4257), round, just 10" diameter.  A mag 13 star is 33" SE of center.

 

24" (1/25/14): at 375x appeared fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 N-S, 24"x12", bright core.  A 12" pair of mag 12.5-13 stars lies 1' N and a mag 14 star is 27" NW of center.  This galaxy is the brightest member of the KTG 20 triplet with UGC 4257 2' SSE and CGCG 118-68 3' SSE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 497 = J I-153 on 2 Mar 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.

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IC 499 = UGC 4463 = MCG +14-04-054 = CGCG 363-046 = CGCG 364-005 = LGG 145-006 = PGC 24602

08 45 16.9 +85 44 24

V = 12.5;  Size 2.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 80d

 

18" (8/1/11): moderately bright, moderately large, slightly elongated ~E-W, ~50"x35".  Very low surface brightness outer halo with a fairly bright central region that is sharply concentrated to a very small bright nucleus.  A mag 14 star is superimposed on the SW side and a brighter mag 12 star is off the NE side, 1.2' from center.  Located 5.7' SW of mag 8.5 SAO 1370. UGC 4297 lies 20' SW.  This is the closest IC galaxy to the north celestial pole!

 

William Denning discovered IC 499 on 8 Sep 1890 with his 10-inch reflector while comet hunting and recorded "pF, S, mbM, * nf."

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IC 512 = UGC 4646 = MCG +14-05-002 = CGCG 363-049 = CGCG 364-008 = LGG 145-010 = PGC 25451

09 03 49.8 +85 30 06

V = 12.2;  Size 1.8'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 175d

 

18" (8/1/11): moderately bright, fairly large, slightly elongated N-S, ~1.5'x1.2'.  Asymmetric appearance with an irregular surface brightness.  Appears to have a brighter "bar" though not centered in the glow.  A faint pair of stars is off the south side and a 10' string of stars oriented NNW to SSE is off the east side.  Located 12' WSW of mag 7.9 HD 75797.  This is the third closest IC galaxy to the north celestial pole.

 

17.5" (3/20/93): fairly faint, moderately large, round, almost even surface brightness.  A 10' string of stars just east is oriented roughly N-S with a mag 9 star at the north end.  Lies 12' W of mag 8.0 SAO 1443.

 

William Denning discovered IC 512 on 23 Aug 1890 with his 10-inch With-Browning reflector while comet hunting and recorded "F, S, R, gbM.  In same field as preceding [IC 499] and sff."

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IC 514 = CGCG 004-066 = WBL 188-001 = PGC 24119

08 35 22.3 -02 02 49

V = 14.9;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  PA = 160d

 

24" (2/5/13): very faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  A mag 16 star is attached at the south edge.  Located 12' SSW of NGC 2616 in a group (WBL 188) and 3.5' NE of a mag 10.1 star.  Forms a pair with CGCG 004-065 2.4' S.  I'm surprised that Javelle, who discovered IC 514, missed the CGCG as it's similar in brightness and size.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 514 = J 2-621, along with IC 517, on 20 Mar 1893 and recorded "vF, elongated in the meridian [N-S], no central brightening."  The next night he discovered nearby IC 515 and IC 516.

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IC 515 = UGC 4488 = CGCG 004-068 = WBL 188-003 = PGC 24125

08 35 31.3 -01 54 04

V = 14.5;  Size 1.0'x0.6';  PA = 32d

 

24" (2/5/13): faint, very small, slightly elongated, 18"x14", soft even glow.  Located 3.1' SSW of NGC 2616 in a group and 2.6' NE of a mag 11.4 star.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 515 = J 2-622, along with IC 516, on 21 Mar 1893.  He noted it was distinct from NGC 2616, which was also measured.

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IC 516 = CGCG 004-075 = WBL 188-007 = PGC 24155

08 35 50.8 -01 52 16

V = 15.0;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  PA = 65d

 

24" (2/5/13): very faint, extremely small, slightly elongated, 12"x8", stellar nucleus.  Located 4.4' ESE of NGC 2616 in a group (WBL 188) and 5.2' NE of IC 515.  CGCG 004-072 lies 4.5' SSW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 516 = J 2-623, along with IC 515, on 21 Mar 1893.  He noted it was distinct from NGC 2616, which was also measured.

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IC 517 = CGCG 004-082 = WBL 188-008 = PGC 24179

08 36 22.1 -02 03 20

V = 15.0;  Size 0.7'x0.4';  PA = 29d

 

24" (2/5/13): very faint, very small, round, 12" diameter. A mag 12 star lies 1.7' SW and a mag 14.5 star is closer at 0.9' SW.  Located 17' SE of NGC 2616 in the WBL 188 group (brightest member NGC 2616, along with 4 IC galaxies).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 517 = J 2-624, along with IC 514, on 20 Mar 1893 and recorded "vF, S, irr figure, no central brightening."  The next night he discovered nearby IC 515 and IC 516.

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IC 520 = UGC 4630 = MCG +12-09-026 = PGC 24970

08 53 42.2 +73 29 27

V = 11.7;  Size 1.9'x1.5';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 0d

 

17.5" (3/20/93): this is an unusually bright IC galaxy and appears moderately bright, slightly elongated 4:3 N-S with a prominent small bright core and stellar nucleus.  A mag 13.5 star is at the SE edge 46" from the center.  NGC 2646 lies 14' W.

 

13" (1/11/86): fairly faint, small, round. A faint star is near the south end.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 520 = Sw VIII-49 on 29 Aug 1888 and recorded "pB; pL; R; bM; nearly bet a nr and a distant *; nf of 2 [with IC 511]; another suspected." Swift's position is a perfect match.  It is unusual that the Herschels, d'Arrest and Tempel examined this area and missed this galaxy.

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IC 523 = UGC 4652 = MCG +02-23-009 = CGCG 061-018 = PGC 24948

08 53 11.3 +09 08 53

V = 13.1;  Size 1.6'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.7

 

17.5" (2/14/99): extremely faint, small, round, 25" diameter, low surface brightness, very weak concentration.  View perhaps hindered by mag 8.4 SAO 117225 3.3' NW and dew on secondary.  Located 20' NW of giant PN AGC 31.  Nearby are MCG +02-23-008 and CGCG 61-020.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 523 = J 2-627 on 13 Apr 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His position is a little too far north as the offset star is slightly misplaced in declination.

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IC 527 = UGC 4810 = MCG +06-20-039 = CGCG 180-049 = PGC 25821

09 09 41.9 +37 36 04

V = 13.2;  Size 1.7'x1.5';  Surf Br = 14.0

 

17.5" (4/5/97): faint, fairly small, round, 1.2' diameter, gradually increases to a slightly brighter core.  On line with mag 12.5 and 10.5 stars to the NW [2.3' and 5.2', respectively].  Located 13' E of NGC 2759. Forms a pair with CGCG 180-050 6.5' NNE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 527 = Sw IX-20 on 19 April 1890 and recorded "eeeF; pL; R; ee dif; 2759 in field sf."  His position is a good match with UGC 4810 although NGC 2759 lies to the west-northwest.

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IC 528 = HCG 36A = UGC 4811 = MCG +03-24-001 = CGCG 091-008 = PGC 25783

09 09 22.6 +15 47 46

V = 14.1;  Size 1.5'x0.8';  Surf Br = 14.1;  PA = 163d

 

48" (4/1/11): at 488x appeared bright, moderately large, elongated 5:2 NNW-SSE, 1.0'x0.4', sharply concentrated with a small, very bright core.  Brightest of 5 close galaxies in HCG 36 with "C" 50" NW, "B" 1.1' NE, "D" 1.1' S and SDSS J090920.83+154747.3 25" W.  Located 1.8' SE of mag 8.9 HD 78574, which hampers the view of HCG 36B.

 

17.5" (4/5/97): faint, moderately large, elongated ~3:1 NNW-SSE, 1.4'x0.4'.  Contains a brighter core with faint tapering extensions.  View hampered by a mag 9 star (SAO 98393) just 1.8' NE.  This galaxy is the brightest in HCG 36 and the only member viewed.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 528 = J 2-631 on 12 Dec 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "pB, vS, R, mottled, Nucl =13m" and measured an accurate position.  IC 528 lies in the foreground of the other members of HCG 36.

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IC 529 = UGC 4888 = MCG +12-09-035 = CGCG 332-038 = PGC 26295

09 18 32.7 +73 45 37

V = 11.9;  Size 3.6'x1.7';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 145d

 

17.5" (4/5/97): moderately bright, fairly large irregular glow, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, ill-defined halo up to ~2.8'x1.4', broad concentration to an ill-defined core.  A mag 14 star is just north of the SE end [1.2' from center] and a second mag 13.5-14 star is close NE [1.9' from center].  The outer halo increases with averted vision beyond the star off the SE end.

 

William Denning discovered IC 529 around 1890 with his 10-inch reflector and apparently communicated the discovery directly to Dreyer.

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IC 557 = MCG +02-25-027 = CGCG 063-055 = PGC 27866

09 44 02.4 +10 59 17

V = 14.1;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  PA = 40d

 

17.5" (4/1/00): faint, very small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, 30"x15", weak concentration, very faint stellar nucleus at moments.  The elongation was not always evident, so often was just viewing the slightly brighter core.  Located 7' SE of NGC 2984.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 557 = J 1-169 on 22 Apr 1892.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 574 = MCG -01-25-056 = PGC 28569

09 54 27.0 -06 57 12

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.7

 

18" (4/14/12): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 N-S, 24"x18", small brighter core.  IC 575 = Arp 292 lies 6' NNE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 574 = J 2-655, along with IC 575, on 9 Mar 1893.  He noted "pB, S, R, 20" dia, mbM, * 12 s." and measured an accurate micrometric position

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IC 575 = Arp 292 = VV 111 = MCG -01-25-058 = PGC 28575

09 54 32.9 -06 51 27

V = 13.2;  Size 1.6'x1.1';  PA = 126d

 

48" (2/20/12): this unusual system has a dust lane along the major axis and a polar-ring like disc. The galaxy appears as a fairly bright oval, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 0.6'x0.4', with a small bright core.  There was only a hint of the dust lane but narrow extensions or spikes were visible poking out on the NW and SE end, with the SE extension brighter. A mag 15.2 star is 1.3' NNE and two mag 13 and 14.5 stars are 2.3' SE and 1.7' SE, respectively.  There are two close companions but I only noted 2MASX J09543313-0650143 1.2' N.  The observation was made during a period of fairly poor transparency and seeing so this galaxy would be worth revisiting.  IC 575 is listed as a polar ring candidate in Whitmore et al "New observations and a photographic atlas of polar-ring galaxies" (1990AJ....100.1489W)

 

18" (4/14/12): at 246x appeared fairly faint, fairly small, oval 4:3 NW-SE, ~28"x21", only a very weak broad concentration with no core or zones.  The extensions seen in the 48" were not resolved.  IC 574 lies 6' SSW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 575 = J 2-656, along with IC 574, on 9 Mar 1893.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 585 = UGC 5371 = MCG +02-26-014 = PGC 28897

09 59 44.2 +12 59 18

V = 13.4;  Size 0.9'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.0

 

17.5" (3/29/97): faint, small, round, bright core, 40" diameter.  Located 4.4' SW of NGC 3080 and 2.9' SSW of a mag 13.5 star (mentioned in observation of NGC 3080).  Very similar size and magnitude as NGC 3080 and surprisingly, possibly easier visually due a brighter core.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 585 = Big. 157 on 18 Mar 1890.  His Comptes Rendus position is about 2' too far north (but matches in RA) and there is no mention of nearby N3080.

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IC 591 = UGC 5458 = MCG +02-26-025 = Todd 22 = PGC 29435

10 07 27.8 +12 16 26

V = 13.1;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 170d

 

17.5" (2/13/88): faint, small, slightly elongated, even surface brightness.  Located 15' W of dwarf galaxy Leo I in the same 140x field (35')!

 

David Todd discovered IC 591 = Todd 22 = J 1-177 on 6 Feb 1878 during his search for a trans-Neptunian planet using the 26-inch Clark refractor at USNO.  It was not assigned an NGC designation as no position was given.  But Harold Corwin found his sketch is a good match with UGC 5458 (specifically a mag 13 star 86 seconds of time west).  Javelle independently discovered this galaxy on 31 Mar 1892, so the IC position for 591is accurate.  UGC doesn't label UGC 5458 as IC 591.

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IC 600 = VV 97 = MCG +00-26-034 = CGCG 008-085 = UGCA 209 = PGC 30041

10 17 10.9 -03 29 52

V = 12.5;  Size 2.3'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 25d

 

17.5" (3/25/95): faint, moderately large, 1.5' diameter, irregularly round, broad concentration, low surface brightness.  Forms the vertex of an obtuse isosceles triangle with a nice double star 5' N (mag 11/12 at 18" separation) and a mag 9 star (SAO 118106) 5.6' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 600 = J 2-671 on 3 May 1893. His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 601 = MCG +01-26-033 = CGCG 036-087 = Holm 176b = PGC 30086

10 18 15.3 +07 02 19

V = 14.4;  Size 0.7'x0.2';  Surf Br = 12.2;  PA = 41d

 

17.5" (3/25/00): extremely faint, very small streak, ~20"x5".  Visible with averted vision only and could not hold continuously.  Located 1.3' SW of brighter IC 602.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 601 = J 2-672, along with IC 602, on 10 Apr 1893.

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IC 602 = UGC 5561 = MCG +01-26-034 = CGCG 036-089 = Arak 237 = Holm 176a = PGC 30090

10 18 19.7 +07 02 57

V = 13.1;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.1;  PA = 177d

 

17.5" (3/25/00): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 N-S, 0.8'x0.4', small bright core.  A mag 12 star is just off the SW end.  A group of 4 stars (trapezoid outline) is 4' NE.  Forms a pair with much fainter IC 601 1.3' SW (see notes).  MCG +01-26-032 (identified as NGC 3186 in RNGC) lies 11' SW.

 

17.5" (3/22/96): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S, 0.8'x0.6'.  A mag 12.5-13 star is just off the SW side 35" from center.  A nearly square asterism of mag 11.5-14 stars with sides ~1.5' lies 4' NE.  Forms a pair with IC 601 1.3' SW (not seen).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 602 = J 2-673, along with IC 601, on 10 Apr 1893.  IC 602 may be identical to NGC 3186.  See that number for the story.

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IC 609 = Arp 44 = VV 354a = UGC 5641 = MCG +00-27-009 = CGCG 009-026 = PGC 30600

10 25 35.5 -02 12 56

V = 13.3;  Size 1.5'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 10d

 

17.5" (3/29/97): faint, moderately large, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 1.2'x0.8', very weak concentration.  An unequal pair of mag 13/14.5 stars [at 36" separation] lies 3.5' W.  The nearby companion PGC 1097822 (not a physical pair) was not seen.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 609 = J 2-678 on 21 Mar 1893.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 612 = MCG +02-27-019 = CGCG 065-039 = PGC 30729

10 27 05.8 +11 03 17

V = 14.6;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 0d

 

17.5" (5/19/01): extremely faint and small, round, 15" diameter.  Forms the northern vertex of a small triangle with two mag 13 stars 40" SSW and 46" SE.  Located in the core of AGC 1016 with IC 613 lies 2.7' S and IC 615 4.2' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 612 = J 2-679, along with IC 613 and 615 on 18 Apr 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.

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IC 613 = MCG +02-27-018 = CGCG 065-038 = PGC 30728

10 27 07.8 +11 00 39

V = 13.8;  Size 0.8'x0.8'

 

17.5" (5/19/01): faint, small, round, 0.6', low surface brightness.  A mag 11 star lies 1.9' W.  In the core of AGC 1016 with IC 612 2.7' N and IC 615 5.4' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 613 = J 2-680, along with IC 612 and 615 on 18 Apr 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.

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IC 614 = MCG +00-27-015 = CGCG 009-039 = WBL 272-002 = PGC 30699

10 26 51.9 -03 27 53

Size 0.75'x0.5';  PA = 17d

 

48" (4/18/15): at 697x; this Ring galaxy appeared moderately bright, round, sharply concentrated with a small bright core about 12" diameter and a low surface brightness halo ~30" diameter.  The ring feature (brighter rim) was not seen.

 

IC 614 is classified as a Collisional Ring Galaxy in Madore's 2009 "Atlas and Catalogue of Collisional Ring Galaxies".  The collider is supposedly on the north side of the ring, but there is no distinct object at this position on the SDSS.  The nucleus is a Sy2.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 614 = J. 2-681 on 3 May 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 615 = UGC 5665 = MCG +02-27-020 = CGCG 065-041 = PGC 30751

10 27 22.1 +11 04 47

V = 14.3;  Size 1.1'x0.3';  PA = 143d

 

17.5" (5/19/01): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, low even surface brightness.  Extended towards a mag 13 star 2' SE of center.  Brightest of trio in core of AGC 1016 with IC 613 4.2' SW and IC 612 5.4' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 615 = J 2-682, along with IC 612 and 613 on 18 Apr 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.

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IC 632 = UGC 5792 = MCG +00-27-035 = PGC 31673

10 39 11.9 -00 24 35

V = 13.8;  Size 0.9'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 30d

 

17.5" (3/22/96): faint, small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 0.8'x0.5', weak concentration.  Forms a pair with IC 632 3.3' NE.  Located 13' SSW of NGC 3325.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 632 = J 2-691, along with IC 633, on 9 May 1893.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 633 = UGC 5796 = MCG +00-27-037 = PGC 31691

10 39 24.1 -00 23 22

V = 14.2;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.0;  PA = 102d

 

17.5" (3/22/96): very faint, small, very elongated 3:1 WNW-ESE, 0.6'x0.2', low even surface brightness.  A mag 11 star is 1.0' NNE of center.  Forms a pair with IC 632 3.3' SW.  Located 11' S of NGC 3325.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 633 = J 2-692, along with IC 632, on 9 May 1893.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 646 = MCG +09-18-039 = CGCG 267-019 = PGC 32568

10 51 35.2 +55 27 57

V = 14.4;  Size 1.3'x0.6';  Surf Br = 14.0

 

17.5" (4/22/95): very faint, small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 0.5'x0.4'.  Forms a pair with brighter NGC 3398 4.6' SSW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 646 = Sw IX-25 on 8 May 1890 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; nf of 2 [with IC 644 = NGC 3398]."  Swift's RA is 12 seconds too large.  PGC and RC3 (as well as Megastar) misidentify IC 646 as NGC 3398.  See NGC 3398 for more.

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IC 647 = PGC 946616

10 50 34.4 -12 51 16

Size 0.3'x0.2'

 

18" (3/29/03): at 300x this tiny companion to NGC 3411 appeared very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, required averted vision.  Located 2.1' ESE of NGC 3411.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 647 = J 1-184 on 21 Apr 1892 and noted it was distinct from NGC 3411.  The HyperLeda listing for PGC 946616 doesn't list IC 647 as an identity.

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IC 656

10 55 07.9 +17 36 48

V = 14.9/15.5;  Size 12"

 

24" (2/22/14): at 260x a 12" pair of mag 15 stars were resolved.  The SDSS shows a third fainter star, as well as a very faint galaxy (not seen).  Located 4.4' E of NGC 3457 = NGC 3460.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 656 on 15 Mar 1887 with the 12" refractor at the Paris Observatory.  At his position is a triple star plus PGC 1537008, an extremely faint galaxy on the southeast side.  I think the galaxy is probably too faint too have been seen by Bigourdan, but the stars certainly could have appeared nebulous.  Corwin notes that NGC 3467 = h793, observed by JH and guest Francis Bailey, *may* apply to IC 656 as the description "Stellar. 2 or 3 stars with a nebulous blur observed by Mr. Bailey", applies better to IC 656 than to the fairly bright galaxy 4.4' W.  But the galaxy is close to JH's position and much brighter, of course.  See Corwin's and Thomson's IC notes.

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IC 663 = CGCG 066-087 = PGC 33182

11 00 37.3 +10 26 14

V = 14.6;  Size 0.8'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 175d

 

17.5" (4/25/98): extremely faint and small, round, 15" diameter, required averted vision.  This is the third brightest of four galaxies viewed in the core of AGC 1142.  Located 6.4' SW of NGC 3492, midway between a mag 10.5 star 3.2' N and a mag 13 star 2.2' S.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 20 year-old son, discovered IC 663 = Sw X-18, along with IC 664, on 29 Mar 1891.  The description reads "eeF; pS; R; triangle with 2 F st; 1st of 3; NGC 3492 in field."  Stephane Javelle independently found this galaxy again at the Nice Observatory on 1 Mar 1892 and reported it in list 1-190.

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IC 664 = MCG +02-28-042 = CGCG 066-091 = PGC 33191

11 00 45.3 +10 33 11

V = 13.0;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.0

 

17.5" (4/25/98): this is the second brightest of four viewed in AGC 1142, located 4.1' NW of NGC 3492.  Appeared faint, small, slightly elongated [SW-NE], 30" diameter, stellar nucleus at moments with direct vision.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 20 year-old son, discovered IC 664 = Sw X-19 (along with IC 663) on 29 Mar 1891.  The description reads "eF; pS; R; 2nd of 3; NGC 3492 near."  Stephane Javelle independently found it at the Nice Observatory on 22 Mar 1892.

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IC 666 = CGCG 066-097 = Mrk 1276 = PGC 33232

11 01 14.8 +10 28 52

V = 14.4;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.3

 

17.5" (4/25/98): extremely faint and small, round, 15" diameter.  Last and most difficult of four found in AGC 1142 and observation confused by a mag 15 star 40" following. Difficult to view both simultaneously.  Located 4.6' SE of NGC 3492.  Viewed hampered by hazy sky conditions due to smoke.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 666 = J 1-192 = Sw (X)-2 on 1 Apr 1892.  Lewis Swift independently found it two weeks later on 16 Apr 1892 and logged "eeF, vS, ee diff.  NGC 3492 near.  4th of 4."

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IC 676 = UGC 6245 = MCG +02-29-009 = CGCG 067-032 = PGC 34107

11 12 39.9 +09 03 21

V = 11.8;  Size 2.1'x1.3';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 10d

 

18" (3/5/05): moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 3:2 ~N-S, 1.2'x0.8'.  Contains an elongated brighter core and brighter along the major axis.  At low power, collinear with a mag 10 star 9' WNW and a mag 10 star 14' ESE.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 20 year-old son, discovered IC 676 = Sw X-20 on 8 Apr 1891 and reported "vF; pS: lE; bet 2 distant stars."  The position matches UGC 6245.

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IC 691 = UGC 6447 = Mrk 169 = PGC 35206

11 26 44.4 +59 09 20

V = 13.9;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.4;  PA = 150d

 

17.5" (3/19/88): fairly faint, very small, bright core, slightly elongated.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 691 = Sw VII-17 on 17 Apr 1888 and recorded "pF; pS; R; forms right angle with 2 st."

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IC 694 = Arp 299 NED1 = VV 118c = MCG +10-17-002a = PGC 35325

11 28 27.3 +58 34 43

V = 15.8;  Size 0.3'x0.25'

 

48" (5/12/12): IC 694, roughly 1' NW of the interacting pair NGC 3690, was easily visible as a fairly faint, slightly elongated glow, 15"x12", weak concentration.

 

17.5" (4/1/95): this threshold object was barely glimpsed 1.1' NW of the interacting double system NGC 3690.  It was just visible momentarily as an extremely small knot with averted vision but observation verified several times.  This object is probably IC 694 although the identification is not 100% certain.

 

Bindon Stoney discovered IC 694 = Sw (X-3) at Birr Castle on 27 Jan 1852 and described an "appendage about one object diameter northwest [of NGC 3690]."  Lewis Swift apparently found this galaxy on 18 Apr 1892 and noted "vS, close D[ouble] with 3690, suspected with 132, verified with 200x.  His position is -7 seconds of RA, +30'' of Dec with respect to NGC 3690, close to an extremely faint and small galaxy 1.1' NW of the interacting double system NGC 3690.

 

Modern catalogues apply IC 694 to one component of the brighter double system.  Despite the good match in position with PGC 35325, its possible that Swift noted the second component of NGC 3690, which is much more obvious in the eyepiece.

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IC 696 = UGC 6477 = MCG +02-29-034 = Holm 257a = PGC 35332

11 28 39.9 +09 05 55

V = 13.7;  Size 1.0'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.5

 

18" (5/3/11): faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter, fairly low surface brightness, weak concentration.  In a group of IC galaxies with much fainter IC 2857 2.3' W and slightly brighter IC 698 6' ENE.  This galaxy is a face-on Sc or Sd with a very small nucleus.

 

17.5" (2/28/87): fairly faint, fairly small, diffuse, only a weak concentration.  This is the 2nd brightest in the IC 698 group with IC 698 6.0' ENE.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 696 = Spitaler 38, along with IC 698 and 699, on 31 Mar 1892 with the 27-inch refractor at Wien University Observatory.  Spitaler missed nearby IC 2857, which was discovered later by Wolf on a photographic plate of the region.

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IC 698 = UGC 6482 = MCG +02-29-035 = Holm 257b = PGC 35364

11 29 03.9 +09 06 42

V = 13.4;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 147d

 

18" (5/3/11): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated nearly 2:1 NNW-SSE, ~35"x20", broad concentration to a brighter, elongated core that increases to a faint nucleus with direct vision.  Initially seen as slightly elongated, but then the outer extensions were noticed.  This is probably the highest surface brightness member of a 16' group of 6 IC galaxies including IC 696, 699, 2850, 2853 and 2857.  The nearest is IC 696, 6' WSW.  IC 698 is located 18.5' SW of NGC 3705.

 

17.5" (2/28/87): fairly faint, fairly small, oval NW-SE, brighter core.  Brightest in the IC 698 group and 3rd of 4 brighter galaxies with IC 696 6.0' WSW.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 698 = Spitaler 39, along with IC 696 and 699, on 31 Mar 1892.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 699 = UGC 6485 = MCG +02-29-036 = Holm 257d = PGC 35365

11 29 06.6 +08 59 18

V = 13.9;  Size 1.2'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 12d

 

18" (5/3/11): faint to fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE, 40"x20".  The halo is broadly concentrated then increases suddenly to a small brighter nucleus.  Located 7.5' S of IC 698 in a small group of 6 IC galaxies (unrelated to nearby NGC 3692 and NGC 3705).  The SDSS image shows a very compact, bright nucleus surrounded by a smooth ring.

 

17.5" (2/28/87): faint, small, bright core, stellar nucleus, faint extensions SSW-NNE.  Fourth brightest in the IC 698 group with IC 698 7.5' N.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 699 = Spitaler 40, along with IC 696 and 698, on 31 Mar 1892.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 700 = HCG 54A = UGC 6487 NED2 = VV 498 NED2 = Rose 27 NED2 = MCG +04-27-047 NED2 = UGC 126-067 NED2 = PGC 35382

11 29 15.3 +20 35 00

V = 13.0;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.1

 

48" (4/16/15): at 610x, the main (central) component of HCG 54 = Rose 27 appeared moderately bright and large, elongated 5:3 WSW-ENE, ~30"x18", fairly even surface brightness. The three fainter components flank HCG 54A and together nearly merge to create an irregular extended glow ~50"x18", bending to the north on the east end.

 

HCG 54B, at the southwest end, is faint to fairly faint (B = 16.2), very small, round, ~8"-10" diameter. This is the second brightest of the 4 members.  On the SDSS, HCG 54B appears as a very compact, bright blue knot just 15" SW of center of IC 700.

 

HCG 54C was easily seen as a faint (B = 17.2), small, round, 10" knot.  HCG 54C is squeezed between fainter HCG 54D and HCG 54A (18" NE of the center of HCG 54A).

 

HCG 54D was not noticed at 613x.  At 813x it appeared very faint (B = 18.5), round, only a 6" knot.  HCG 54D is the faintest member of the quartet and sits at the northeast end of the chain.

 

17.5" (3/8/97): faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 ~E-W, 1.0'x0.4', low (but probably irregular) surface brightness.  A mag 14 star lies 1' S. At a couple of moments there appeared to be an extremely faint "star" at the west edge (this is probably HCG 54B).  Located ~15' SE of HCG 53!

 

17.5" (4/1/95): faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 WSW-ENE, 1.0'x0.4', even surface brightness.  A mag 13 star is 1.1' S of center.  Located 4.8' NE of a mag 10 star.  NGC 3697 (brightest in HCG 53) lies 14' NNW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 700 = J. 1-198 on 28 Apr 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at Nice.  His position matches HCG 54A = UGC 6487.  Harold Corwin notes that "his description "Nearly round, about 40 arcsec in diameter, a little brighter toward the middle" suggests he saw at least the brightest three of the objects, blended into a single image."  HCG 54 is considered a post-merger of 2 or more galaxies.

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IC 701 = Arp 197 NED1 = VV 3a = UGC 6503 = MCG +04-27-051 = CGCG 126-074 = PGC 35494 = LEDA 86632

11 31 00.7 +20 28 08

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 105d

 

48" (5/12/12): at 488x, IC 701 = Arp 197 appeared fairly bright, oval 2:1 WNW-ESE, 0.6'x0.3', contains a small bright core.  A very low surface brightness hazy plume extends to the NE about 30".  Occasionally VV 3b, an extremely faint hazy spot, was glimpsed at the northeast tip of the tail.  In Arp's class "galaxies with material ejected from nuclei".  CGCG 126-073, a thin edge-on described by Arp as a shred of IC 701, lies 2.5' SSW.  It appeared as a faint, extremely thin streak, 8:1 WNW-ESE, ~40"x5", fairly low surface brightness.  Situated very close west of a mag 13-14 star.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 701 = Sw VIII-57 on 22 Apr 1889 and recorded "eF; vS; R; 2 pB stars south following."

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IC 708 = Papillon Galaxy = UGC 6549 = MCG +08-21-056 = PGC 35720

11 33 59.4 +49 03 42

V = 13.0;  Size 1.4'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 95d

 

17.5" (4/22/95): brightest in AGC 1314 cluster.  Fairly faint, slightly elongated, 0.8' diameter.  Fairly high surface brightness, well concentrated with a bright core.  Forms a pair with IC 709 2.7' SE.  Nearby are IC 712 8.2' E and IC 711 9.9' SE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 708 = Sw IX-28 on 11 May 1890 and recorded "eF; S; R.  1st of 4 [with IC 709, 711 and 712]."

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IC 709 = MCG +08-21-057 = CGCG 242-049 = PGC 35736

11 34 14.5 +49 02 35

V = 13.9;  Size 0.7'x0.6'

 

17.5" (4/22/95): very faint, very small, round, 20" diameter, very small brighter core.  A mag 15 star is just 23" NW of center.  Located 2.7' SW of IC 708 in the core of AGC 1314.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 709 = Sw IX-29 on 11 May 1890 and recorded "eeF; S; R.  2nd of 4 [with IC 708, 711 and 712]."

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IC 711 = MCG +08-21-062 = CGCG 242-053 = PGC 35780

11 34 46.6 +48 57 22

V = 14.1;  Size 0.6'x0.6'

 

17.5" (4/22/95): very faint, extremely small, round, 15" diameter.  Located 1.0' NE of a mag 14.5/15.5 double star in the core of AGC 1314. On the DSS the fainter "star" is a compact galaxy, IC 712 lies 7.3' N and brightest member IC 708 is 10' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 711 = Sw IX-30 on 11 May 1890 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R; F * close sp.  3rd of 4 [with IC 708, 709 and 712]."

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IC 712 = MCG +08-21-063 = CGCG 242-054 = PGC 35785

11 34 49.3 +49 04 39

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.2

 

17.5" (4/22/95): fairly faint, small, round, 0.6' diameter.  Even concentration to a small bright core and stellar nucleus.  Located 1.9' SSW of mag 8.4 SAO 43812.  Located in the core of galaxy cluster AGC 1314 with IC 711 7.3' S and IC 709 6.1' SW and brightest member IC 708 8.2' WSW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 712 = Sw IX-31 on 11 May 1890 and recorded "eeF; S; R; pB * nr nf.  4th of 4 [with IC 708, 709 and 711]."

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IC 730 = NGC 3849 = MCG +01-30-013 = CGCG 040-040 = Todd 10 = PGC 36658

11 45 35.2 +03 13 54

V = 13.7;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 35d

 

48" (4/16/15): at 488x; moderately bright, fairly small, oval 3:2 or 5:3 SW-NE, 0.5'x0.3', small bright core, fairly high surface brightness.  A mag 16.3 star is off the southeast side [27" from center].  An extremely faint "star" was noted off the northwest side [25" from center].  After later checking the SDSS, I discovered this is a compact galaxy (SDSS J114534.52+031417.8) with V = 17.8.  An extremely faint edge-on poking out of the east side of IC 730 was not seen.

 

17.5" (4/9/99): faint, small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 25" diameter, no concentration.  Visible steadily with direct vision.  A mag 15 star lies 1.6' SSW.  This is a Todd discovery and due to a poor position is listed as nonexistent in RNGC.  This galaxy is listed as IC 730 (good position from Javelle) in modern catalogues.

 

David Todd discovered NGC 3849 = Todd 10 on 11 Feb 1878 in his search for trans-Neptunian planets with the 26-inch refractor at the Naval Observatory.  He noted a "large and nebulous" object with a star 2' in PA ~210” (SSW).  There is nothing at his rough position, but using Todd's discovery sketch, Harold Corwin identifies NGC 3849 =CGCG 040-040.

 

Stephane Javelle independently discovered this galaxy again on 22 Mar 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory and measured an accurate position.  Javelle and Dreyer assumed it was new, of course, but likely NGC 3849 = IC 730. Most modern catalogues label this galaxy as IC 730, though Deep Sky Field Guide and Uranometria Sky Atlas use NGC 3849.  See Harold Corwin's identification notes.

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IC 732 = MCG +04-28-050 = CGCG 127-051 = Holm 290a/b = PGC 36688 + 83488

11 45 59.8 +20 26 20

Size 0.8'x0.5+0.5'x0.2'

 

17.5" (2/20/88): very faint, very small, very elongated.  Located 4' NW of brighter NGC 3884 in AGC 1367.  This system is a contact pair (not resolved).

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 732 = Big. 165 on 29 Mar 1886.  Harold Corwin notes there are two galaxies very near Bigourdan's position and he may have glimpsed both of them.

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IC 736 = HCG 59B = MCG +02-30-037 = CGCG 068-068 = [Rose 7] = WBL 358-001 = PGC 36853

11 48 20.1 +12 42 59

V = 14.6;  Size 0.5'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.1

 

48" (4/19/15): at 488x; HCG 59B is moderately bright, fairly small, round, 24" diameter, contains a small bright nucleus.  PGC 1415034 (not a member of HCG 59, but part of the group) lies 0.8' NW.  Using 697x, this 17.5-18 magnitude companion appeared extremely faint and small, very low surface brightness.  It was visible only ~1/3 of the time.  Slightly brighter IC 737 = HCG 59A lies 1.9' ENE.

 

17.5" (3/8/97): HCG 59B is the fainter of two visible in HCG 59 and located 1.9' WSW of IC 737 = HCG 59A.  Very faint, small, round, 20" diameter.  With averted vision, the halo is closer to 30" (similar to IC 736) but the surface brightness is slightly lower.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 736 = J. 1-203, along with IC 737, on 23 Apr 1892 with the 30" refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His micrometric position correspond with HCG 59B = CGCG 068-068 and HCG 590A = CGCG 068-070, respectively.  Several catalogues (including RC3, MCG and CGCG) misidentify HCG 59A as IC 736 and HCG 59D = MCG +02-30-040 = CGCG 068-072 as IC 737.  When I took a look at this group, this immediately seemed odd as the brightest pair of galaxies are clearly HCG 59A and HCG 59B and I missed HCG 59D.  So, the correct identifications are

 

IC 736 = HCG 59B = MCG +02-30-037 = CGCG 068-068 = PGC 36853

IC 737 = HCG 59A = MCG +02-30-039 = CGCG 068-070 = PGC 36861

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IC 737 = HCG 59A = MCG +02-30-039 = CGCG 068-070 = [Rose 7] = WBL 358-002 = PGC 36861

11 48 27.5 +12 43 38

V = 14.0;  Size 0.6'x0.5'

 

48" (4/19/15): at 488x; moderately bright, small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 0.5'x0. 4', contains a small bright core.  IC 737 = HCG 59A is the brightest member of HCG 59 with IC 736 = HCG 59B 1.9' WSW, MCG +02-30-040 = HCG 59D 0.8' E, CGCG 068-073 = HCG 59C 1.8' SE and HCG 59E 2.7' NW.  A mag 13.5-14 star is 1.4' E.

 

HCG 59D = MCG +02-30-040 (often misidentified as IC 737) is faint, fairly small, diffuse, no core or zones, very low surface brightness.  It is squeezed between HCG 59A 0.8' W and a mag 13.5-14 star 0.6' SE.  HCG 59C is the largest member of the quintet.  It appeared fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated 3:1 E-W, ~48"x16", slightly brighter core.  HCG 59E is the faintest in the quintet and appeared very faint, small, elongated 3:2 or 2:1 SW-NE, ~15"x8", even surface brightness.

 

17.5" (3/8/97): faint, small, elongated 4:3 ~WNW-ESE (difficult to pin down orientation).  Appears slightly brighter than similar HCG 59B 1.9' WSW.  A mag 13.5 star follows by 1.3'.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 737 = J. 1-204, along with IC 737, on 23 Apr 1892.  See identification notes for IC 736.

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IC 749 = UGC 6962 = MCG +07-25-008 = KTG 40A = Holm 313a = PGC 37692

11 58 34.0 +42 44 03

V = 12.4;  Size 2.3'x1.9';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 150d

 

24" (5/11/13): moderately bright, large, slightly elongated ~N-S, 1.3'x1.1', diffuse appearance with an ill-defined halo due to low surface brightness around periphery.  But the surface brightness is irregular or mottled with a very small, slightly brighter nucleus and an impression of spiral structure.  Forms a contrasting pair with IC 750 3.4' ESE.  The SDSS image resolves the spiral arms into numerous blue HII regions and that probably contributed to the visual impression of mottling. Mag 8.9 HD 103954 lies 3.1' SW.

 

13.1" (3/17/86): fairly faint, moderately large, diffuse glow, no central brightening, slightly elongated NNW-SSE.  Forms a pretty pair with IC 750 3.3' E.  Located 3.0' NE of mag 8.6 SAO 43979.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 749 = Spitaler 46, along with IC 750, on 22 Apr 1892 using the 27-inch Grubb refractor at Vienna Observatory. A month later he found (or measured) IC 751 and 752 (just south).

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IC 750 = UGC 6973 = MCG +07-25-010 = KTG 40B = Holm 313b = PGC 37719

11 58 52.2 +42 43 21

V = 11.9;  Size 2.6'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 41d

 

24" (5/11/13): bright, fairly large, very elongated 3:1 SW-NE, 1.5'x0.5', well concentrated with a bright, elongated core that gradually increases to the center.  A mag 16 star lies 1' S of center.  Forms an usual 3.4' pair with IC 749, which is a Sc face-on with a much lower surface brightness.  Mag 8.9 HD 103954 lies 5.5' WSW.  IC 751 lies 9' due S.

 

13.1" (3/17/86): fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated 5:2 SSW-NNE, brighter along the major axis.  Higher surface brightness than IC 749 3.3' W.  Mag 8.6 SAO 43979 lies 5.6' WSW.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 750 = Spitaler 47, along with IC 749, on 22 Apr 1892 using the 27-inch Grubb refractor at Vienna Observatory.

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IC 751 = UGC 6972 = MCG +07-25-011 = CGCG 215-011 = KTG 40C = PGC 37721

11 58 52.6 +42 34 13

V = 14.1;  Size 1.3'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 30d

 

24" (5/11/13): fairly faint to moderately bright, very elongated 7:2 SSW-NNE, 40"x12".  Sharply concentrated with a very small bright nucleus.  Forms a pair with IC 752 4.1' E.  Brighter IC 749 and 750 lie 9' N.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 751 = Spitaler 48, along with IC 752, on 18 May 1892 with the 27-inch Grubb refractor at Vienna Observatory.

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IC 752 = CGCG 215-014 = PGC 37747

11 59 15.0 +42 34 01

V = 15.0;  Size 0.6'x0.45'

 

24" (5/11/13): faint to fairly faint, small, round, fairly low even surface brightness, 20" diameter.  Fainter of a pair with IC 751 4.1' W.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 752 = Spitaler 49, along with IC 751, on 18 May 1892 with the 27-inch Grubb refractor at Vienna Observatory.

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IC 760 = ESO 440-052 = MCG -05-29-010 = LGG 271-006 = PGC 38345

12 05 53.5 -29 17 32

V = 12.5;  Size 1.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.2;  PA = 148d

 

18" (5/28/06): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 NNW-SSE, 0.8'x0.3', broad concentration to a slightly bulging center.  A group of faint stars lies ~5' N and another group with a couple of brighter mag 11 stars is SW.  A faint 20" pair of mag 14/15 stars is 1.5' SW.

 

Ormond Stone discovered IC 760 = LM(S) 464 on 3 Jan 1889 with the 26-inch refractor at the Leander McCormick Observatory and recorded "rr, bM, stellar N, mag 15.0, 0.2' dia."  The discovery was published in the observatory's catalogue of Southern Nebulae (Vol 1, Part 6, 1893)

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IC 773 = MCG +01-31-044 = CGCG 041-073 = PGC 39493

12 18 08.1 +06 08 22

V = 13.9;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  PA = 0d

 

24" (4/28/14): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 20" diameter, gradually incr to the center.  Located 19' WNW of NGC 4260.  IC 3136 lies 12.5' ENE and a mag 9.5 star is 4.4' S.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 773 = J 2-744 on 4 May 1893 with the 30" refractor at the Nice Observatory and recorded "F, vS, dif, 2 vF st inv."  His position is accurate.

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IC 776 = UGC 7352 = MCG +02-31-088 = PGC 39613

12 19 03.2 +08 51 20

V = 13.8;  Size 1.8'x1.1';  Surf Br = 14.4;  PA = 98d

 

17.5" (5/14/88): faint, moderately large, diffuse, slightly elongated.  Forms the northern vertex of two stars mag 10/11 to south.  Pair with IC 3134 6.6' NNW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 776 = J. 2-746 on 4 May 1893.

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IC 777 = UGC 7363 = MCG +05-29-052 = CGCG 158-064 = PGC 39663

12 19 23.8 +28 18 36

V = 13.5;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 140d

 

17.5" (4/9/99): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NNW-SSE, 0.9'x0.4', little if any concentration.  The compact cluster Shkh 202 is ~8' NE!  (six faint members close to a mag 6.7 located 11' NE viewed).

 

17.5" (5/23/98): faint, small, round, 30" diameter.  Picked up 9' N of 9 Com (V = 6.3).  At 280x, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, PA ~160”, 0.8'x0.5', very weak concentration.  Located 18' NE of NGC 4251.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 777 = Sf 18 on 14 May 1866 with the 18.5" refractor at the Dearborn Observatory and simply noted "vF". His RA is 9 seconds too large.

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IC 780 = UGC 7381 = MCG +04-29-064 = CGCG 128-077 = PGC 39745

12 19 58.4 +25 46 18

V = 13.5;  Size 1.6'x1.2';  PA = 7d

 

24" (5/30/16): moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 5:3 N-S, ~35"x20", brighter along the major axis.  Located 10' W of HJ 517 = 9.1/12.5 at 20", 14' SSW of mag 6.1 HD 107326 and 35' WSW of mag 4.8 12 Com.  IC 3171 lies 14' SSE.

 

WH discovered IC 780 on 6 Apr 1785 (sweep 393) and recorded "suspected, but probably a deception of two close stars."  CH's reduction is 1.3' northeast of this galaxy, so the identification is certain, although he didn't confirm the observation and it wasn't included in his published catalogues.  Wolfgang Steinicke included this observation of IC 780 in his "Herschel Special" objects file.

 

Stephane Javelle found the galaxy again on 13 Apr 1893 and recorded it in list II-747. Dreyer, assuming it was new, catalogued it as IC 780 with credit to Javelle.

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IC 781 = MCG +03-32-002 = CGCG 099-017 = PGC 39754

12 20 03.3 +14 57 41

V = 13.5;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.6

 

17.5" (5/23/87): very faint, small, round, diffuse, very weakly concentrated core.  A mag 15 star is off the north end 30" from center.  Located 2.0' ESE of a mag 10 star.  Form a pair with NGC 4262 9' SW.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 781 = Big. 172 on 10 May 1888.

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IC 782 = MCG +01-32-020 = CGCG 042-043 = PGC 39962

12 21 36.9 +05 45 56

V = 13.6;  Size 1.4'x0.6';  PA = 59d

 

24" (4/28/14): fairly faint, small, round, 18" (core), weak concentration to center.  I missed the low surface brightness outer extensions WSW-ENE.  A mag 13.4 star is 0.6' S of center.  This galaxy is a little brighter than NGC 4287, which lies 14' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 782 = J 1-212 on 17 Mar 1892 with the 30" refractor at the Nice Observatory and recorded "eF, S, R."  His position is just off the west side of CGCG 042-043 = PGC 39962.

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IC 787 = MCG +03-32-031 = CGCG 099-043 = Holm 395b = PGC 40517

12 25 25.1 +16 07 27

V = 14.2;  Size 1.1'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.1

 

17.5" (5/23/87): very faint, small, round.  Located 3' S of a mag 10 star and 11' WSW of NGC 4405.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 787 = Sw VII-21 on 7 Apr 1888 and logged "eF; pS; R; B * n; 4405 following."

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IC 790 = NGC 4410C = MCG +02-32-051 = CGCG 070-075 = WBL 408-005 = PGC 40713

12 26 35.5 +09 02 07

V = 14.1;  Size 0.7'x0.4';  PA = 94d

 

24" (6/4/16): at 225x; fairly faint, small, elonagated 3:2 E-W, 24"x16", very small brighter nucleus.  Third of three in an interconnected quartet with CGCG 070-079 2.3' ENE and NGC 4410A/B contact pair 1.8' WSW.  CGCG 070-079 appeared faint, small, elongated 2:1 WNW-ESE, 24"x12".

 

17.5" (3/24/90): very faint, very small, elongated E-W.  Forms a pair with NGC 4410 2' SW.  CGCG 070-079, 2.3' NE, was not noticed.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 790 = Big. 173 on 6 Apr 1888, very near NGC 4410.

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IC 797 = UGC 7676 = MCG +03-32-058 = PGC 41504

12 31 54.9 +15 07 25

V = 12.8;  Size 1.3'x0.9';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 108d

 

17.5" (5/23/87): faint, small, slightly elongated ~E-W, weak concentration.  Located 42' N of M88.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 797 = J 1-217 on 22 Apr 1892 and recorded "faint, almost round, 30" diameter, gradually bM."

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IC 800 = UGC 7716 = MCG +03-32-069 = PGC 41763

12 33 56.8 +15 21 16

V = 13.4;  Size 1.5'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 148d

 

17.5" (5/23/87): very faint, diffuse, almost round, even surface brightness.  Forms the west vertex of an 8' equilateral triangle with two mag 11-12 stars to the SE and NE.  NGC 4540 lies 18' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 800 = J 1-219 on 22 Apr 1892 and recorded "faint, almost round, 30" diameter, gradually bM."

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IC 803 = Arp 149 = VV 564 = MCG +03-32-080 = CGCG 099-105 = Holm 435a/b = PGC 42367 + PGC 215034

12 39 37.5 +16 35 17

Size 0.8'x0.15';  PA = 124d

 

48" (4/19/15): at 488x and 697x; the core of the eastern component of this interacting double system appeared fairly faint, small, round.  A very faint, thin spike (tidal plume or jet) extends ~15" SE.  Occasionally a second, very faint stubby tidal tail extends ~10" north-northwest .  The entire length of this chaotic galaxy is ~30".

 

The nucleus of the western component (PGC 215034) is just 25" W.  It was moderately bright but appeared stellar.  At 697x, A very low surface brightness, very small halo was visible, but the tidal plume or jet extending southwest was not seen.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 803 = J. 1-220 on 25 Apr 1892 with the 30-inch f/23 refractor at Nice, France.  His position is accurate.

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IC 804 = PGC 42549

12 41 16.0 -05 00 33

V = 13.5;  Size 1.0'x0.5'

 

17.5" (1/31/87): fairly faint, very small, round, small bright core, slightly elongated.  Fourth of four in a low power field 12' NE of NGC 4602 and 30' NE of NGC 4593.

 

17.5" (2/28/87): appears slightly elongated.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 804 = Sw VII-22 on 3 Apr 1888 and logged "vF; vS; R."

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IC 819 = NGC 4676A = The Mice = Arp 242 NED1 = VV 224a = UGC 7938 = MCG +05-30-076 = CGCG 159-072N = Holm 459b = PGC 43062

12 46 10.1 +30 43 55

V = 13.7;  Size 2.3'x0.7';  PA = 179d

 

48" (4/6/13): IC 819 is the NNW component of a fascinating interacting pair with IC 820 (slightly brighter SSE component), separated by 40" between centers.  At 375x and 488x in soft seeing, IC 819 appeared fairly bright, small, elongated 3:2 N-S, 24"x16", high surface brightness. IC 820 was bright, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 30"x20", high surface brightness, increased to a small, very bright nucleus.  The two galaxies are connected or surrounded by a low surface brightness bridge.  IC 819 has a remarkable bright, long thin tidal tail shooting due north!  The tail has a high surface brightness (brightest feature of this type I've observed in any galaxy) and extends roughly 80"x8", dimming at the north end and ending just east of a mag 17.3 star.

 

17.5": the northwest member (IC 819) of the interacting pair "The Mice" appeared faint, small, low surface brightness, elongated N-S.

 

Rudolph Spitaler resolved IC 819 and 820, the two components of the "Mice", on 20 Mar 1892 using the 27" Grubb refractor at Vienna.  His position is exactly 1 min of RA too far east, so he made a digit error in computing or copying the position.

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IC 820 = NGC 4676B = The Mice = Arp 242 NED2 = VV 224b = UGC 7939 = MCG +05-30-077 = CGCG 159-072S = Holm 459a = PGC 43065

12 46 11.2 +30 43 22

V = 13.6;  Size 2.2'x0.8';  PA = 2d

 

48" (4/6/13): IC 820 is the slightly brighter SSE component of NGC 4676, a fascinating interacting system with IC 819 (NNW component) separated by 40" between centers.  At 375x and 488x in soft seeing, IC 820 appeared bright, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 30"x20", high surface brightness, increased to a small, very bright nucleus.  The two galaxies are connected or surrounded by a low surface brightness bridge.  IC 820 has a small, low surface brightness halo on its south side, but its tail to the south was not visible.  See notes for IC 819 for the bright tail.

 

17.5": this is the southeast member of the interacting pair dubbed "The Mice".  This object is the brighter of the pair and appears faint, small, round with a small bright core.  In contact with NGC 4676A at the northwest edge.

 

Rudolph Spitaler resolved IC 819 and 820, the two components of the "Mice", on 20 Mar 1892 using the 27" Grubb refractor at Vienna.  His position is exactly 1 min of RA too far east, so he made a digit error in computing the position.

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IC 829 = MCG -02-33-037 = PGC 43675

12 52 27.4 -15 31 07

V = 13.7;  Size 0.5'x0.4';  Surf Br = 11.9

 

18" (5/28/06): very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  This member of AGC 1631 is in a very tight trio with MCG -02-33-036 at the west edge (difficult to resolve) and MCG -02-33-038 1.4' E.  MCG -02-33-038 appeared very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  Located 8' SW of NGC 4756.

 

18" (4/29/06): brightest in small trio within AGC 1631.  Appeared fairly faint, fairly small, small bright core.  Initially appeared elongated 2:1 E-W though in moments of better seeing in poor conditions, it appeared double with a knot (MCG -02-33-036) resolved at the west edge.  Located 8.8' NW of NGC 4756.  In a close trio with MCG -02-33-038 1.4' E, which appeared very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  With the addition of MCG -02-33-35 this quartet would satisfy the criteria of a Hickson group.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 829 = Big. 178 on 13 May 1888.  MCG and PGC misidentify MCG -02-33-038 as IC 829.

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IC 842 = UGC 8118 = MCG +05-31-087 = CGCG 160-088 = PGC 44795

13 00 39.6 +29 01 11

V = 13.9;  Size 1.2'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 57d

 

18" (4/30/11): faint, fairly small, oval 4:3 SW-NE, 0.7'x0.45', broad weak concentration with no distinct core or nucleus. Located 13' SW of NGC 4913 = IC 843 and 14' WSW of IC 4088.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 842 = Sf 2 on 3 May 1866 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.

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IC 844 = MCG -05-31-024 = ESO 443-040 = LGG 317-006 = PGC 45086

13 03 18.2 -30 31 16

V = 12.8;  Size 1.6'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.1;  PA = 100d

 

18" (5/3/11): fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, elongated ~2:1 E-W, 30"x15", slightly brighter core.  Located 13' W of NGC 4936 and 6' NW of B 240 (9.3/11.3 at 6"), which was barely resolved.

 

18" (3/17/07): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 ~E-W, 0.8'x0.3', slightly brighter core.  In a group with NGC 4936 12' E.  A mag 9 star (HD 113397) lies 6' SE.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 844 = LM(S) 585 on 13 May 1887 with the 26-inch refractor at the Leander McCormick Observatory.  His filar micrometer offset matches ESO 443-040.

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IC 871 = UGC 8358 = MCG +01-34-016 = CGCG 044-058 = KTG 46A = 46321

13 17 58.7 +04 24 12

V = 13.4;  Size 1.7'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 70d

 

24" (5/11/13): first and largest in a trio (KTG 46) with IC 873 5.7' NE and IC 876 10' NE.  At 375x appeared fairly faint, elongated 2:1 WSW-ENE, 0.8'x0.4', sharply concentrated with a bright core and diffuse halo.  A mag 12 star lies 1.3' E.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 871 = J 2-761, along with IC 873 and 876, on 5 Jun 1893.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 873 = CGCG 044-059 = KTG 46B = PGC 46345

13 18 16.3 +04 27 52

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.7'

 

24" (5/11/13): at 375x appeared fairly faint, small, round, 18", weak concentration.  Compact galaxy with a moderately high surface brightness. Second of three (KTG 46) with IC 871 5.7' SW and IC 876 4.8' ENE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 873 = J 2-762, along with IC 871 and 876, on 5 Jun 1893.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 874 = ESO 508-042 = MCG -04-31-050 = PGC 46410

13 19 00.5 -27 37 44

V = 12.4;  Size 1.2'x1.0';  Surf Br = 12.5;  PA = 17d

 

24" (5/25/14): fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 4:3 E-W, 40"x30", well concentrated with a small bright core that increases to the center.  Located 17' SW of NGC 5078.  A wide 45" pair of mag 10.7 stars lies 3' NNW.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 874 = LM(S) 599 on 14 Mar 1888 with the 26" refractor at Leander-McCormick Observatory.  His two micrometric offsets (in RA) matches ESO 508-042.

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IC 876 = MCG +01-34-017 = CGCG 044-061 = KTG 46C = PGC 46370

13 18 34.6 +04 29 11

V = 14.1;  Size 0.8'x0.7'

 

24" (5/11/13): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 N-S, 24"x18", weak concentration, small brighter nucleus.  Third in trio with IC 871 and 873, spanning 10' SW to NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 876 = J 2-763, along with IC 871 and 873, on 5 Jun 1893.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 879 = IC 4222 = ESO 508-047 = MCG -04-31-052 = LGG 341-003 = PGC 46479

13 19 40.6 -27 25 44

V = 13.1;  Size 1.2'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 102d

 

24" (5/25/14): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 50"x25", slightly brighter 20" core, fairly low surface brightness.  Forms a pair with much brighter NGC 5078 2' NE.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 879 = LM(S) 602 = Sw XI-154 on 16 Feb 1888 with the 26" refractor at Leander-McCormick Observatory.  His two micrometric offsets (in RA) matches ESO 508-047.  Lewis Swift independently found the galaxy on 28 Mar 1898, near the end of his discoveries at Lowe Observatory in southern California.  His position is exactly one degree too far south, but he mentions "5078 near north-following", clinching the identification.  So, IC 879 = IC 4222 with IC 879 the primary designation.

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IC 897 = CGCG 102-020 = PGC 47816

13 34 19.5 +17 50 53

V = 15.0;  Size 0.6'x0.15'

 

17.5" (5/30/92): extremely faint, very small.  I could only glimpse this object for moments with averted vision but it appeared very elongated 3:1 SW-NE and extremely thin.  Forms a pair with NGC 5217 3' WNW.  Observation verified on the POSS.

 

All modern sources (except for NED) misidentify IC 897 as UGC 8544, a thin edge-on located 10' SW.  Bigourdan, who discovered IC 897, unfortunately misidentified his offset star and when his offsets are applied to the star he noted, the position falls close to UGC 8544.  But when the correct offset star is used, the identification of IC 897 = CGCG 102-20 is matched.  This identification also agrees with his offsets for IC 897 from NGC 5217.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 897 = Big. 180 on 20 May 1890 and noted "Magnitude 13.5; situated from NGC 5217 at a PA of 105, Dist. = 3.5 arcmins."  His published position in Comptes Rendus (used by Dreyer in the IC) happens to fall near UGC 8544 = CGCG 102-016 and that is the galaxy that modern catalogues have assumed to be IC 897.  Malcolm Thomson sorted out the correct identification (see "The True Identity of IC 897" in Deep Sky Observer #136) as well as Harold Corwin's identification notes.

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IC 904 = UGC 8628 = CGCG 017-047 = MCG +00-35-014 = KTG 47B = PGC 48217

13 38 32.2 +00 32 25

V = 14.0;  Size 1.1'x0.6';  PA = 127d

 

24" (5/11/13): moderately bright and large, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 40"x20", fairly high surface brightness, brighter nucleus.  Brightest in a trio (KTG 47) with UGC 8631 1.9' E and CGCG 17-46 2.0' SSW.  A mag 9.5 star lies 4.7' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 904 = J 2-761 on 8 Jun 1893 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.

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IC 960 = UGC 8849 = VV 335 = M+03-36-003/004 = CGCG 103-013 = PGC 49535/49536 = LEDA 3167744

13 55 59.6 +17 30 21

Size 1.5'x0.8'

 

24" (7/1/16): at 375x; IC 960 = VV 335 is an interacting pair with a separation of 0.8' SSW-NNE.  The brighter NNE component (VV 335a) is faint, fairly small, elongated 5:3 SSW-NNE, 0.5'x0.3', low surface brightness.  The SSW galaxy (VV 335b) is extremely faint/very faint, small, round, 15" diameter, very low surface brightness.  On the SDSS this is a disrupted system (possibly a merged pair) with tidal tails that were not detected.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 960 = J. 1-265 on 17 Jun 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory. He noted "faint, diffuse, rather extended with a little bit of condensation."  According to Harold Corwin, his recomputed position corresponds with the northern (brighter) nucleus.

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IC 962 = UGC 8868 = MCG +02-36-003 = CGCG 074-015 = KTG 51A = PGC 49626

13 57 13.2 +12 01 17

V = 13.3;  Size 0.8'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.7

 

24" (5/11/13): fairly bright, fairly small, round, 24", small bright nucleus, high surface brightness.  First in the KTG 51 triplet with CGCG 74-14 1.4' S and CGCG 74-16 3.1' SE.  Located 8.7' NW of mag 7.7 HD 121845.

 

CGCG 74-14 appeared fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, 0.4'x0.25', sharply concentrated with a very small bright nucleus and a diffuse halo. CGCG 74-16 lies 1.8' SE and appeared faint to fairly faint, small, round, weak concentration, 18" diameter, small slightly brighter core.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 962 = Sw VIII-80 on 7 Apr 1889 and logged "pF, vS, R, bM."  He apparently missed the two fainter galaxies just south.

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IC 964 = MCG +03-36-010 = CGCG 103-024 = Ark 433 = WBL 480-002 = PGC 49661

13 57 41.3 +17 30 31

V = 14.8;  Size 0.6'x0.5'

 

24" (7/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 20" diameter, low nearly even surface brightness.  Brighter of a pair with IC 965 1.5' E.  Part of a group (WBL 480) at a distance of 300 million l.y.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 964 = J. 1-268, along with IC 965, on 23 Jun 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory. He noted "extremely faint, very small, round, 10" diameter, uniformly faint."  His position is accurate.

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IC 965 = MCG +03-36-011 = CGCG 103-026 = WBL 480-003 = PGC 49667

13 57 47.5 +17 30 38

V = 14.3;  Size 0.8'x0.6';  PA = 64d

 

24" (7/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, small, round, high surface brightness, 12"-15" diameter, very small bright nucleus.  Forms a pair with IC 964 1.5' W.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 965 = J. 1-269, along with IC 964, on 23 Jun 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory. He noted "very faint, very small, round, 10" diameter, with a very small nucleus."  His position is accurate.

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IC 968 = CGCG 018-019 = MCG +00-36-007 = PGC 4986 + PGC 1080186

14 00 37.2 -02 54 27

V = 14.7/15.0;  Size 0.7'x0.4'

 

48" (5/16/12): this pair is at the south end of a chain of 6 galaxies with dominant member NGC 5400 3' N.  At 488x the western component (MCG +00-36-007 = PGC 49866 at V = 14.7) appeared fairly faint to moderately bright, small, elongated 3:2 WNW-ESE, 24"x16", small bright core.  The eastern component  (PGC 1080186 = SDSS J140037.96-025422.7 at V = 15.0), just 22" NE, appeared fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, 18"x14', small bright core.

 

18" (6/30/11): this small double system lies 3' S of NGC 5400, a cD galaxy in the center of the poor group MKW 5.  At 285x appeared as a very faint, very small pair oriented SW-NE, each ~10" diameter and virtually tangent.  The NE component appeared slightly brighter.  A mag 11 star lies 3.2' WSW.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 968 = Big. 181 on 6 May 1888.  His position is off by 2' in declination due to an error in the position of the offset star.  Harold Corwin notes that Bigourdan has two measurements and his position is closer to the brighter member of the pair.

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IC 971 = MCG -02-36-005 = PGC 50120

14 03 52.8 -10 08 26

V = 12.8;  Size 2.2'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.8

 

24" (6/15/15): at 260x; moderately bright and large, slightly elongated ~N-S, broad weak concentration.  Brightest in a group including IC 4358 4.6' WSW, IC 4634 11' NE and MCG -02-36-011 11.5' SE.

 

MCG -02-36-011 appeared fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S, 0.6'x0.5' [core region], small bright nucleus.  Occasionally extremely faint extensions were seen north and south.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 971 = Sf 105 on 20 May 1868 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  In a note in 1905 "Ein schoner Spiralnebel" ("A Beautiful Spiral Nebula"), Max Wolf described IC 971 as a "rare pure S-shape spiral with a mag 14 core." (AN 168, 75).

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IC 972 = PK 326+42.1 = Abell 37 = PN G326.7+42.2

14 04 26.0 -17 13 41

V = 13.6;  Size 43"x40"

 

18" (6/11/07): picked up unfiltered at 115x as a fairly small, round disc of ~40" diameter with no additional structure.  Good contrast gain with the OIII filter and appears as a moderately bright, crisp-edged disc with an even surface brightness.

 

17.5" (5/11/96): faint but easily picked up at 100x without filter as a moderately large, round disc less than 1' diameter.  Nicely enhanced with OIII filter and appears moderately bright, crisp-edged and slightly elongated N-S, 45"x40".  Also nice view at 100x with UHC filter.  Located 6.7' S of mag 9.4 SAO 158326.

 

13" (4/10/86): at 79x and OIII filter appears fairly faint, fairly small, round, with an even surface brightness and sharp edges.  Faint but visible without filter.  Easily takes 166x with a UHC filter.  No central star seen with or without a filter.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 972 = J 1-272 on 25 May 1892 with the 30" refractor at the Nice Observatory.  Although the IC position is accurate, Abell assumed it was new and included it as #37 in his list of new planetary nebulae found by inspection of the POSS.  So, IC 972 = Abell 37.

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IC 982 = Arp 117 NED1 = UGC 9059 = MCG +03-36-066= CGCG 103-096 = WBL 493-004 = LGG 376-002 = PGC 50560

14 09 59.1 +17 41 46

V = 13.0;  Size 1.0'x1.0';  Surf Br = 12.9

 

18" (5/3/08): fairly faint, fairly small, round, weak concentration, 35" diameter. Forms the SW component of an Arp pair with IC 983 2.5' NNE.  Located 2.7' SW of a mag 9 star that detracts from viewing.  NGC 5490 lies 9' S and other fainter galaxies are in the field (see notes for NGC 5490).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 982 = J 1-274, along with IC 983, on 27 May 1891.

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IC 983 = Arp 117 NED2 = UGC 9061 = MCG +03-36-068 = CGCG 103-098 = WBL 493-006 = PGC 50577

14 10 04.3 +17 44 01

V = 11.7;  Size 5.4'x4.7';  Surf Br = 15.1;  PA = 120d

 

18" (5/3/08): moderately bright but fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, ~25"x20", weak concentration to a very faint stellar nucleus.  Located 1.5' NW of mag 9 HD 123930.  The bright star overwhelms a much larger fainter halo that was not seen.  Forms a close interacting pair (Arp 117) with IC 982 2.5' SW.  NGC 5490C = Arp 79 lies 7' S and bright NGC 5490 is 11' S.  Arp 79 is very faint, fairly small, 25" diameter, irregularly round, low even surface brightness.

 

17.5" (5/23/98): not seen initially as I was looking for a large object, but at 280x I picked up a small 20" glow just 1.5' NW of mag 8.6 SAO 100889.  This was the small core -- the large, low surface brightness halo was overpowered by the nearby bright star.  I started to look for nearby IC 982 2.6' SW but the skies began to cloud over and observing was cut short.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 983 = J 1-275, along with IC 982, on 27 May 1891.

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IC 984 = UGC 9062 = MCG +03-36-070 = CGCG 103-099 = Holm 596a = PGC 50580

14 10 07.7 +18 21 53

V = 13.6;  Size 1.9'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 35d

 

17.5" (6/2/00): very faint, small, very elongated 3:1 SW-NE, 1.0'x0.3', smooth surface brightness.  Located 1.5” SE of Arcturus!

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 984 = J 1-276 on 27 May 1891.  CGCG misidentified CGCG 103-094 as IC 984, instead of CGCG 103-099.

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IC 986 = MCG +00-36-025 = CGCG 018-073 = PGC 50662

14 11 26.2 +01 17 11

V = 14.0;  Size 0.6'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.7

 

17.5" (5/11/02): faint, very small, round, 0.4' diameter, compact appearance. Located 4.7' SSW of mag 6.4 SAO 120334 and 13' W of NGC 5501.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 986 = J 2-781 on 8 Jun 1893.

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IC 997 = MCG -01-37-001 = PGC 51220

14 19 59.3 -04 27 05

V = 12.8;  Size 1.3'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 23d

 

18" (6/18/04): moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 2:1 or 5:3 ~N-S. Contains a small, brighter, roundish core and the extensions are a much lower surface brightness.  A mag 14 star is just 0.8' N of center. A striking equilateral triangle of mag 11-12 stars is close northeast with the nearest star 1' N of center.  IC 997 is an (unresolved) interacting pair and the brightest of a trio with IC 4401 9' WSW and IC 998 5' ENE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 997 = Sw (X)-4 = Sw XI-168, along with IC 998, on 16 May 1892 and recorded "vF; S; R; * with distant companion near north; p of 2 [with IC 998]." His description of a "* with distant companion near north" appears a good match with this unusual interacting pair of galaxies.  But Malcolm Thomson argues that IC 997 = IC 4401 = PGC 51173 and IC 998 is PGC 51220 (the galaxy listed here), as Swift more likely found the brightest two galaxies.  Harold Corwin comments, though, that the separations and descriptions are better match with the identifications given here. See Harold Corwin's and Malcolm Thompson's identification notes for a full analysis.

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IC 998 = PGC 1058483

14 20 19.3 -04 24 59

Size 0.9'x0.3';  PA = 60d

 

18" (6/18/04): faint, very small, round. The view is a bit confused by a very faint star which is close south (~20") so these objects could initially appear to be a faint, close double. The galaxy appeared only 10" or so in diameter. Barely visible with direct vision though only a faint stellar nucleus remained. Faintest of trio with IC 997 and IC 4401 and situated 5' ENE of IC 997.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 998 = Sw (X-5) = Sw XI-169, along with IC 997, on 16 May 1892 and recorded "eeF; S; R; following of 2 [with IC 997]."  Malcolm Thomson argues against the identification given here (PGC 1058483).  See his detailed analysis in IC identifications.  See IC 997.

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IC 1014 = UGC 9275 = MCG +02-37-012 = CGCG 075-045 = PGC 51685

14 28 18.4 +13 46 49

V = 12.5;  Size 2.7'x2.0';  Surf Br = 14.2;  PA = 90d

 

17.5" (6/8/02): very faint, fairly large, slightly elongated ~E-W, perhaps 2.5'x2.0'. Appears a diffuse, ill-defined glow with a weak central brightening.  The halo appears to fade into the background, so difficult to judge extent.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1014 = Sf 78 on 27 Apr 1867 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory and noted "F, pL, R, vgbM."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1015 = VV 717 = I Zw 90 = CGCG 104-031 = MCG +03-37-018 = PGC 51686

14 28 19.2 +15 25 12

Size 0.7'x0.4'

 

48" (5/16/12): fairly small, irregular glow with several components extending ~0.7' SW-NE.  The southwest component is faint, small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE.  The two northeast components are connected as a fairly faint, small glow, elongated SW-NE.  The east member has a quasi-stellar core.

 

Described by Zwicky in the CGPG as an "Interconnected post-eruptive blue pair of galaxies with several knots and jets."

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1015 = J. 292 on 28 Jun 1892 .   His position is accurate.

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IC 1017 = UGC 9276 = MCG +04-34-032 = CGCG 133-062 = AWM 3-2 = PGC 51668

14 28 07.2 +25 52 08

V = 13.7;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 128d

 

17.5" (5/11/96): fairly faint, small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 45"x25", bright core.  A mag 12 star is 1.1' WSW.  This galaxy is located 2.4' NW of NGC 5629 and is the second brightest in a group of 5 galaxies in field.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1017 = J. I-293 on 16 Jun 1892 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His position matches UGC 9276.  I'm surprised JH didn't pick up this relatively bright galaxy in his two observations of NGC 5629.

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IC 1019 = MCG +04-34-033 = CGCG 133-064 = AWM 3-4 = PGC 51667

14 28 13.5 +25 56 51

V = 14.0;  Size 0.8'x0.5'

 

17.5" (5/11/96): faint, small, round, 20" diameter.  A mag 13 star lies 25" W of center.  Located 6.0' N of NGC 5629 and 9' NW of a mag 7 star within a small group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1019 = J 1-295 on 28 Jul 1892.

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IC 1020 = UGC 9289 = MCG +04-34-035 = CGCG 133-068 = PGC 51728

14 28 49.5 +26 01 56

V = 14.1;  Size 1.2'x0.3';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 176d

 

17.5" (5/11/96): faint, small, elongated 2:1 N-S, very small bright core.  A mag 13 star lies 0.9' NW of center.  Located 13' NE of NGC 5629 and last of 5 in field.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1020 = J. 1-296 on 28 Jul 1892.

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IC 1029 = UGC 9361 = MCG +08-26-041 = PGC 51955

14 32 27.2 +49 54 13

V = 11.3;  Size 2.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 11.6;  PA = 152d

 

17.5" (6/24/95): moderately bright, edge-on 5:1 NNW-SSE, 2.0'x0.4'.  Contains a very small and round prominent core with a faint stellar nucleus at moments.  Located 3.2' W of a mag 9.5 star.  This is an unusual situation with a brighter IC galaxy (discovered by William Herschel) in the field of a fainter NGC galaxy (discovered by John Herschel).

 

WH discovered IC 1029 = H II-696 = Big. 185 on 15 May 1787 (sweep 736) and recorded "pB, S, E."  His position matches UGC 9361.  This galaxy is the brighter of a pair of edge-ons with fainter UGC 9347 9.6' NW.  When JH observed the field, he picked up UGC 9347, measured the position accurately (mentioning the star at the edge), but assumed it was his father's II-696.  JH used his position for h1838 in the GC and Dreyer followed in the NGC (NGC 5673 = h1838, but not H II-696).

 

When Bigourdan observed the pair of galaxies on 14 Jun 1887, he assumed UGC 9361 was new, measured an accurate position, and Dreyer catalogued Big. 185 as IC 1029.  This is an unusual situation where an IC object was discovered earlier by WH!  Note:  Malcolm Thomson argues in his IC identification notes that NGC 5673 = IC 1029.  See NGC 5673 for more.

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IC 1031 = CGCG 248-005 = WBL 515-001 = PGC 52082

14 34 24.0 +48 02 15

V = 14.4;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 56d

 

24" (6/15/15): faint to fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 0.3'x0.2'.  A mag 15.2 star lies 40" NE.  First of 3 (WBL 515) with IC 1032 4.9' SE and IC 1033 6.7' SE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1031 = Sw VII-46 on 6 May 1888 and recorded "eeeF; S; R; nearly pointed to by 2 D st., 1st of 3 [with IC 1032 and 1033]."

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IC 1032 = CGCG 248-006 = I Zw 91 = WBL 515-002 = PGC 52097

14 34 39.5 +47 58 05

V = 14.4;  Size 0.5'x0.4'

 

24" (6/15/15): fairly faint, small, round, 20" diameter, fairly high surface brightness.  Second of three with IC 1033 1.9' SSE and IC 1031 4.9' NW.

 

18" (7/15/07): faint, very small, irregularly round, 20"x15", occasional faint stellar nucleus.  Forms a pair with slightly brighter IC 1033 just 2' S.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1032 = Sw VII-47 on 6 May 1888 and recorded "eeeF; S; R; 2nd of 3 [with IC 1031 and 1033]."  On the SDSS, this is a merged double system with two nuclei (PGC 52097 + PGC 4126489).

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IC 1033 = CGCG 248-007 =             WBL 515-003 = PGC 52099

14 34 41.8 +47 56 16

V = 14.0;  Size 0.9'x0.8'

 

24" (6/15/15): at 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, bright core, 25" diameter.  Slightly larger and brighter of a pair with IC 1033 1.9' NNW and IC 1031 6.7' NW forming a triplet.

 

18" (7/15/07): faint, small, round, 25" diameter, weak concentration.  Brighter of a pair with IC 1032 2' N.  Forms the vertex of a right angle with a mag 13 star 2.6' S and a mag 12 star 5' E.

 

These two small galaxies were picked up in the same field (10' apart) while viewing 7th magnitude C/2006 VZ13 (LINEAR) in the same field of view!  IC 1031 is located just 6.7' NW but missed viewing as it was outside of the field.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1033 = Sw VII-48 on 6 May 1888 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; 3rd of 3 [with IC 1031 and 1032]."  His position is just 5 seconds too large in RA.

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IC 1039 = CGCG 047-133 = WBL 518-002 = PGC 52428

14 40 29.4 +03 25 58

V = 14.7;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  PA = 43d

 

24" (6/18/12): faint, very small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 15" diameter.  Located 3.7' SW of NGC 5718 in the core of the galaxy group MKW 8.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1039 = J. 306 = Sw (X)-6 = Sw XI-173, along with IC 1041, 1042 and 1043, on 28 May 1891. Lewis Swift found it again on 17 May 1892 and noted "eF, vS, lE.  1st of 3 [with IC 1042 and NGC 5718]."

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IC 1041 = MCG +01-37-045 = CGCG 047-134 = WBL 518-004 = PGC 52434

14 40 37.9 +03 22 37

V = 13.9;  Size 0.8'x0.6';  PA = 165d

 

24" (6/18/12): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 NNW-SSE, well concentrated with a small bright core.  Forms a close pair with IC 1043 1.4' E. Located 5.5' S of NGC 5718/IC 1042 in the MKW 8 cluster.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1041 = J. 308, along with IC 1039, 1042 and 1043, on 28 May 1891 z = 0.027.  His dec is ~1.5' too far south but the identification is certain.

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IC 1042 = Arp 171 NED1 = UGC 9457 = MCG +01-37-046 = WBL 518-003 = PGC 52433

14 40 39.0 +03 28 10

V = 13.3;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.3

 

24" (6/18/12): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 24" diameter, weak concentration.  Fainter member of a double system (Arp 171) with NGC 5718 at the WSW edge (haloes virtually in contact.

 

17.5" (6/8/91): very faint, very small, low even surface brightness.  Forms a double system (Arp 171) just off the WNW edge of NGC 5718.  Member of the poor cluster MKW 8

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1042 = J. I-309 = Sw (X)-7 = Sw XI-174, along with IC 1039, 1041 and 1043, on 28 May 1891 and recorded "vF, R, 10" diameter, brighter center."  In a footnote he mentioned "distinct from NGC 5718".  Lewis Swift independently discovered the galaxy on 17 May 1892 and noted "eeF, S, R, close D with 5718."  It was also recorded on 16 Sep 1896 and included in list XI-174.

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IC 1043 = PGC 2800989

14 40 43.4 +03 22 26

V = 14.8;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  PA = 22d

 

24" (6/18/12): faint, very small, slightly elongated SSW-NNE, 15"x10", faint stellar nucleus with direct vision.  Located 1.4' E of IC 1041 in the core of the NGC 5718 group (MKW 8). This galaxy is not identified as IC 1043 in Megastar or HyperLeda and is not listed in the original PGC.  This galaxy is not identified as IC 1043 in Megastar or HyperLeda and is not listed in the original PGC.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1043 = J. 310, along with IC 1039, 1041 and 1042, on 28 May 1891.  His dec is nearly 2' too far south (same as IC 1041).

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IC 1047 = MCG +03-37-038 = CGCG 104-071 = CGCG 105-004 = PGC 52522

14 42 19.9 +19 11 31

V = 14.7;  Size 0.6'x0.5'

 

18" (7/10/10): at 285x appeared very faint, small, round, 20" diameter, low surface halo surrounding a brighter core.  Located 5' S of a mag 11 star.  Collinear with three mag 13-13.5 stars extending to the NE with the closest 1.6' NE. A compact group of extremely faint galaxies lies 4' S of IC 1047 and the combined glow (or the brightest galaxy) was just visible.  NGC 5737 lies 22' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1047 = J. 313 on 18 May 1892.

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IC 1051 = CGCG 105-012 = PGC 52629

14 44 11.6 +19 01 13

V = 14.3;  Size 0.7'x0.6'

 

18" (7/10/10): very faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  Located 16' NE of NGC 5737 and 18' NW of mag 6.2 HD 130025.  A line of three mag 13 stars aligned E-W lies 4' N.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1051 = J. 315 on 18 Jul 1892.

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IC 1060 = MCG -01-38-004 = PGC 53075

14 51 47.3 -07 13 57

V = 13.6;  Size 1.5'x0.8';  PA = 92d

 

18" (7/24/11): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 WNW-ESE, ~32"x22", broad weak concentration to the center but no distinct core or nucleus.  Located 20' W of a 1.4' pair of mag 9 stars. MCG -01-38-006 lies 23' NE.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1060 = Sf 106 on 23 May 1868 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1062 = MCG +03-38-041 = CGCG 105-047 = PGC 53044

14 51 17.7 +18 41 13

V = 14.3;  Size 0.3'x0.2';  PA = 100d

 

17.5" (6/7/97): faint, small, round, 20" diameter, low even surface brightness.  View hampered by mag 7.5 SAO 101247 just 2.2' S!  Located 25' S of Xi Boo (V = 4.6).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1062 = J. 320 on 18 Jul 1892.  CGCG doesn't label this galaxy as IC 1062.

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IC 1065 = UGC 9553 = MCG +11-18-008  = CGCG 318-004 = PGC 52924

14 49 21.6 +63 16 14

V = 13.6;  Size 0.8'x0.7';  PA = 89d

 

18" (7/10/10): faint, very small, 15" diameter.  Appears to have an extremely low surface brightness halo increasing the diameter to 30".  Located 14' SE of Stein 775 = 11.5/12.0 at 9".

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1065 = Sw VII-52 on 4 Jul 1888 and recorded "vF, pS, R."  His position is just off the south side of the galaxy. Identified in the MCG only as +11-18-008.

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IC 1066 = UGC 9573 = MCG +01-38-009 = PGC 53176

14 53 02.9 +03 17 44

V = 13.1;  Size 1.2'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 70d

 

17.5" (6/18/93): faint, small, elongated 4:3 WSW-ENE, almost even surface brightness, weak concentration.  A wide pair of mag 11 and 13 stars at 40" separation are about 1.5' ESE.  Forms a close pair with IC 1067 2.2' NNE.  In the same 140x field (using a 14mm Nagler) with NGC 5774 and 5775 20' NE.

 

R.J. Mitchell discovered IC 1066 = J 1-324, along with IC 1067, on 16 May 1855 using LdR's 72".  He assumed he was observing the double system NGC 5765, but his description and sketch clearly refers to the IC pair.  He recorded "2 neb with 3 B st near, both F, bM.  The north one has a double star close sp, and is E np sf; the s one is perhaps also slightly E sp nf."  A diagram in the 1880 publication is a perfect match with IC 1066 and IC 1067 (close northeast of a double star).  The pair of galaxies was found again on 3 May 1856 while searching for NGC 5775!  Dreyer realized that Mitchell's pair was different than NGC 5775, but without a position he wasn't able to include it in the NGC.

 

Stephane Javelle found the galaxy again on 28 May 1891, measured an accurate position, and it was catalogued as IC 1066.  Javelle is credited in the IC, as the connection with the Birr Castle sketch was never made.

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IC 1067 = UGC 9574 = MCG +01-38-010 = PGC 53178

14 53 05.4 +03 19 53

V = 12.2;  Size 2.2'x1.7';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 110d

 

17.5" (6/18/93): slightly larger and brighter of close pair with IC 1066 2.2' SSW.  Fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NW-SE, 1.0'x0.8', bright core.  A mag 12 star is 2.7' ESE.  Prominent for an IC pair.

 

R.J. Mitchell discovered IC 1067 = 1-325, along with IC 1066, on 16 May 1855 using LdR's 72".  See the story under IC 1066.

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IC 1070 = CGCG 048-059 = WBL 532-002 = PGC 53245

14 53 51.3 +03 29 05

V = 15.0;  Size 0.7'x0.3';  PA = 121d

 

24" (7/14/15): at 375x; faint to fairly faint (visible continuously), small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 18"x12".  By far the faintest and smallest in a trio with NGC 5774 3.9' NE and NGC 5774 6.3' NNW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1070 = J. 1-327 on 3 Jun 1891 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory and recorded "vF, S, R, diffic."

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IC 1071 = UGC 9582 = MCG +01-38-015 = CGCG 048-062 = PGC 53260

14 54 12.5 +04 45 00

V = 13.2;  Size 1.0'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 150d

 

18" (6/17/04): brightest and furthest south of a collinear trio with IC 1072 5.5' N and IC 1073 2.7' N.  Appears fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated NNW-SSE, 0.8'x0.6'.  A mag 12 star lies 4.8' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1071 = Sw X-27 on 25 Jun 1891 and logged "eF; S; R; BM."  His position is 2' too far south.  Swift missed nearby IC 1072 and IC 1073 to the north, which Javelle discovered the following year.

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IC 1072 = MCG +01-38-016 = CGCG 048-064 = PGC 53258

14 54 13.1 +04 50 29

V = 14.2;  Size 0.6'x0.4'

 

18" (6/17/04): faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.5'x0.4', fairly smooth surface brightness.  In a collinear triplet (second brightest) with IC 1071 5.5' S and IC 1073 2.8' S.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1072 = J. 328, along with IC 1073, on 18 May 1892 .

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IC 1073 = CGCG 048-063 = PGC 53259

14 54 14.4 +04 47 40

V = 14.9;  Size 0.5'x0.4'

 

18" (6/17/04): faintest of a collinear triplet with IC 1071 2.7' S and IC 1072 2.8' N.  Very faint, very small, round, 20" diameter, low surface brightness and requires averted.  A mag 12 star lies 4' due west.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1073 = J. 329, along with IC 1072, on 18 May 1892

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IC 1077 = ESO 581-0029 = MCG -03-38-030  = PGC 53450

14 57 21.7 -19 12 50

V = 12.6;  Size 1.4'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 135d

 

17.5": fairly faint, fairly small, roundish, 1.1' diameter, very weak even concentration.  A mag 13.5 star lies 2.4' SW.  Located 20' WNW of NGC 5791 in the group LGG 389.  This is a relatively bright IC galaxy.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 1077 = LM(S) 676, along with IC 1081, on 18 Mar 1887 at the Leander McCormick Observatory.  His micrometric offset in RA matches ESO 581-002 (no measurement in declination).  Howe measured an accurate position in 1898, though the IC position is 5' too far south.

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IC 1078 = UGC 9608 = MCG +02-38-025 = CGCG 076-102 = WBL 536-001 = PGC 53411

14 56 29.0 +09 21 16

V = 14.0;  Size 1.0'x0.8';  PA = 13d

 

24" (7/14/15): faint, fairly small, round, 30" diameter, low surface brightness.  Forms a nice pair with IC 1079 2.0' NE.  UGC 9616 = VV 26 lies 7.7' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1078 = J 1-331, along with IC 1079, on 17 May 1892 and recorded "pF, vS, R, lbM."

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IC 1079 = UGC 9611 = MCG +02-38-026 = CGCG 076-103 = WBL 536-002 = PGC 53418

14 56 36.2 +09 22 11

V = 13.3;  Size 1.7'x1.0';  PA = 82d

 

24" (7/14/15): fairly faint to moderately bright, slightly elongated E-W, ~45"x36", well concentrated with a small very bright core.  Brighter of a close pair with IC 1078 2' SE.  UGC 9616 = VV 26 lies 7.3' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1079 = J 1-332, along with IC 1078, on 17 May 1892 and recorded "F, vS, R, gbM."

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IC 1080 = MCG -01-38-010 = PGC 53480

14 57 59.8 -06 43 24

V = 13.8;  Size 1.4'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 30d

 

18" (7/24/11): faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 SW-NE, 26"x18", broad weak concentration, no distinct zones.  Located 3' ESE of mag 8.8 HD 132149.  MCG -01-38-012 lies 9.4' SE and PGC 160367 is 15' ENE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1080 = J. 2-787 on 9 Jun 1893.

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IC 1081 = ESO 581-009 = MCG -03-38-036  = PGC 53525

14 58 55.1 -19 14 21

V = 13.8;  Size 1.4'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 147d

 

17.5": very faint, very elongated NW-SE, 1.2'x0.3', low even surface brightness.  Very weakly concentrated.  Forms a close pair with brighter NGC 5791 2.7' SW and 5.7' due north of a mag 10 star.

 

Frank Muller discovered IC 1081 = LM(S) 677, along with IC 1077, on 18 Mar 1887 and recorded "1.0'x0.3', E 175”".  Muller didn't make an offset measure in declination.  Howe measured an accurate position in 1898, though the IC position is 4' too far south.

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IC 1084 = MCG -01-38-017 = PGC 53648

15 01 14.9 -07 28 30

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 171d

 

18" (6/13/07): faint, fairly small, irregularly round, 25"x20".  Located south of a group of 4 stars in a triangular pattern and 5' ESE of much brighter NGC 5812.

 

Francis Leavenworth discovered IC 1084 = LM(S) 693 on 30 Mar 1887 at the Leander McCormick Observatory and noted "mag 15.6, 0.3', R, dif."  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1087 = MCG +01-38-031 = CGCG 049-002a = PGC 53952

15 06 43.9 +03 46 36

V = 14.6;  Size 0.6'x0.2';  PA = 80d

 

24" (6/30/16): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated WSW-ENE, ~24"x18", small bright nucleus.  IC 1087 is the brighter of a close pair with UGC 9710 (misidentified as modern sources as IC 1088) just 32" SW.  IC 1088 is a mag 15.5-16 star 1.2' NE.

 

Mrk 1392 (brightest in the trio WBL 542) lies 12' SW.  It appeared fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 30"x20", strongly concentrated, small bright nucleus (Seyfert 1 nucleus).  CGCG 048-116, 2.0' E, is fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.5'x0.4', fairly even surface brightness.  CGCG 048-117, 3.8' SE, is faint, small, round, stellar nucleus surrounded by an 0.3' halo.

 

17.5" (6/29/00): this is the brighter of close pair of difficult galaxies.  At 220x, it appeared as an extremely faint and small glow, perhaps 25" diameter.  At 280x a confused glow was visible and with extended viewing a close companion (UGC 9710) was just resolved to the southeast .  With concentration both members could almost be held continuously.  A mag 15 star lies 1.3' NE (this is IC 1088).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1087 = J. 336, along with IC 1088, on 28 May 1891.  His reference for IC 1087 and IC 1088 was a mag 9-10 star at 15 07 02.6 +03 50 50 (2000).  His offsets for #336 = IC 1087 are -19.8 seconds of time and -4' 14.8" dec. This places IC 1087 at 15 06 42.8 +03 46 35 (J2000), a perfect match with the northwest galaxy of the pair.  IC 1088, though, refers to a mag 15 star 1.3' NE of IC 1088.  It is often misidentified as the southeast member of the pair.

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IC 1088

15 06 47.4 +03 47 31

 

24" (6/30/16): at 322x; IC 1088 is a mag 15.5-16 star 1.2' NE of IC 1087.  Modern sources (UGC, MCG, CGCG, HyperLeda, SIMBAD) misidentify UGC 9710 as IC 1088.

 

UGC 9710 appeared extremely faint or very faint, fairly small, very low surface brightness streak, ~30"x5".  This galaxy is the fainter of a close pair with IC 1087 just 32" NW!

 

On 29 Jun 2000 I also viewed UGC 9710 in my 17.5" and recorded, "fainter of a very close pair with IC 1087 [33" between centers].  Glimpsed with averted vision only as a very small, elongated glow, ~20"x10" E-W.  It was difficult to hold IC 1087 and UGC 9710 simultaneously.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1088 = J. 336, along with IC 1087, on 28 May 1891.  See IC 1087.

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IC 1093 = UGC 9727 = MCG +03-39-002 = CGCG 106-006 = PGC 54002

15 07 35.6 +14 32 53

V = 14.4;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  PA = 115d

 

24" (6/14/15): faint to fairly faint, fairly small, round, 0.6' diameter, very weak concentration, overall low surface brightness.  IC 1094 lies 5' NNE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1093 = J. 1-340, along with IC 1094, on 8 Jul 1891 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "pB, vS, R, lbM".  His position is 1.6' too far south (same offset as IC 1094).

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IC 1094 = MCG +03-39-006 = VIII Zw 453 = CGCG 106-008 = PGC 54006 + 54009 + 54011

15 07 42.2 +14 37 30

V = 15.0;  Size 0.5'x0.4'

 

24" (6/14/15): IC 1094 NED1 appeared very faint, very small, round, at most 15" diameter.  Forms a very close pair with IC 1094 NED2+3 (itself a very close, unresolved double), just 22" between centers.  The second galaxy was very faint, extremely small, quasi-stellar (6" or less).  IC 1093 lies 5' SSW.

 

Zwicky called VIII Zw 453 a "Triplet of fuzzy red elliptical galaxies" with No. 1  m(p) = 15.8, No. 2  25" NNE of No. 1; m(p) = 17.6 and No. 3  8" SE of No. 2; m(p) = 18.0.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1094 = J. 1-341, along with IC 1093, on 8 Jul 1891 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "pB, vS, R, biN" implying he noticed two of the three components.

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IC 1095 = MCG +02-39-002 = CGCG 077-019 = VIII Zw 454 = PGC 54063

15 08 35.1 +13 40 14

V = 14.8;  Size 0.6'x0.5'

 

24" (6/13/15): faint, small, slightly elongated, 20"x16", low even surface brightness.  Forms an interacting double system with MCG +02-39-003 just 28" NW.  The compact companion is extremely faint and small, round, just ~6" diameter.  It's squeezed between IC 1095 and a mag 15.5 star just 23" W.  On the SDSS, the companion is attached at the tip of a stretched spiral arm from IC 1095.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1095 = Sw VIII-85 on 26 May 1889 and recorded "eeF; S; lE; * 9m in field sf."  His position is exactly 20' too far north but the 9th mag star HD 134335 fits his description and the RA matches.  I'm assuming he only picked up the brighter component of this double system.  Harold Corwin and Malcolm Thomson agree with this identification.

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IC 1096 = MCG +03-39-008  = CGCG 106-010 = WBL 548-001 = PGC 54050

15 08 21.6 +19 11 32

V = 15.0;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  PA = 77d

 

24" (6/13/15): faint, small, round, 12" diameter.  First and faintest in a trio with CGCG 106-011 (misidentified as IC 1096 in all modern sources) 1.1' NE and IC 1097 2.3' ESE.  Situated 1.2' SSE of a mag 10.3 star and 1.6' W of a mag 11.2 star!  The two stars and 3 galaxies are within a 3' circle.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1096 = J. 1-342, along with IC 1097, on 20 Jul 1892.  His micrometric position matches CGCG 106-010 = PGC 54050, the faintest of 3 galaxies in a trio.  IC 1097 matches UGC 9735 = PGC 54059, the second brightest.  Apparently either Javelle missed CGCG 106-011 = PGC 54055, the brightest in the trio, or perhaps just failed to measure a position.  In any case all modern catalogues (MCG, CGCG, PGC, HyperLeda, SIMBAD, UGC Notes) misidentify CGCG 106-011 as IC 1096. Malcolm Thomson and Harold Corwin agree with this identification.  See their identification files for more.

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IC 1097 = UGC 9735 = MCG +03-39-010 = CGCG 106-012 = WBL 548-003 = PGC 54059

15 08 31.3 +19 11 03

V = 14.6;  Size 1.1'x0.4';  PA = 58d

 

24" (6/13/15): faint, elongated 5:2 SW-NE, 30"x12", small slightly brighter core.  A mag 11.2 star is 0.9' NW.  Largest and second brightest in a trio with fainter IC 1096 2.4' WNW and brighter CGCG 106-011 2.2' NW.  A mag 10.3 star is 1' W of CGCG 106-011.

 

CGCG 106-011 is the brightest of the triplet. It appeared fairly faint to moderately bright, small, round, 18" diameter, small bright nucleus.  Flanked by a mag 11 star 1.3' SE and a mag 10.3 star 1' W, so in a 3' region there are 3 galaxies and two fairly bright stars!  CGCG 106-011 is misidentified as IC 1096 in all modern catalogues.

 

UGC 9738 was picked up 8.7' NE.  It appeared very faint, small, round, very low surface brightness, 20" diameter.

 

17.5" (6/3/00): faint, small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, 40"x20".  Contains a 15" brighter core with very faint extensions visible intermittently.  A mag 11 star is just 0.9' NW of center.  Forms a pair with MCG +03-39-009 (misidentified as IC 1096 in major catalogues) 2.2' NW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1097 = J. 1-343, along with IC 1096, on 20 Jul 1892.  His micrometric position is accurate. See IC 1096.

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IC 1101 = UGC 9752 = CGCG 049-023 = PGC 54167

15 10 56.1 +05 44 41

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 23d

 

18" (6/30/11): this supergiant cD galaxy is the central galaxy in AGC 2029 (z = .078 at 1 billion light years!).  At 280x, it appeared very faint, very small, slightly elongated ~N-S, ~15"x10".  Visible continuously with averted vision.  The galaxy is squeezed between a mag 14.7 star 27" E and a mag 15-15.5 star 47" WNW, just slightly south of a line connecting the two stars.  No other members of the cluster were seen.  Also viewed at a similar magnification in a 24" f/3.3 and logged as "faint, very small, round, oval 3:2 N-S, ~20"x14".  Could just hold steadily with direct vision."

 

Wikipedia states this galaxy is the largest known in the universe, from 5-6 million light years.  A 1991 paper by Uson, Boughn, & Kuhn (ApJ, 369, 46) gives a slightly smaller, though still extremely large diameter of 4 million light years.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 19 year-old son, discovered IC 1101 = Sw IX-47 on 19 Jun 1890.  Lewis noted that he and Edward disagreed on the description after the telescope was moved, and as a result no description is given in Swift's 9th discovery list.  UGC does not label their entry (UGC 9752) as IC 1101.

 

This is a super-giant cD in the center of AGC 2029 at a distance of 1.07 billion light years (slightly larger redshift than AGC 2065!).  IC 1101 is certainly one of the most distant galaxies discovered visually (and possibly the most distant)!

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IC 1110 = UGC 9773 = MCG +11-19-001 = CGCG 318-022 = CGCG 3198-004 = PGC 54265

15 12 05.1 +67 21 45

V = 14.0;  Size 1.4'x0.4';  PA = 76d

 

24" (7/8/13): at 320x appeared fairly faint, fairly small, edge-on 4:1 WSW-ENE, 0.6'x0.15', very small bright core, distinct stellar nucleus.  Located 15' W of mag 5.1 HD 136064.  The center of the Ursa Minor Dwarf galaxy is 20' SW and IC 1110 is not far off the NE end.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1110 = Sw VII-56 on 2 Aug 1888 and noted "eeF; S; vE."  His RA is 19 seconds too small but the identification is certain.

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IC 1112 = CGCG 049-107 = PGC 54604

15 17 47.4 +07 13 06

V = 14.1;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  PA = 121d

 

18" (7/4/08): faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 NW-SE, 0.8'x0.35'.  Located 20' NE of UGC 9799 in AGC 2052.  CGCG 049-104 lies 3.6' SW.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 19 year-old son, discovered IC 1112 = Sw IX-48 on 19 Jun 1890 and recorded "eeF; pS; R."  The position matches CGCG 049-107 = PGC 54604.

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IC 1116 = MCG +02-39-017 = CGCG 077-085 = PGC 54848

15 21 55.4 +08 25 25

V = 12.8;  Size 1.6'x1.6';  Surf Br = 13.7

 

18" (7/28/03): fairly faint, moderately large, slightly elongated N-S, 1.0'x0.8'.  Contains a very small brighter core.  Located 4.5' ESE of mag 8.7 SAO 120958 and ~15' SW of the rich core of AGC 2063.  This galaxy is the brightest member of AGC 2063 although it is southwest of the main clump of galaxies.  UGC 09821 lies 3' W.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 19 year-old son, discovered IC 1116 = Sw IX-49 on 19 Jun 1890 and recorded "eeF; S; R."  The position matches CGCG 077-085 = PGC 54848.

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IC 1122 = MAC 1529+0737 = PGC 1326415

15 29 23.1 +07 37 03

V = 14.8;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

24" (6/13/15): very faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  Can just hold continuously with averted at 365x (6mm ZAO).  Located 3' NW of NGC 5931.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1122 = B. 192 on 4 Jun 1889 and recorded "mag 13.5; 30"-40" diameter, eF stellar nucleus."  Dreyer assumed that Barnard announced this object as a new nebula in 1890 (found on 15 May 1890 while searching for the asteroid Eucharis), but Barnard independently found NGC 5931 instead.  HyperLeda misidentifies IC 1122 as NGC 5931, but IC 1122 = LEDA 1326415.  Corwin and Thomson concur that IC 1122 is not equal to NGC 5931.

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IC 1133 = UGC 9973 = MCG +03-40-027 = PGC 55793

15 41 12.2 +15 34 22

V = 14.1;  Size 1.2'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 130d

 

17.5" (6/4/94): faint, very elongated 3:1 NW-SE, low even surface brightness.  Located 2.1' E of a mag 10 star that detracts from viewing.  Picked up 13.6' SSW of NGC 5980.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1133 = J. 1-352 on 1 Jul 1891.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1146 = MCG +12-15-019 = CGCG 338-021 = PGC 56085

15 48 22.1 +69 23 08

V = 13.8;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 105d

 

18" (7/10/10): fairly faint, small, round, 25" diameter very small bright nucleus.  Arp 109 lies 5' NNW and MCG +12-15-020 is 3.8' NNE.  Located 9' SE of mag 7.5 HD 141987.

 

MCG +12-15-020 = PGC 56091 is extremely faint and small, round, 6" diameter (core only viewed).  Situated immediately NNE of a mag 11 star.

 

Arp 109 consists of the interacting pair VV 291a = UGC 10053 = PGC 56057 and VV 291b = CGCG 338-020 = PGC 56063.  At 285x, VV 291a appeared very faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter, lower surface brightness than VV 291b just 1.8' ESE.  VV 291b appeared very faint, round, 15" diameter, compact appearance.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1146 = Sw VII-62 on 2 Aug 1888 and recorded "vF; pS; R; forms arc of circle with 2 st; sp of 2 [with IC 1147]."  He missed the 3 fainter galaxies in the field to the north, including Arp 109.

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IC 1152 = UGC 10103 = MCG +08-29-024 = CGCG 250-025 = WBL 596-002 = PGC 56450

15 56 43.3 +48 05 42

V = 13.3;  Size 1.1'x1.0'

 

24" (7/14/15): fairly bright, moderately large, round, 0.8' diameter, small bright core.  In a group (WBL 596) with IC 1153 5.5' NE and CGCG 250-027 7' NE.

 

PGC 2309484, just 2.8' S, appeared faint, small, round, 12" diameter.  A mag 17 star is very close off the north side [18" from center].  PGC 2308445, 6' to the south, was very faint and small, slightly elongated N-S, 12"x8".  A mag 12.8 star lies 0.6' N.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1152 = Sw VII-65, along with IC 1153, on 4 Jul 1888 and recorded "vF; S; R; sp of 2."

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IC 1153 = UGC 10107 = MCG +08-29-026 = CGCG 250-026 = WBL 596-003 = PGC 56462

15 57 03.0 +48 10 06

V = 12.9;  Size 1.2'x1.1'

 

24" (7/14/15): moderately bright, moderately large,, round, 0.8' diameter, small brighter core.  A mag 10.6 star lies 1.3' NE with CGCG 250-027 just north of the star.  In a group (WBL 596) with IC 1152 5.5' SW.  CGCG 250-027 appeared faint or fairly faint, small, elongated 2:1 E-W.  Contains a very small bright nucleus with faint extensions E-W (bar?).

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1153 = Sw VII-66, along with IC 1152, on 4 Jul 1888 and recorded "pF; pS; R; bM, pB * nr nf, nf of 2."

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IC 1155 = MCG +03-41-023 = PGC 56648

16 00 35.8 +15 41 08

V = 14.3;  Size 0.8'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.5

 

24" (6/13/15): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 30"x25".  A mag 15.8 star was noted just off the east-southeast edge [34" from center].  Located 3.1' ENE of mag 7.9 SAO 101868.  IC 1161 is 10' ESE and CGCG 108-038 is 6' NW.

 

24" (6/28/14): faint to fairly faint, moderately large, slightly elongated, 40" diameter, weak concentration, fairly low surface brightness.  A mag 15.8 star is 30" SE of center, just off the edge.  Situated 3.2' ENE of mag 7.9 HD 143551, which interferes a bit with viewing.  Member of AGC 2147.

 

17.5" (7/21/90): faint, small, slightly elongated 4:3 NW-SE, even surface brightness.  A mag 15.5 star is at the SE end.  Located 3.1' ENE of a mag 8 SAO 101868.  IC 1161 lies 12' ESE.  Member of AGC 2147.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1155 = J. I-359, along with ICs 1150, 1157, 1160, 1163 and 1165, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position matches MCG +03-41-023 = PGC 56648.

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IC 1157 = MCG +03-41-031 = CGCG 108-047 = WBL 600-001 = PGC 56680

16 00 56.3 +15 31 35

V = 14.9;  Size 0.8'x0.35';  PA = 135d

 

24" (6/13/15): at 375x; faint, elongated 5:2 NW-SE, 25"x10", low even surface brightness.  In AGC 2147 with IC 1160 2.4' SE, IC 1163 is 8.4' ESE and IC 1161 is 8.7' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1157 = J. I-360, along with ICs 1155, 1160, 1161, 1163 and 1165, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position matches CGCG 108-047 = PGC 56680.

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IC 1158 = UGC 10133 = MCG +00-41-002 = PGC 56723

16 01 34.1 +01 42 28

V = 12.6;  Size 2.5'x1.7';  Surf Br = 14.0;  PA = 137d

 

17.5" (6/11/88): very faint, large, diffuse oval NW-SE.  Several stars are nearby north and south including a mag 12 star 3.1' NE.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1158 = Sw X-33 on 7 July 1890 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  While searching for Wolf's comet of 1884 he found a nebula described in his logbook as "vF, R, 1' dia, vgbM, an 8m star 22' exactly following."  His rough position (no offsets) and the description clearly applies to this galaxy.   Barnard found it again less than a month later (4 Aug), looking for d'Arrest's Comet!   Lewis Swift independently discovered it on 17 July and is credited in the IC. Barnard never published the discovery or informed Dreyer, so Swift is credited with the discovery in the IC.

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IC 1160 = MCG +03-41-032 = CGCG 108-051 = WBL 600-002 = PGC 56683

16 01 02.5 +15 29 41

V = 14.9;  Size 0.7'x0.4';  PA = 140d

 

24" (6/13/15): very faint, small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 18"x12".  This member of AGC 2147 is situated 2.5' SE of slightly brighter IC 1157 and 6.8' WSW of brighter IC 1163.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1160 = J. 362, along with ICs 1155, 1157, 1161, 1163 and 1165, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1161 = MCG +03-41-036 = CGCG 108-054 = PGC 56695

16 01 16.8 +15 38 43

V = 14.2;  Size 0.8'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.7

 

24" (6/13/15): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, slightly brighter nucleus, ~22"x18".  IC 1155 is 10' WNW, IC 1163 is 9' SSE, IC 1157 is 9' SW, IC 1160 is 10' SSW.

 

24" (6/28/14): fairly faint, small, round, 20", fairly high surface brightness, weak concentration.

 

17.5" (7/21/90): very faint, very small, slightly elongated, small bright core.  Forms a pair with IC 1155 12' WNW in AGC 2147.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1161 = J. I-363, along with ICs 1155, 1157, 1160, 1163 and 1165, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position matches CGCG 108-054 = PGC 56695.

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IC 1163 = MCG +03-41-039 = CGCG 108-060 = WBL 600-003 = PGC 56717

16 01 30.5 +15 30 14

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.7'

 

24" (6/13/15): faint to fairly faint, small, round, 18" diameter.  IC 1160 lies 7' WSW, IC 1157 is 8.4' WNW, IC 1161 is 9.2' NNW.  Member of AGC 2147.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1163 = J. I-365, along with ICs 1155, 1157, 1160, 1161 and 1165, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position matches CGCG 108-060 = PGC 56717.

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IC 1165 = VV 90 = CGCG 108-067 = MCG +03-41-048/049 = PGC 56769 + PGC 56768

16 02 08.2 +15 41 38

V = 13.7;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

24" (6/13/15): at 375x; the brighter northwest component (VV 90a = PGC 56769) of IC 1165 appeared faint, very small, round, 18" diameter.  The southeast component (VV 90b = PGC 56768) appeared extremely to very faint, very small, round, ~10" diameter.  Both galaxies share a small common halo with the centers of this merged system separated by just 14"! 

 

24" (6/28/14): at 375x and 500x, the main component (VV 90a) of this merged double system appeared fairly faint, small, round, 20" diameter, contains a stellar nucleus.  The fainter companion (VV 90b) is attached at the south edge, and appears as a very faint, quasi-stellar knot [nucleus of the galaxy], ~5" diameter.  Overall, the combined merged glow is ~30"x20", oriented NNW-SSE, containing two stellar nuclei.  Member of AGC 2147.

 

VV 91a lies 1.8' SW and appeared extremely to very faint, round, just 6" diameter.  Located just 21" NNW of a mag 12.9 star.  The fainter companion (VV 91b) off the NE edge was not seen.

 

17.5" (7/21/90): faint, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S, weak concentration.  Three mag 13 stars almost collinear in a 3.5' string NW-SE located about 2' W.  This is a merged double system that was not resolved.  Forms a pair with MCG +03-41-50 1' NNE in AGC 2147.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1165 = J. I-366, along with  ICs 1155, 1157, 1160, 1161 and 1163, on 1 Aug 1891.  His position matches CGCG 108-067 = PGC 56769, although CGCG (108-067) doesn't label this galaxy as IC 1165.

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IC 1167 = MCG +03-41-065 = PGC 56900

16 03 52.8 +14 56 47

V = 14.7;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

18" (7/12/10): very faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  First in a group of galaxies including IC 1168 2.7' SE, UGC 10169 12' SE and UGC 10164 13' SE.  Forms a close pair with LEDA 3858573 1.0' NE, an extremely faint and small glow, roughly 6" diameter.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1167 = J. 1-368 on 8 Jul 1891.

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IC 1168 = MCG +03-41-066 = CGCG 108-090N = PGC 56901

16 03 55.7 +14 54 09

V = 14.6;  Size 0.6'x0.45'

 

18" (7/12/10): very faint, very small, round, 15" galaxy.  Located just south of a trio of mag 12/13/14 stars and 3.7' NW of a mag 10 star.  IC 1167 lies 2.7' NNW and the UGC 10164/10169 lies 10' SE.  The companion just off the southeast edge (LEDA 3858574) was not seen.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1168 = J. 1-369 on 19 Jul 1891 and recorded "pF, vS, iF, 3 F st north.  Possibly double." As Javelle suspected, this galaxy is double with a companion off the southeast edge.

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IC 1170 = CGCG 108-101s = PGC 56955

16 04 31.7 +17 43 17

V = 16.8;  Size 0.4'x0.2';  PA = 84d

 

24" (6/4/16): at 322x; very faint, small, elongated 3:1 E-W, 20"x6".  Located 1.0' of the double system NGC 6041 in the central region of AGC 2151.

 

17.5" (5/13/88): extremely faint and small, elongated E-W, required averted vision.  Located just 1.0' W of the NGC 6041A/B double system and 2.0' SSE of NGC 6040A/B in the core of AGC 2151.

 

17.5" (3/23/85): at visual threshold, extremely small.  Just visible momentarily 0.9' W of NGC 6041.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1170 = J. 1-370 on 27 Jun 1892.

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IC 1173 = UGC 10180 = MCG +03-41-089 = CGCG 108-133 = PGC 57037

16 05 12.6 +17 25 22

V = 14.7;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 55d

 

17.5" (6/8/96): extremely faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, low even surface brightness.  Forms western vertex of a triangle with two mag 11 and 12 stars 2.2' SSE and 3.1' NE.  Located 20' S of NGC 6047 in the southern portion of AGC 2151. IC 1186 lies 8.4' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1173 = J. 1-371 on 15 Aug 1892.

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IC 1174 = UGC 10185 = MCG +03-41-091 = CGCG 108-116 = PGC 57059

16 05 26.8 +15 01 31

V = 13.4;  Size 1.0'x0.75';  PA = 50d

 

18" (7/12/10): this surprisingly bright IC galaxy appeared fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, round, 30" diameter.  Increases steadily to the center. Arp 101 (UGC 10164 + UGC 10169) lies 18' SW.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1174 = Sf 77 on 26 Apr 1867 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  He recorded "pF, S, bM, N = 12.5m." and his position is accurate.

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IC 1178 = Arp 172 NED1 = VV 194a = UGC 10188 = MCG +03-41-097 = CGCG 108-120n = PGC 57062

16 05 33.1 +17 36 05

V = 14.1;  Size 1.3'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.9

 

17.5" (5/13/88): faint, small, round, bright core.  Brighter of a close pair with IC 1181 20" SE.  Located 12' S of IC 1182 in AGC 2151.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1178 = Sw VII-70, along with IC 1181, on 3 Jun 1888 and noted "eeeF; pS; bet 2 st.  10th of 12."  His position is 2' west of Arp 172 and IC 1178 is generally assumed to be the northwest member of this pair, with IC 1181 the southeast member.  Although this galaxy lies between 2 stars, that statement can be made to apply to most galaxies.  Corwin states that "Swift's position is not very good, and the fact that he does not mention either object in his description of the other, casts some doubt on the identification."  See Corwin's identification notes.

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IC 1179 = NGC 6050 = Arp 272 = VV 220 = UGC 10186 = MCG +03-41-092 = CGCG 108-118 = PGC 57058 + PGC 57053

16 05 23.4 +17 45 32

V = 14.7;  Size 0.9'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 132d

 

48" (5/15/12): this number is generally taken as the fainter, southwest component of the interacting and connected pair NGC 6050 in AGC 2151.  It appeared as a faint, diffuse glow attached to the southwest side of the brighter component, but was not individually resolved at 375x.  There was a very weak central brightening and a very faint nucleus.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1179 = Sw VII-71 on 3 Jun 1888 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R.  11th of 12."  His position falls very close to the double system NGC 6050 = Arp 272.  PGC, SIMBAD and HyperLeda assign IC 1179 to the much fainter southwest component, but Corwin, Malcolm Thomson and I doubt that Swift could have resolved the pair.  Additionally Swift described NGC 6050(A) as "eeeF" (at his limit) but NGC 6050B is much fainter, and he makes no mention of the nebula being double!  So, almost certainly IC 1179 = NGC 6050.  In the IC, Dreyer questioned if IC 1179 was a duplicate of NGC 6054 (it's not) and this is repeated in several sources such as Carlson.

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IC 1181 = Arp 172 NED2 = VV 194b = UGC 10189 = MCG +03-41-098 = CGCG 108-120s = PGC 57063

16 05 33.8 +17 35 37

V = 14.8;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 14.0;  PA = 58d

 

17.5" (5/13/88): extremely faint and small, possibly elongated.  Forms a very close pair 20" SE of IC 1178 in AGC 2151.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1181 = Sw VII-72, along with IC 1179, on 3 Jun 1888 and noted "eeeF; S; R.  12th of 12."  His position is a good match with PGC 57063, the southeast component of Arp 172 with IC 1178.  But Harold Corwin notes for IC 1178 "... the fact that he does not mention either object in his description of the other, casts some doubt on the identification."

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IC 1182 = UGC 10192 = MCG +03-41-104 = CGCG 108-126 = Mrk 298 = PGC 57084

16 05 36.8 +17 48 08

V = 14.2;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 80d

 

48" (5/5/16): at 488x; moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated ~E-W, contains a bright core that increases to the center.  A mag 14 star is 1.3' W and a mag 17.8 star was occasionally visible [34"] east.

 

The brightest knot or condensation (likely a tidal dwarf galaxy) in the tidal tail was faintly visible 1.2' due east of IC 1182.  It was generally visible as a very faint, small glow, slightly elongated E-W, ~10"x7".  NED identifies this galaxy as IC 1182:[S72] d from the 1972 paper by Alan Stockton titled "Blue Condensations Associated with Elliptical and S0 Galaxies".  This "knot" formed the western vertex of an obtuse isosceles triangle with a mag 17 star 40" NE and a mag 15 star 40" SE.  The portion of the tidal tail extending directly out of IC 1182 (past the mag 17.8 star) was not seen.

 

48" (5/15/12): fairly faint to moderately bright, small, irregularly round, ~20" diameter, brighter nucleus.  Located 1.4' E of a mag 14.3 star.  Similar NGC 6054 lies 2.0' S.   The jet extending out of the east side of the galaxy and the blue knots 1.2' E were not noticed (though not looked for).

 

17.5" (5/13/88): very faint, very small, slightly elongated.  Situated between two mag 14.5 stars 1.4' W of center and a mag 15 star following.  Easier than IC 1183 2.1' SSE and NGC 6054 2.5' SW in AGC 2151.  IC 1185 lies 5.4' SSE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1182 = J. 1-372 on 11 Aug 1892.  According to Harold Corwin in his Abell 2151 article, IC 1184 is a double or triple star 1.6' SE.  The UGC questions if IC 1182 = IC 1184, which is does not.

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IC 1185 = MCG +03-41-110 = CGCG 108-134 = PGC 57096

16 05 44.7 +17 43 01

V = 13.9;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 8d

 

48" (4/5/13): bright, moderately large, oval 4:3 N-S, ~28"x21", small bright core.  NGC 6054 lies 3.4' NNW.  A mag 15 star is 1' SE.

 

17.5" (5/13/88): faint, small, round, small bright core.  A mag 15 star lies 1.1' SE of center.  Located 5.4' SSE of IC 1182 in the core of AGC 2151.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1185 = Big. 205 on 8 Jun 1888 and noted "star 13.3 accompanied with nebulosity of 20" diameter."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1186 = MCG +03-41-111 = CGCG 108-133 = PGC 57095

16 05 44.2 +17 21 44

V = 14.6;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 5d

 

17.5" (6/8/96): very faint, very small, elongated 3:2 N-S, 30"x20", low even surface brightness.  Located in the southern section of AGC 2151 just preceding a striking elongated group of 10 mag 9-13 star oriented SW-NE.  IC 1173 lies 8.4' NW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1186 = J. 1-373 on 15 Aug 1892.  CGCG does not label CGCG 108-133 as IC 1186.

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IC 1189 = MCG +03-41-119 = CGCG 108-144 = Mrk 300 = PGC 57135

16 06 14.8 +18 10 58

V = 14.5;  Size 0.7'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 179d

 

24" (6/14/15): faint to fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 N-S, ~21"x14", very small bright nucleus.  Located 4' S of brighter NGC 6061 and between a mag 10.6 star 1.3' N and a mag 11 star 2' SSW.

 

18" (7/13/07): faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  Located 4' S of NGC 6061 and situated between a mag 10.5 star 1.2' N and a mag 11.5 star 2.1' SSW. 

 

17.5" (6/14/96): extremely faint and small, round, 10" diameter.  Can almost hold steadily with averted vision.  Located 1.2' S of a mag 10 star in AGC 2151.  Brighter NGC 6061 is 4' N and MCG +03-41-115 3.5' WNW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1189 = Sw VII-73 on 7 Jun 1888 and recorded "eeeF; pS; iR; bet. 2 st."  His RA is 5 seconds too small, but the comment "bet 2 st[ars]" clinches the identification.

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IC 1190 = UGC 10195 = MCG +03-41-113 = CGCG 108-146 = PGC 57111

16 05 52.4 +18 13 14

V = 14.7;  Size 1.3'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 120d

 

24" (6/14/15): at 375x; very faint to faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 0.5'x0.2', low even surface brightness.  Located 6' WSW of NGC 6061.  A mag 10.5 is near the midpoint between the two galaxies.

 

18" (7/13/07): extremely faint, fairly small, very low even surface brightness, edge-on 7:2 WSW-ESE, 40"x12".  Located 2.9' WSW of a mag 10.5 star.  MCG +03-41-115 lies 2.5' SE.

 

17.5" (6/14/96): extremely faint, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 30"x20", low even surface brightness.  Located 3' W of a mag 10.5 star and 6' SW of NGC 6061 in the northeast portion of AGC 2151.  Similar MCG +03-41-115 lies 2.4' SE.

 

17.5": extremely faint, fairly small, very diffuse.  Located 5.9' WSW of NGC 6061 within AGC 2151.  MCG +3-41-115 = CGCG 108-139 2.4' SE not seen.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1190 = Sw VII-74 on 7 Jun 1888 and recorded "eeeF; S; R; another [IC 1191] and [NGC] 6061 nr in line."  Corwin notes there is nothing close to Swift's position (other than NGC 6061 itself) but "his description "... another [= IC 1191] and [NGC] 6061 near in line" points to this galaxy [UGC 10195] (rather than to the fainter, smaller object at 16 03 45.6, +18 19 48) as the one he saw."  Modern sources label this galaxy as UGC 10195 only, instead of IC 1190.

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IC 1191 = PGC 57152

16 06 28.7 +18 16 04

Size 0.5'x0.1';  PA = 164d

 

24" (6/14/15): very faint, small, 18" diameter, no structure (not seen as double).  Located 3.3' NE of NGC 6061 in the north section of AGC 2151.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1191 = Sw VII-75 on 7 Jun 1888 and recorded "eeeF; S; lE; another [IC 1190] and [NGC] 6061 nr in line."  Although his position for IC 1190 is poor, his position for IC 1191 is just 7 seconds of RA too small.  Harold Corwin gives the dimensions of the brighter component as 27"x7" in PASP, Vol 83 and notes "IC 1191 is also a double object similar to IC 1188 (separation = 11 arcseconds). The fainter companion lies at R.A. 16h 04m 14.8s, +18” 24' 6'' (1950)."

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IC 1192 = PGC 57157

16 06 33.1 +17 46 32

V = 15.3;  Size 0.8'x0.3';  PA = 114d

 

24" (7/9/13): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 WNW-ESE, 0.4'x0.2'.  Forms the west vertex of a small equilateral triangle with IC 1194 1.7' SE and IC 1194A 1.3' ENE in the eastern portion of the Hercules cluster AGC 2151.

 

17.5" (6/8/96): extremely faint and small, round, 15" diameter.  Located 1.7' NW of brighter IC 1194 at the east end of AGC 2151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1192 = J. 1-375, along with IC 1193 and IC 1194, on 13 Aug 1892.

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IC 1193 = PGC 57155

16 06 32.2 +17 42 50

V = 14.7;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 2d

 

24" (7/9/13): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:3 N-S, ~20"x12", weak concentration.  Forms a close pair with PGC 84738 1.0' NE (noted as extremely to very faint, very small, slightly elongated, 10"x7").  A mag 16 star lies 1.5' SW.  A small trio consisting of IC 1192, 1194 and 1194A is less than 4' NNE.

 

17.5" (6/8/96): extremely faint, very small.  Appears double or companion very close?  Furthest south in trio with IC 1194 3.3' NE and IC 1192 3.7' N at the east end of AGC 2151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1193 = J. 1-376, along with IC 1192 and 1194, on 13 Aug 1892.  His position is nearly 1' too far north -- an unusually large error as his position for IC 1192 is accurate.

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IC 1194 = MCG +03-41-128 = CGCG 108-152 = PGC 57172

16 06 39.3 +17 45 40

V = 14.3;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 20d

 

24" (7/9/13): at 282x this AGC 2151 member appeared fairly faint to moderately bright, small, round, 20" diameter, gradually increases to the center.  Brightest in a small trio with IC 1192 1.7' NW and IC 1194A = PGC 84742 1.3' N.  Also nearby is IC 1193 3.3' SSW.

 

IC 1194A is located at Javelle's position for IC 1194, not the brighter galaxy 80" S (described above) that is generally assumed to be IC 1194.  It's possible Javelle assumed the brighter galaxy was a star, though it was clearly nonstellar in my scope at 282x.  IC 1194A appeared faint to fairly faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.

 

17.5" (6/8/96): very faint, very small, round.  Brightest in a trio with IC 1192 1.7' NW and IC 1193 3.3' SW at the east end of AGC 2151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1194 = J. 1-377, along with IC 1192 and 1193, on 13 Aug 1892.  His position is a good match with the fainter lenticular 1.4' NE of IC 1192, which is commonly identified as IC 1194A = PGC 84742.  His position is also 1' north of the brighter elliptical (CGCG 108-152 = PGC 57172), which is described in my notes. CGCG 108-152 is identified as IC 1194 in most modern sources.  Perhaps Javelle made a 1' error in measuring the offset from his comparison star?  Interestingly, his offset is 1' too far north for nearby IC 1193 adding some support to this suggestion.

 

Corwin comments that "Perhaps he mistook the brighter object as a star, though it should have been clearly nebulous in the Nice 28-inch."  Malcolm Thomson and Corwin both identify IC 1194 = PGC 84742 based on the positional match, though the data here is for CGCG 108-152 as I'm not convinced.

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IC 1195 = MCG +03-41-126 = CGCG 108-151 = PGC 57175

16 06 40.9 +17 11 30

V = 14.8;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.1

 

17.5" (6/8/96): very faint, very small, elongated 3:2 ~N-S, 30"x20".  Following a parallelogram of four mag 10-12 stars (closest is 2.0' SW) at the SE edge of AGC 2151.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1195 = J. 1-378 on 23 Jun 1892.

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IC 1197 = UGC 10219 = MCG +01-41-013 = CGCG 051-052 = FGC 1989 = PGC 57261

16 08 17.3 +07 32 19

V = 13.7;  Size 2.9'x0.45';  PA = 56d

 

24" (6/16/12): faint to fairly faint, fairly large thin edge-on 6:1 SW-NE, 1.8'x0.3', broad concentration, very slightly bulging center and tapering tips.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 1197 on 14 Jul 1890 with the Vienna 27-inch refractor.  His micrometric position in AN 2993 matches UGC 10219.  UGC doesn't label UGC 10219 as IC 1197.

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IC 1199 = UGC 10242 = MCG +02-41-013 = CGCG 079-070 = PGC 57373

16 10 34.3 +10 02 25

V = 13.7;  Size 1.2'x0.4';  PA = 158d

 

24" (6/14/15): fairly faint, very elongated 3:1 NNW-SSE, 0.9'x0.3', slightly brighter along the major axis.  Located just 2' W of mag 7.5 HD 145436, which detracts from viewing.  A mag 12 star is 1' NW of center.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1199 = Sw IX-55 on 28 Jun 1890.  He recorded "eeF; S; E; p. DM +10”2969, 9s; ee diff. in consequence of proximity to the star.  Found searching for D'Arrest Comet."  E.E. Barnard also found it just a few nights later (4 Jul 1890), also while searching for the comet.  He made a simple sketch showing the nearby stars and his computed position (using the bright star) is an exact match.  In his logbook entry for 7 Jul, he noted "Swift in looking for d'Arrest's Comet reports finding a new nebula 9s p (on same parallel) the 9.5m star DM +10”2969 and says it is the faintest neb he has ever seen."

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IC 1201 = UGC 10221 = MCG +12-15-051 = CGCG 338-044 = PGC 57104

16 05 41.8 +69 35 37

V = 14.7;  Size 1.2'x0.3';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 118d

 

17.5" (4/18/87): extremely faint, small, edge-on NW-SE, difficult with averted vision.  Located 7.7' SE of NGC 6079 on the Ursa Minor-Draco border.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1201 = Sw VII-78 on 2 Aug 1888 and logged "eeeF; pS; iR; eee diff.; double star nr points to it; nf of 2 [with IC 1200]."  The double star is probably the pair 3' northwest.  The second galaxy IC 1200 is NGC 6079, although it is north-preceding, so IC 1201 is the "sf of 2".

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IC 1204 = MCG +12-15-053 = CGCG 338-046 = PGC 57206

16 07 15.5 +69 55 53

Size 0.9'x0.3';  PA = 64d

 

24" (6/14/15): faint to fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 or 3:1 SSW-NNE, 0.6'x0.2', brighter core but no nucleus.  Forms a pair with brighter NGC 6091 3.6' SE.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1204 = B. 207 on 25 Mar 1889 and logged "mag 13.4-13.5; 20" diameter; stellar nucleus, a star mag 11 in pa 100” [ESE], distance = 3'."  His Comptes Rendus position (used in the IC 1) is 19' too far south, but the position was corrected in the IC 2 Notes.  The CGCG and MCG ignore the IC designation, which is not in doubt.  See Corwin's notes for more.

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IC 1208 = CGCG 196-016 = PGC 57650

16 15 47.9 +36 31 38

V = 14.3;  Size 1.1'x0.25';  PA = 95d

 

24" (6/12/15): fairly faint, elongated 3:1 E-W, 30"x10", very small bright nucleus.  Located just 1.8' SSW of mag 7.0 HD 146639, which detracts from viewing.

 

CGCG 196-013 lies 13' W.  This galaxy appeared faint to fairly faint, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 18"x12", very small bright nucleus.  Just west of line of 2 mag 13/13.5 star 1.3' NNE and 1.2' SSE.

 

Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 1208 on 21 May 1890 with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory while examining mag 7.0 HD 146639.  He measured micrometric offsets from the star (also on 25 May) and published the results in AN, 127 [3048], 426 (1891) as well as Publications of Lick Observatory, Vol II, 1894.

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IC 1215 = UGC 10315 = MCG +11-20-009a = CGCG 320-017 = CGCG 338-049 = Kaz 65 = PGC 57638

16 15 35.1 +68 23 52

V = 13.2;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 10d

 

24" (6/14/15): first and brightest in a trio with IC 1216 and IC 1218.  Fairly faint to moderately bright, oval 4:3 ~N-S, 40"x30", broad weak concentration.  IC 1216 lies 3.4' SE.  Located 17' SW of mag 6.4 HD 147662.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1215 = Sw VII-82 on 2 Jul 1888 and recorded "vF; S; R."  He later added "1st of 4.", though IC 1214 is not nearby.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1216 = UGC 10326 = MCG +11-20-010 = CGCG 320-021 = CGCG 338-050 = PGC 57664

16 15 55.4 +68 21 00

V = 14.1;  Size 1.0'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.8

 

24" (6/14/15): second and faintest in a trio with IC 1215 3.4' NW and IC 1218 10' SSE.  Faint to fairly faint, elongated 3:2, ~30"x20", low surface brightness with no significant core.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1216 = Sw VII-84 on 2 Aug 1888 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R; eee diff; 3rd of 4."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1218 = MCG +11-20-011 = CGCG 320-022 = Kaz 69 = PGC 57699

16 16 37.1 +68 12 10

V = 13.6;  Size 1.0'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.3;  PA = 58d

 

24" (6/14/15): fairly faint, elongated 3:1 SW-NE, 0.6'x0.2', brighter core.  Third of three with IC 1216 10' NNW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1218 = Sw VII-86 on 2 Jul 1888 and recorded "vF; pS; lE."  He later added "4th of 4.", though there are only 3 galaxies here.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1220 = MCG +01-42-005 = CGCG 052-030 = PGC 58340

16 29 38.3 +08 27 03

V = 13.7;  Size 0.9'x0.9'

 

24" (8/5/13): fairly faint, fairly small, round.  Well concentrated with a 15" bright core that gradually increases to an occasional very faint stellar nucleus.  The core is surrounded by a thin low surface brightness halo ~24" diameter.  Situated 12.5' ENE of mag 7.7 HD 148591.  CGCG 052-028 lies 5.5' SW.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1220 = Sw X-34 on 18 May 1890 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He simply noted "pF, S", but his offsets from mag 7.7 HD 148591 of +50 seconds in RA and ~+2.8' in Dec point directly to this galaxy.  Lewis Swift independently discovered it just 2 months later on 21 Jul 1890 and recorded "eeF; pS; E."  His position is 15 seconds of RA too small, though the IC position is off an additional 10 seconds.  Swift is credited with the discovery in the IC as Barnard never published his discovery or informed Dreyer directly.  CGCG (052-030) and MCG (+01-42-005) don't label their catalogue entries as IC 1220.

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IC 1221 = UGC 10458 = MCG +08-30-030 = CGCG 251-030 = PGC 58528

16 34 41.6 +46 23 31

V = 13.8;  Size 1.2'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.8

 

18" (7/12/10): fairly faint, moderately large, slightly elongated, ~40"x35", very weak concentration.  A nice string of stars is SE with the closest mag 13 star 4' SE.  IC 1222 = Arp 73 lies 11' SSE.  Located 20' SW of mag 5.8 HD 150030.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1221 = Sw X-35, along with IC 1222, on 10 Jul 1890 and logged "eeF; pS; E; p of 2 [with IC 1222]."

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IC 1222 = Arp 73 = UGC 10461 = MCG +08-30-032 = CGCG 251-031 = PGC 58544

16 35 09.2 +46 12 50

V = 13.4;  Size 1.7'x1.3';  Surf Br = 14.2;  PA = 50d

 

18" (7/12/10): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, brighter along the major axis [DSS shows this to be the "bar" of a two-armed barred spiral.  A group of 4 stars is west-southwest.  Forms a pair with IC 1221 11' NNW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1222 = Sw X-36, along with IC 1221, on 10 Jul 1890 and logged "eeF; pL; R; f of 2 [with IC 1221]."

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IC 1229 = MCG +09-27-072 = PGC 58902

16 44 58.8 +51 18 29

V = 15.0;  Size 0.45'x0.4'

 

24" (7/15/15): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 0.4' diameter, weak concentration.  Forms a pair with brighter IC 1230 2.9' SSE.  Located 6' due south of mag 8.8 HD 151463 (wide unequal double).

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1229 = Sw X-40, along with IC 1230, on 18 Sep 1890 and recorded "eeeF; pS; another nr south; D * in field n; others susp; np of 2; ee diff."  This galaxy is misidentified as IC 1225 in the UGC notes for IC 1230 = UGC 1038.

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IC 1230 = UGC 10538 = MCG +09-27-073 = CGCG 276-041 = PGC 588903

16 45 01.6 +51 15 37

V = 14.6;  Size 0.9'x0.9'

 

24" (7/15/15): moderately bright and large, 0.8' diameter, sharply concentrated with a small bright nucleus, slightly elongated halo.  Brighter of a pair with IC 1229 2.9' NNW.

 

IC 1230 is a multiple system with 3 faint companions (V = 16-16.5) including a close pair at the north edge of the halo.  Also on the SDSS, there is a second fainter nucleus (possible merged companion). 

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1230 = Sw X-41, along with IC 1229, on 18 Sep 1890 and recorded "eeeF; S; R; D * in field n; sf of 2; eee dif."

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IC 1236 = UGC 10633 = VV 442 = MCG +03-43-010 = CGCG 110-019 = PGC 59350

16 58 29.6 +20 02 29

V = 13.6;  Size 1.1'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 51d

 

24" (7/15/15): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 40" diameter, irregular surface brightness, slight hint of structure [face-on spiral].  A mag 14 star is 1.4' WNW. Located 6.4' SSE of mag 7.7 HD 153374.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1236 = Sf 44 = Sw X-42 on 1 Aug 1866 with the 18.5" refractor at the Dearborn Observatory and noted "pF, SbM."  His discovery list was not published, though, until 1887.  E.E. Barnard independently ran across it while sweeping with the 12-inch refractor at Lick on 30 Jul 30 1888, though he recognized it was Sf 44.  Lewis Swift also found it on 17 Sep 1890 and logged "eF; pS; lE; B * nr N; vF * close p."

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IC 1242 = MCG +01-44-001 = CGCG 054-002 = PGC 59688

17 08 42.9 +04 03 00

V = 13.7;  Size 0.9'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 130d

 

17.5" (7/19/90): very faint, very small, slightly elongated NW-SE, weak concentration.  Forms a pair with NGC 6296 10' S.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1242 = J. 1-383 on 7 Aug 1891.

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IC 1251 = UGC 10757 = MCG +12-16-021 = PGC 59735

17 10 13.4 +72 24 37

V = 13.5;  Size 1.4'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 70d

 

17.5" (7/16/93): faint, fairly small, slightly elongated 4:3 ~E-W, fairly low almost even surface brightness.  Located in a string of stars that ends at the double star adjacent to NGC 6340 6' SSE.  IC 1254 lies 6' E.

 

17.5" (7/9/88): very faint, small, elongated WSW-ENE, weak concentration.  Located 6' NNW of NGC 6340 in a group.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 19 year-old son, discovered IC 1251 = Sw X-43 on 18 Sep 1890 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R; 6340 nr; sp of 2 [with IC 1254]; ee dif."  The Swifts' RA is 6 sec too large and the orientation should by north-preceding and south-following.

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IC 1252 = IC 4649 = UGC 10788 = MCG +10-24-120 = CGCG 299-068 = PGC 59962

17 15 50.4 +57 22 01

V = 14.5;  Size 1.0'x0.2';  PA = 142d

 

18" (7/12/07): extremely faint, small, very low surface brightness, ~0.3' diameter.  Attached to the west side of a mag 12 star (just 24" separation between the star and the center of IC 1252) that detracts from viewing.  Located 4.5' SE of NGC 6345 in a group and 3.6' ENE of NGC 6345.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1252 = Big. 217 on 5 Sep 1888 and logged "mag 13.4-13.5; 40" diameter; situated very close to a mag 12.5 star."  Harold Corwin notes that IC 4649 is a duplicate identity from a second observation from Bigourdan.  See Corwin's identification notes.

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IC 1254 = UGC 10769 = MCG +12-16-024 = PGC 59783

17 11 33.7 +72 24 07

V = 13.8;  Size 1.6'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 32d

 

17.5" (7/16/93): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, even surface brightness.  Slightly fainter than IC 1251 6' W.  Located 7' NE of NGC 6340.

 

17.5" (7/9/88): extremely faint, very small, slightly elongated, two mag 15 stars are 30" E and 1' SSE.  Located 7' NE of NGC 6340 in a group.  Probably only viewed the core.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 19 year-old son, discovered IC 1254 on 18 Sep 1890 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R; nf of 2 [with IC 1251]; ee diff."  The Swifts' position is 16 sec of RA east and 2' north of UGC 10769.

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IC 1257 = OCL-51 = Lund 751 = Ced 144

17 27 08.5 -07 05 35

V = 13.1;  Size 1'

 

18" (7/26/06): picked up at 225x, but viewed at 325x as a very faint, low surface brightness disc of 30" diameter with only a very weak central brightening.  This challenging globular was visible steadily, even with direct vision but there was no hints of details.  A couple of mag 16-16.5 threshold stars are close south and west.

 

18" (7/18/04): at 250x, appeared very faint, very small, round, ~0.5' diameter.  With direct vision, this globular is weakly concentrated to a faint quasi-stellar or stellar core.  Visible continuously without much effort, though very unimpressive as a globular.

 

17.5" (6/30/00): at 280x this small low surface brightness globular appeared very faint, round, ~30" diameter but visible with direct vision.  Appears to have an extremely faint knot at the south edge and a slight central brightening.

 

17.5" (7/27/95): very faint, round patch, ~1' diameter.  Appears similar to a 15th magnitude galaxy with no hints of resolution or central concentration.  Can hold steadily with averted vision.  Located 5.8' W of a mag 11.5 star.  Discovered to be a globular in 1996.

 

13.1": not found.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 1257 on 7 July 1890 while searching for Barnard's Comet C/1888 RI using the 27" refractor at Wien University Observatory in Austria.  His micrometric position is accurate.  Barnard himself, also discovered it the next night, while searching for the same comet with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  Barnard initially mistook it for the comet!

 

Harlow Shapley listed IC 1257 as an open cluster (1930) and Sven Cederblad as a nebula (1946).  Brian Skiff reports in 9/96: Barry Madore to take a handful of short exposures of it at the Palomar 200", and has run through a first-cut data reduction.  The color-magnitude diagram shows that it is unquestionably a globular cluster, which is moderately heavily reddened:  it has the telltale marks of a metal-poor halo cluster, which are (a) a blue horizontal-branch population and (b) a steep red-giant branch.  See Harris et al. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997AJ....113..688H for the discovery announcement.

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IC 1258 = Arp 311 NED1 = UGC 10867 = MCG +10-25-035 = CGCG 300-029 = PGC 60320 = VV 101

17 27 17.4 +58 29 08

V = 13.5;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 65d

 

24" (7/22/14): at 375x appeared faint to fairly faint, elongated 4:3 WSW-ENE, ~0.4'x0.3'.  A mag 15.3 star is off the north side [27" from center] and another mag 15 star is off the southwest side [44" from center].  At 500x, a mag 15.5+ star is at the east edge, just 10" from center!

 

24" (8/15/12): at 375x appeared fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated WSW-ENE, very small bright nucleus increases to center.  The view with confusing with several very close stars.  The brightest is a mag 14.9 star 45" SW.  A mag 15.2 star is 30" NNE.  A mag 15.7 star is attached at the east edge of the core, just 10" from center and fainter than the nucleus of the galaxy.  Very interesting group with the double system IC 1259 2.3' NE, IC 1260 2.0' ESE and PGC 2579433 3.6' ENE.

 

18" (6/7/08): at 260x appeared faint, small, irregularly round, 25" diameter, very small brighter core, gradually increases to the center.  Surrounded by two or three very faint stars.  With averted vision the shape is irregular and knotty.  Forms a pair with IC 1259 (double system) 2.2' NE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1258 = Sw VII-89, along with IC 1259, on 19 Jul 1887 and logged "pB; pS; R; sp of 2 [with IC 1259]."  His position is 1' too far northwest.

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IC 1259 = VV 101 = Arp 310 = Arp 311 NED2/3 = UGC 10869 = CGCG 300-030 = MCG +10-25-037+037a = PGC 60323 + 60325

17 27 25.8 +58 31 00

V = 13.1;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.2

 

24" (7/22/14): at 375x, the merged contact pair IC 1259 (15" between centers) was a striking sight.  VV 101a, the larger and brighter eastern component, appeared fairly faint, small, round, 18" diameter.  A mag 15 star is at the southeast edge, just 10" from center.  VV 101b, the western component, appeared very faint, extremely small, 8" x 5" SW-NE.  A mag 12 star lies 0.8' NE.  IC 1258 lies 2.2' SW and IC 1260 is 2.5' SSE!

 

24" (8/15/12): fascinating tight double system and superimposed star at 375x.  The main component appeared fairly faint, small, round, 20" diameter.  VV 101b is attached at the west edge of the halo, 15" between centers.  It appeared very faint, extremely small, 10" diameter.  A mag 15 star is attached at the SE edge, just 10" from center!  A mag 12 star lies 0.8' NE.  IC 1258 lies 2.2' SW, IC 1260 is 2.5' SSE and PGC 2579433 is 2.5' SE.  The group is located ~13' SE of mag 6.5 HD 158485.

 

18" (6/7/08): at 260x this double system (Arp 310) appeared faint, very small, ~20" diameter, quasi-stellar nucleus.  VV 101b, an extremely small (~10" diameter) companion, was barely resolved off the west edge of the brighter eastern component (VV 101a).  Also, a very faint mag 15 star is often visible at the SE edge.  IC 1258 (part of Arp 311) is just 2.2' SW.  Located 45" SW of a mag 12 star.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1259 = Sw VII-90, along with IC 1258, on 19 Jul 1887 and logged "pB; pS; R; nf of 2 [with IC 1258]."  Swift didn't resolve this double system.

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IC 1260 = Arp 311 NED4 = MCG +10-25-040 = CGCG 300-032 = PGC 60324

17 27 31.7 +58 28 33

V = 14.9;  Size 0.35'x0.3'

 

24" (7/22/14): faint to fairly faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  Located 2' ESE of IC 1258 and 2.6' SSE of IC 1259 = Arp 310 (close double system!).  The entire group forms Arp 311.

 

24" (8/15/12): faint, very small, round, 12"-15" diameter.  Faintest of trio of IC galaxies with IC 1258 and IC 1259 (forming Arp 311) and situated just 1.9' ESE of IC 1258.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1260 = Sw IX-80 on 15 May 1890 and logged "eeeF; S; R; forms equilateral triangle with two others; 3rd of 3."  Three years earlier he found IC 1258 and IC 1259, so he apparently revisited the group and detected this galaxy.

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IC 1261 = CGCG 339-039 = MCG +12-16-032A+B = PGC 60185 + PGC 60186

17 23 23.3 +71 15 49

V = 14.0

 

24" (6/28/16): IC 1261 is a close pair of small ellipticals separated by 27" E-W.  At 375x the brighter eastern component appeared fairly faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  The halo is just resolved from the western component, which appeared faint, very small, round.  A mag 15 star is 0.7' S.  NGC 6395 lies 18' SE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1261 = Sw. VIII-93 on 8 Sep 1888 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; in a dark vacancy."  His position is unusually accurate for observations near the end of his observing career, but the description could apply to either galaxy (or both).

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IC 1262 = UGC 10900 = MCG +07-36-020 = CGCG 226-020 = WBL 643-001 = PGC 60479

17 33 02.0 +43 45 35

V = 13.7;  Size 1.2'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 83d

 

24" (7/2/16): at 375x; moderately bright, elongated 4:3 or 3:2 E-W, 1.0'x0.7', slightly brighter core.  Brightest in the IC 1262 group (redshift-based distance ~450 million l.y.) with closest companion IC 1263 3.8' NNE

 

24" (6/30/16): at 322x; moderately bright and large, oval 3:2 E-W, ~1.1'x0.75', large brighter core.  Brightest in a group with IC 1263 3.8' NNE, CGCG 226-028 10' NNE and IC 1264 8' SSE.  This group resides in a fairly rich star field.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1262 = Sw IX-82, along with IC 1263 and 1264, on 19 Jun 1890.  He recorded "eF; pS; R; 1st of 3."  His position is less than 1' too far north.

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IC 1263 = UGC 10902 = MCG +07-36-021 = CGCG 226-026 = WBL 643-002 = PGC 60481

17 33 07.2 +43 49 19

V = 13.7;  Size 1.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 178d

 

24" (7/2/16): at 375x; fairly faint to moderately bright, moderately large, elongated 2:1 N-S, 0.9'x0.4'.  A thin spiral arm is just visible extending due north on the east side of the halo!

 

IC 1262 (brightest in the group) is 3.8' SSW and CGCG 226-028 is 6' NNE.   The latter galaxy appeared faint, small, round, 20" diameter, no core or zones.  A mag 15.5 star is just off the southwest edge [35" from center].

 

24" (6/30/16): at 322x; fairly faint or moderately bright, relatively large, elongated at least 5:2 N-S, broad concentration, brighter core, 1.2'x0.45'.  Several mag 11-13 stars are nearby including a mag 11 star 2.6' WNW and a mag 11.5 star 3' NW.

 

IC 1263 is a member of the IC 1262 group that includes CGCG 226-028 6' NNE, IC 1262 3.8' SSW and IC 1264 12' S.  CGCG 226-028 appeared faint, small, round, 20" diameter, no core or zones.  A mag 14.6 star is 1.2' NNW and a mag 15.5 star is just 35" SW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1263 = Sw IX-83, along with IC 1262 and 1264, on 19 Jun 1890.  He recorded "eF; pS; R; 2nd of 3."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1264 = UGC 10904 = MCG +07-36-022 = CGCG 226-027 = WBL 643-003 = PGC 60484

17 33 16.8 +43 37 45

V = 14.4;  Size 1.2'x1.1';  PA = 40d

 

24" (7/2/16"): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, 35"x20", fairly even surface brightness, slightly brighter core.  Faintest of three IC's anchoring a group, with IC 1262 8' NNW and IC 1263 12' NNW.

 

MCG +07-36-024, just 0.9' NE, appeared fairly faint, small, round, 10", higher surface brightness than IC 1264.  A mag 14 star is 45" E and a mag 16 star is barely off the northwest edge.

 

24" (6/30/16): at 322x; fairly faint, moderately large, elongated 4:3 SW-NE, 40"x30", fairly low surface brightness.  Forms a close pair with MCG +07-36-024 0.9' NE.  The companion is fairly faint, small, round, 12", with a mag 16 star at the northwest edge.  IC 1264 is a member of the IC 1262 group and is situated 8' SSE of IC 1262.  CGCG 226-029 is 7.6' ENE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1264 = Sw IX-84, along with IC 1263 and 1264, on 19 Jun 1890.  He recorded "eeeF; pS; R; 3rd of 3; eee difficult."  His position is less than 1' too far north.  I'm surprised Swift missed the nearby MCG as it has a higher surface brightness.

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IC 1265 = UGC 10917 = MCG +07-36-027 = CGCG 226-032 = PGC 60568

17 36 39.6 +42 05 17

V = 12.3;  Size 2.0'x0.9';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 80d

 

17.5" (7/27/95): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 E-W, 1.2'x0.5'.  Contains a bright core with faint extensions.  A wide pair of mag 14.5 stars lie 1.0' E and 1.3' ESE of center.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1265 = Sw IX-85 on 10 Jul 1890 and recorded "eeF; S; lE."  Discovered by Swift (IX).  His position is 1' too far north.

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IC 1266 = PK 345-8.1 = Thackery 1 = ESO 279-PN7 = PN G345.2-08.8

17 45 35.4 -46 05 23

V = 12.2;  Size 13"

 

13.1": not found.  Very low emission.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 1266 in 1894 on a photograph of stellar spectra taken at the Peruvian Station of the Harvard College Observatory.  Pickering announced the discovery in AN 3227.

 

Dana Patchick discovered that Tc 1 is identical to IC 1266.

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IC 1269 = UGC 11013 = MCG +04-42-009 = CGCG 141-020 = PGC 61023

17 52 06.0 +21 34 11

V = 12.8;  Size 1.7'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 125d

 

18" (7/2/08): at 175x appeared fairly faint, moderately large, elongated 4:3 NW-SE, slightly brighter core.  Bracketed by mag 13 stars 1.4' N and 1.4' NE as well as a mag 13 star 1.2' SE.  Located 4.2' NNE of a mag 10.2 star.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1269 = Sw VII-94 on 25 Jul 1887 and logged "eeF; pL; R; F * v nr nf; and other F * nr."  There is nothing at his position but 19 seconds of time preceding and 2' north is UGC 11013.  Herbert Howe has a long note on IC 1269 in his November 1900 list of observation.  He notes the position given in the IC differs from his by 20 seconds and 2', and he was unable to verify Swift's description of "pL, 2 F st nr."  Instead, he found an "eeF, vS" nebula with a number of faint stars near.  This is very likely the same galaxy, except Howe only noticed the nucleus.

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IC 1271 = within M8 = Lagoon Nebula = NGC 6523

18 05 10.1 -24 23 56

 

17.5" (6/14/96): brightest mag 7.5 star at the east end of M8 illuminating a bright 2' halo of nebulosity.  This star is symmetrically placed on the following side of the cluster with respect to the two mag 7.5 stars on the west side of the Lagoon.

 

17.5" (6/8/96): this is the mag 7.5 star (SAO 186247) embedded in the southeast portion of the Lagoon nebula, which is surrounded by a locally brighter halo of nebulosity at all powers.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1271 = Sw VIII-94 on 5 Aug 1888 and recorded "eeeF, vL, N6523 nr p, ee diff; B* inv or is a neb *; discovered 2 years ago."  His position is about 5' southeast of a mag 7 star at 18 05 10.6 -24 23 55 which is embedded in the eastern wing or extension of the Lagoon nebula.  Corwin notes that John Herschel discovered and sketched this extension and considered it part of the M8 complex.

 

In Dreyer states in his 1912 update of WH's catalogues that IC 1271 is identical to NGC 6526 = H V-9  (also part of M8). See Corwin's identification notes on NGC 6526.

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IC 1274 = Sh 2-32 = LBN 33 = Ced 154d = ESO 521-N*41

18 09 51.0 -23 38 54

Size 9'x8'

 

17.5" (7/17/93): located north of the NGC 6559 nebular complex.  At 100x and OIII filter appears as an irregular nebulosity surrounding a group of stars mag 8-9, roughly circular outline.  Located about 20' N of NGC 6559.

 

17.5" (6/20/87): at 88x with UHC filter appears fairly faint, large, includes several stars with three or four brighter stars, irregular shape.  Located 22' NNW of NGC 6559.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1274, along with IC 1275, on 25 Jun 1892 on a 4-hour plate using the 6-inch Willard lens.  His article "Photographic Nebulosities and Groups of Nebulous Stars" in AN 3111 includes a rough visual sketch (with the Lick 12" refractor) of the field including NGC 6559 to the south.

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IC 1275 = Sh 2-31 = LBN 33 = Ced 154e = ESO 521-N*41

18 10 07.2 -23 45 40

Size 10'x6'

 

17.5" (7/17/93): at 100x and OIII filter appears as an easy nebulosity surrounding two mag 9 stars and several fainter stars.  Located at the east end of the chain of nebulosities described in the NGC 6559 observation.

 

17.5" (6/20/87): at 88x and UHC filter; fairly faint nebulosity surrounding a pair of mag 8 stars, smaller than nearby IC 1274.  Located 16' N of NGC 6559.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1275, along with IC 1274, on 25 Jun 1892 on a 4-hour plate using the 6-inch Willard lens.  His article "Photographic Nebulosities and Groups of Nebulous Stars" in AN 3111 includes a visual sketch (with the Lick 12" refractor) of the field including NGC 6559 to the south.  IC 1274 and 1275 are clearly identified (as Nova) on the sketch.

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IC 1276 = Palomar 7

18 10 44.3 -07 12 27

V = 10.3;  Size 7'

 

24" (9/7/13): at 200x appeared as a fairly faint to moderately bright, roundish glow, ~3' diameter, with a weak concentration.  Grows in size with averted vision to at least 3.5' diameter.  At 375x, a total of 8-10 stars were resolved with a couple of additional stars occasionally popping.  The brightest is a mag 13-13.5 star on the west side with a mag 14 star 35" E.  A few additional stars appear to be ~15-15.5 magnitude with the remainder closer to 16th magnitude.  A mag 10.6 star is 3' NNE of center.

 

18" (6/22/09): at 225x appeared as a faint, moderately large, roundish glow with no central concentration.  A string of three stars are superimposed on the north side of the cluster.

 

17.5" (8/2/97): at 220x, this globular appears as an obvious irregular glow of ~3' diameter with a mag 13.5 star at the west edge.  A superimposed mag 14 star follows [by 36"] and a third mag 14.5 on a line is at the east end.  A mag 15 star was also glimpsed along this string close following the mag 14 star. Appears elongated ~E-W and the irregular outline increases in size with averted vision to 4'x3'.  This faint globular has an unusual mottled patchy appearance although the observed stars may be field stars.

 

17.5" (7/27/95): at 220x appears faint, moderately large, 3' irregular scraggly outline.  No resolution although has an irregular surface brightness.  There is a mag 13 star at the west end, closely followed by a mag 14.5 star.  A similar faint star is situated at the east end.  Located 3' SSW of a mag 11 star.

 

17.5" (7/4/86): at 105x appears as a faint glow with no central condensation.  Two stars mag 13-14 are on the west side.  At 286x the cluster seems to extend mostly east of the following of the two stars.  Located 3' SSW of a mag 11 star.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1276 = Sw VIII-95 on 10 Apr 1889 and recorded "eeeF; vL; ee diff; D* close to p edge; very wide D* nr north."  George Abell found it again in 1952 on the POSS (published in the 1955 paper "Globular Clusters and Planetary Nebulae Discovered on the National Geographic Society-Palomar Observatory Sky Survey") and missed the equivalence with globular #7, but IC 1276 = Palomar 7.

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IC 1277 = UGC 11135 = MCG +05-43-005 = PGC 61491

18 10 27.3 +31 00 12

V = 13.4;  Size 1.6'x1.4';  Surf Br = 14.1;  PA = 25d

 

17.5" (8/1/89): very faint, moderately large, very diffuse.  A double star mag 14/15 is at the west edge.  Forms a pair with NGC 6575 9' NE.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1277 = Big. 220 on 31 Aug 1888 and simply noted "faint stars" in his 1891 Comptes Rendus list. Harold Corwin states that Bigourdan has four observations of it; they do not agree very well, but his mean position is only 12 arcsec south of the nucleus. The identity is secure."

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IC 1279 = IC 1281 = UGC 11143 = MCG +06-40-009 = CGCG 200-009 = 2MFGC 14240 = PGC 61518

18 11 15.4 +36 00 28

V = 13.5;  Size 2.6'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 159d

 

24" (6/29/16): at 200x; fairly faint, moderately large, nice edge-on 7:2 NNW-SSE, 1.2'x0.35', broad concentration to a bulging core.  Three mag 11.0-11.8 stars in a shallow arc follow by 3' and two mag 11.4/12.4 stars ~3' N are collinear with the galaxy.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1279 = Sw VII-95 on 18 Oct 1887 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R; in a semicircle of st.; eee diff."  His position is 2.5' NW of UGC 11143 = PGC 61518 and the description applies.  He "discovered" this galaxy a second time on 28 May 1889 and recorded Sw VIII-96 as "eeF S; cE; semicircle of several stars near following."  His published RA was 21 seconds too large, but again the description applies.  Dreyer catalogued the second observation as IC 1281, but queried "? = 1279".  Howe took a look at the field with the 20" refractor at Denver in 1899 and reported "I see only one nebula in the vicinity and call it 'vF, pS."

 

But Swift's second position happens to fall close to CGCG 200-010 = PGC 61527, a close pair of extremely small and faint galaxies, and Zwicky and Herzog identified this pair as IC 1279 in the CGCG (Volume III).  Although Swift's position is close to CGCG 200-010 (1.7' to the north), his description doesn't match as the "semicircle of several stars" is preceding (west), not following the pair.  PGC, as well as all online databases (NED, HyperLeda, SIMBAD) repeat the CGCG misidentification.  Harold Corwin recovered the identification IC 1279 = IC 1281 (first given by Dreyer in the IC 2 Notes).  See his notes.

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IC 1283 = LBN 47 = Ced 157c = Sh 2-37 = Gum 78 = RCW 153

18 17 18 -19 45

Size 17'x15'

 

17.5" (7/26/95): at 100x unfiltered appears as a very faint, very large nebulosity, at least 10' diameter.  Encompasses a mag 9 star and extends about 10' NE to merge with IC 1284 surrounding mag 7.6 SAO 161273.  The illuminating star is 6' NE of reflection nebula NGC 6589 and 8' NNE of NGC 6590 = NGC 6595.

 

17.5" (6/20/87): at 88x and UHC filter appears as a very large, extensive nebulous region just NE of NGC 6589 and NGC 6595.  Has an elongated, irregular shape. Includes a mag 7.5 star near the north end.  IC 1284 is a connected portion.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1283 on the photographic plate taken with the 6" Willard in Jun 1892.  He commented that BD -19” 4948 is nebulous and "the nebulosity is very small and principally noticeable on the southern side of the [9.3 magnitude] star."  Megastar misidentifies IC 1283 as NGC 6595, which is identical to NGC 6590.

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IC 1284 = Sh 2-37 = Gum 78 = RCW 153 = LBN 47 = Ced 157d = ESO 590-*N16

18 17 42 -19 40

Size 17'x15'

 

17.5" (7/26/95): this is the northeastern section of the IC 1283/1284 nebulosity surrounding mag 7.6 SAO 161273.  Although brightest around the star, the nebula appears to nearly merge with IC 1283 stretching SW to a mag 9 star located 7' SW.  Located less than 15' NE of the bright reflection nebulae NGC 6589 and NGC 6595.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1284 on a photographic plate taken with the 6" Willard lends on 31 May 1892.  He noted "an unknown nebulous star [BD -19” 4953].  It is shown on the photograph to be nearly symmetrically surrounded with a faint diffused nebulosity about 15' in diameter.  Perhaps this nebulosity is a little denser and more extensive following.  Visually with the 12 inch, I cannot be certain of seeing the nebulosity on account of the brightness of the central star." He later described nearby IC 1283 in AN 3111.  Barnard's position matches the mag 7.6 star involved.

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IC 1287 = LBN 75 = Ced 163

18 31 18 -10 50

Size 44'x34'

 

18" (8/12/07): this was a difficult observation to confirm as this large, very faint reflection nebula is illuminated by mag 5.7 HD 170740 (unequal double ·2325 = 5.9/9.2 at 12") and the bright star naturally has some surrounding scattered light.  Adding a wide bandpass Deep Sky filter the glow definitely brightened and increased in size.  The contrast improvement was easy to see by blinking with the filter.  It was difficult to estimate a size as the haze faded into the background, but appeared ~15'-20' in size.  Open cluster NGC 6649 lies 38' NE.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1287 on a plate taken with the 12" Willard lens on 29 Jun 1892.  He noted (AN 3111) "the 5.5 mag star BD -10” 4713 is shown to be nebulous.  The star is surrounded by a large diffused nebulosity, somewhat extended in a direction nf and sp.  A telescopic examination [probably with the 12" refractor] with a very low power confirms the photograph."

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IC 1288 = UGC 11256 = MCG +07-38-007 = PGC 61941

18 29 22.6 +39 42 47

V = 13.4;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 2d

 

13.1" (7/20/85): faint, thin edge-on N-S.  A number of stars are near; two mag 11/13 stars are 1.1' W and 1.4' WNW of center.  A mag 12 star is close NE 0.8' from center and a mag 15 star is at the north tip 22" from center.  Located 9' SSW of NGC 6646 in a trio with IC 1289.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1288 = Sw VII-97 on 19 Oct 1887 and recorded "vF; S; lE; nearly between a double and a single star."

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IC 1289 = MCG +07-38-009 = CGCG 228-011 = PGC 61958

18 30 02.3 +39 57 51

V = 14.4;  Size 0.7'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.6

 

13.1" (7/20/85): extremely faint, fairly small, diffuse, very low even surface brightness, possibly elongated.  Located 7.5' NE of NGC 6646 in a trio with IC 1288.  A mag 8.5 star lies 5.8' SW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1289 = Sw VII-98 on 19 Oct 1887 and recorded "eeeF; pS; lE; 3 stars in line point to it."  His position is 2.8' too far northwest.  The 3 stars are probably a trio collinear to the southeast.

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IC 1291 = UGC 11283 = MCG +08-34-004 = CGCG 255-006 = PGC 62049

18 33 52.7 +49 16 42

V = 13.0;  Size 1.8'x1.5';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 30d

 

24" (9/10/15): at 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, increases in length with averted vision to ~40"x16".  Appears to have a very faint quasi-stellar nucleus, along with a faint superimposed star very close southeast.  A mag 13.5 star is less than 1' N of center.  An HII region in the northwest spiral arm was not seen, though the transparency was fairly poor.  Two mag 11-11.5 star lie 2.4' and 3.4' NNW (collinear with the galaxy) and a mag 9.8 star is 4.2' SW.  Situated in a busy star field.

 

17.5" (7/24/95): very faint, small, irregular glow of 30" diameter.  Appears to have no core but there are one or two extremely faint mag 15.5-16 stars superimposed on the south end.  Nearly collinear with two mag 10.5-11 stars 2.3' and 3.3' NNW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1291 = Sw X-46 on 5 Jun 1891 and recorded "eF; vS; R; F * close N."  His position is 13 sec of RA too far west and 2.3' too far north (3.3' NW of the galaxy).

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IC 1295 = PK 25-4.2 = PN G025.4-04.7

18 54 36.5 -08 49 49

V = 12.5;  Size 102"x87"

 

24" (8/12/15): excellent view at 220x, using a UHC filter.  The rim is clearly brighter, particularly along the south side.  The west side of the planetary is clearly weaker with a darker indentation, creating a "C" appearance, open to the west. A very faint, fairly thin outer shell is visible with careful viewing.  This shell is roughly the thickness of the brighter rim.  At 375x (unfiltered), 8 or 9 stars are superimposed, including several around or just off the edge.  The stellar planetary K 4-8 lies just 4.7' NW in the same high power field and NGC 6712 is 24' WNW in the same low power field.

 

K4-8 was easily visible unfiltered as a mag 14.5 "star", the middle of 5 stars in a shallow 51" arc, concave to the northwest. Excellent contrast gain adding a UHC filter at 220x, so it was very easy to identify.

 

33" (9/16/07): at 200x appeared weakly annular with a slightly darker hole in the center and slightly brighter rim except on the west edge where there was an indentation or darker notch taking a small bite out of the rim.

 

18" (7/22/06): at 220x and UHC filter this fairly bright, large planetary was crisp-edged, slightly elongated ~E-W, ~1.5x1.3' in size.  The rim appeared slightly brighter, particularly along the south side giving a weak impression of annularity.  Several stars bracket the planetary and four or five mag 14-15.5 stars appear within the disc at 325x without a filter.  I viewed this object along with NGC 6712 and the stellar planetary K 4-8 in the same low power field of view!

 

17.5" (6/30/00): fairly bright at 220x using a UHC filter as a roundish disc, ~1.6'x1.4'.  The surface brightness is irregular and it appears slightly brighter along the southwest and northwest portion of the rim.  The unfiltered view at 280x also reveals a mottled appearance with a mag 13.5-14 star situated right at the west edge and a mag 14.5 star in the interior (a bit offset from center).  A couple of extremely faint stars are at the following edge. Located 24' ESE of NGC 6712.

 

17.5" (7/12/86): bright, large, round, 1.5' diameter.  Very pretty at 220x, estimate V = 12.0-12.5.  The stellar planetary K 4-8 is just 4.6' WNW.

 

13" (7/27/84): the rim on the south or SW side appears brighter but no definite annularity was seen.

 

13.1" (8/15/82): fairly faint, appears slightly elongated in an E-W orientation.

 

8" (6/27/81): faint, round, fairly small.  Located 25' ESE of NGC 6712 in the same low power field.  Observation mentioned in 10/81 S&T for smallest scope!

 

5": visible with a 5" stop without filter and easy with UHC at 79x!

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1295 = Sf 82 on 28 Aug 1867 with the 18.5-inch Clark refractor at Dearborn Observatory in Chicago and recorded "pB, pL, gbM."  Heber Curtis first recognized it as a planetary nebula in 1919.  Burnham's Celestial Handbook and the Sky Atlas 2000.0 mislabel this planetary as IC 1298.

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IC 1296 = UGC 11374 = MCG +06-41-022 = CGCG 201-040 = PGC 62532

18 53 18.8 +33 03 58

V = 14.0;  Size 1.1'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 80d

 

48" (4/1/11): at 375x this low surface brightness galaxy near M57 was visible with direct vision as a faint, fairly small, round, glow with a very small bright core and diffuse halo.  At 488x it appeared fairly faint, fairly small, 40" diameter with a round, very small bright nucleus.  Surprisingly, two faint, spiral arms were just visible extending from the nucleus!  A brighter arm is attached at the south side and winds counterclockwise towards the southwest.  It was often visible with averted vision.  The fainter arm on the north side curving northeast required more effort and was only occasionally visible but confirmed.  A mag 13.8 star is close preceding (26" W of center).

 

17.5" (7/5/86): extremely faint, small, round, very low surface brightness.  This difficult galaxy is situated just 4' NW of M57!  Located along the north side of a small rhombus of mag 13-14 stars with sides of 1.5'.  IC 1296 is just 30" ESE of a mag 14 star.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1296 visually on 2 Oct 1893 with the Lick 36-inch refractor.  His description in AN 3200 reads "this nebula is about 1/2' diameter.  Not round.  A little brighter in the middle.  About 14th magnitude." His position matches this faint spiral, located just 4' NW of M57.

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IC 1297 = PK 358-21.1 = ESO 337-PN20 = RU CrA = PN G358.3-21.6

19 17 23.4 -39 36 47

V = 10.7;  Size 11"x9"

 

13.1" (8/8/86): bright, small, 10"-15" diameter, slight bluish-green color.  Very pretty sight at 166x and 214x, estimate V = 11.5-12.0.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 1297 in 1894 on a photograph of stellar spectra taken at the Peruvian Station of the Harvard College Observatory.  Pickering announced the discovery in AN 3227.  A star (HD 180206) is also plotted at this position on the Uranometria 2000 Atlas because the CoD and CPD catalogue included the central star (RU CrA) as an entry.

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IC 1302 = MCG +06-43-002 = LGG 428-002 = PGC 63307

19 30 52.9 +35 47 07

V = 13.4;  Size 0.9'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.2

 

17.5" (7/26/95): very faint, very small, irregularly round.  Bracketed by a mag 11 star off the south edge 35" from center and a mag 14.5 star a similar distance north.  Forms an interesting pair with IC 1303 9.4' NE in a rich star field.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1302 = Sf 36 on 9 Jun 1866 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory.  He simply note "vF, undefined" and his position is 2' too far south-southwest.

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IC 1303 = UGC 11452 = MCG +06-43-004 = LGG 428-003 = PGC 63328

19 31 30.2 +35 52 35

Size 1.3'x0.8';  PA = 115d

 

17.5" (7/26/95): very faint, small, slightly elongated 4:3 E-W, 40"x30", no concentration.  Collinear with two mag 14 stars to the SW with one star at the edge of the halo.  Forms an unusual pair with IC 1302 9.4' SW in a rich Milky Way field.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1303 = Sf 37 on 9 Jun 1866 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory. He recorded "vF, 30" diam, with small cluster." His position is 2' too far southwest.

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IC 1308 = [Hubble25] X = [Hodge77] HII 14 = [Hodge77] A13 = KD D26

19 45 05.3 -14 43 16

Size 45"

 

48" (5/16/12): bright, fairly small, irregularly round.  At ~30", this HII knot is slightly larger than Hubble V and more uniform in surface brightness but the brighter portions of Hubble V have a higher surface brightness.  This is the easternmost of four HII knots along the northern side of Barnard's Galaxy.

 

18" (7/12/10): easily visible unfiltered at 225x and stands out fairly well at 285x as a 25" knot (irregularly round). Situated 1.7' NW of a mag 12/14 double star at ~8" separation.  This is the slightly fainter of a similar pair of HII knots at the north end of NGC 6822 with Hubble V just 3' W.

 

17.5" (9/1/02): following of two HII regions at the north end of Barnard's galaxy. Easily visible with averted vision at 220x without a filter and there is mild contrast gain using an OIII filter at 140x.

 

17.5" (7/14/99): following of a pair of HII regions with Hubble V at the north end of NGC 6822 = Barnard's Galaxy. Visible with direct vision at 220x and 280x without a filter. There was a mild contrast gain using a UHC filter at these magnifications.

 

17.5" (8/21/98): easily visible at 220x without a filter as a 30" round knot along with Hubble V just 3.1' W. Because I had no problem viewing this HII region without filtration I didn't blink or use an OIII filter.

 

17.5" (5/10/91): HII region on the NE edge of NGC 6822. At 82x and OIII filter appears as a faint, very small but clearly nebulous round knot. Estimate mag 14. A mag 12 star lies 2' SE (very close double on the POSS). Not seen without a filter. Forms a pair with similar Hubble V just 3' W.

 

Francis Leavenworth discovered IC 1308 = LM(S) 791 on 18 Jun 1887 with the 26-inch refractor at the Leander McCormick observatory.  Leavenworth missed seeing the galaxy but picked up the two bright HII regions at the north end of the galaxy instead.  Apparently, NGC 6822 was assumed to be the HII region Hubble V close preceding IC 1308 (Leavenworth credited both objects to Barnard) as the IC description for 1308 reads "eF, eS, lE, gbM, 6822 p 12s" (which actually refers to Hubble V).  E.E. Barnard independently discovered the two HII regions on 7 Jul 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.

 

Although the IC position is a perfect match for this HII region, it isn't identified as IC 1308 in "The HII regions of NGC 6822", Hodge et al, P.A.S.P. 100:917-934, Aug 1988 or "A Catalogue of diffuse nebula and emission-line stars in NGC 6822", 94:444-452, June 1982.  But in Hubble's seminal paper on NGC 6822 in 1925 (http://cdsads.u-strasbg.fr/full/1925ApJ....62..409H), he mentions nebula X is identical to IC 1308.

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IC 1310 = Berkeley 50 = LBN 181 = Ced 178

20 10 01 +34 58 06

Size 4'

 

17.5" (8/2/97): picked up at 100x as a small nebulous patch in a rich Milky Way field surrounding a mag 13 star.  Does not stand out well at this power due to the rich environment but the glow has a noticeably higher surface brightness than the unresolved Milky Way glow.  Better view at 220x as a faint sprinkling of stars are superimposed (8-10 with averted vision) and the 2' cluster has an irregular outline.  Appears similar to a partially resolved globular.  A nice mag 12/13 double star [9" separation] is off the NE end 1.5' from center.  The view holds up well at 410x and one or two additional faint stars were resolved.

 

Thomas Espin discovered IC 1310 on 19 Sep 1893 with his 17-inch reflector at his private observatory in England while sweeping for red stars.  He simply recorded "faint nebulosity"  Very close to his position is this faint cluster, which was independently catalogued as Berkeley 50.

 

Probably due to the IC description, Cederblad included IC 1310 in his list of bright nebulae as well as Beverly Lynds, although there is no nebulosity.

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IC 1311 = OCL 173/174 = Lund 928/925 = Cr 414 = Tr 36 = Do 2?

20 10 47 +41 10 30

V = 13.1;  Size 6'

 

17.5" (8/17/93): very faint cluster; consists of ~15 stars mag 13.5 to 15 in a 4'x3' oval outline over unresolved haze.  A mag 10 star is off the west side and most resolved stars are around the periphery.  Located within a semi-circle of bright stars including mag 6.9 SAO 49274 5' N and mag 8.1 SAO 49289 6' E.

 

8" (8/15/82): very small group of four mag 13 stars.  Use high power to resolve.

 

Thomas Espin discovered IC 1311 on 6 Oct 1893 with his 17-inch reflector at his private observatory in England while sweeping for red stars.  He recorded an "extremely faint nebula within a circle of bright stars."  His position (though mentioned as approximate in his discovery list) is fairly accurate.  The Lynga 5 position, though, is incorrect (repeated in Sky Catalogue 2000 and Skiff & Luginbuhl).

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IC 1317 = UGC 11546 = MCG +00-52-004 = 2CGCG  82 = PGC 64586

20 23 15.6 +00 39 52

V = 13.8;  Size 0.7'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 80d

 

17.5" (7/8/94): fairly faint, small, round, 0.5' diameter, weak even concentration to a brighter core and faint stellar nucleus.  A mag 12.5 star is 1.6' NNE and a mag 15 star is 40" NW.  Described as a planetary in the IC.

 

17.5": fairly faint, extremely small, round, bright core, compact.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 1317 = Sp 23 on 30 Sep 1891 with the 27-inch refractor in Vienna.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1318 = Gamma Cyg Nebula = Butterfly Nebula = LBN 223/234/245/251 = Ced 176 = Sh 2-108

20 22 14 +40 15 24

 

18" (7/13/07): Both portions of the "Butterfly Nebula" were easily visible at 12.5x in my 80mm finder using an H-beta filter and were an amazing sight in the 18-inch at 73x using both H-beta and UHC filters as they stretched across the entire 67' field of field and separated by a wide dark lane (LDN 889).

 

IC 1318d (centered ~1” east of Gamma Cyg) passes through two 7th magnitude stars (HD 194789 and HD 194908) and is very prominent near these stars.  This swath of nebulosity courses mainly SW and NE from these stars.  To the west of the bright stars, the nebula is bifurcated into two forks by a dark lane.  To the north and NE of the stars, the nebulosity spreads out wider and is interspersed with darker regions.  Overall the surface brightness of this section is fairly high but varies quite a bit in intensity and is slightly brighter on the following side of the NE end where it contrasts with the wide dust lane that separates IC 1318e to the SE.

 

IC 1318e is situated roughly 35' SE of IC 1318d on the opposite side of dark nebula LDN 889.  This bright section passes through several wide double stars and gently curves as it sweeps from SW to NE.  The overall length is at least 35'x10' (not as wide as on photographs but nearly as long).  One or two darker spots or regions lie within the nebulosity although it appears as a single continuous piece without as much structure as IC 1318d.

 

IC 1318b is possibly the brightest piece of the IC 1318 complex and is located ~2” NW of Gamma Cyg (Sadr).  At 73x and either H-beta or UHC filter, it appeared very extended SW-NE or WSW-ENE, roughly 40'x8' and passes through a mag 8 star.  This section was easily visible at 12.5x in the 80mm finder using a H-beta filter.  The brightest portion is to the NE of the mag 8 star and a number of similar mag stars are involved with this portion.  Removing the filter, this section was still visible though the highest contrast was using a UHC filter.  To the SW of the star, this river of nebulosity takes a mild bend and flows more towards the south.  Another fainter section of nebulosity (not included in the size estimate) spreads out to the NNW of the mag 8 star.

 

12.5x80mm (7/13/07): viewed in 80mm finder using an H-beta filter.  The two roughly parallel brightest sections to the east of Gamma that form the "Butterfly Nebula" (IC 1318d and 1318e) were obvious as extremely large parallel strips oriented ~SW-NE and separated by a wide dark lane.

 

16x80 (8/23/84): extremely large complex of irregular emission nebulae surrounded Gamma Cygni (position given) with six sections visible at 16x using a UHC and H-beta filters.  Overfills the 4” finder field!  The most prominent section is an isolated patch NW of Gamma at the edge of the field (IC 1318b = Ced 176c = LBN 251 = DWB 82) and next are two parallel strips just east (IC 1318d = LBN 249) and SE of Gamma (IC 1318e = LBN 245) that have fairly sharp edges.  Observation from Mt Rose (above Lake Tahoe) using the finder.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1318 on a photographic plate taken with the Willard lens in 1892.  He noted "a photograph which I have made in 1892 with five hours of exposure was Chi Cygni, shows Gamma Cygni to be surrounded by numerous large patches and strips of nebulosity."

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IC 1319 = ESO 596-G37 = MCG -03-52-007 = PGC 64675

20 26 01.2 -18 30 15

V = 13.8;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 9d

 

17.5" (8/8/02): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, 0.6'x0.5', very weak concentration.  Located 2.1' SE of mag 8.5 HD 194394, which makes the observation more difficult.  Forms a close pair with MCG +02-52-006 2.9' SW which was not noticed.

 

13" (8/17/85): faint, small, round, very weak concentration.  Located 2.1' SE of mag 8.5 SAO 163559 which interferes with viewing.  Forms a pair with NGC 6912 13' SE.  Also viewed the week before on 8/11/85 with similar notes.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1319 = J. 1-387 on 20 Jul 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1320 = UGC 11560 = MCG +00-52-009 = CGCG 373-008 = PGC 64685

20 26 25.7 +02 54 35

V = 13.6;  Size 1.0'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 87d

 

17.5" (8/21/98): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 ~E-W, weak concentration.  Brightest in a group with UGC 11561 at 17.5' S and UGC 11562 at 13.6' south.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1320 = J. 2-791 on 19 Aug 1893.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1327 = CGCG 373-038 = PGC 65027

20 35 41.3 -00 00 21

V = 13.7;  Size 0.8'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 170d

 

24" (7/16/15): faint to fairly faint, fairly small, round, 18" diameter, weak concentration.  Located 1.5' WSW of mag 7.1 HD 196203, which detracts from viewing!

 

Sherburne Burnham discovered IC 1327 on 20 Aug 1889 with the Lick 36-inch in the field of mag 7.1 HD 196203.  He measured a P.A. of 257” and a separation of 84.5".  The discovery was announced in Publications of Lick Observatory, Vol II and AN 2957.

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IC 1331 = MCG -02-53-005 = PGC 65396

20 47 48.9 -09 59 45

V = 13.7;  Size 1.8'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 85d

 

17.5" (8/8/02): faint, small, very elongated 3:1 ~E-W, 0.6'x0.2', very small brighter core. A faint star is at the west tip and off the north side of the east end.  Forms the north vertex of a triangle with mag 8.5 HD 197980 4.6' SW and mag 9 HD 198062 6.0' SE.  Forms a pair with MCG -02-53-004 3' NNW, which was not seen.  Located 30' S of mag 3.8 Epsilon Aquarii.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1331 = J. 1-393 on 13 Sep 1892.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1340 = Veil Nebula

20 56 12 +31 04

Size 25'x20'

 

17.5": this is part of the intricate southern portion of the western arc of the Veil nebula, generally referred to as NGC 6992.  Contains the remarkable filamentary side branches that extend west at the south end of NGC 6992 and NGC 6995.  See description for NGC 6992.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1340 = Sf 51 on 13 Sep 1866 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory and noted "possibly connected with h2093 [NGC 6995]."  His position is ~1.5' northeast of this knot in NGC 6995.

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IC 1360 = CGCG 401-003 = PGC 66266

21 10 50.3 +05 04 17

V = 14.6;  Size 0.7'x0.3';  PA = 20d

 

17.5" (7/22/01): extremely faint and small, round, 10" diameter, low surface brightness.  A bit easier to view than IC 1361 at the edge of the 220x field 10' E.

 

17.5" (11/25/00): extremely faint, very small, round, 15" diameter (probably viewed core only), low even surface brightness.  A faint star is close NW [34" from center].  A group of 5 mag 12-13 stars (four in a curving string) lie just to the north.  IC 1361 lies 10' E (not seen).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1360 = J. 2-792, along with IC 1361, on 19 Aug 1893.

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IC 1361 = UGC 11692 = MCG +01-54-002 = CGCG 401-005 = PGC 66297

21 11 29.1 +05 03 16

V = 14.1;  Size 0.9'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 45d

 

17.5" (7/22/01): extremely faint, small, round, 20" diameter, low even surface brightness.  Forms a near equilateral triangle with a 30" pair of mag 13 stars 3' WSW and a mag 11.5 star 3' SSE.  Located 10' E of IC 1360.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1361 = J. 2-793, along with IC 1360, on 19 Aug 1893.

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IC 1364 = MCG +00-54-006 = CGCG 375-013 = II Zw 107 = PGC 66367

21 13 24.6 +02 46 11

V = 13.8;  Size 1.0'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 130d

 

17.5" (8/8/02): faint, small, slightly elongated, 0.5'x0.4'.  Weak even concentration to a faint stellar nucleus.  Located 2.7' NW of mag 9.4 SAO 126626.

 

17.5" (5/10/91): faint, small, round, small slightly brighter core.  Located 2.6' NW of mag 9.2 SAO 126626.  A mag 8 star lies 6.5' WNW and a mag 7 star is 12' SW.  IC 1367 lies 18' NE and IC 1365 is 15' SE.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 1364 = Sp 66 on 30 Sep 1891 with the 27-inch refractor at Vienna.  Stephane Javelle found it just 3 nights later with the 30-inch refractor at Nice!

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IC 1365 = MCG +00-54-007 = CGCG 375-015 = II Zw 108 = VV 508 = PGC 66381

21 13 56.0 +02 33 56

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 57d

 

17.5" (8/8/02): faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.8'x0.6'.  Smooth, fairly low surface brightness.

 

17.5" (5/10/91): very faint, extremely small, round, almost stellar but there is a faint extension to the west of the core.  IC 1564 lies 15' NW and NGC 7046 is 22' NE.

 

Edward Swift, Lewis' 20 year-old son, discovered IC 1365 = Sw X-48 = Sp 26 on 28 Sep 1891 while searching for Comet Tempel-Swift.  His position is accurate.  Rudolph Spitaler independently found the galaxy just two days later at Vienna.  The SDSS reveals several very faint neighbors within the halo.

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IC 1367 = CGCG 375-019 = PGC 66390

21 14 09.7 +02 59 37

V = 14.4;  Size 0.3'x0.2'

 

17.5" (5/10/91): very faint, very small, round, very low even surface brightness.  A mag 12 star is 1.0' WNW.  Located ~15' NW of NGC 7046 and 18' NE of IC 1364.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1367 = J. 1-421 on 30 Sep 1891.

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IC 1369 = Cr 432

21 12 07 +47 46 00

V = 8.8;  Size 5'

 

18" (7/30/03): this fairly rich open cluster was picked up while observing dark nebula B361 located 20' S.  At 215x, approximately two dozen stars were resolved in a boxy outline, roughly 4' diameter.  There is a lower density of stars in the center of the group and the cluster is set over some unresolved haze.  Appears as a partially resolved glowing spot at 73x (31 Nagler).  Sh 1-89, a faint planetary, lies 20' E.

 

13" (9/3/83): 15 faint stars over haze, fairly small, appears rich. 

 

8" (8/12/83): rich glowing spot with many very faint stars at visual threshold over haze with averted.  Also a small group of five stars in the field to the E.  A wide pair §159 = 6.0/7.5 at 135" is in the field 18' WSW.

 

Carl Frederick PechŸle discovered IC 1369 on 27 Apr 1891 using the 11-inch refractor at the Copenhagen Observatory (1894AN....136..317P).  Thomas Espin independently discovered the cluster on 9 Sep 1893 with his 17.5-inch reflector in England and recorded "Faint, large, many small stars."

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IC 1370 = CGCG 375-021 = II Zw 111 = PGC 66418

21 15 14.3 +02 11 31

V = 14.6;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 54d

 

24" (8/12/15): at 375x; faint, very small, round, ~10"-12" in diameter.  Forms an extremely close "pair" with a mag 16 star just 10" east of center, close to the east edge of the small halo!

 

An extremely faint, stellar or nearly stellar object was occasionally glimpsed close to the west [24"].  This was probably PGC 1219013 = 2MASX J21151273+0211354, itself a double system, with a B magnitude close to 17.  Located 3.5' S of a mag 9.5 star and the same distance west of a mag 10.1 star, so forms the southwest vertex of an isosceles right triangle.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1370 = J I-422 on 5 Oct 1891 and recorded "vF, 2 F st inv".  At least one of these "stars" (as in my observation) is likely one of the components of this multiple system.  On the SDSS, there are a total of 5 galaxies, with at least 4 apparently interacting.

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IC 1375 = CGCG 401-015 = PGC 66603

21 20 59.8 +03 59 08

V = 14.2;  Size 0.4'x0.4'

 

17.5" (10/13/01): faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, weak concentration.  A mag 14 star lies 2.0' NE.  A mag 15 star at the north edge was not seen in mediocre seeing.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1375 = J. 1-426 on 5 Oct 1891.

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IC 1377 = MCG +01-54-009 = CGCG 401-021 = PGC 66722

21 25 26.6 +04 18 52

V = 14.1;  Size 0.6'x0.4'

 

17.5" (11/25/00): faint, small, round, 25" diameter, very weak concentration.  Forms an obtuse angle with a mag 11 star 4' due south and a mag 10.5 star 5' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1377 = J. 1-427 on 9 Oct 1891.

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IC 1379 = CGCG 375-034 = PGC 66741

21 26 01.1 +03 05 48

V = 14.7;  Size 0.7'x0.4'

 

17.5" (7/22/01): extremely faint, very small, elongated 2:1 ~N-S, 20"x10".  Located 1' E of a mag 13.5 star and 1.6' SE a mag 11.5 star.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1379 = J. 1-428 on 29 Jul 1892.

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IC 1381 = MCG +00-54-016 = CGCG 375-036 = PGC 66789

21 27 33.7 -01 11 19

V = 14.6;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 60d

 

18" (8/14/07): extremely faint, very small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 20"x15".  IC 1383 lies 5.4' NNE.  Located 10' SE of a mag 10 star and 28' NNW of NGC 7069.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1381 = J. 1-430, along with IC 1383 and 1385, on 6 Nov 1891.

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IC 1383 = CGCG 375-037 = PGC 66792

21 27 39.6 -01 06 08

V = 15.4;  Size 0.6'x0.2';  PA = 126d

 

18" (8/14/07): extremely faint and small, 10"x5" NW-SE.  Situated between two mag 10.5-11 stars oriented NW-SE with a separation of 4'.  Located 5.4' NNE of IC 1381.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1383 = J. 1-431, along with IC 1381 and 1385, on 6 Nov 1891.

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IC 1384 = MCG +00-54-017 = CGCG 375-039 = PGC 66796

21 27 53.1 -01 22 07

V = 14.7;  Size 0.6'x0.5'

 

18" (8/14/07): extremely faint, very small, round, 0.3' diameter, very low even surface brightness.  Two mag 15.5 stars are less than 1' W and a third is a 1' NW.  Located 17' N of NGC 7069.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1384 = J. 1-432 on 6 Nov 1891. His position is ~1' too far north.

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IC 1385 = MCG +00-54-022 = CGCG 375-042 = PGC 66832

21 28 51.2 -01 04 12

V = 15.0;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

18" (8/14/07): extremely faint, very small, round, 21" diameter.  Farthest north in a group of 5 IC galaxies to the north of NGC 7069.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1385 = J. 1-433, along with IC 1381 and 1385, on 6 Nov 1891 Discovered by Javelle.

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IC 1387 = MCG +00-54-026 = CGCG 375-045 = PGC 66851

21 29 34.5 -01 21 03

V = 14.5;  Size 0.4'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.0

 

18" (8/14/07): faint, small, elongated 3:2 SSW-NNE, 24"x16", low even surface brightness.  A mag 14 star lies 27" N.  Located 28' NE of NGC 7069 and furthest east in a group of 5 IC galaxies discovered by Javelle about 1.5 degrees SW of M2.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1387 = J. 1-435 on 6 Nov 1891.

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IC 1392 = UGC 11772 = MCG +06-47-003 = KTG 73A = PGC 67017

21 35 32.8 +35 23 53

V = 11.5;  Size 1.6'x1.3';  Surf Br = 12.2;  PA = 75d

 

24" (10/18/12): fairly bright, moderately large, oval 4:3 WSW-ENE, 0.7'x0.45'.  Sharply concentrated with a high surface brightness 25" core and quasi-stellar nucleus.  The outer halo is much fainter and extends ~45".  A mag 12.8 star is 50" NE and a similar mag 12.5 star is 40" SW.  Several additional stars including a close double are off the SW side.  UGC 11775 lies 4.2' SE (attached to a star).

 

17.5" (8/11/96): fairly faint, small, elongated 5:3 SW-NE, 0.8'x0.5', moderately high surface brightness with a brighter core.  Situated within a short string of three stars with a mag 12.5 star 0.9' NNE and two mag 12 stars 0.8' and 1.2' SSW.  The further southern star has a mag 15 companion close following [9" separation] and there are also two mag 14.5-15.5 stars following the nearer mag 12 star off the south side.  Forms a pair with faint UGC 11775 4.2' SE.

 

17.5" (7/16/93): fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 WSW-ENE, 0.6'x 0.4'.  A mag 13 star is 0.9' NNE of center.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1392 = Sf 50 on 12 Sep 1866 with the 18.5-inch refractor at the Dearborn Observatory and recorded "pB, vmbM, nebulous *."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1393 = ESO 531-G20 = MCG -04-51-009 = PGC 67147 = PGC 67148

21 40 14.2 -22 24 40

V = 14.6;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 172d

 

18" (8/9/10): very faint, very small, elongated 3:2 N-S, 24"x16", very weak concentration.  This member of ACO S963 is located 2.7' ENE of NGC 7104 between a mag 13 star 2.3' NW and a mag 10.3 star 3.3' SE.

 

18" (8/12/07): very faint, very small, elongated 2:1 N-S, 20"x10", very faint stellar nucleus with direct vision.  Located 2.7' ENE of NGC 7104 within cluster ACO S963.

 

17.5" (10/13/90): very faint, very small, round, small bright core.  Third brightest in the NGC 7103 group (ACO S963) with NGC 7104 2.7' WSW, NGC 7103 6.4' SW and IC 5122 6.5' W.

 

Ormond Stone discovered IC 1393 = LM-Southern 823 on 16 Oct 1886.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1396 = LBN 451/452 = Sh 2-131 = Ced 195 = Cr 439 = Tr 37 = Lund 995

21 39 06 +57 30

Size 170'x140'

 

17.5" (8/22/98): the "Elephant's Trunk" is an unusual cometary globule (associated with star formation) on the west side of IC 1396, a huge but faint HII complex. The highest contrast was using a UHC filter at 100x.  A 15'x5' lane was evident oriented WSW-ENE, particularly by gently rocking the scope back and forth. The "tail" of the globule or elephant's "trunk" heads west and is weakly illuminated on the edges, particularly on the south side.  Near the "head" is a mag 9 star (HD 239710) and a pretty double star (·2813 = 9.2/9.6 at 10") to the west is embedded in the lane.  With careful viewing the "trunk" shows variations in width and opacity.  Located ~18' W of the triple star ·2816 (5.8/7.7/7.8 at 12"/20").

 

17.5" (8/12/96): This HII region is most prominent with a UHC filter at 100x surrounding the triple star (·2816 = 5.8/7.7/7.8 at 12" and 20") at the center of a scattered cluster although nebulosity is not apparent throughout the field.  About 25' away is also a pretty double star whose components are aligned with the triple star.  The surrounding 1” field contains a scattered cluster of brighter stars which are fairly uniformly distributed.

 

In the 16x80 finder without a filter, the entire cluster is clearly encased in a faint glow at least two degrees in diameter though seems to be more prominent along the curving lanes of the cluster.  The Daystar 300 filter gives a mild enhancement but dims the stars so the overall view is not as pleasing.  Mu Cephei (Herschel's Garnet Star) is at the northeast edge, ~1.5” from the center.

 

18" (7/11/10): Barnard 161 is an easy 6' circular dark patch within IC 1396 (north of center) just 13' N of ·2819 = 7.4/8.7 at 13" and 25' NE of the triple star ·2816 = 5.8/7.7/7.8 at 12" and 20".  Stands out fairly well at 73x.  There are extensions to the north of this cometary dark nebula that I didn't see.

 

16x80 (9/29/84 and 8/26/89): using a UHC filter appears as a very large, irregular nebulous glow (about 2” diameter).  Very faint but definite when compared without filter.  Surrounds ·2816 = 5.8/7.7 at 12" and a large, faint, scattered star group.  Visible without a filter as an extremely large, hazy region surrounding ·2816 and fainter stars.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1396 on a photographic plate taken with the Willard lens in 1893.  He commented in "Photographic Nebulosities and Star Clusters connected with the Milky Way" (Astr. & Astro-Phys. 13, 177-182 (1894)) that "A magnificent specimen of these [nebulous masses] I have found on one of my plates in Cepheus which was given an exposure of seven hours.  This a mixture of bright stars and nebulosity.  The diffused portion of this nebulosity conforms in its peculiarities with the general structure of the Milky Way, showing it be actually mixed up with the ground work of star.  The brightest star of this group is DM +56” 2617."

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IC 1401 = UGC 11810 = MCG +00-55-015 = CGCG 376-031 = PGC 67339

21 46 59.5 +01 42 45

V = 13.8;  Size 1.8'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 175d

 

17.5" (8/8/02): fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated 7:2 N-S, 1.1'x0.3', brighter core.  A faint star is superimposed on the SE end.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1401 = J. 1-442 on 5 Nov 1891.

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IC 1405 = UGC 11826 = MCG +00-55-020 = CGCG 376-037 = PGC 67470

21 50 49.8 +02 01 15

V = 13.8;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 115d

 

17.5" (8/8/02): very faint, very small, round.  A very faint close double star is just off the NW edge [40" from the center].  Forms a pair with IC 1406 4.2' ESE, which was not seen.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1405 = J. 1-445 on 5 Nov 1891 .  MCG misidentifies IC 1406 as MCG +00-55-20, but the MCG designation applies to IC 1405.

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IC 1415

21 58 42.4 +01 21 26

 

17.5" (11/28/97): a mag 15-15.5 star was observed at Bigourdan's position.

 

By coincidence there is an 18th magnitude galaxy close southeast of this star which I could not see and it is certain this galaxy it much too faint to have been detected by Bigourdan.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1415 = Big. 229, along with IC 1416, on 27 Oct 1888.  He found these searching for NGC 7164.  Harold Corwin concludes both of these numbers either refer to faint stars or are lost.  See both Corwin's and Malcolm Thomson's IC notes for the full story.

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IC 1420 = UGC 11880 = MCG +03-56-005 = PGC 67900

22 02 31.7 +19 45 02

V = 13.1;  Size 1.4'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.6

 

24" (9/27/14): at 375x I found the view of this object confusing.  It appeared fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, generally oval E-W, ~30"x20" but sometimes it appeared elongated 2:1 at 40"x20".  Sometimes a very compact nucleus (or companion) appeared as a brighter knot, just east of center.  A mag 13.5 star is 0.6' N.

 

17.5" (7/27/95): faint, small, elongated 3:2 E-W, 30"x20", broad very weak concentration with no distinct core.  A mag 13.5 star lies 30" N of center.  There appears to a brighter spot at the east end. This is a compact companion listed in NED as IC 1420 NED02 and in LEDA as PGC 93140.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1420 = Sw IX-97 on 18 Sep 1889 and recorded "eeF; pS; R; bet 2 nr F stars in meridian."  His position is 19 sec of RA due west of UGC 11880 and his description is appropriate.

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IC 1434 = Cr 445

22 10 30 +52 50

Size 8'

 

17.5" (7/29/92): about 100 stars in a 15' diameter.  Three mag 9 stars form a triangle on the south side.  The extensions almost fill the 20' field.  Long sprays of stars intersect near the center at a mag 10.5 star.  A long ray extends ENE for 11' and contains 30 stars.  A ray to the WSW of 11' length has 16 stars including a close triple star.  There are two more sprays to the NW of 6' length.  The cluster has no distinct borders.  The surrounding Lacerta Milky Way region is breathtaking with a 20 mm Nagler.  Located 2.1” WNW of mag 4.4 Beta Lacertae.

 

8" (8/12/83): ~50 stars at 200x, over haze, includes two strings on the east side, brighter stars at the south edge.

 

Thomas Espin discovered IC 1434 around 1893 with his 17.3-inch reflector at his private observatory in England while sweeping for red stars.  He recorded "A remarkable cluster with six distinct radiating branches.  Stars from 12 to 15."  His rough position is fairly accurate.  Confirmed as an open cluster in 2011A&A...530A..32B ("Star clusters or asterisms? 2MASS CMD and structural analyses of 15 challenging targets.")

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IC 1437 = UGC 11965 = MCG +00-56-016 = CGCG 377-042 = PGC 68438

22 15 45.1 +02 03 57

V = 13.5;  Size 1.0'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.2

 

17.5" (8/8/02): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.8'x0.7', weak concentration.  Located 7.6' NE of mag 8.2 HD 211212.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1437 = J. 1-465 on 5 Nov 1891.

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IC 1438 = ESO 602-001 = MCG -04-52-029 = KTS 68A = PGC 68469

22 16 29.1 -21 25 50

V = 11.7;  Size 2.4'x2.0';  Surf Br = 13.3

 

24" (8/16/12): fairly bright, fairly large, sharply concentrated with a small very bright 20" core.  The core is surrounded by a large, roundish halo with a fairly even surface brightness, ~1.5' diameter.  IC 1439 lies 4.2' SE and UGCA 427 is 12' NE.

 

17.5" (7/25/95): moderately bright, moderately large, round, 1.5' diameter, even concentration to a bright core and faint, stellar nucleus.  A nearly perfect rectangle of mag 13 stars with sides of 2'x1.5' precedes by 4'.  Forms a pair with IC 1439 4.2' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1438 = J. 1-466, along with IC 1439, on 20 Jul 1892.

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IC 1439 = ESO 602-002 = KTS 68B = PGC 68476

22 16 40.1 -21 29 09

V = 13.7;  Size 1.3'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 27d

 

24" (8/16/12): fairly faint, fairly small, oval 3:2 SSW-NNE, ~30"x20".  Fainter of a pair with IC 1438 4.2' NW.

 

17.5" (7/25/95): very faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE, 1.0'x0.5', slightly brighter core.  Forms a pair with brighter IC 1438 4.2' NW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1439 = J. 1-467, along with IC 1438, on 20 Jul 1892.

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IC 1441 = MCG +06-48-023 = CGCG 513-021 = CGCG 514-001 = PGC 68413

22 15 19.2 +37 18 06

V = 14.7;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 32d

 

17.5" (7/15/93): third of 7 in the NGC 7242 group.  Extremely faint, very small, slightly elongated, very low even surface brightness.  In a close trio with NGC 7240 1.4' SE and IC 5192 1.5' SSW.  A mag 11 star is 1.9' WNW.

 

17.5" (7/28/92): extremely faint, very small, elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE.  A mag 11 star is 2' W.  Forms a close pair with brighter NGC 7240 1.2' SE.  Faintest in the NGC 7242 group with NGC 7242 4' E and IC 5191 3.5' WNW.  Appears about 0.5 mag fainter than the 15.3p magnitude in the CGCG.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1441 = Big. 233 on 5 Dec 1888 with the 12" refractor at Lick Observatory.  It is shown on his discovery sketch of IC 5192, 5192, 5193, and labeled as nebula "e".  Bigourdan independently discovered this galaxy on 25 Sep 1889 and measured an accurate position.  As Barnard's sketch wasn't published until 1906, Bigourdan was unaware of his observation and Bigourdan is credited with the discovery in the IC 1.

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IC 1442

22 15 59 +53 59 06

V = 9.1;  Size 3.5'

 

17.5" (8/5/94): about three dozen stars in a distinctive curving row oriented SW-NE about 4' diameter with fainter loops at both ends.  A mag 9 star SAO 34248 is off the SE and a mag 10 star SAO 34250 is off the NE end.  Unconcentrated but stands out well at low power (100x).  Located 20' SE of NGC 7245.

 

Thomas Espin discovered IC 1442 around 1893 with his 17" reflector at his private observatory in England (no date given in his discovery paper).  He recorded "haze round some dozen faint stars."  His position is about 5' too far northeast and this error was repeated in modern sources.

 

Cederblad catalogued this object as Ced 202 based on the IC description of "Cl of neb stars", but there is no nebulosity.

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IC 1445 = ESO 602-019 = MCG -03-57-007 = PGC 68826

22 25 30.3 -17 14 36

V = 12.7;  Size 1.5'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 80d

 

18" (10/16/09): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter.  Contains a bright stellar nucleus or a faint star is superimposed.

 

Ormond Stone discovered IC 1445 = LM(S) 833 on 13 Oct 1887. The position was measured several times and the offsets point directly to ESO 602-019 = PGC 68826.

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IC 1447 = MCG -01-57-014 = PGC 68996

22 29 59.8 -05 07 12

V = 12.8;  Size 1.4'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 100d

 

24" (9/27/14): moderately bright, oval 5:3 ~E-W, 50"x30", fades out at east and west ends, broad concentration.  Contains a large, bulging brighter core but no obvious nucleus.  Located 1.4' S of mag 9.3 HD 213214. This is a relatively bright galaxy to be missed in the NGC.

 

Edward Swift discovered IC 1447 = Sw X-51 on 29 Sep 1891 and recorded "eeeF; pS; R; Munich 12516 3' n; Found searching for Comet Tempel-Swift."  The position is 3.6' too far east-southeast.  Herbert Howe measured an accurate RA (13 sec further east than Swift).

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IC 1452 = NGC 7374B = MCG +02-58-006 = CGCG 430-005 = Holm 798b = PGC 69675

22 45 59.2 +10 52 03

V = 14.8;  Size 0.3'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.0

 

24" (7/29/16): faint, nearly stellar [nucleus of the galaxy?].  IC 1452 forms a double system with NGC 7374 [centers separated by 56"].

 

17.5" (8/20/88): very faint, extremely small, round.  Forms a double system with NGC 7374 57" SSE.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1452 = B. 235 on 10 Oct 1890.  Both Malcolm Thomson and Harold Corwin noticed a six-degree error in the IC polar distance compared to Bigourdan's original position (1860 coordinations) in his 5th Comptes Rendus list.  Once corrected, his position matches CGCG 430-005 = PGC 69675. The CGCG, MCG, PGC, SIMBAD and HyperLeda (and secondary sources) don't label this galaxy as IC 1452.  The RNGC identifies this galaxy as NGC 7374B.

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IC 1454 = PK 117+18.1 = Abell 81 = PN G117.5+18.9

22 42 25.0 +80 26 32

V = 14.4;  Size 34"x31"

 

24" (10/3/13): at 225x using an NPB filter, IC 1454 (Abell 81) appeared fairly bright, round, 30" diameter, crisp-edged.  The planetary has a relatively large, brighter rim that is unevenly lit, and a small (~12"), slightly darker center.  Unfiltered the annularity is more difficult to confirm, though the rim appears slightly brighter on the south side.  A pair of 14th magnitude stars are just off the NE side and a mag 13.4 star is 1' SE.  Situated 4.3' W of mag 7 HD 215867.

 

18" (10/13/07): easily swept up at 175x, located 4' W of mag 7.0 HD 215867.  Compared views unfiltered and with UHC, OIII and NPB filters.  Best seen using OIII, though NPB gave the most natural view with brighter stars. Two faint mag 14/15 stars are very near the NE edge (brighter star barely off edge) with a brighter mag 13 star 1' SE.  At 225x using the NPB filter, IC 1454 appeared round, ~25-30" in diameter with an impression of an irregular surface brightness.  The rim sometimes appeared slightly brighter with a weaker center giving a very subtle annularity.

 

18" (10/9/04): easily picked up at 73x just 4' WNW of a 7th magnitude star as a small, well-defined disc.  Visible unfiltered at 160x; a couple of mag 14/15 stars are barely off the NE edge of the planetary and a 13th magnitude star lies 1' SE.  Good contrast gain with OIII filter.  The disc is perfectly round, ~25" diameter with a very crisp edge.  The surface brightness appeared a bit irregular but could not verify annularity at this power.

 

17.5" (10/13/01): picked up at 100x without filter as a faint, small disc situated 4' WNW of a mag 7 star.  Excellent contrast gain with an OIII filter and appears as a round, 25" crisp-edged disc.  At 220x without filter a faint mag 14/15 pair is at the NE edge.  Very nice view using a UHC filter at 140x-220x; the PN is slightly elongated ~E-W but no other details are visible.

 

17.5" (8/8/91): moderately bright, fairly small, almost round, slightly elongated E-W, 30" diameter.  A faint double star mag 14/15 is at the NE edge.  Located 3.8' WNW of mag 7 SAO 3785.  No central star visible.  Pretty planetary at 220x without filter.

 

13" (8/11/85): at 88x and OIII filter, fairly faint, fairly small, round.  Located 4' W of a mag 7 star that detracts from viewing.  At 166x with a UHC filter; easy to view, moderately large.  Two very faint stars are involved near the NE edge.

 

William Denning discovered IC 1454 on 9 Aug 1891 with his 10-inch reflector (announced in Observatory, 15, 104).  He noted it was "rather a difficult object, except on a good night, though I picked it up with a power of only 40.  It is noteworthy as being situated in the midst of a region containing very few nebulae."  IC 1454 was rediscovered by Abell in 1955 on the POSS, assumed to be new, and recatalogued as Abell 81.

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IC 1458 = NGC 7441? = MCG -01-58-007 = PGC 70080

22 56 41.4 -07 22 45

V = 13.6;  Size 1.3'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 144d

 

18" (10/25/03): very faint, small, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, 1.0'x0.7', low even surface brightness.  A 15' string of stars oriented SW-NE with mag 9.5 SAO 146395 at the southwest end passes north of the galaxy.  A mag 9.5 star is 10' due west.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1458 = J. 1-477 on 17 Sep 1892.  His position is accurate.  See notes for NGC 7441, which Harold Corwin suggests may be an earlier discovery of this galaxy.

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IC 1459 = ESO 406-030 = MCG -06-50-016 = IC 5265 = PGC 70090

22 57 10.5 -36 27 45

V = 10.0;  Size 5.2'x3.8';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 40d

 

18" (10/25/08): very bright, fairly large, elongated 4:3 SW-NE, sharply concentrated with a very bright core.  The brightest portion of the halo extends 1.5'x1.1' and this is surrounded by a much dimmer outer envelope.  Bracketed by a mag 11 star 3' WNW of center and a mag 12 star 2.7' E.  This member of the Grus Chain of 9 galaxies is possibly the brightest southern galaxy missed by John Herschel.

 

17.5" (8/6/97): bright, fairly large, elongated ~5:4 SW-NE.  Well concentrated and dominated by a large, bright core.  The halo is quite extensive with averted vision and the dimensions are ~3.5'x3.0'.  Situated between a mag 11 star 3' WNW and a mag 12 star a similar distance following.  Brightest in a group including IC 5264 just 6' SSW.

 

17.5" (7/22/87): bright, fairly small, very bright core, slightly elongated halo SW-NE.  Located midway between a mag 11 star 3.0' WNW and mag 12 star 2.7' E.  Brightest in a large group of galaxies situated in a string N-S with IC 5264 6' SSW.

 

13" (10/20/84): bright, small, round, small bright nucleus, two stars at equal distance WNW and E.  Much easier than nearby IC 5269, IC 5270, IC 5273, NGC 7418 and NGC 7421!

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1459 on 13 Dec 1889 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He found it while searching for Brorsen's Comet (5D/Brorsen), along with several other NGC galaxies.  Barnard noted "small, cometary, bright with nucleus 12m, 1/2' dia."  His position is off the northeast edge of the galaxy (10 seconds too large in RA and 2' too far north).  A second position computed the next night is just 40" south of center.

 

Lewis Swift independently discovered the galaxy on 10 Jun 1896 and described Sw XI-220 as "B, cL, R, betw 2 stars p and f; nf of 2 [with IC 5264].  His position is 25 seconds of RA too large and 4' too far south, but the identification is certain.  So, IC 1459 = IC 5265.  Corwin notes that Dreyer questioned if IC 5265 might be identical to NGC 7418, but it's not.

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IC 1470 = Sh 2-156 = Ced 208 = Hb 10 = PP 104 = GM 1-79

23 05 10.3 +60 14 37

Size 1.2'x0.75'

 

18" (9/24/05): small, high surface brightness elongated glow extending from an 11th magnitude star.  At 115x, the nebulosity was not noticeably enhanced with an OIII filter but the UHC filter improved the contrast.  Easily takes 225x and the oval nebula appears to hang to the south-southeast of the bright star. A faint, close, equal mag double (STI 1138 = 12.7/12.7 at 4.6") lies 2' west.  A fairly striking, uncatalogued 5'x4' ring of stars follows by 9'.  The NW star in the ring (QT Cep) is encased in a faint glow (BFS 17).

 

18" (8/17/04): at 220x, this is a fairly bright, moderately large, 1' tear-shaped glow extending from a 12th magnitude star.  Nebulosity extends most south and SE of the star. A close, faint double star lies 1.9' W.  Several extremely faint stars are nearby, including one just off the SE edge and one close NE.

 

17.5" (10/30/99): picked up at 100x using an OIII filter as a small, bright glow surrounding a mag 12 star.  Best view at 280x unfiltered.  The involved star is attached at the north edge and the 1' oval nebula appears to hang off the south side of the star.  Close west is a very close, evenly matched faint double star!

 

13" (9/22/84): appears as a mag 12 star with a faint but easily visible oval nebula surrounding the star.  Extends mainly SE with the 12th magnitude star at the tip.  Visible without a filter.  Similar to Hubble's Variable Nebula.

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 1470 = Sp 62 on 20 Mar 1892 while observing Comet 1892 II.  Both PechŸle as well as Barnard (AN 3110 and AJ 11) found it just a day later while observing the comet.

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IC 1472 = CGCG  454-002 = MCG  +03-59-004 = PGC 70573

23 09 06.7 +17 15 33

V = 14.1;  Size 0.9'x0.4'

 

18" (10/19/06): very faint, very small, slightly elongated ~E-W, 0.3'x0.2', weak concentration, occasional very faint stellar nucleus with direct vision.  Located 4.5' ENE of mag 10.3 DY Peg (well studied short period Delta Scuti variable (105 min period).

 

Rudolph Spitaler discovered IC 1472 = Sp 32 on 25 Oct 1891 with the 27-inch refractor at the Vienna Observatory.

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IC 1484 = PGC 1392792

23 22 39.9 +11 23 04

V = 15.1;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  PA = 49d

 

17.5" (9/7/96): extremely faint and small, round.  Faintest in trio with IC 1483 and IC 1485 and requires averted vision and GSC finder chart to glimpse occasionally.  Located 2.1' WNW of brighter IC 1485.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1484 = J. 1-799, along with IC 1483 and 1485, on 2 Dec 1893.  The latter two galaxies are probably identical to Andrew Ainslie Common's NGC 7638 and NGC 7639, discovered earlier in 1880.  Common mentions two galaxies within 30' SE of NGC 7630 (#32 on his list).  MCG incorrectly identifies MCG +02-59-032 as IC 1484, although MCG +02-59-032 = IC 1485.

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IC 1492 = MCG -01-59-028  = PGC 71629

23 30 36.1 -03 02 24

V = 13.1;  Size 1.3'x1.1';  PA = 32d

 

24" (11/24/14): moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated SSW-NNE, sharply concentrated with a bright 20" core and a thin very low surface brightness halo.  A mag 12 star lies 1' SSW.  Located 5.6' SE of mag 9.6 SAO 146743.  IC 1496 lies 7.7' NNE.

 

Edward Swift discovered IC 1492 = Sw X-53 on 17 Oct 1891 and recorded "eF; S; R; sp of 2 [with NGC 1496]."  His position is accurate.  This was Edward's last discovery, made from Southern California (Lowe Observatory) at age 20.  Parrish discovered IC 1496 the previous year.

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IC 1496 = MCG -01-59-029 = PGC 71634

23 30 53.5 -02 56 03

V = 13.2;  Size 1.7'x1.3';  PA = 65d

 

24" (11/24/14): moderately bright, moderately large, slightly elongated ~E-W, fairly well concentrated with a bright 20" core.  The halo increases the size to 0.6'x0.5'.  Forms a pair with IC 1492 7.8' SSW.

 

N. M. Parrish discovered IC 1496 = LM(S) 863 = Sw X-54 on 9 Oct 1890 with the 26-inch refractor at the Leander McCormick Observatory.  His micrometric position is accurate.  Edward Swift independently rediscovered this galaxy on 17 Oct 1891, along with IC 1492, and recorded "eeF, pS, R, nf of 2 [with IC 1492].  Swift is credited with the discovery in the IC.

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IC 1504 = UGC 12734 = MCG +01-60-020 = CGCG 407-041 = PGC 72117

23 41 19.5 +04 01 03

V = 13.5;  Size 1.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 91d

 

24" (11/24/14): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 E-W, very weak concentration, 36"x15".  A mag 15 star is just off the south side [39" from center].  Picked up 17' NNW of NGC 7731.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1504 = J 496 on 19 Aug 1892.  His published position is 2' too far north (error with offset star?).

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IC 1505 = MCG -01-60-020 = PGC 72133

23 41 37.1 -03 33 54

V = 13.5;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  PA = 156d

 

48" (11/2/13): at 488x appeared bright, moderately large, slightly elongated NNW-SSE, ~45"x35", sharply concentrated with a very bright core and bright stellar nucleus.  Forms the vertex of an isosceles triangle with the interacting pair (connected by a long tidal plume) Arp 295 = VV 34, consisting of MCG -01-60-021 6.7' SSE and MCG -01-60-022 6.7' SE.

 

17.5" (11/1/97): faint, small, round, 0.6' diameter.  Brightest of trio with the interacting pair Arp 295 = MCG -01-60-021 6.6' SSE and MCG -01-60-022 6.7' ESE.  Weak but even concentration to a small brighter core and a faint stellar nucleus.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1505 = Sw X-57 on 12 Nov 1891 and recorded "eeeF, pS, R, 3 pB stars following and 4 or 5 stars preceding, ee dif."  His position is 13 seconds of time preceding MCG -01-60-020 = PGC 72133, but a good match in declination.  Herbert Howe provided an accurate position in 1888-89 (repeated in the IC 2 Notes).

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IC 1513 = UGC 12832 = MCG +02-60-024 = CGCG 432-039 = PGC 72773

23 53 29.4 +11 19 03

V = 14.0;  Size 1.0'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 106d

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; faint, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 WNW-ESE, 30"x10", low surface brightness.  Located 21' SE of NGC 7774 (double system).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1513 = J. 2-804 on 28 Nov 1893 and recorded "F, vS, E in the diurnal movement [E-W], gradually condensed."  His position is accurate.  MCG failed to equate its entry +02-60-024 with IC 1513.

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IC 1515 = UGC 12848 = MCG +00-01-004 = CGCG 382-002 = PGC 72922

23 56 03.9 -00 59 19

V = 13.5;  Size 1.0'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.2

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; faint, fairly small, oval 2:1 N-S, weak concentration, 30"x15".  A mag 12 star is just off the west side.  Forms a pair with IC 1516 4.4' NNE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1515 = Sw X-58 on 12 Nov 1891 and recorded "eeeF, pS, 9.5m * inv, B * nf and pF * sp; sp of 2 [with IC 1516]; ee diff."  His position is just off the west side of the galaxy.

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IC 1516 = UGC 12852 = MCG +00-01-006 = CGCG 382-004 = PGC 72927

23 56 07.1 -00 54 59

V = 13.1;  Size 1.7'x1.6';  Surf Br = 14.1

 

24" (1/1/16): fairly faint or moderately bright, round, 0.6' diameter, broad concentration to a slightly brighter core.  Northern of a pair with IC 1515 4.4' SSW.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1516 = Sw X-59 on 14 Nov 1889 while searching for Brooks' Comet with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted "S, R, gbM, slightly cometary" and measured offsets of -0m 20.55s (mean of 5 measures) and +0' 53" from his comparison star, which is apparently mag 9 HD 224265.  IC 1516 is within a few arcseconds of these offsets.  He didn't publish the discovery, though, or notify Dreyer.

 

Lewis Swift independently discovered this galaxy on 12 Nov 1891 and described it as "vF, pS, R, B * sf, nf of 2 [with IC 1515]."  Swift was credited with the discovery in the IC.

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IC 1520 = Arp 50 = VV 25 = MCG -02-01-007 = PGC 73057

23 57 54.8 -14 02 27

V = 13.8;  Size 0.7'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 165d

 

18" (10/29/11): at 283x, Arp 50 was easily visible as a faint to fairly faint, small, round glow, ~24" diameter.  The surface brightness is nearly even, though occasionally a slightly brighter stellar nucleus popped out.  Located 11' NW of mag 7.2 HD 224512.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1520 = J. 1-501 on 4 Nov 1891.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1524 = IC 1490 = MCG -01-01-011 = PGC 73151

23 59 10.7 -04 07 37

Size 1.7'x0.7';  PA = 84d

 

24" (1/1/16): moderately bright and large, oval 5:3 WSW-ENE, 50"x30", faint elongated halo.  Contains a fairly bright, rounder core with either a stellar nucleus or a star superimposed near the center.  A mag 14 star is 40" N of center. [Note: The DSS shows a faint star close following the core].

 

Forms a pair with MCG -01-01-012 = PGC 73143 3.9' S.  The companion appeared faint, fairly small, very elongated 3:1 WSW-ENE.  A mag 14 star is 0.4' N of center and somewhat hides the galaxy.  Many sources misidentify this galaxy as IC 1524.

 

Truman Safford discovered IC 1524 = Sf 87 on 23 Sep 1867.  There was no published description and there is nothing at his position.  But 20 seconds of RA west and 1.6' north is PGC 73151, the brighter of a north-south pair of galaxies and so much more likely to have been seen than the southern edge-on.  Lewis Swift independently found IC 1524 on 5 Nov 1891 and recorded Sw X-52 (later IC 1490) as "eF; pS; R; vF * close N; 6 pB = Mag stars p[receding]."  There is nothing near Swift's position, but Harold Corwin found that Swift made an error of 30 minutes of time (too small) in recording his RA.  Once corrected, his RA is just 9 seconds too small and the dec matches perfectly, as well as his description.  So, IC 1524 = IC 1490.  MCG, PGC, HyperLeda, WikiSky, etc. misidentify the southern galaxy, MCG -01-01-012, as IC 1524.

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IC 1525 = UGC 12883 = MCG +08-01-016 = PGC 73150

23 59 15.9 +46 53 20

V = 12.2;  Size 1.9'x1.4';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 20d

 

17.5" (7/17/93): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 1.0' diameter, broad mild concentration, very small brighter core.  Surprisingly bright for an IC galaxy.  Located 8' WSW of mag 7.3 SAO 53560.  Brightest of three with PGC 18 10' ENE and UGC 12888 6.5' E.  UGC 12889 lies 24' NNE.  PGC 18, just 1.7' NNE of the mag 7.3 star, appeared extremely faint, very small, round.  UGC 12888 was a challenging object and just glimpsed 4.2' SW of the bright star.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1525 = Sw IX-100 on 19 Aug 1887 and logged "eF; pS; R; D * points to it."  His RA is 45 seconds too large and happens to fall closer to UGC 12888 = MCG +08-01-017 = PGC 73195, a much fainter galaxy. Swift very likely picked up the brightest of the 3 galaxies in the field.  MCG misidentifies MCG +08-01-017 as IC 1525, instead of +08-01-016.

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IC 1534 = UGC 125 = MCG +08-01-028 = CGCG 549-025 = V Zw 6 = PGC 910

00 13 45.5 +48 09 04

V = 13.8;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 72d

 

17.5" (8/31/86): faint, very small, elongated WSW-ENE, even surface brightness.  A mag 11 star is off the NE edge 39" from the center.  First of three IC galaxies in the NGC 51 group of six galaxies with IC 1535 2.0' ENE and IC 1536 5.6' E.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1534, along with IC 1535 and 1536, on 6 Jul 1888 while sweeping with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  His notebook sketch (including NGC 48, 49 and 51) was reproduced in AN 4136.  He added a note that this discovery (and others in AN 4136) was put in an envelope and addressed to A.N. nine years ago, but for some unknown reason were never put in the mails.

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IC 1535 = MCG +08-01-030 = CGCG 549-026 = PGC 922

00 13 57.3 +48 09 29

V = 13.6;  Size 1.1'x0.2';  Surf Br = 11.7;  PA = 170d

 

17.5" (8/31/86): faint, small, elongated ~N-S, even surface brightness, very diffuse.  A mag 11 star is 1.5' W.  Second of three IC galaxies in the NGC 51 group with IC 1534 2.0' WSW.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1535, along with IC 1534 and 1536 on 6 Jul 1888 while sweeping with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  See IC 1534 for more.

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IC 1536 = MCG +08-01-032 = CGCG 549-028 = Mrk 939 = PGC 949

00 14 19.0 +48 08 36

V = 14.3;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 171d

 

17.5" (8/31/86): fourth of six in the NGC 51 group and the third of three IC galaxies with IC 1535 3.7' WNW and IC 1534 5.6' W.  Very faint, very small, slightly elongated, faint stellar nucleus.  A group of four mag 12 -13 stars is just north with the closest star 47" NW of center.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1536, along with IC 1534 and 1535 on 6 Jul 1888 while sweeping with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  See IC 1534 for more.

 

Huey (22" @184-328x): Considerably faint slightly elongated glow with diffuse edges.  PA = 0 and 0.4' long.  An upside down "y" of 13th magnitude stars is just north.

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IC 1542 = MCG +04-02-001 = CGCG 479-001 = PGC 1328

00 20 41.2 +22 35 33

V = 14.1;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 78d

 

18" (11/22/08): faint, small, irregularly round, low surface brightness.  Located on the NW edge of the NGC 80 cluster.  Forms a pair with 2MASX J00203547+2234376 located 1.7' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1542 = J. 3-810 on 20 Nov 1897.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1546 = NGC 85B = MCG +04-02-008 = CGCG 479-010 = PGC 1382

00 21 29.0 +22 30 21

V = 14.6;  Size 0.9'x0.2';  Surf Br = 12.6

 

18" (11/22/08): very faint, small, elongated 3:1 NW-SE, 0.45'x0.15'.  Forms the fainter member of a close double system with NGC 85 just 0.9' NW of center and the major axis of the galaxy points to NGC 85.

 

17.5" (9/19/87): extremely faint, very small, elongated NW-SE, visible with averted vision only.  Forms a double system just 1' E of NGC 85 in the NGC 80 group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1546 = J. 3-814 on 20 Nov 1897 and measured an accurate position.  Harold Corwin suggests dropping the use of designation NGC 85B for this galaxy since the IC 1546 identification is certain.

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IC 1558 = ESO 474-002 = MCG -04-02-024 = UGCA 8 = PGC 2142

00 35 47.1 -25 22 28

V = 12.2;  Size 3.4'x2.5';  Surf Br = 14.4;  PA = 150d

 

17.5" (9/7/96): extremely faint, fairly large, very low surface brightness.  At times appeared elongated NNW-SSE but very difficult to trace the outer halo due to its low surface brightness.  Requires averted and cannot hold steadily.  Located 3.5' NE of mag 8 SAO 166387.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1558 = DS 111 on an Arequipa plate from 3 Nov 1898. He recorded "star north, possible spiral, E at 160”."

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IC 1559 = NGC 169A = Arp 282 NED2 = MCG +04-02-034 = Mrk 341 = PGC 2201

00 36 52.3 +23 59 06

V = 14.0;  Size 0.8'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 94d

 

13.1" (10/20/84): appears as a "faint star" possibly nebulous at the south edge of NGC 169, forming a close contact system (Arp 282).

 

R.J. Mitchell discovered IC 1559 = Big. 245 = J 3-819 on 18 Sep 1857 using LdR's 72" and described NGC 160 as "S; d. neb; the n one is E, sp/nf; bM."  IC 1559 is the fainter southern component.  It was confirmed a month later on 22 Oct 1857 and reobserved by Lawrence Parsons in 1866.  JH interpreted Mitchell's observation as implying NGC 160 was double and included the "nova" as GC 80.  But comparing the description to the field, it's clear that Mitchell was referring to NGC 169 and its close companion to the south, which later received the designation IC 1559.

 

Herman Schultz observed the field on 5 Sep 1867 (9.6" refractor) and also suspected NGC 169 to be double ("is probably S globular, and seems sometimes to be divided into two separate objects.").  In the 1880 publication Dreyer notes that Mitchell mistook his object for h32 = NGC 160, but the "double nebula" should apply to h82 = NGC 169.

 

Because of all the confusion Dreyer dropped GC 80 from the GC Supplement and added GC 5107 (which became NGC 162) to a faint star east-northeast of NGC 160 that Schultz and Lawrence Parsons noted as nebulous.  As a result IC 1559 did not receive a NGC number despite being observed twice by Mitchell, later seen by Lawrence Parsons and even suspected by Schultz.  Finally, it was observed again independently by Bigourdan on 7 Oct 1885 and by Javelle on 20 Nov 1897 and included in the IC as 1559.  Dreyer credited "LdR", along with Bigourdan and Javelle, as the discoverer.

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IC 1561 = ESO 474-0089 = MCG -04-02-029 = AM 0036-243 NED01 = KTS 5A = PGC 2305

00 38 32.5 -24 20 24

V = 14.1;  Size 1.2'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 103d

 

24" (10/3/13): fairly faint, elongated 5:2 WNW-ESE, 45"x22", slightly brighter core.  Forms a pair with IC 1562 4' N.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1561 = DS 112 on an Arequipa plate taken on 3 Nov 1898.  He recorded "star north, E at 105”."

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IC 1562 = ESO 474-009 = MCG -04-02-030 = AM 0036-243 NED02 = KTS 5B = PGC 2308

00 38 34.0 -24 16 27

V = 12.8;  Size 1.6'x1.5';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 170d

 

24" (10/3/13): moderately bright and large, slightly elongated, ~1.2' diameter, broad concentration but no distinct core or nucleus.  A mag 13 star is 0.9' N of center, just off the north side.  Brightest in a triplet (KTS 5) with IC 1561 4.0' S and MCG -04-02-031 4.6' NE.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1562 = DS 113 on an Arequipa plate taken on 3 Nov 1898.  He recorded "S, R, psbM."

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IC 1563 = NGC 191A = Arp 127 NED2 = Holm 13b = MCG -02-02-076 = PGC 2332

00 39 00.2 -09 00 52

V = 12.8;  Size 0.8'x0.6';  Surf Br = 11.9;  PA = 143d

 

17.5" (9/17/88): faint, very small, round.  A mag 14 star is 30" N.  Forms a double system with NGC 191 just 45" NNW of center.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1563 = Big. 362 on 16 Dec 1897.  He noted it was 0.6' in PA 160” (SSE) from NGC 191.  This galaxy is often referred to as NGC 191A, although that designation is unnecessary as the IC designation is certain.  In "Die Herschel-Nebel" (1926), Reinmuth noted, "pF vS neb ssf 1.0' [of NGC 191]"

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IC 1565 = UGC 410 = MCG +01-02-047 = CGCG 409-057 = IC 1567: = PGC 2372

00 39 26.3 +06 44 03

V = 13.3;  Size 1.5'x1.5';  Surf Br = 14.1

 

18" (8/26/06): the brightest member of AGC 76 appeared fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.8'x0.7', very small bright core. The next two brightest cluster members are IC 1566 which lies 5' NE and IC 1568 10' NE. Several mag 10-11 stars are in the field, including a mag 10 star 3.4' SE.

 

17.5" (9/5/99): first of three in core of AGC 76.  Appears faint, small, round, 30" diameter.  Located 2.4' S of a mag 11.5 star and 3.4' NW of a mag 10.5 star.  IC 1566 lies 5.2' NE and IC 1568 is 10' NE.  NGC 190 (HCG 5) lies 20' NNW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1565 = J. 3-820, along with IC 1566, 1568, 1569 and 1570, on 24 Nov 1897.   Discovered by Javelle.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1566 = MCG +01-02-048 = CGCG 409-058 = PGC 2373

00 39 33.3 +06 48 55

Size 0.6'x0.5'

 

18" (8/26/06): faint, small, round, 0.6' diameter.  Slightly smaller and fainter than IC 1565.  Located 5' NE of IC 1565 in AGC 76.

 

17.5" (9/5/99): second of three in AGC 76.  Very faint, small, round, 30" diameter.  Appears similar to IC 1565 but slightly lower surface brightness.  Located 3.0' NE of a mag 11.5 star and 5.2' NE of IC 1565.  IC 1568 lies 6.0' NE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1566 = J. 3-821 on 24 Nov 1897.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1568 = MCG +01-02-052 = CGCG 409-061 = PGC 2404

00 39 55.9 +06 50 55

Size 0.9'x0.9'

 

18" (8/26/06): faint, small, ~25"x15".  Third and faintest of three on a line with IC 1565 and IC 1566 in AGC 76.

 

17.5" (9/5/99): third of three in AGC 76 with IC 1565 and IC 1566.  Appears very faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 WNW-ESE, ~50"x35".  IC 1566 lies 6.0' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1568 = J. 3-822 on 24 Nov 1897.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1569 = MCG +01-02-053 = PGC 2430

00 40 28.0 +06 43 11

Size 0.7'x0.6'

 

18" (8/26/06): very faint, small, slightly elongated, 20"x16".  Located 2.7' SW of a mag 10.7 star and 15' dues east of IC 1565 in AGC 76.

 

17.5" (12/11/99): very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  A mag 15-15.5 star lies 1.1' S of center.  Located 15' due east of IC 1565 in AGC 76.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1569 = J. 3-823, along with IC 1568, on 24 Nov 1897.  His position is accurate.

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IC 1574 = UGCA 9 = ESO 474-018 = MCG -04-02-043 = DDO 226 = PGC 2578

00 43 03.8 -22 14 49

V = 13.7;  Size 2.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.9;  PA = 175d

 

18" (12/17/11): at 175x, an extremely or very faint, low surface brightness glow was visible with averted vision.  Appeared fairly small, elongated N-S, ~25"x15".  Located 27' SW of mag 5.2 HD 4247.  This dwarf is a member of the Sculptor Group.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1562 = DS 115 on an Arequipa plate taken on 3 Nov 1898.  He recorded "vF, vmE at 0” [N-S], gbM."

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IC 1583 = MCG +04-03-001 = CGCG 480-004 = PGC 2760

00 47 10.3 +23 04 26

V = 14.9;  Size 0.7'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 25d

 

24" (12/1/13): faint to fairly faint, very small, slightly elongated, 18"x15", contains a very small bright nucleus, high surface brightness.  First in a trio with slightly bright IC 1585 1.5' SE and MCG +04-03-003 2.6' SE.  Located 1.2” S of mag 4.1 Zeta And.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1583 = J. 3-826, along with IC 1585, on 23 Nov 1897.  His micrometric position is accurate.  MCG +04-03-001 is not identified as IC 1583 in the MCG..

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IC 1585 = MCG +04-03-002 = CGCG 480-005 = PGC 2764

00 47 14.3 +23 03 13

V = 14.6;  Size 0.8'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 109d

 

24" (12/1/13): fairly faint, very small, round, 18" diameter, contains a very small very bright nucleus.  This compact galaxy has a very high surface brightness.  Second in a small triplet with IC 1583 1.5' NW and MCG +04-03-003 1.2' ESE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1585 = J. 3-827, along with IC 1583, on 23 Nov 1897.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1590 = Cr 8

00 52 49 +56 37 54

 

18" (2/16/07): at 220x about three dozen stars are visible in the region of the nebula, including a number of faint stars.  At the center is the multiple star Burnham 1, a striking triple with a difficult 4th component.  A close pair of mag 11.5 stars lie 0.9' SW of Burnham 1.

 

17.5" (9/28/02): IC 1590 is a young star cluster embedded in the core of NGC 281.  The bright central quadruple (ADS 719 = Burnham 1) contains a bright mag 8.6/9.2/9.8 trio at 4" and 9".  At 140x, a fourth fainter companion (mag ~10.1) at 1.54" separation is just visible close following the brightest member and is cleanly resolved at 324x.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1590 = Big 366 on 31 Oct 1899 and recorded "a large number of stars forming a very large cluster without concentration.  Seen in the region of NGC 281."  His position is 3' southeast of this group of stars centered on Burnham 1.

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IC 1599 = ESO 474-042 = MCG -04-03-030 = PGC 3210

00 54 32.8 -23 29 42

Size 1.1'x0.25';  PA = 107d

 

48" (11/2/13): moderately bright and large, thin edge-on 5:1 WNW-ESE, 1.0'x0.2', slightly brighter core.  Picked up while viewing the HCG 9 quartet which lies ~5' SW.  PGC 133684 lies 2.9' SE.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1599 = DS 127 on an Arequipa plate taken on 3 Nov 1898.  He recorded "vF, vS, pmE at 100” [ESE]."

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IC 1611 = ESO 029-SC027 = DEM S 106 = Lindsay 61

00 59 48.7 -72 20 01

V = 12.0;  Size 1.0'

 

30" (11/5/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): IC 1611, IC 1612 and Kron 22 are a trio of clusters just 10' SE of NGC 346, the best emission nebula in the SMC and the general field is striking (Hodge Association 44).  IC 1611 is fairly bright, irregular shape, elongated SW to NE, ~1 diameter.  A couple of very faint stars are resolved at the edges, though this object appears to be primarily an emission nebula (DEM S 106).  A mag 12.5 star lies 1' NNE (blue supergiant RMC 16) and a mag 13 star is 1' ENE.  IC 1612 lies 2.4' SSE and Kron 22 4' SE.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1611 = DS 132 = D 26?, along with IC 1612, from a plate taken on 27 Nov 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station. James Dunlop probably discovered the pair of cluster visually on 2 Sep 1826 and described "a small double nebula; the following is very faint."  His position is just 5' S of the clusters.  JH never verified Dunlop's D 26 and Stewart is credited with the discovery in the IC.

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IC 1612 = ESO 029-SC028 = Lindsay 62 = Kron 41

01 00 00.3 -72 22 18

V = 12.3;  Size 0.8'

 

30" (11/5/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): Second of three clusters with IC 1611 2.4' NNW and Kron 22 2.5' E.  Fairly bright, irregular shape elongated SW-NE, ~1.2' diameter.  A half-dozen stars are resolved around the edges including two very close pairs!  The background glow of the SMC is relatively bright in this region so the cluster is set over a background glow that seems to extend more noticeably to the west and SW.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1612 = DS 133 = D 26?, along with IC 1611, from a plate taken on 27 Nov 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station. James Dunlop probably discovered the pair of cluster visually on 2 Sep 1826 and described "a small double nebula; the following is very faint."  His position is just 5' S of the clusters.  JH never verified Dunlop's D 26 and Stewart is credited with the discovery in the IC.

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IC 1613 = UGC 668 = MCG +00-03-070 = Cetus system = PGC 3844

01 04 46.2 +02 07 04

V = 9.2;  Size 16.2'x14.5';  Surf Br = 15.0;  PA = 50d

 

18" (9/15/07): faint, very large, irregular glow, roughly elongated 4:3 SW-NE, ~8'x6'.  A mag 10.5 star is just at the west edge of the glow. A very small knot (HII region?) or core is faintly visible just 2' E or ENE of the mag 10.5 star.  There appears to be a very faint detached piece to the NE about 7' from the mag 10.5 star.  Located ~12' S of  mag 7.2 HD 6375.

 

13.1" (12/22/84): faint, large, extremely diffuse.  This Local Group member appears as an irregular hazy region with a large brighter section to the NE and a fainter section to the SW.  No visible core.  Several brighter stars are in the field includes a star at the SW edge.  Located 46' N of 26 Ceti.

 

Max Wolf discovered IC 1613 on a plates taken with the Bruce 16-inch telescope in Sep 1906.  Wolf's position (given in 1885 coordinates) is ~10' south and 1.5 minutes of time preceding the galaxy.  As he used BD stars to measure positions, its very possible the coordinates for the "densest part" are for 1855.  If so, his position is near the center of IC 1613!

 

William Baade first showed it was extragalactic in 1935 and a year later Hubble included it as a Local Group member.  The distance is ~2.4 million light years.

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IC 1619 = MCG +05-03-054 = CGCG 501-083 = PGC 3975

01 07 22.4 +33 04 02

V = 14.3;  Size 0.7'x0.55';  PA = 101d

 

24" (10/5/13): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 20" diameter, very slightly brighter nucleus.  Sandwiched between two mag 12.5/13 stars with a 1.4' separation and oriented SSW-NNE.  Picked up 13' WSW of NGC 392/394/397 triplet.  UGC 692 lies 8' SSE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1619 = J. 3-832 on 28 Nov 1899 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.

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IC 1622 = ESO 541-022 = MCG -03-04-001 = PGC 3997

01 07 36.7 -17 32 19

V = 13.7;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.4

 

24" (10/5/13): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter.  Picked up 3.1' SW of IC 1623, a very close double system, also known as Arp 236 and VV 114.  365x revealed a broad concentration with a brighter nucleus.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1622 = Sw XI-11, along with IC 1623, on 19 Nov 1897 and logged "vF; S; R; np of 2 [with IC 1623]."  His position is ~2' too far north-northwest, a similar error as IC 1623.  The IC description was corrected to read "sp of 2".

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IC 1623 = Arp 236 = VV 11 = ESO 541-IG23 = PGC 4007 + PGC 4008

01 07 47.2 -17 30 25

Size 1.2'x0.9'

 

24" (10/5/13): Arp 236 = VV 114 is in the Arp category of "appearance of fission", though this contact pair is apparently undergoing a merger and the two nuclei are separated by only 15"!  IC 1623A, the brighter western component, appeared fairly bright, fairly small, round, 25" diameter, high surface brightness.  IC 1634B, attached on the east end, appeared as a fairly faint, small glow that not separately resolved, just a bulge or knot on the east end.  365x revealed a broad concentration with a brighter nucleus.  Research reveals the IC 1634B is optically obscured but very bright in the infrared indicating intense star formation.  IC 1622 lies 3.1' SW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1623 = Sw XI-12, along with IC 1622, on 19 Nov 1897 and logged "B; cS; lE; sf of 2 [with IC 1622]."  His position is ~2.5' too far northwest, a similar error as IC 1622.  The IC description was corrected to read "nf of 2".

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IC 1624 = ESO 051-SC017 = Kron 52 = Lindsay 76

01 05 20.9 -72 02 35

V = 12.4;  Size 0.7'

 

18" (7/6/02 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): at 171x and UHC, this is the smaller of a pair of nebulous clusters with NGC 395.  It appeared about half the size of NGC 395, roughly 1' in diameter with a mottled appearance and no central condensation or resolution.  A mag 13 star is close west with a mag 11 star 2' W (supergiant SK 118).  A very small nebulous knot (SMC-N78C) was also noted ~2' SE. A large, scattered group of stars (OB-association) is superimposed on the field.  Located 9' E of NGC 371 and 3.5' SSE of NGC 395.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1624 = DS 137 from a plate taken on 27 Nov 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "vF, S, R."  Some catalogues give IC 1624 as the designation to the nebulosity only and the cluster associated with it is called Kron 52.  Here I have referred to IC 1624 as the name to the cluster, with Kron 52 being an alternate name.

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IC 1626 = ESO 029-SC030 = Lindsay 77

01 06 14.6 -73 17 51

V = 13.8

 

30" (11/6/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): fairly faint, fairly small, irregularly round, 45"x35", fairly even glow.  A couple of faint stars are resolved at the NW and SW edge.  Two mag 11.5 stars lie 4' SW and mag 10.6 HD 6932 lies 8' NE.  Hodge-Wright (HW) 52, a faint cluster, lies 5' NE.  In addition, IC 1644 lies 14' NE and Lindsay 86 is located 9' ENE.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1626 = DS 139 from a plate taken on 14 Dec 1903 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "vF, cS, R."

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IC 1634 = UGC 740 = MCG +03-04-008 = CGCG 459-014 = PGC 4232

01 11 02.9 +17 39 45

Size 0.4'x0.4'

 

17.5" (11/26/94): very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, very weak concentration.  Forms the north member of a similar double system with IC 1635 separation 40" between centers.  The halos are almost in contact.  A mag 14 star lies 50" W.  These are the brightest galaxies in the core of rich cluster AGC 154 which lies at a redshift of z = 0.067 (billion light years!).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1634 = J. 3-836, along with IC 1635, on 23 Dec 1897 and recorded "F, R, 20" to 25", gbMN, granular."

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IC 1635 = UGC 739 = MCG +03-04-009 = CGCG 459-013 = PGC 4231

01 11 03.5 +17 39 07

Size 0.4'x0.4'

 

17.5" (11/26/94): very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter, very weak concentration.  Forms the south member of a similar double system with IC 1634 separation 40" between centers.  The halos are almost in contact.  A mag 14 star lies 1.1' NW.  These are the brightest galaxies in the core of rich cluster AGC 154.  With a redshift of z = 0.061, this corresponds to a distance of 900,000 - 1,000,000 light years!).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1635 = J. 3-837, along with IC 1634, on 23 Dec 1897 and recorded "F, R, 20" to 25", gbMN, granular."

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IC 1636 = CGCG 501-125 = CGCG 502-001 = PGC 4280

01 11 37.5 +33 21 15

V = 14.4;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.3;  PA = 103d

 

18" (10/16/09): faint, small, round, 20" diameter, high surface brightness.  Located 15' NE of NGC 410 in a cluster.  IC 1638 lies 9' E.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1636 = J. 3-838, along with IC 1638, on 17 Oct 1903 and recorded "F, S, 15" to 20", gbMN."  CGCG incorrectly describes it as a double galaxy.

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IC 1638 = MCG +05-03-082 = CGCG 501-129 = CGCG 502-005 = PGC 4338

01 12 21.8 +33 21 52

V = 14.1;  Size 0.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.4

 

18" (10/16/09): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter.  Appears as a high surface brightness knot.  IC 1636 lies 9' W. Located 8' W of a mag 8.5 star. Member of the NGC 410 group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1638 = J. 3-839, along with IC 1636, on 17 Oct 1903 and recorded "F, R, 15" to 20", gbMN, stellar ncl 13m, granular."

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IC 1641 = ESO 051-SC022 = Kron 65 = Lindsay 87

01 09 25.1 -71 46 01

V = 13.4;  Size 1.0'

 

18" (7/11/05 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): very faint, small, 30" diameter, low surface brightness and no hint of resolution.  Follows NGC 411 by 7' and forms the eastern vertex of an equilateral triangle with NGC 411 and a mag 8 star 6' SW.  Observation made through thin haze.

 

18" (7/6/02 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): this faint SMC cluster is located 7' following NGC 411.  At 228x it appeared as just a very faint knot, less than 1' diameter with a low surface brightness and no resolution.  Located 5.5' NE of mag 8.6 HD 7031.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1641 = D.S. 143 photographically on 27 Nov 1900 at Harvard's station in Arequipa, Peru.  He simply noted "eF, eS, R." IC 1641 has been misidentified as a very faint cluster (Hodge-Wright 62) just following NGC 422.  But NGC 422 was recently found (2014) by Harold Corwin to be a duplicate observation of NGC 411 (see notes on NGC 422), so IC 1641 should apply to the cluster formerly known as NGC 422.  See Corwin's notes for more.

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IC 1644 = ESO 029-EN035 = Lindsay 481 = SMC-N81

01 09 13.1 -73 11 37

Size 0.8'

 

30" (11/6/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): very bright, small, compact high surface brightness HII region, 20" diameter, good response to a NPB filter.  Located 14' NE of IC 1626 and 20' WNW of NGC 456.  Mag 10.6 HD 6932 lies 7.7' W and a mag 10.3 star is 9' ENE with IC 1644 on the line connecting these stars. Within Hodge Association 60.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 1644 = HN 83 in 1901 from plates taken at the Arequipa station.

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IC 1648 = CGCG 501-131 = CGCG 502-007 = PGC 4417

01 13 42.1 +33 13 06

V = 14.4;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 132d

 

18" (10/16/09): faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  Located 5.4' NE and 9' NE of two mag 7.5-8 stars and 34' ENE of the NGC 410 quartet (NGC 407/408/410/414) in the same larger group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1648 = J. 3-847 on 7 Dec 1899 and noted "F, R, 15" to 20", mag 14 ncl, granular."

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IC 1655 = ESO 051-SC023 = Lindsay 90

01 11 54.4 -71 19 48

V = 14.0

 

30" (11/6/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): fairly faint, fairly small, soft round glow with an even surface brightness, 40" diameter.  Hodge-Wright (HW) 64 lies 5.5' W.  Located 19' NW of NGC 458.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1655 = D.S. 147 = D 59? on a photographic plate taken on 27 Nov 1900 at Harvard's station in Arequipa, Peru.  He simply noted "eF, vS, close cl."  James Dunlop may have discovered the cluster on 6 Sep 1826 with his 9" reflector from Paramatta and noted "a very small faint nebula, about 10" diameter."  Dunlop's position from 1 observation is 11' southeast of this cluster, about halfway to NGC 458, which may be Dunlop 60.

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IC 1657 = ESO 352-024 = MCG -06-03-030 = IC 1663 = PGC 4440

01 14 06.9 -32 39 03

V = 12.4;  Size 2.3'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.5;  PA = 170d

 

17.5" (12/26/00): fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated 7:2 ~N-S, 1.8'x0.5', brighter core.  Ends appear to taper giving a narrow lens appearance.  Two nearby faint companions off NW and NE side were not seen.  This is a Seyfert galaxy.

 

17.5" (11/6/93): fairly faint, very elongated 4:1 NNW-SSE, 1.6'x0.4', nearly edge-on appearance, weak concentration.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1657 = Sw XI-14 on 4 Sep 1897 and logged "eeF; S; eeE; a ray; no star nr."  His position is 19 seconds of time too large, but this edge-on is an obvious match in description.  He "rediscovered" it again less than two months later on 30 Oct 1897 and assumed it was new, describing XI-15 as "eeF, vE 350”; 5 sts sf have distant companions."  Although his second position is very poor (2 min of time too large and 2” too far north), the description matches and Harold Corwin equates IC 1657 = IC 1663.  See his identification notes.

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IC 1660 = ESO 051-SC024 = Lindsay 89

01 12 38.4 -71 45 41

V = 13.5;  Size 1.0'

 

30" (11/6/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 40" diameter.  A single brighter star is resolved along with a couple of extremely faint stars.  Located 8' SSW of mag 9.8 HD 7519, 17' SW of cluster NGC 458 and 22' due east of cluster NGC 411.  Several mag 12.5-13.5 stars are within 5', mostly on the south side.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1660 = D.S. 148 on a photographic plate taken on 27 Nov 1900 at Harvard's station in Arequipa, Peru.  He noted "eF, vS, R, * N inv in neb, or vF *."  His position is accurate.  For some reason, this object is included in Sky & Telescope's "Pocket Sky Atlas", although it is much fainter than other unplotted objects.

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IC 1662 = ESO 029-SC037 = Lindsay 92

01 12 33.4 -73 27 25

V = 14.0;  Size 1.0'

 

30" (11/6/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, 36"x24", brighter core.  No resolution except for a single star on the west side.  Lindsay 93, a fainter cluster, lies 1.5' SE.  Located 3.7' WNW of a mag 10.9 star and 11' SW of the bright emission nebula NGC 456.  NGC 456 is the first of three striking clusters and nebulae with 460 and 465.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1662 = D.S. 149 on a photographic plate taken on 27 Nov 1900 at Harvard's station in Arequipa, Peru.  He noted "vF, eS, neb or vS group of stars."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1667 = MCG -03-04-039 = PGC 4694

01 18 42.3 -17 03 01

V = 13.6;  Size 1.0'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 69d

 

18" (12/17/11): extremely faint, small, round, 20"-24" diameter, very low surface brightness.  Required averted vision to glimpse a few times, but confirmed.  The IC identification is uncertain due to a poor position by Swift.

 

18" (12/18/06): extremely faint, small, round, 0.4' diameter.  Appears as a very low surface brightness hazy spot without concentration.  Only visible intermittently with averted vision.  Located 4.8' W of brighter IC 93.  The B magnitude of 14.5 appears too bright (LEDA gives 15.3).

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1667 = Sw XI-16 on 6 Oct 1896 and reported "eF, pS, R, no * near, 8m * in field nf".  There is nothing near his position.  MCG suggests MCG -03-4-039 = IC 1667.  This galaxy is 1 min of time east and 3.5' north of Swift's position, though there is a mag 8.4 star 11' ENE that would have been in Swift's field.  So, despite the poor position (more common in his later years) and no mention of IC 93 = IC 1671, which he "discovered" twice and lies only 5' ESE, MCG -03-4-039 is a reasonable candidate.

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IC 1670 = VV 779 = MCG -03-04-040/041 = PGC 4707 + PGC 4711

01 18 50.8 -16 48 10

 

18" (11/13/07): IC 1670 consists of a contact pair of spiral galaxies.  The brighter galaxy (IC 1670B) on the east side appeared fairly faint, fairly small.  At first glance I noticed a fairly high surface brightness knot ~20" in diameter but with careful viewing, faint extensions were seen oriented E-W, increasing the size to ~0.9'x0.3'.  The initial knot I noticed is the sharply concentrated core of the galaxy.  At the west edge is an attached companion, IC 1670A, just 1' between centers.  IC 1670A appeared very faint, very small, round, just 0.2' diameter.  Apparently I only viewed the core of this edge-on galaxy.  Located ~3' SW of a mag 11 star.  IC 93 lies 15' SSE.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1670 = Sw XI-17 on 18 Dec 1895 and recorded "vF; pS; lE; wide D * near nf; f of 2."  There is nothing at his position, but 6' northwest is this double system.  In list XI  he called IC 1671 = IC 93  "p[receding] of 2", but these orientations are reversed.

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IC 1673 = CGCG 502-038 = PGC 4855

01 20 46.3 +33 02 42

V = 14.1;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

24" (10/4/13): fairly faint, small, round 18" diameter, contains a bright core and very small halo.  Located 6' NE of a mag 9.8 star.  CGCG 502-044 lies 7' NE.  Situated on the SW side of the NGC 507 Group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1673 = J. 3-858 on 17 Nov 1903 and noted "F, R, mag 13 stellar ncl."

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IC 1677 = MCG +05-04-025 = CGCG 502-042 = VV 600 = PGC 4891

01 21 07.1 +33 12 58

V = 15.2;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  PA = 129d

 

24" (10/4/13): extremely faint, small, round, 18" diameter, very low surface brightness with no core.  CGCG 502-043 lies 10' N and IC 1680 is 10' NE.  Member of the NGC 507 Group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1677 = J. 3-860 on 30 Nov 1899 and recorded "F, R, 30" to 40", mag 14 core."

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IC 1679 = MCG +05-04-027 = CGCG 502-048 = WBL 038-002 = PGC 4944

01 21 44.6 +33 29 37

V = 14.7;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 50d

 

24" (10/4/13): very faint, very small, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, 20"x14".  Located 2.9' SW of NGC 483 in the NGC 507 Group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1679 = J. 3-862 on 2 Dec 1899 and logged "F, S, irr form, diffuse, weakly condensed."

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IC 1680 = MCG +05-04-028 = CGCG 502-049 = WBL 038-003 = PGC 4956

01 21 51.2 +33 16 57

V = 14.3;  Size 0.7'x0.6';  PA = 103d

 

24" (10/4/13): faint to fairly faint, small, round, 15"-18" diameter.  Situated 1.5' N of a mag 9.8 star and 4' NW of mag 8.8 HD 8216.  IC 1682 lies  4.8' ESE.  Member of the NGC 507 Group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1680 = J. 3-863, along with IC 1682, on 29 Nov 1899 and noted "F, vS, 10" to 15", stellar nucl, mag 13.5 core, nebulous character certain."

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IC 1682 = UGC 912 = MCG +05-04-032 = CGCG 502-053 = WBL 038-005 = PGC 4983

01 22 13.3 +33 15 37

V = 14.0;  Size 0.9''x0.4';  PA = 120d

 

24" (10/4/13): fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 24"x16", weak concentration.  Located 2.1' NE of mag 8.8 HD 8216.  IC 1680 lies 4.8' WNW.  Member of the NGC 507 Group and 18' due W of this galaxy.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1682 = J. 865, along with IC 1680, on 29 Nov 1899.  His declination is 2' too far south (correctly copied into the IC), but Harold Corwin found that Javelle applied the wrong sign to his north polar distance from his offset star. Once corrected, his position is excellent.

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IC 1685 = PGC 169771

01 23 06.6 +33 11 22

V = 15.3;  Size 0.4'x0.3'

 

24" (10/4/13): very faint, extremely small, round, 10" diameter.  This member of the NGC 507 Group is situated just 2.5' NE of NGC 494 and 4.6' WSW of NGC 504. 

 

17.5" (10/4/97): this very difficult object is located 2.5' NE of NGC 494 in a cluster.  Just glimpsed with averted vision at 280x and appeared as a 10" fleeting spot with no concentration.  A mag 14.5 star lies 45" SSE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1685 = J. 3-868, along with IC 1687, on 1 Dec 1899 and reported "F, R, 20" to 25", diffuse, weakly condensed."  The identification is not in doubt, though the galaxy wasn't catalogued in RC3, CGCG, PGC or MCG.  Megastar software shows it as anonymous.

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IC 1687 = MCG +05-04-039 = CGCG 502-061 = PGC 5074

01 23 19.2 +33 16 40

V = 13.6;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  PA = 5d

 

24" (10/4/13): fairly faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  Located 1.6' SE of mag 7.6 HD 8347 and 4.5' WNW of NGC 507, the brightest member of the large group.  A mag 13.8 star is just 30" W.

 

17.5" (10/4/97): extremely faint and small, round, 10" diameter.  Required averted vision to view.  Located just 1.6' SE of mag 7.5 SAO 54647 within the NGC 507 Group.  A mag 14 star lies 30" preceding.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1687 = J. 3-870, along with IC 1685, on 1 Dec 1899 and noted "faint, round, 15", central core mag 14."  He worked his way through the NGC 507 cluster very thoroughly over several nights, picking up a number of faint galaxies.

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IC 1690 = CGCG 502-071 = PGC 5110

01 23 49.6 +33 09 23

V = 13.9;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  PA = 130d

 

17.5" (10/4/97): extremely faint, very small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 20"x10".  Extended in the direction of a mag 12 star 1.5' SE.  Member of the NGC 507 Group and located 6.4' SSE of NGC 507.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1690 = J. 3-873 on 30 Nov 1899 and noted "faint, very small, round, 10" to 15", stellar ncl, mag 13.4 core.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1691 = PGC 169777

01 24 25.8 +33 24 25

V = 15.2;  Size 0.5'x0.3';  PA = 123d

 

24" (10/4/13): extremely to very faint, very small, round, 12" diameter.  Located 4.0' WSW of NGC 517 and 4.8' SW of NGC 515 on the eastern side of the NGC 507 Group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1691 = J. 3-874 on 2 Dec 1899 and recorded "pF, nearly round, 20", no concentration."  His position is 2' too far south, which appears to be caused by a error in declination offset from his comparison star (same problem with IC 1684).

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IC 1693 = I Zw 6 = ZH 32 = PGC 73940

01 24 02.4 -01 39 26

V = 15.3;  Size 0.6'x0.25';  PA = 162d

 

17.5" (9/19/87): extremely faint and small, round.  Forms a very close pair with a close double star, whose components are both mag 15.  Located 2.0' SE of CGCG 385-099.  Member of AGC 194.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 1693 = Ho III-2 on 1 Jan 1900 and recorded "eF, vS, possibly only a faint star."  His micrometric position matches PGC 73940, though  Harold Corwin remarks that "This pair of objects [a faint star is superimposed] has also been confused with the middle (brightest) galaxy in the line, CGCG 385-099."  HyperLeda does not equate PGC 73940 with IC 1693 (as of Sept '15).

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IC 1695 = UGC 977 = MCG +01-04-055 = CGCG 411-054 = Shkh 40-1 = PGC 5245

01 25 07.7 +08 41 57

V = 14.0;  Size 0.7'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.1

 

48" (11/8/15): at 488x; bright, fairly small, slightly elongated, ~40" diameter, small very bright core.  A mag 15 star is embedded in the halo, just 10" NE of center.  A mag 13.5 star is 40" NW.

 

IC 1695 is the brightest member of Shakhbazian 40, which corresponds with the central region of AGC 193.  Nine additional galaxies ranging from V = 15.0 to V = 17.0 were visible in the 488x field: Shkh 40-14, 40-23, 40-29, 40-39, 40-43, 40-44, 40-56, 40-57, UGC 967.

 

18" (12/3/05): I forgot about my observation of IC 1695 two months ago and assumed it was part of the NGC 524 group.  But with a redshift of z = .048 compared to .008, this galaxy lies six times further away in the heart of AGC 193 and Shk 40!  At 225x it appeared faint to fairly faint, small, irregular round, slightly brighter core.  The core or a stellar knot seemed offset to one side (double galaxy).  A mag 12 star is less than 1' NW.  This description is quite similar to the one two months back.

 

18" (10/8/05): The brightest member of AGC 193 and Shakhbazian 40 appeared faint, small, irregularly round.  Situated just 43" SE of a mag 13 star.  In moments of better seeing this galaxy appeared double with an extremely faint knot or extension to the northeast of the core of the main galaxy.  The next day I checked the DSS and this observation matches the image!  This distant cluster has a redshift of z = .048 which corresponds to a distance of over 700 million light years.  The only other member seen was UGC 967, located 7.5' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1695 = Sw XI-19 on 26 Nov 1897 and recorded "eF; pS; R; 10m * att p; * with distant companion sf, another np."  His position is 3' too far northwest, but other nearby galaxies are much fainter.  A 12th magnitude star is ~45" northwest; I assume this is the "10m * attached preceding." and another mag 12 star 3.7' south-following (with "distant companion" 1.6' to its south).

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IC 1696 = UGC 973 = ZH 24 = MCG +00-04-122 = PGC 5231

01 24 52.3 -01 37 02

V = 13.6;  Size 0.9'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 10d

 

17.5" (9/19/87): faint, very small, irregularly round, small bright core.  A mag 14 star is 34" NW of center.  Located 3' SE of NGC 530 in AGC 194.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 1696 = Ho III-3 on 19 Jan 1900 at the Chamberlin Observatory in Denver and recorded "eF, eS; [NGC] 530 is n.p."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1698 = UGC 983 = MCG +02-04-040 = CGCG 436-045 = IC 1699? = PGC

01 25 22.1  +14 50 19

V = 14.0;  Size 1.3'x0.4';  PA = 117d

 

24" (12/1/13): moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 2:1 WNW-ESE, 0.6'x0.3', small bright core.  IC 107 = IC 1700 lies 1.6' NNE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1698 = J. 3-877 on 18 Jan 1896 and recorded "pB, irr form, 30" diameter, core of mag 14."  His position is accurate.  Harold Corwin suggests IC 1699 is probably a later duplicate observation with a typo in declination.  See his IC identifications.

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IC 1700 = IC 107 = UGC 986  = MCG +02-04-041 = CGCG 436-047 = PGC 5271

01 25 24.7 +14 51 53

V = 13.3;  Size 1.2'x0.9';  PA = 6d

 

See observing notes for IC 107

 

See identification notes for IC 107

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IC 1704 = UGC 1027 = MCG +02-04-052 = CGCG 436-054 = PGC 5411

01 27 09.5 +14 46 35

V = 13.2;  Size 1.0'x0.75';  PA = 163d

 

24" (12/1/13): moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 3:2 ~N-S, ~42"x28", irregular surface brightness, increases to an elongated core.  There was a strong impression of structure due to mottling in the halo.  A mag 10.7 star lies 3' ENE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1704 = J. 3-881, along with IC 1698, 1700 and 1706, on 18 Jan 1896.  He described this nebula as "pB, 40" to 50" diameter, diffuse, irr form, weak and gradual concentration."  There is nothing at his position, but Harold Corwin and Malcolm Thomson note that Javelle misidentified his reference star for IC 1704 and 1706.  Once his offsets are applied to the correct star, there is an exact match.

 

Malcolm Thomson notes the CGCG, UGC and MCG all misidentify IC 1704 as IC 1706 (this is pointed out in the PGC), while having no listing for the correct IC 1706.  RC3, PGC, HyperLeda, NED and Corwin's lists have the correct identities and coordinates.

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IC 1727 = VV 338a = Holm 46b = UGC 1249 = MCG +04-05-009 = KTG 8A = PGC 6574

01 47 30.0 +27 19 59

V = 11.5;  Size 6.9'x3.1';  Surf Br = 14.7;  PA = 150d

 

24" (12/28/13): fairly faint, very large, very elongated 3:1 NW-SE, low surface brightness, ~2.5'x0.8' though the outer halo fades into the background gradually so the dimensions are difficult to estimate.  Contains a slightly brighter "bar" that is extended 4:1 or 5:1 NW-SE, ~45"x10".  The halo is more extensive NW of this bar, so the appearance is asymmetric.  NGC 672 lies 8' NE.

 

17.5" (1/20/90): very faint, moderately large, elongated 2:1 NW-SE.  Very low surface brightness with no distinct edges or core.  Located 8' SW of NGC 672.

 

13" (11/5/83): very faint, moderately large, diffuse, ill-defined, elongated NNW-SSE, no central condensation.  Forms a pair with NGC 672 8' NE.

 

Isaac Roberts discovered IC 1727 photographically on 29 Nov 1896 with his 20" reflector from his Starfield Observatory in England.  He reported (AN 3429) "It is nearly as large as NGC 672 and distant from centre to centre 8' only; nucleus consists of 6 faint stellar condensations forming a straight line in the direction south following to north preceding and there are 6 or 7 very faint condensations of nebulosity near the preceding margin; 15th mag star on the north preceding margin and a 16th mag star at the south following end of the nucleus."  Roberts was very amazed that this galaxy was missed by WH, JH and at Birr Castle (7 observations of NGC 672) and he felt this object must have "come into the state of visibility during the past half century."

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IC 1729 = ESO 477-004 = MCG -05-05-014 = PGC 6598

01 47 55.2 -26 53 32

V = 12.6;  Size 1.7'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 150d

 

18" (12/17/11): at 285x appeared moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, 30"x20".  Sharply concentrated with a very small, very bright core that increases to a stellar nucleus.  ESO 477-008 lies 24' SE.

 

18" (12/18/06): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, 0.6'x0.4', gradually increases to center.  This galaxy appears to have a high surface brightness as if I was viewing the core region only (verified on the DSS).  Located 9' SSE of mag 8.9 HD 11020 near the corner where Cetus, Fornax and Sculptor meet.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1729 = Sw XI-24 on 8 Oct 1896 and noted "pB; eeS; almost stellar; in vacancy."  Using the 20-inch refractor at the Chamberlin Observatory in Denver, Howe measured an accurate position and reported "this looks resolvable, and is equivalent in brightness to a star of mag 10-11.  It is very small."

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IC 1730 = MCG +04-05-015a = CGCG 482-020 = PGC 6732

01 49 57.9 +22 00 44

V = 14.3;  Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 64d

 

18" (11/22/03): very faint, extremely small, round, 10" diameter.  Located 3.5' NE of NGC 680 and 1' SSE of a mag 12 star.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1730 = J. 3-891 on  17 Jan 1896 and noted "F, nearly round, 20" to 25", gradually condensed."  His position is 2' too far north, which Malcolm Thomson notes is due to an error in the position of his BD reference star.

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IC 1731 = UGC 1291 = MCG +04-05-018 = CGCG 482-021 = PGC 6756

01 50 12.4 +27 11 46

V = 13.3;  Size 1.5'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 140d

 

17.5" (12/11/99): very faint, fairly small.  Appears as a low surface brightness glow, elongated 3:2 WNW-ESE.  About 5' S is a distinctive group of 10 brighter stars (see Cr 21).  IC 1731 is located 34' SE of NGC 672.

 

Isaac Roberts discovered IC 1731 photographically on 29 Nov 1896 with his 20" reflector from his Starfield Observatory in England.  He reported (AN 3429) "Faint; elongated south following to north preceding; faint stellar nucleus; probably a spiral; cluster of stars 9 to 15 mag on the south side 13" following the nucleus."

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IC 1732 = UGC 1307 = MCG +06-05-016 = CGCG 522-021 = PGC 6805

01 50 47.9 +35 55 57

V = 13.9;  Size 1.5'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 62d

 

17.5" (9/19/87): faint, fairly small, edge-on WSW-ENE.  A mag 15 star is at the NE edge 18" from the center.  Located 5.3' N of mag 7.3 SAO 55026 in AGC 262.

 

13" (10/20/84): very faint, small, elongated WSW-ENE.  One or two extremely faint stars possibly involved.  Located between two stars mag 7 and 8.

 

Bigourdan discovered IC 1732 = Big. 248 on 6 Nov 1891.  He noted it was 40" to 50" in diameter with a condensation of 12".

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IC 1733 = UGC 13101 = MCG +05-05-016 = CGCG 503-032 = PGC 6796

01 50 42.9 +33 04 56

V = 13.3;  Size 1.2'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 50d

 

24" (9/15/12): fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.7'x0.6', bright core.  Forms a close pair with IC 1735 1.9' ENE.  Brightest member of AGC 260 (8 members viewed).  A mag 10.8 star 2' N forms an equilateral triangle with IC 1733 and 1735.

 

17.5" (10/5/02): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.8'x0.7, weak concentration.  Located 2.0' S of mag 10.8 SAO 55024.  This galaxy is the brightest in the galaxy cluster AGC 260.  Forms a pair with IC 1735 1.9' ENE (not seen).

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1733 = J. 3-892, along with IC 1735, on 13 Nov 1903 and noted "F, nearly round, 15" to 20", granular."

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IC 1735 = MCG +05-05-018 = PGC 6803

01 50 51.7 +33 05 32

Size 0.7'x0.5';  PA = 168d

 

24" (9/15/12): fairly faint, small, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, 24"x18".  Forms a close pair with brighter IC 1733 1.9' WSW.  Located 2' SE of a mag 10.8 star on the west side of AGC 260.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1735 = J. 3-893, along with IC 1733, on 13 Nov 1903 and noted "a little fainter than the preceding [IC 1733], 15" to 20", granular."

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IC 1738 = MCG -02-05-061 = PGC 6832

01 51 07.9 -09 47 31

V = 14.5;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 80d

 

13.1" (12/22/84): faint, small, round.  Forms a pair with NGC 701 5.4' N.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1738 = Sw XI-26 on 8 Dec 1895 and noted "eeF; vS; GC 418 [NGC 701] p."  His RA is 37 seconds too large and his dec is off by 3' (too far south), but this is the only candidate near NGC 701.  Herbert Howe measured an accurate micrometric position in 1899-00 at Denver.

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IC 1747 = PK 130+1.1 = PN G130.2+01.3

01 57 35.8 +63 19 19

V = 12.0;  Size 13"

 

48" (10/23/11): at 375x appeared as a very bright, small, bluish planetary with an irregularly brighter rim, slightly fainter on the west side of the rim.  At 488x, this is a very interesting annular planetary with a relatively thick brighter rim that appears clumpy and a dark center.  The rim dims, though, on the west side, so the annularity is incomplete.  Overall the impression is a thick crescent spanning 270”.

 

18" (11/17/08): immediately picked up at 175x as a small, bluish disc, ~12" diameter.  Situated within a distinctive 20' curving chain of stars that passes through much of the field.  Very good contrast gain using an OIII filter.  At 450x, the planetary is slightly elongated WNW-ESE, ~15"x12", and weakly annular.  At 800x it appeared irregularly brighter along the rim with a knotty structure, particularly along the northern half.  Located 30' SE of mag 3.4 Epsilon Cassiopeiae.

 

13.1" (12/7/85): at 166x without a filter appeared moderately bright, very small, round, about 12" diameter.  Takes 360x but no structure is visible.  Surrounded by three mag 13 stars 0.8' N, 1.0' SW and 1.3' E of center.  Three collinear mag 11 stars oriented SSW-NNE begin 3' NE.  Located 30' SE of mag 3.3 Epsilon Cassiopeiae.

 

8": just non-stellar at 125x.  Definite disk at 220x and possibly slightly elongated NW-SE.  Three mag 11 stars on a line are to the NE.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 1747 = HN 103 in 1905 at Harvard College Observatory, while classifying stars by examining photographic objective-prism spectra.  A note in the 1905 Harvard College Observatory Circular No. 98 ("Stars Having Peculiar Spectra") reads "assumed to be the following and southern of two faint and difficult objects, which also appears somewhat hazy.  The spectrum consists of a bright band having wavelength of about 5000.  Therefore, this object has been assumed to be a gaseous nebula."

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IC 1761 = CGCG 387-019 = PGC 7484

01 58 52.2 +00 34 06

V = 14.2;  Size 0.9'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 47d

 

24" (12/22/14): faint, small, round 12" diameter (only the core seen with certainty).  Located 3.7' NE of NGC 768 and 5.8' NW of mag 8.3 HD 12134.  A mag 14.5 star is 1.6' SW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1761 = J. 904 on 18 Dec 1897 and recorded "vF, vS, R, gbMN."  His position is 1' too far north.

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IC 1783 = ESO 354-046 = MCG -06-05-037 = LGG 052-001 = PGC 8279

02 10 06.1 -32 56 23

V = 12.5;  Size 2.0'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 3d

 

17.5" (10/8/94): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SSW-NNE, 1.5'x0.7', broad concentration.  A mag 13 star is 1.8' WSW of center.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1783 = Sw XI-35 on 29 Dec 1897 and recorded "vF; vS; eE; nearly 0”; F * p."  His position is fairly poor, but the identification is certain based on his description.

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IC 1788 = ESO 415-015 = MCG -05-06-011 = LGG 052-003 = PGC 8649

02 15 50.0 -31 12 04

V = 12.3;  Size 2.6'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 27d

 

17.5" (12/28/94): moderately bright, fairly large, nearly edge-on 4:1 SSW-NNE, 2.5'x0.6', broad concentration.  A mag 14 star is just west of the SSW end 1.6' from the center.  A wide pair of mag 10-11 stars at 36" separation lies 10' SSE.  Relatively bright for an IC galaxy.

 

17.5" (10/29/94): fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated 3:1 SSW-NNE, 2.1'x0.7', broad concentration.  A mag 14 star is just preceding the SSW tip.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1788 = Sw XI-36 on 25 Dec 1897 and logged "pF; pS; R; distant D * nf."

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IC 1795 = LBN 645 = LBN 646 = LBN 647 = Ced 6

02 26 32 +62 02 29

Size 21'

 

18" (10/13/07): NGC 896 and IC 1795 form a bright, detailed HII region at the NW corner of the huge IC 1805 HII ring ("Heart Nebula").  This complex is split into three or 4 distinct sections by dust lanes (LDN 1359).  The largest section is IC 1795, which extends mostly north of a mag 10 star for ~8'.  To the west of the mag 10 star is a  dust lane oriented NW-SE and beyond this lane to the west is a small, moderately high surface brightness patch (NGC 896) of 2' diameter.  To the east of the star is another broad dust lane extending N-S and following this lane is a fainter wash of nebulosity that streams to the north for over 15' in length.  It passes through mag 9 SAO 12287 and just north of this star the nebulosity has a small, brighter patch.  Initially, I thought the complex ended here on the NE side, but then additional fainter nebulosity was noticed spreading out to the west for several arc minutes increasing the total size to 15'-20' for both N-S and E-W directions.

 

17.5" (11/27/92): observation at 100x using an OIII filter.  This is the northeastern section of a large emission complex with NGC 896.  Very large, about 10' diameter, roundish, fainter than NGC 895 but still moderately bright.  A mag 9.5 star is embedded at the SE edge and several fainter stars are superimposed.  A small detached piece of nebulosity is visible about 10' N with a mag 11.5 off the south edge and several fainter stars are at the edges or superimposed.  NGC 896 and IC 1795 form the NE component with the IC 1805 ("Heart Nebula") complex spread out to the SE.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1795 photographically, probably with the 6" Willard lens.  The IC description is simply "Patch of neby".

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IC 1799 = NGC 920 = UGC 1943 = MCG +08-05-012 = CGCG 553-014 = PGC 9432

02 28 45.9 +45 58 14

V = 13.6;  Size 1.1'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 34d

 

See observing notes for NGC 920.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1799 = Big. 251 on 28 Jan 1891.  Lewis Swift is likely the original discoverer on 11 Sep 1885, but his position was 1.0 minute of time too small and Bigourdan assumed his discovery was new.  I suggested the equivalence of NGC 920 = IC 1799 = UGC 1943 to Corwin and Steinicke, instead of the standard identification NGC 920 = UGC 1920. They both concur with this identity.  See NGC 920, as well as Corwin's identification notes.

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IC 1801 = Arp 276 NED2 = VV 238b = UGC 1936 = MCG +03-07-016 = PGC 9392

02 28 12.9 +19 34 60

V = 13.8;  Size 1.3'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 30d

 

17.5" (1/20/90): very faint, very small, elongated SW-NE, low surface brightness.  Forms a double system very close off the southeast end of NGC 935!

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1801 = J 3-926 on 18 Dec 1897 and recorded "F, 20" to 25", glbM, dif."

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IC 1802 = MCG +04-06-057 = CGCG 483-067 = PGC 9462

02 29 14.0 +23 04 58

V = 13.5;  Size 1.3'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.7;  PA = 120d

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 30" diameter, very small bright core.  A mag 12 star is 1' NW. A faint companion (PGC 1681200) 45" ENE of center was not noticed.  First in a group with IC 1803 and 1804 ~9' ENE.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1802, along with IC 1803 and 1804, on 29 Oct 1888 using the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  His notebook sketch clearly identifies the trio, with IC 1802 = CGCG 483-067 = PGC 9462, although his computed position (sent directly to Dreyer) is poor 33 seconds of time too small and 2.2' too far north.  He noted "the p[receding] of 3. 1' s.f. 11m star."

 

His poor position for IC 1803, though, happens to fall closer to IC 1802 and PGC, RC3 and HyperLeda (as well as secondary sources such as Uranometria 2000.0 Sky Atlas and Megastar) misidentify IC 1802 as IC 1803.  NED has the correct position as Harold Corwin correctly identified this galaxy.

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IC 1803 = MCG +04-06-058 = PGC 9507

02 29 50.0 +23 06 31

V = 14.4;  Size 0.5'x0.5'

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  Fainter of a pair with IC 1804 1.3' SE.  The pair points to a mag 10.5 star situated 2.4' NW.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1803, along with IC 1802 and 1804, on 29 Oct 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  His notebook sketch clearly identifies the trio, with IC 1803 = MCG +04-06-058 = PGC 9507, although his computed position (sent directly to Dreyer) is 32 seconds of time too small and 2.5' too far north (similar offset as IC 1802).  He noted "the p[receding] of 2 [with IC 1804], occasionally a star like point seen in b [IC 1803]."

 

His poor position for IC 1803, though, falls closer to this galaxy and PGC, RC3 and HyperLeda (as well as secondary sources such as Uranometria 2000.0 Sky Atlas and Megastar) misidentify IC 1802 as IC 1803.

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IC 1804 = MCG +04-06-060 = CGCG 483-068 = PGC 9512

02 29 54.4 +23 05 49

V = 13.8;  Size 0.9'x0.9'

 

24" (1/1/16): at 375x; fairly faint, fairly small, round, 24" diameter, small brighter nucleus, low surface brightness halo.  Brighter of a pair with IC 1803 1.3' NW.  CGCG 483-070 = PGC 9527 lies 6' NE and logged as faint, small, round, 18" diameter, very small brighter nucleus.  Located 6' NE of IC 1803/1804 pair.  A mag 13 star is 1.6' WSW.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1804, along with IC 1802 and 1803, on 29 Oct 1888.  His notebook sketch clearly identifies the trio, with IC 1804 (marked as "c") correspoinding to CGCG 483-068 = PGC 9512.  He reported a poor position to Dreyer, but his offset from mag 10.4 star Tycho 1766:638:1 is accurate.

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IC 1805 = Heart Nebula = LBN 656 = Ced 7 = Sh 2-190 = LBN 654 = Cr 26 = Mel 15

02 32 42 +61 27

V = 6.5;  Size 100'x80'

 

18" (10/13/07): IC 1805 is a cluster (Cr 26 = Melotte 15) involved with a huge emission complex (LBN 654) dubbed the "Heart Nebula". The central cluster, Cr 26, was striking at 73x, consisting of a 20' scattered group of mag 8 and fainter stars (I estimated 17 stars mag 8-10.5). Embedded within the group is a smaller, fairly rich, 4'x2.5' oval ring with over three dozen stars. Most of the stars are located along the irregular ring, itself, and not in the interior. On the SW side is the brightest member, mag 8 HD 15558, which has a mag 10.5 companion at 10" separation (ADS 1920). The central region is richest around this pair with 9 or 10 stars in total packed into a 1.6' region.

 

Adding an OIII filter, the cluster was encased in a fairly bright, irregular glow, ~12-15' in diameter and extending mostly to the east of the cluster. There appears to be dark lanes or obscuring dust involved as the surface brightness is irregular with brighter filaments within the glow. Fainter nebulosity extends to the east and then abruptly bifurcates into two branches, one heading NE and the other SE. There's a sharp border to the nebulosity at the split as the sky directly east immediately darkens, adding to the contrast.

 

Following the stream of nebulosity to the NE, it extends roughly 20' in that direction but then curves back sharply towards the west where it meanders for 30'-40', ending about 30' N of the cluster. Only 20' E of the bend at the NE corner is the fairly large open cluster, NGC 1027 (see notes) .

 

The southern river of nebulosity can be followed around in a huge loop. First it gently curves to the south or SSE for ~40' and then loops back sharply towards the west (this band forms the southern boundary of the "Heart") for at least 40', heading towards a distinctive N-S string of 5 stars with a length of 6'. This group is catalogued as Markarian 6 = Stock 7. At the south end of Mrk 6 are two doubles, ·264 = 8.6/9.8 at 17" and ·263 = 10/11 pair at 17".

 

At this point, the rim bends to the north and brightens noticeably in a 10' patch. It dims and continues on further to the north, passing about 25' W of the cluster and fades out pretty close to NGC 896, a nearly isolated bright patch to the NW of the main structure.  Near the northwest end of IC 1805 is Tombaugh 4, a low surface brightness cluster that requires high power to partially resolve.

 

I had now traced around the entire outline of the "Heart Nebula" visible on wide-field images, scanning over a degree and a half from north to south and perhaps 1.25” in extent from west to east. The entire outline, including the weaker interior glow, was also visible at 12.5x in my 80mm finder using an OIII filter, although without the detail visible in the main scope.

 

NGC 896 and IC 1795 are parts of a fairly bright, detailed region at the NW corner of this huge ring. The complex appears split into three or 4 distinct sections by dust lanes (LDN 1359). The largest section is IC 1795, which extends mostly north of a mag 10 star for ~8'. To the west of the mag 10 star is a dust lane oriented NW-SE and beyond this lane to the west is a small, moderately high surface brightness glow (NGC 896) of 2' diameter. To the east of the star is another broad dust lane extending N-S and east of this lane is a fainter wash of nebulosity that streams to the north for over 15' in length. It passes through mag 9 SAO 12287 and just north of this star the nebulosity has another small, brighter patch. Initially, I thought the complex ended here on the NE side, but additional fainter nebulosity was noticed spreading out to the west, increasing the total size to 15'-20' for both N-S and E-W directions.

 

Comparing my descriptions to the MegaStar outline, I noticed that the cluster Mrk 6 (perhaps it's an asterism) is not plotted, although the brighter stars are, of course. Secondly, the outline shows a large gap between the NW end of the Heart and NGC 896. Visually, it appeared the Heart Nebula extended closer to 896. Finally, I picked up additional nebulosity to the north of NGC 896 not shown on MegaStar.

 

17.5" (11/27/92): about 125 stars forming a bright, very large 40' field at 100x.  In the center is an oval ring consisting of about 30 stars within a 4'-5' diameter including a bright 8th magnitude multiple star (Stein 368).  The brighter stars in the outer region form a rough incomplete circular outline.  Using 100x with an OIII filter, the associated nebulosity (LBN 654) is clearly entwined within a large portion of the cluster.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1805 photographically with the discovery communicated directly to Dreyer.  The NGC position is off by 1 tmin in RA (same as IC 1824 = NGC 1027).  Barnard gave a corrected position in his Atlas of the Milky Way.

 

The Heart (IC 1805) and Soul (IC 1848) nebulae are part of the Cas OB6 Association, a sprawling complex of gas, dust and massive O- and B-class stars at a distance ~7500 light years in the Perseus Arm.

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IC 1815 = UGC 2047 = MCG +05-07-014 = CGCG 505-0 13 = PGC 9794

02 34 20.0 +32 25 46

V = 12.9;  Size 1.7'x1.6';  Surf Br = 13.8

 

18" (1/26/11): fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, round, 35" diameter, even moderate concentration to a small bright core and stellar nucleus.  Located 3.5' SE of mag 7.6 HD 15896 and 4.5' S of NGC 973.  I'm surprised Swift missed this galaxy but picked up NGC 973, a lower surface brightness edge-on.

 

17.5" (11/30/91): fairly faint, small, irregularly round, small bright core, stellar nucleus.  Located 3.5' ESE of mag 7.5 SAO 55664.  Smaller but higher surface brightness than NGC 973 4.5' N.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1815 = J 3-931 on 20 Jan 1898 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "F, R, 20" to 25", gbM, mag 14 stellar nucleus."

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IC 1827 = UGC 2152 = MCG +00-07-075 = CGCG 388-089 = PGC 10087

02 39 46.5 +01 33 30

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.2';  Surf Br = 12.0;  PA = 154d

 

17.5" (11/26/94): faint, small, very elongated 3:1 NW-SE, 0.6'x0.2', bright core.  A mag 13 star is very close to the SE end 28" from the center.  Forms a pair with NGC 1038 5.6' SE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1827 = J 3-938 on 21 Dec 1903 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  He recorded "F, 15" to 20", fan-shaped, star 13-14 in contact."

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IC 1830 = IC 1826 = Haro 18 = ESO 416-006 = MCG -05-07-012 = UGCA 37 = PGC 10041

02 39 03.7 -27 26 37

V = 12.8;  Size 1.7'x1.4';  Surf Br = 13.5

 

17.5" (12/9/01): moderately bright and large, elongated 4:3 WNW-ESE, 1.2'x0.9', brighter core.  A mag 10.5 star (SAO 167947) lies 1.3' W of center.

 

DeLisle Stewart found IC 1830 = D.S. 162 on a photographic plate taken in 1901 at Harvard's station in Arequipa, Peru.  He noted "vF, S, susp, ef* 1.5' sp."  Lewis Swift discovered this galaxy on 6 Sep 1897 and recorded Sw XI-42 "pB; cS; R, 8m * near preceding."  His RA is 38 seconds too small so Dreyer assumed the two objects were different, but the equivalence IC 1826 = 1830 is certain.

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IC 1848 = Soul Nebula = LBN 667 = Sh 2-199 = Ced 9 = Cr 32 = Cr 33 = Cr 34 = Baby Nebula

02 51 12 +60 24

V = 6.5;  Size 100'x50'

 

18" (10/13/07): I only took a fairly quick look at this huge HII region ("Soul Nebula" or "Baby Nebula") at the end of the evening after a long examination of IC 1705 ("Heart Nebula").  In comparison, portions of this object clearly have a higher surface brightness using an OIII filter at 73x.  Near the center is an E-W elongated, scattered group of stars (Cr 32), ~10'x4' in size.  On the west end are two mag 7/8.3 with a number of fainter stars huddled nearby.  About 60' to the ENE is another larger, scattered group (Cr 34).  Weak nebulosity is evident throughout the field without a filter.

 

Adding an OIII filter greatly increases the contrast and nebulosity is fairly prominent in several different sections.  About 20' E of Cr 32 is a brighter, elongated patch.  To the east of this patch is a dark lane or intrusion and on the eastern side is a brighter, 10' circular glow (IC 1871) with an irregular outline. IC 1871 is located roughly 45' ENE of Cr 32.  This patch is irregular in surface brightness with brighter streaks.  A larger region spreads out to the east of the cluster increasing the total length to over 1.5 degrees.  I also noticed brighter regions of nebulosity to the west of Cr 32, but didn't take notes on this area or try to follow the entire outline of the complex.

 

17.5" (10/2/99): at 100x, this large but weak grouping is dominated by a 2' pair of mag 7/8 stars which are both surrounded by several close, faint companions.  The surrounding one degree field is undistinguished but it appears weakly concentrated around the bright pair.  Faint nebulosity is visible in portions of the field.  At 220x, the view is striking with ~12 stars huddled around the southern mag 9 star including a nice pair of mag 12 stars nearly collinear and equally spaced.  The brighter mag 7 star (·306) is surrounded by 8-10 companions.  The 20' field is fairly rich but scattered with a matched pair of mag 9 stars ~10' N.

 

Using a UHC filter at 100x, the field is immersed in a very large, faint nebulosity about a degree in length, elongated E-W.  A large, bright region elongated N-S is at the east end, ~35  following the core, and seems detached from the main cloud.  It surrounds a weak scattered group (Cr 34) that is devoid of stars in the center.  The main body of nebulosity has a sharper border and is generally brighter to the north of the core and fades into the background on the south side.  The outline is interesting on the north side with irregular extensions and bulges.  A small brighter circular patch stands out at the west end about 10' W of the core.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1848 photographically and notified Dreyer directly.  The IC description reads "Cl, st F, extends 8 min. f, in F neby."  The Heart (IC 1805) and Soul (IC 1848) nebulae are part of the Cas OB6 Association, a sprawling complex of gas, dust and massive O- and B-class stars at a distance ~7500 light years in the Perseus Arm.

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IC 1853 = MCG -02-08-006 = LGG 076-001 = PGC 10595

02 48 04.3 -13 59 35

V = 14.2;  Size 1.0'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 91d

 

17.5" (12/28/94): extremely faint, very small.  Just glimpsed 2.0' SSW of NGC 1103.  Too faint to view any additional details.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 1853 = Ho III-8 on 23 Jan 1900 and recorded "eF, vS, near [NGC] 1103."  His position is accurate.

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IC 1858 = ESO 416-029 = MCG -05-07-033 = PGC 10671

02 49 08.4 -31 17 24

V = 13.1;  Size 1.8'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 176d

 

17.5" (12/9/01): extremely faint, small, slightly elongated N-S, 25"x20" (viewed core only).  Faintest in a trio with IC 1859 and IC 1860 in the ACO S301 cluster.  Located 8' SW of IC 1860 and 7' S of IC 1859.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1858 = Sw XI-45, along with IC 1859 and 1860, on 5 Sep 1897.  He reported "vF; pS; R; 1st of 3."  His RA is 25 seconds too small and IC 1859 is actually a bit further west.

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IC 1859 = ESO 416-028 = MCG -05-07-032 = PGC 10665

02 49 03.9 -31 10 22

V = 13.2;  Size 1.2'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 35d

 

17.5" (12/9/01): faint, small, round, 20" diameter.  Located 1.3' E of a mag 13 star.  First of three with IC 1858 and IC 1860 in the ACO S301 = Klemola 2 cluster.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1859 = Sw XI-46, along with IC 1858 and 1860, on 5 Sep 1897.  He reported "pF; pS; R; 2nd of 3."  His RA is 25 seconds too small.

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IC 1860 = ESO 416-031 = MCG -05-07-035 = PGC 10707

02 49 33.8 -31 11 23

V = 12.7;  Size 1.7'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 6d

 

17.5" (12/9/01): faint, fairly small, round, 30" diameter.  Largest and brightest in a trio with IC 1858 8' SW and IC 1859 6.5' WNW in the core of the ACO S301 = Klemola 2 cluster.  A mag 12.3 star is 1.7' NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1860 = Sw XI-47, along with IC 1858 and 1859, on 5 Sep 1897.  He reported "pF; pS; lE; 3rd of 3."  His RA is 17 seconds too small.

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IC 1864 = ESO 356-017 = MCG -06-07-011 = PGC 10925

02 53 39.3 -34 11 53

V = 12.6;  Size 1.2'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.2;  PA = 63d

 

17.5" (12/9/01): faint, small, round, 25" diameter, weak even concentration.  Located 2.8” east of the Fornax Dwarf.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1864 = Sw XI-49 on 19 Oct 1897 and recorded "eF; S; R."  His RA is 29 seconds too small, but pretty accurate in declination.

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IC 1871 = LBN 675 = Ced 11 = Sh 2-201?

02 57 21 +60 40 18

Size 4.0'x4.0'

 

See description of IC 1848 = "Soul Nebula"

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 1871 photographically at Lick Observatory and communicated the discovery directly to Dreyer.  Barnard's position matches mag 9.4 BD +60d 624 = GSC 4048:1659.  Harold Corwin writes "I think that Barnard got the wrong magnitude 9.3 BD star.  Instead of BD +60d 596 which is surrounded by nebulosity, "chiefly following", he listed the position of BD +60d 624."  Corwin's star is on the eastern side of IC 1848.

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IC 1886 = MCG -01-09-001 = PGC 11724

03 08 03.2 -04 23 59

Size 0.8'x0.5';  PA = 0d

 

17.5" (1/7/89): very faint, extremely small, round.  A mag 13.5 star is 0.9' S of center.  Picked up 10' SSW of NGC 1221.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 1886 = Big 254 on 9 Dec 1893,  He noted the mag 13 star to the south.

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IC 1892 = Arp 332 NED4/5 = VV 260a/b = ESO 480-036 = MCG -04-08-030 = UGCA 55 = PGC 11750

03 08 27.8 -23 03 16

V = 13.2;  Size 1.9'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.8;  PA = 2d

 

17.5" (11/10/96): extremely faint, moderately large, very low surface brightness, no concentration, probably elongated ~N-S.  Initially suspected while viewing the NGC 1228 group and confirmed using John Vickers' CCD Atlas.  Located  8.6' SSE of NGC 1228 and 6.7' SE of NGC 1229. This galaxy is the largest in the group, but is fairly difficult, though according to its recessional velocity IC 1892 is superimposed in the front of the group.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 1892 = Ho III-11 on 22 Jan 1899 and noted "vF, L; near [NGC] 1230."  His micrometric position is very accurate.

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IC 1897 = MCG -02-09-009 = PGC 11866

03 10 45.9 -10 47 46

V = 14.3;  Size 0.6'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.0

 

17.5" (12/28/94): faint, small, round, weak concentration.  A mag 13 star is 1.5' S.  Forms a pair with brighter NGC 1238 3.3' NE.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 1897 = Ho III-12 on 24 Jan 1900 with the 20-inch refractor at the Chamberlin Observatory.  He noted "eF, vS; near [NGC] 1238" and his micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 1900 = MCG +06-08-007 = CGCG 525-013 = KTG 10A = PGC 12124

03 15 55.2 +37 09 15

V = 13.9;  Size 0.6'x0.4';  PA = 92d

 

24" (2/5/13): brightest and first in the trio of IC galaxies.  At 375x appeared fairly faint, small, elongated 4:3 E-W, 24"x18", increases to a small bright core and stellar nucleus.

 

24" (1/12/13): brightest in a trio (KTG 10) with IC 1901 2.9' SSE and IC 1902 3.7' NE.  At 375x appeared faint to fairly faint, very small, elongated 3:2 E-W, ~20"x14", very small brighter nucleus.  Located 2.9' ESE of a mag 11.3 star.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1900 = J 3-973, along with IC 1901 and 1902, on 18 Jan 1898.  He reported "F, nearly R, 30", gbM, 14 mag stellar ncl."

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IC 1901 = MCG +06-08-008 = CGCG 525-014 = KTG 10B = PGC 12136

03 16 02.6 +37 06 45

Size 0.7'x0.2';  PA = 164d

 

24" (2/5/13): second brightest in the KTG 10 trio (differing opinion than last month) with IC 1900 and IC 1902.  At 375x appeared fairly faint, small, elongated 24"x15" N-S, sharply concentrated with a bright quasi-stellar nucleus and very faint extensions.  Located 2.9' SSE of IC 1900 and 2.4' ENE of a mag 10.3 star.

 

24" (1/12/13): faintest member of the KTG 10 trio with IC 1900 2.9' NNW and IC 1902 4.4' NNE.  At 375x appeared faint, very small, elongated 2:1 ~N-S, 15"x8" (core region viewed), brighter nucleus.  The galaxy has a similar surface brightness as IC 1900, but is smaller.  A 1.2' pair of  mag 10.3/11 stars lies ~3' WSW.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1901 = J 3-974, along with IC 1900 and 1902, on 18 Jan 1898.  He reported "F, R, 20" to 30", similar to IC 1900."

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IC 1902 = CGCG 525-015 = KTG 10C = PGC 12150

03 16 12.4 +37 10 39

Size 0.5'x0.3';  PA = 67d

 

24" (2/5/13): faintest in the KTG 10 trio with IC 1900 and IC 1901.  At 375x appeared faint to fairly faint, small, round, 12"-15" diameter, contains a stellar nucleus.  Located 3.7' NE of IC 1900.

 

24" (1/12/13): faint to fairly faint, very small, 15", moderately high even surface brightness except for a faint nearly stellar nucleus.  Furthest northeast in the KTG 10 trio with IC 1900 and IC 1901.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 1902 = J 3-975, along with IC 1900 and 1901, on 18 Jan 1898.

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IC 1947 = ESO 200-030 = Rose 37 = PGC 13027

03 30 32.8 -50 20 19

V = 14.8;  Size 0.5'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 131d

 

24" (4/5/08 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): IC 1947 is a faint companion to NGC 1356, located just 2.2' SW of the much brighter galaxy.  At 260x it appeared faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, ~0.5'x0.25'.  Forms the west vertex of a small triangle with a mag 12.7 star 1' NE and a mag 11.7 star 1.3' SSE.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1947 = DS 206 from a plate taken on 14 Oct 1898 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.

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IC 1953 = ESO 548-038 = MCG -04-09-026 = UGCA 78 = LGG 097-021 = PGC 13184

03 33 41.9 -21 28 43

V = 11.7;  Size 2.8'x2.1';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 121d

 

13" (10/10/86): fairly faint, very large, diffuse, oval WNW-ESE, weak concentration.  Located 9' N of the bright star Tau 5 Eridani (V = 4.3) that detracts from viewing.  Member of the NGC 1332 group?

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 1953 = DS 213 from a plate taken in 1899 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He reported "vF, cL, spir or ring neb."

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IC 1954 = ESO 200-036 = LGG 093-002 = PGC 13090

03 31 31.4 -51 54 17

V = 11.6;  Size 3.2'x1.5';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 66d

 

24" (4/5/08 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): at 260x this was a surprisingly bright and detailed IC galaxy that was missed by John Herschel!  Appears elongated ~2:1 WSW-ENE, ~2.8'x1.4' with a broad concentration to a large, brighter core.  With direct vision a small brighter nucleus was visible at the center.  There was a strong impression of spiral structure with slightly enhanced arcs (probably portions of spiral arms) extending east of the core on the south side and west of the core on the north side (this is consistent with images of the galaxy).

 

Robert Innes discovered IC 1954 in 1898 with the 7-inch Merz refractor at the Royal Observatory, Cape of Good Hope.  His discovery position in MN, 59, p339 is 12 seconds of RA too large.  DeLisle Stewart also found this galaxy on a plate taken on 14 Oct 1898 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.

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IC 1970 = ESO 249-007 = MCG -07-08-003 = AM 0334-440 = LGG 102-001 = PGC 13322

03 36 31.5 -43 57 25

V = 12.1;  Size 3.2'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 75d

 

24" (11/18/12 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): fairly bright, fairly large, thin edge-on ~5:1 WSW-ENE, 2.0'x0.4', with a slightly brighter, bulging core.  Located 25' WNW of NGC 1411.  Member of the NGC 1433 subgroup of the Dorado Group complex.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1970 = Sw XI-57) on 17 Nov 1897 and recorded "eeeF; vS; eeE; a ray, 90”; B * following."  His position is 7' too far west-southwest, but the identification is certain based on the description.  DeLisle Stewart measured an accurate position using an Arequipa plate taken in 1901 and noted "eF, vS, eE at 75”."  Stewart's position angle is accurate.

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IC 1993 = ESO 358-065 = MCG -06-09-032 = AM 0345-335 = PGC 13840

03 47 04.8 -33 42 36

V = 11.7;  Size 2.5'x2.1';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 56d

 

18" (1/21/04): fairly faint, fairly large, low surface brightness glow with just a very weak concentration, slightly elongated ~N-S, roughly 2.0'x1.7'.  Located just 1.5' ESE of mag 9.3 SAO 194528!  Outlying member of the Fornax I cluster on the northeast side.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 1993 = Sw XI-62 on 19 Nov 1897 and logged "eF; L; cE; 7 1/2m in contact; ee diff."

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IC 2003 = PK 161-14.1 = PN G161.2-14.8

03 56 22.0 +33 52 30

V = 11.6;  Size 7"x6"

 

18" (2/4/08): easily swept up unfiltered at 115x as a vey small, blue-grey disc forming a close "double" with a mag 13.5 star just 18" SW.  At 220x the star is well separated and the planetary appears a bit irregular with an occasional sparkle.  Increasing the magnification to 325x, the appearance is definitely asymmetric with a fainter NW quadrant and an intermittent stellaring (superimposed star, knot, or the central star) to the SE of the geometric center.  At 450x, the dimmer quadrant on the NW side appears to bulge out slightly and the brighter region, centered to the SE, extends in an arc from the NE to the SW.  An occasional stellar sparkle was clearly visible, though it was difficult to pinpoint the location.

 

17.5" (3/1/03): easily picked up at 100x as a fuzzy blue-gray mag 11.5 star.  Excellent view at 380x: bright, small, 10" diameter, irregularly round with an irregular surface brightness.  There appears to be a knot (or offset central star?) on the SE side.  A mag 13.7 star is just off the SW side [18" from center].  Located 3' SW of a wide mag 9.5/11 pair.

 

8" (12/4/80): moderately bright, very small, just non-stellar at 125x and a definite disc is visible at 220x.  A wide double star is 3' NE (9.5/11 at 47" oriented NW-SE).

 

Thomas Espin discovered IC 2003 on 18 Jan 1907 with his 17.3-inch reflector.  He measured a size of 6.9"x6.35".

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IC 2005 = CGCG 526-015 = PGC 14168

03 57 39.5 +36 47 15

Size 0.35'x0.25';  PA = 47d

 

24" (1/1/16): at 260x; faint, very small, round, 10" diameter, faint stellar nucleus.  With averted vision the halo increases slightly to 15".  This galaxy shines through the northwest section of the California Nebula!

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2005 = J. 3-084 on 18 Jan 1898.  His position is accurate.

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IC 2006 = ESO 359-007 = MCG -06-09-037 = PGC 14077

03 54 28.5 -35 58 02

V = 11.3;  Size 2.1'x1.8';  Surf Br = 12.7

 

13.1" (1/18/85): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated ~N-S, diffuse but contains a very small brighter core, possible stellar nucleus.  Located at the east edge of the Fornax I cluster.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 2006 = Sw XI-63 on 3 Oct 1897 and logged "pB; S; R; * near nf; double star sp."   His RA is 24 seconds too small, but the identification is certain.

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IC 2010 = ESO 117-011 = PGC 13995

03 51 58.0 -59 55 46

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 71d

 

24" (4/4/08 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): picked up while viewing NGC 1463 located 43' WNW.  At 220x appeared fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 5:2 WSW-ENE, 0.8'x0.3', weak concentration.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 2010 = DS 247 from a plate taken on 8 Dec 1899 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "eF, S, E 70”."

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IC 2041 = IC 2048 = ESO 359-028 = LGG 111-008 = PGC 14656

04 12 34.9 -32 49 03

V = 14.0;  Size 1.0'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 136d

 

48" (10/22/11): picked up in the same field with the showpiece pair NGC 1531/1532.  At 375x, IC 2041 appeared fairly bright, fairly small, oval 3:2 NW-SE, ~35"x24", small bright core.  Located 6' WSW of mag 7.1 HD 26799 and ~7' NE of NGC 1532.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 2041 = Sw XI-68 on 29 Sep 1897 and recorded "eF; vS; R; 10m * close S."  His position is 3.4' too far S.  He discovered this galaxy earlier on 10 Dec 1895 (or 5 Dec) and called it "eeeF; eS; B * f; [NGC] 1532 p; 3 in field with D neb; ee dif."  His position, though, was very poor, and both Swift and Dreyer assumed Sw XI-69 was a different object.  It's clear from the description, though, that IC 2048 = IC 2041.

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IC 2045 = NGC 1538?? = MCG -02-11-027 = PGC 14722

04 14 36.0 -13 10 30

V = 14.0;  Size 1.0'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 125d

 

24" (12/22/14): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated, 20" diameter, very small slightly brighter core.  Brightest in a small group including IC 2047 5' ESE and Holmberg 73 (pair) 8' ESE.

 

17.5" (12/30/99): faint, very small, round, 20" diameter, weak concentration.  Situated between a mag 10 star 3' NE and a mag 9 star 5.5' SW.  IC 2047 lies 5' ESE, but was not picked up.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 2045 = Ho III-14 on 20 Jan 1900 and recorded "eF, eS, almost stellar; near [NGC] 1538."  His position matches MCG -02-11-027 = PGC 14722.  RNGC and PGC label this galaxy as NGC 1538 (see that number).

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IC 2051 = ESO 004-007 = PGC 13999

03 52 00.8 -83 49 50

V = 11.6;  Size 2.6'x1.6';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 67d

 

24" (4/4/08 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): at 200x appeared as a bright, large oval 5:3 WSW-ENE, 2.5'x1.4'.  Contains a small, bright, slightly elongated core, ~20"x15".  There was a strong impression of spiral structure at the ends of the halo [confirmed on the DSS].  A mag 10.9 star lies 2' W and 4' W is a striking trio of mag 11.5 to 13.5 stars.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 2051 = DS 268 from a plate taken in Dec 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "!!vF, vS, stell N, ellipt ring neb."

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IC 2063 = (R)NGC 1563 = MCG -03-12-005 = PGC 908152

04 22 40.3 -15 39 38

Size 0.8'x0.4';  PA = 174d

 

17.5" (12/30/99): very faint, small, slightly elongated N-S, faint stellar nucleus at moments.  A mag 15 star is just off the ESE edge [35" SE of center].  At moments a faint star seems superimposed, perhaps at the west edge [a mag 15.5 star is at the west edge 8" from center].  This galaxy is misidentified as NGC 1563 in MCG and RNGC.

 

17.5" (2/8/91): extremely faint, small, slightly elongated.  A mag 15 star is off the SE edge.  A wide equal mag 12 double star at 31" separation lies 4' W.  Member of the NGC 1561 group with NGC 1564 8' SE.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 2063 = Ho I-5 on 14 Jan 1898 and reported "eF, vS. Near NGC 1561-5."  His position is accurate though RNGC and MCG misidentify this galaxy as NGC 1563.

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IC 2068 = ESO 303-017 = MCG -07-10-004 = PGC 15106

04 26 36.7 -42 05 37

V = 13.4;  Size 1.2'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 153d

 

18" (12/30/08): this galaxy was picked up first while I was sweeping the NGC 1585.  At 175x it appeared faint, small, elongated NNW-SSE, 0.5'x0.3', quasi-stellar nucleus.  It's surprising that John Herschel missed this galaxy as it's only 11' NW of NGC 1585 and only slightly smaller and fainter.  A mag 10 star lies 7.8' SE and along with two stars 1.8' and 3.9' NNW, this trio leads NW to this IC galaxy.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 2068 = Sw XI-71 on 9 Dec 1895 and recorded "eF; pL; R; 3 st like belt of Orion point to it; p of 2 [with NGC 1585]."  His position is 5.4' too far northeast, but there are no other nearby candidates and the description fits (the stars are south-southeast).

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IC 2087 = Ced 38 = LBN 813 = Barnard 14

04 40 00.0 +25 44 32

Size 4'

 

17.5" (12/26/00): this unusual yellow reflection nebula (also catalogued as Barnard 14) is embedded in Barnard 22 within the Taurus-Auriga molecular cloud, the nearest large stellar nursery at 450 light-years.  At 100x (unfiltered), IC 2087 appears as a fairly faint direct vision object, moderately large, round, 3'-4' diameter.  Fairly well defined although the edges fade into background.  What is the striking is the location - only four brighter stars are visible in the 50' field with a complete lack of fainter stars down to mag 15!  The surrounding field also shows evidence of very high obscuration (extinction about 5 visual magnitudes in the vicinity).  Described by Barnard as a "very small, bright nebula, diameter 3"... "in the dark nebula B 22".

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 2087 visually on 18 Jan 1892 with the 12-inch Lick refractor while observing a comet.  He noted "the small nebula is excessively difficult".  His photograph in "On a Nebulous Groundwork in the Constellation Taurus" (ApJ, 25, p218, 1907) reveals a long winding dark lane with a small nebulous region surrounding a couple of stars within the dark lane.

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IC 2098 = MCG -01-13-018 = FGC 509 = PGC 16144

04 50 44.3 -05 25 07

Size 2.3'x0.3'

 

18" (12/17/11): very faint, extremely thin edge-on, 1.2'x0.15', oriented WNW-ESE.  Generally only the slightly brighter central region was visible, roughly 0.4'x0.15', but occasionally the very thin extensions popped out and the galaxy appeared as a ghostly slash.  Viewed at 225x. Located 36' E of NGC 1665 and 32' W of mag 4.4 Omega Eridani.

 

Isaac Roberts discovered IC 2098 photographically on 17 Feb 1903 with a 20" reflector at his observatory in Sussex, UK.

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IC 2099 = MCG -01-13-019 = PGC 16146

04 50 52.1 -04 53 34

V = 14.2;  Size 1.0'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 135d

 

17.5" (2/22/03): faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 0.8'x0.5', broad concentration to slightly brighter core, thin extensions.  Situated between two stars with a mag 12.5 star 1.3' SE and a mag 14.5 star 1.1' NNW.

 

17.5" (12/26/00): faint, small, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, 0.8'x0.4', weak concentration.  Nestled within a small asterism and 1.3' NW of a mag 12.5 star.

 

Isaac Roberts discovered IC 2099 photographically on 17 Feb 1903 with a 20" reflector at his observatory in Sussex, UK.  Lewis Swift's position for NGC 1677 is 0.4 minutes of RA east and 6' north of IC 2099 and RNGC, PGC, HyperLeda and NED identify IC 2099 = NGC 1677.  But Harold Corwin suggests NGC 1677 is a duplicate of NGC 1659, assuming Swift made a 5 min error in RA too far east.  See NGC 1677 for more.

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IC 2104 = MCG -03-13-034 = PGC 16367

04 56 19.7 -15 47 51

Size 1.9'x1.2'

 

17.5" (12/26/00): extremely faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 E-W, 1.0'x0.5', low even surface brightness.  Clouds compromised this observation.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 2104, and found NGC 1730, on 6 Dec 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He described it as "F, moderate size, bM, elongated" and his position (offset from mag 8.4 HD 32077 near NGC 1730) is accurate.  The discovery was communicated directly to Dreyer.

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IC 2105 = LMC-N77A = ESO 056-EN07

04 49 26.4 -69 12 03

Size 0.4'

 

30" (11/6/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): bright, small, round, compact, high surface brightness, 25" diameter.  A mag 10.3 star lies 0.6' NW of center.  Located 5.5' SSE of NGC 1698.  The NGC 1727 complex lies ~17' SE.  This is the brightest knot in the LHA 120-N77 complex.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 2105 = HN 84 in 1901 on Harvard objective prism plates.

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IC 2106 = ESO SO 422-012 = MCG -05-12-011 = PGC 16373

04 56 33.9 -28 30 14

V = 13.0;  Size 1.7'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 56d

 

18" (1/21/04): faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, 1.0'x0.7', fairly low surface brightness with a very weak concentration.  Located 12' ENE of mag 8.1 SAO 169892.  A wide pair of mag 12/14 stars at 30" separation is 5' E.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 2106 = Sw (XI)-73 on 25 Jan 1889.  He described in his notebook "probably elongated N & S, not large, pF.  1' +/- N.f. 12m *.  _ field following and 1' +/- N of 8 _ mag star."  Lewis Swift found it again on 26 Dec 1897 and reported the discovery in list (XI)-73 as "eeeF; pL; components of D * 24s f point to it.  His RA is about 35 seconds too small, but the description matches.  Barnard apparently never sent a discovery communication to Dreyer (this happened to several objects in 1889 including IC 454) as Swift is credited with the discovery in the IC.

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IC 2111 = ESO 056-EN013 = LMC-N79A

04 51 52.4 -69 23 34

 

18" (7/10/05 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): this LMC emission nebula/cluster appeared as a very small, high surface brightness knot, ~12" diameter, embedded within NGC 1722.  A mag 12 star lies close SW.

 

18" (7/9/02 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): embedded within NGC 1722 is a small, fairly bright knot just NE of a mag 11.8 star.  At 128x and UHC filter, it appeared ~15" diameter and was described by Williamina Fleming as a "stellar planetary" based on an objective prism plate.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 2111 = HN 85 in 1901 on Harvard objective prism plates and noted as "Planetary, stellar".  NGC 1722 is plotted as an planetary nebula on the Skalnate Pleso "Atlas of the Heavens" as well as the Sky Atlas 2000.0

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IC 2116 = LMC-N11A

04 57 16.2 -66 23 21

Size 0.6'

 

30" (11/4/10 - Coonabarabran, 264x): bright, high surface brightness knot, ~15" diameter.  Located at or just beyond the northeast edge of the showpiece Bean Nebula (NGC 1763), roughly 3' NE of the center, and certainly part of the same complex.  The mag 11 star HD 268726 lies 45" W (sometimes taken as IC 2115).

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 2116 = Fleming 88 on a Harvard objective prism plate taken in 1901 at the Arequipa station.  See Harold Corwin's thorough analysis on this number.

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IC 2117 = LMC-N91A = HD 32364 = LH 12

04 57 14.4 -68 26 29

Size 1'

 

18" (7/9/02 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): this is the brightest knot of nebulosity involving the LMC cluster NGC 1770.  It is situated about 2' S of HD 268804, the brightest mag 11.2 star in the cluster.  The total size of the nebulosity was ~2' and was mostly south of the group of stars.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 2117 = Fleming 89 on a Harvard objective prism plate taken in 1901 at the Arequipa station.

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IC 2118 = Witch-Head Nebula = NGC 1909?= LBN 959 = Ced 41 = LBN 959

05 04 54 -07 15

Size 180'x60'

 

13x80mm (1/15/07): first visual observation I've made of the Witch-Head nebula.  Using the 80mm finder at 13x (24mm Panoptic) without a filter a very large, ill-defined glow (~30'-40') was visible between 1-1.5” south of Beta Eridani.  This is the NE section of this faint reflection nebula.  With averted vision the glow brightened and stood out fairly well compared to the background sky brightness.  This object is significantly fainter than Barnard's Loop but was surprisingly was not a marginal observation or as difficult as expected.  I couldn't follow the nebula further south with any certainty.

 

Max Wolf discovered IC 2118 on a plate taken on 16 Jan 1891 with a 4-inch Millet portrait lens (1 hr exposure).  The discovery was announced in "The Great Nebula of Psi Eridani", MNRAS 65, 528 (1905).  There is no reference to the "Witchhead" shape in the paper.

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IC 2122 = ESO 362-014 = MCG -06-12-017 = AM 0517-370 = PGC 17081

05 19 01.4 -37 05 22

V = 12.8;  Size 1.5'x1.3';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 67d

 

24" (1/22/15): at 260x; fairly faint, fairly small, irregularly round, low even surface brightness.  Viewed at 13” elevation.  Forms a pair with ESO 362-015 4.6' SE.  IC 2122 is the brightest member of galaxy cluster ACO S521 (z = .015).

 

At the position of ESO 362-015 was a 14th magnitude stellar object.  At 375x; this "star" appeared to be a bright stellar nucleus (or could be a superimposed star) surrounded by a very faint, very low surface brightness halo

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 2122 = Sw XI-76 on 19 Nov 1897 and recorded "pB; eS; R; 3 st in line nf."  His position is 1.5' too far south.

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IC 2128 = ESO 056-SC113 = S-L 429 = LMC-N44D = LH 49

05 22 44 -68 03 07

V = 11.1;  Size 3'

 

14" (4/7/16 - Coonabarabran, 142x):  Using an NPB filter a bright, compact patch, ~30" diameter, was prominently visible just 1' SW of a mag 10 star.  Much fainter nebulosity spreads out to 1.5'.  Three mag 13-14.5 stars are involved without the filter and a few more are further northwest.  A mag 9.2 star is 4.2' W and a mag 11 star is 2.1' NNE.  The IC 2128 nebula is located at the southeast end of the NGC 1929-1936 complex (LMC N44) and it is part of association LH 49.

 

LHA 120-N 44H is a moderately bright but compact glow (~30" diameter) that is detached 2.3' N (part of the same complex).  A star is involved unfiltered. The mag 10 star mentioned above is 1.1' ESE of this patch.

 

Solon Bailey discovered IC 2128 = D 176 photographically in 1896 using a 1-inch Cooke lens at the Arequipa station in Peru.  The discovery was announced in the 1908 "Catalogue of Bright Clusters and Nebulae", Annals of Harvard Observatory, Vol 60, p199.  Cozins and Steinicke credit James Dunlop with discovery on 27 Oct 1826 with his 9" reflector at his home in Parramatta, New South Wales.  Dunlop noted "a small faint nebula" and his position is close southeast.

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IC 2134 = ESO 033-019 = S-L 437

05 23 06.6 -75 26 49

V = 13.9;  Size 1.0'

 

18" (4/8/16 - Coonabarabran, 139x and 236x): fairly faint, small, round, 24" diameter, weak concentration.  A mag 12 star is 2.8' SE, mag 13.5 and 14 stars are 1.7' ENE and ESE.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 2134 = DS 301 from a plate taken on 18 Dec 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "cF, vS."

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IC 2135 = IC 2136 = ESO 363-007 = MCG -06-13-004 = AM 0531-362 = PGC 17433

05 33 13.1 -36 23 59

V = 12.5;  Size 2.8'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 109d

 

17.5" (2/22/03): large, low surface brightness edge-on, elongated nearly 4:1 WNW-ESE, 1.5'x0.4'.  Viewed at a very low elevation west of the meridian.  A mag 9.7 star is 5.4' SW.  Located 14' E of the scattered group NGC 1963.  This galaxy is incorrectly identified as NGC 1963 in RC3.

 

Lewis Swift found IC 2135 = Sw XI-81 on 22 Feb 1898 and logged "eeeF; eeS; eeeE; eeF.  See note."  His RA is 35 seconds too small but the identification is certain.  The note reads "Nos. 56 [[IC 335 = IC 1963] and 81 [IC 2135].  These in one respect are the most interesting nebulae I have ever seen, especially No. 56, which is a nebulous hair-line of one uniform size from end to end.  No. 81 at first sight seemed identical with it, but on a closer view the center seemed to have a very slight bulging in the middle." 

 

Swift actually discovered the galaxy on 9 Dec 1895, calling it "eF; pS; eE; almost a ray; 1963 p."  But his position was 10” too far north, so it was assumed Sw XI-82 = IC 2136 were different objects.  IC 2136 is another observation, though placed 10 degrees too far north!  According to Corwin, PGC and RC3 misidentify this galaxy as NGC 1963.

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IC 2138 = ESO 487-027 = IC 2137 = PGC 17463

05 34 21.7 -23 32 00

V = 13.1;  Size 1.2'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.9;  PA = 88d

 

17.5" (12/3/88): faint, small, oval 3:2 E-W, even surface brightness.  Located 2' W of mag 8.5 SAO 170570.  NGC 1979 lies 14' NW.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 2138 = Big. 384 = Sw XI-83 on 16 Dec 1887.  Lewis Swift independently found it again on 1 Dec 1897 and reported it as "eeF; S; R: 7m * close p; sf of 1980."  The bright star is following, though, and the galaxy should read NGC 1979.  Swift found it again on 14 Feb 1898, gave an accurate description for Sw XI-84 = IC 2137, but his position is 10' too far north.  So, IC 2138 = IC 2137.

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IC 2140 = ESO 033-SC24 = S-L 581

05 33 23 -75 22 35

V = 13.5;  Size 2.3'

 

18" (4/8/16 - Coonabarabran, 139x and 236x): fairly faint, large soft glow, 1.5' diameter, sllight brighter core.  The cluster exhibits some mottling and a few stars are resolved around the edges.   A mag 14.3 star is just off the ENE edge, and fainter stars are glimpse at the south and west edges.  Located 8.6' SSE of a mag 8.1 star.  IC 2140, another LMC cluster, is 39' NNE.  NED classifies this object as a globular cluster.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 2140 = DS 302 on a plate taken 18 Dec 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "eF, vS, ? eS Cl."

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IC 2145 = ESO 057-EN018

05 40 23 -69 40 15

 

See observing notes for NGC 2086.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 2145 = HN 92 in 1901 on Harvard objective prism plate.

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IC 2146 = ESO 033-SC026 = S-L 632

05 37 47 -74 47 00

V = 12.4;  Size 2.6'

 

18" (4/8/16 - Coonabarabran, 139x and 236x): at 139x this outlying LMC cluster appeared as a large, fairly faint to moderately bright glow, 1.3' diameter, round, mottled.  The surface brightness is relatively low and there is only a slightly brighter core.  One or two mag 15 stars are resolved at the southeast edge.  A mag 13-13.5 field star is at the NNW edge.  At 236x, the surface is very mottled with a few interior stars popping in and out of view, suggesting it was on the verge of more resolution.  Located 6' SE of mag 8.0 HD 38331.  IC 2140, another LMC cluster, is 39' SSW.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 2146 = DS 304 from a plate taken 18 Dec 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "Cl, vF, bet 2 st."

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IC 2147 = ESO 424-013 = MCG-05-14-013 = PGC 17662

05 43 28.1 -30 29 42

V = 12.7;  Size 1.8'x1.4';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 90d

 

18" (12/22/11): very faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter, low even surface brightness, no details.  I starhopped to this galaxy from NGC 2049, located 25' N.  Mag 6.2 HD 38138 lies 16' WSW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 2147 = Sw XI-86 on 3 Nov 1897 and reported "eeeF; pS; R; F * np; several B st sf; 3 st curved."  There is nothing at his position or nearby that matches his description.  But Harold Corwin found that ESO 424-013, located 4 min 20 seconds of RA west matches the description close enough to make this identification very likely.  The bright stars south following are there, though his comment about a "F * np" is incorrect or he confused the orientation. No other modern sources label this galaxy as IC 2147.  See Corwin's identification notes for more.

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IC 2148 = ESO 033-SC028 = S-L 642

05 39 12.2 -75 33 48

V = 14.2;  Size 1.1'

 

18" (4/8/16 - Coonabarabran, 139x and 236x): very faint, fairly small, round, 25" diameter, low even surface brightness.  This outlying LMC cluster is located 25' SE of IC 2140 and 9.5' SE of mag 8.2 HD 38473.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 2148 = DS 305 on a plate taken on 18 Dec 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "vF, vS, bM."  NED classifies this cluster as a globular.

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IC 2149 = PK 166+10.1 = PN G166.1+10.4

05 56 23.9 +46 06 17

V = 10.6;  Size 15"x10"

 

18" (2/14/10): easily picked up at 175x as a fuzzy bluish "star, typical of high surface brightness compact planetaries.  At 450x, the bright mag 11.6 central star is encased in a high surface brightness, elongated halo, extending ~14"x8" E-W.  The following end is a bit tapered and the halo on this side appeared brighter with the impression of a very tiny embedded knot.  At 568x (8mm Ethos + 2x Powermate), a virtually stellar knot was definitely visible just a few arc seconds following the central star within the halo.  Images confirm this ionized knot or flier.

 

17.5" (9/14/85): at 250x the bright central star is easily visible within a bright, small, high surface brightness oval elongated 3:2 ~E-W.  Located 38' NW of mag 4.2 ¹ Aur.

 

17.5" (1/31/87): similar view as last observation but I noticed a slight bluish color.

 

8" (12/79): appears as a fuzzy blue "star at 100x.  Very small and slightly elongated SW-NE at 222x.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 2149 = HN 105 in 1906 on a Harvard objective prism plate.

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IC 2151 = ESO 555-008 = MCG -03-15-024 = PGC 18040

05 52 36.4 -17 47 14

V = 13.3;  Size 1.5'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 99d

 

17.5" (3/8/97): faint, fairly small, elongated 4:3 SW-NE, low even surface brightness.  Forms a pair with brighter IC 438 7.7' SE. Located just west of a line drawn through a 1' pair of mag 10-11 stars 5'-6' SSE.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 2151 = Ho III-17 on 22 Jan 1900 and logged "eF, pS; near [IC] 438."  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 2152 = ESO 488-047 = AM 0555-231 = MCG -04-15-001 = PGC 18148

05 57 53.4 -23 10 51

V = 12.6;  Size 1.5'x1.2';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 54d

 

24" (1/1/16): at 225x; moderately bright and large, round, 0.7' diameter, well concentrated with a small bright core.  A group of 4 brighter star lies 6'-7' E, including mag 9.3 HD 40517 7.5' SE.  Located 18' ENE of mag 6.4 HD 40235.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 2152 = Sw XI-89 on 1 Dec 1897 and recorded "pB; pS; R; in vacancy; several B * f."  There is nothing at his position but 43 seconds of RA due east is ESO 488-047 and his description matches.  Herbert Howe measured an accurate position that was used in the IC2.

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IC 2153 = ESO 364-IG22 = AM 0558-335 = PGC 18212 + PGC 18213

06 00 04.8 -33 55 09

V = 13.3;  Size 1.0'x0.8';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 69d

 

18" (2/5/11): very faint, very small, elongated 4:3 SW-NE, 20"x14".  A wide pair of mag 13/14 stars lie 1.5' SSE.  Located 15' W of mag 5.5 HD 41047 and 13' SE of mag 8 HD 40719.  This is a very close interacting, double system but it appeared unresolved.  IC 2153 is located near the solar antapex point in the sky (directly opposite the apparent direction that the solar system is moving towards in the sky). 

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 2153 = DS 306 on a plate taken on 18 Dec 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "eF, vS, susp."

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IC 2156

06 04 51 +24 09 36

 

17.5" (3/8/97): unimpressive scattered group of ~12-15 stars in a 6' diameter.  Eight of these stars are arranged in a 6' arc open to the west and NW including a nice double and a small group of stars lies inside the SW side of this arc. This grouping does not stand out as a cluster and is located just 7' N of IC 2157.  Visually it appears to be a random grouping though it may be a detached part of IC 2157.

 

Thomas Espin discovered IC 2156, along with IC 2157, visually on 11 Jan 1899 with a 17.3-inch reflector.

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IC 2157 = Cr 80 = Tr 4 = OCL-465

06 04 50 +24 03 24

V = 8.4;  Size 7'

 

17.5" (3/8/97): at 220x, ~30 stars are visible in a 6' group, including a half-dozen brighter mag 10.5-12 stars.  The densest portion is ~4' diameter tapering to the NW and appears fairly rich with averted (over resolved haze).  The east end of group is formed by a 5' arc of mag 10-12 stars concave to the NW. Forms a pair with the IC 2156 group 6' N (possibly part of IC 2157).  Located ~35' W of NGC 2158 (off the SE side of M35).

 

Thomas Espin discovered IC 2157, along with IC 2156, visually on 11 Jan 1899 with a 17.3-inch reflector at his private observatory in Durham, England.

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IC 2158 = ESO 425-007 = MCG -05-15-004 = PGC 18388

06 05 17.9 -27 51 24

V = 12.0;  Size 1.7'x1.3';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 90d

 

17.5" (12/23/97): fairly faint, fairly small, 1.0'x0.7', elongated NW-SE, very weak concentration.  Unusual appearance as a mag 11.5-12 star is attached at the SE end (30" from center) and the galaxy "hangs" from the star spreading out towards the NW.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 2158 = Sw XI-91 on 1 Dec 1897 and noted "vF; pS; lE; * in contact nf; north end like a brush."  Swift added a note on its singular appearance with "one side expanding like a brush."  His RA was 16 seconds too small although his description applies to ESO 425-007, though the star in contact is south-following.   Herbert Howe's position, given in MN LX, p132, is accurate.

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IC 2159 = Ced 67b = Sh 2-252

06 09 54 +20 24

 

17.5" (1/16/02): southern part of NGC 2174-2175.  At 64x and OIII filter, this is a beautiful, detailed nebulosity surrounding a mag 8 star (SAO 78049), extending at least 20' diameter.  The OIII filter gives a dramatic contrast gain.  With averted vision and careful viewing, the outer borders extend to ~25'.  Structure includes interior streaky dark lanes visible to the west of the star.  The rim is slightly brighter or has a higher contrast to the western edge but slightly more nebulosity is visible on the following side of the star.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 2159 = Big 386 on 11 Feb 1890.  His position is southeast of the central region of NGC 2175.

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IC 2162 = Sh 2-255 = Ced 72 = LBN 859 = PP 56 = P 9

06 13 04 +17 58 42

Size 3'

 

24" (2/5/13): IC 2162 = Sh 2-255 is the brightest and easternmost of four round low-excitation emission glows with Sh 2-257 and Sh 2-254 lined up roughly to the west.  Using 125x (21mm Ethos) and H-beta filter, it appeared as a moderately bright, round glow, ~3.5' diameter, surrounding the mag 11.6 exciting star.  Sh 2-257 lies 5' W, and is a similar size, but surrounds several stars and has a lower surface brightness.  Sh 2-256 is a very faint detached glow off the SW side.

 

17.5" (3/2/02): at 100x unfiltered, IC 2162 was visible as the following of two faint, round glows surrounding mag 10.5-11 stars.  IC 2162 = Sh 2-255 is the brighter and larger of the pair, nearly 4' in diameter and quite symmetric.  Just under 5' due west is a separate 3' fainter glow (Sh 2-257).  This pair of low excitation emission knots is situated midway between two mag 6 stars with a 50' separation near the edge of the 20mm Nagler field.  Close southwest of Sh 2-257 is a very faint patch of nebulosity, Sh 2-256, but this was not seen visually, nor was the larger HII region Sh 2-254, a low surface brightness glow to the west (11' diameter).

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 2162 visually on 30 Nov 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He first logged in his notebook "Found a v. difficult neb close f and involving a 10m star."  He added the comments "vF neb, pL, roundish, densest part following the 10m star." His field sketch pins down the identification with Sh 2-255 (eastern of a pair of faint HII glows).

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IC 2163 = ESO 556-009 = MCG -04-15-021 = UGCA 125 = PGC 18751

06 16 28.0 -21 22 33

V = 11.9;  Size 2.2'x1.0';  Surf Br = 13.1;  PA = 98d

 

48" (2/20/12): IC 2163 was stunning at 488x, attached at the east side of NGC 2207.  The central region is very bright, round, ~1' diameter, small bright core.  Attached on the southwest side is a spiral arm that gracefully sweeps to the east while curving gently clockwise.  The arm is ~1.5' long and significantly increases the overall size to roughly 2'x1'.  Just NE of the tip of the arm is 2MASX J06163579-2122032, which appears as a faint, very small knot.

 

18" (2/5/11): forms the eastern component of an impressive interacting pair with NGC 2207.  At 225x, IC 2163 is an elongated glow embedded on the east side of the halo of the brighter galaxy.  IC 2163 appears fairly faint, moderately large, oval E-W, 1.0'x0.7', weakly concentrated.

 

13.1" (1/28/84): this is a colliding system with NGC 2207.  A double nucleus is visible and an extension just seen to the east is probably IC 2163.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 2163 = Ho I-7 on 11 Feb 1898 with the 20-inch Clark refractor at Chamberlin Observatory in Colorado. He noted "eF, pS, follows NGC 2207 [by] 7 seconds."

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IC 2164 = ESO 034-005 = AM 0608-752 = PGC 18424

06 06 52.3 -75 21 53

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 122d

 

14" (4/3/16 - Coonabarabran, 184x): faint, small, round, 30" diameter, fairly low surface brightness, no concentration.  A mag 14 star is 1' SE.  NGC 2203, an LMC cluster, lies 9' SW.

 

Delisle Stewart discovered IC 2164 = DS 310 on a plate taken 18 Dec 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted, "eF, eeS, R, stell N."

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IC 2165 = PK 221-12.1 = PN G221.3-12.3

06 21 42.7 -12 59 14

V = 10.6;  Size 9"x7"

 

17.5" (12/28/00): at 220x appears as a bright, compact, high surface brightness disc with a bluish color.  Crisp-edged at 380x and slightly elongated but no central star seen (mag 17.9). 

 

13" (1/11/86): at 88x appears bright, very small, just non-stellar, slightly bluish color.  Takes 360x and appears slightly elongated E-W.  No central star visible, fuzzy edges to the bright oval disc.  Located 38' W of ·903 = 6.1/10.8 at 23".

 

8" (12/6/80): stellar at low power.  Definite disc seen at 220x, bluish, slightly elongated.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 2165 = Fleming 79 on a Harvard objective prism plate taken in 1898.

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IC 2166 = UGC 3463 = MCG +10-10-001 = PGC 19064

06 26 55.8 +59 04 48

V = 12.4;  Size 3.0'x2.1';  Surf Br = 14.3;  PA = 115d

 

17.5" (3/8/97): fairly faint, diffuse glow with little concentration, although appears asymmetric.  Moderately large, 2.0'x1.2', elongated NW-SE.  Possibly up to 2.5' major axis with averted vision. A mag 13.5 star is at the west edge.  An easy mag 10/12 pair [at  24" separation] lies 3' E.  A 50" string of three mag 13 stars 4' NW is collinear with the galaxy.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 2166 visually on 6 Oct 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted "After visitors left found a new nebula.  1' following faint star, 3' preceding a double (1.5" or 2").  A small star following the double."  He made a rough sketch in his notebook.  His RA is 5 minutes too large, but the description and sketch clearly apply to UGC 3463.

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IC 2174 = UGC 3666 = MCG +13-06-002 = PGC 20252

07 09 06.0 +75 21 11

V = 13.5;  Size 1.0'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.2

 

17.5" (8/27/87): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, weak concentration. Located 5.7' WNW of NGC 2314.

 

17.5" (2/22/87): faint, small, round, diffuse glow, even surface brightness, visible with direct vision.  Picked up 6' W of NGC 2314.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 2174 = B. 264 on 24 Dec 1891 with the 12" refractor at the Paris Observatory.  His position is accurate.

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IC 2177 = LBN 1027 = Gum 2 = RCW 1 = Sh 2-296 = Ced 89c = Eagle or Seagull Nebula

07 05 06 -10 42

Size 120'x40'

 

13x80mm (1/17/09): excellent view using of the Seagull Nebula using the 80mm finder with a 24mm Panoptic and a NPB filter.  This long sinuous river of nebulosity winds for approximately two degrees ~N-S beginning just south of open cluster NGC 2335 and curving to the west of a 4' pair of mag 5.4/7.7 stars, midway along its length.  The south end is skewed and curves towards the SE.  The nebula is brighter along a central filament, particularly near the midway point and a dark notch intrudes on the west side just south.  Although the 18" at 73x and UHC filter added more detail and structure only half of the entire Seagull could be viewed in one field.

 

13.1" (1/19/85): at 62x and UHC filter appears as a very large, very elongated strip of nebulosity.  At the north end is the open cluster NGC 2335 within Monoceros.  The southern portion is difficult to trace; it crosses into Canis Major and ends at an easily visible reflection nebula = Ced 90 surrounding a mag 8 star.  Also includes nebula NGC 2327 midway along the length.  This emission/reflection nebula is referred to as the Eagle or Seagull Nebula.

 

17.5" (2/2/02): On the NW side is a circular nebulosity (the head of the Seagull) catalogued as vdB 93 = Sh 2-292, although this is actually the object reported by Roberts and listed by Dreyer as IC 2177.  In my 17.5" at 100x, it appeared as a very large, circular glow perhaps 15' in diameter of low surface brightness surrounding mag 7.1 V750 Mon = BD-10 1848 with vague hints of structure. The OIII filter gave only a very weak enhancement, but the H-beta filter noticeably improved the contrast at low power.  This combination HII/reflection nebula is situated off the NW end of the huge winding IC 2177 strip that extends mostly to the south, and is a wonderfully rich region of the Milky Way with a number of clusters and star groups in the vicinity.

 

Off the south side is the smaller nebula Ced 90.  At 64x it appeared as a faint, round, 3'  haze surrounding a mag 8.5 star.  Two mag 10.5 stars are collinear off the east side, 2.5' and 3.3' from the center and several mag 12 stars are involved at the south edge.  The H-beta filter noticeably improves the contrast and makes the nebulosity a moderately bright, direct-vision object.  With averted vision the glow increases to 4'-5' in diameter with some very faint haze extending east.  The star density drops off immediately to the west, except for a few stars.  Ced 90 is located at the extreme southern tip of the 2.5 degree giant emission nebula IC 2177, which extends north into Monoceros.  This is one of a select group of low-excitation nebulae that can be added to the list of H-beta objects.

 

Isaac Roberts discovered IC 2177 photographically in 1898 surrounding mag 7.3 BD-10 1848.  His position (for the mag 7 star) and dimensions of 13' corresponds with the position of vdB 93 = Gum 1 = Sh 2-292, not the 2” N-S strip of nebulosity that is commonly identified as IC 2177 in modern catalogues!  The often photographed strip was discovered by Max Wolf in 1905.  See Corwin's comments for the full story!

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IC 2179 = UGC 3750 = MCG +11-09-038a = PGC 20516

07 15 32.4 +64 55 34

V = 12.4;  Size 1.1'x1.1';  Surf Br = 12.6

 

13.1" (1/11/86): fairly faint, small, almost round, brighter center.  Located 1.4' E of a mag 10 star.  Forms a pair with NGC 2347 13' S.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 2179 = Big 267 on 24 Feb 1894.  According to Corwin, Bigourdan misidentified his offset star so his position in Comptes Rendus is incorrect.  But either Dreyer or Bigourdan caught the error as the IC position is just 1' N of UGC 3750.  All modern catalogues identifies this galaxy as IC 2179, but Malcolm Thomson feels that IC 2179 is a duplicate of NGC 2347 based on Bigourdan's published position. See Malcolm Thomson's IC Corrections and Harold Corwin's identification notes.

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IC 2184 = UGC 3852 = VV 644 = MCG +12-07-041 = CGCG 330-039 = VII Zw 156 = Mrk 8 = PGC 21123

07 29 25.4 +72 07 44

V = 13.9;  Size 1.0'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.7

 

24" (2/5/13): at 375x, fairly faint, fairly small, irregularly round, ~25"x20", irregular surface brightness but no resolution into components.  Perhaps higher power is needed to see the two main components.

 

CGCG calls this object a "Triple system"; UGC says "double or triple"; Mrk says "two doubles"; CGPG described it as a "blue post-eruptive quadruple of two bar-shaped and two spherical compacts" and V-V calls is a "nest of six compact galaxies".

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 2184 = Big 390 on 24 Jan 1900.  The IC position is nearly 11' too far southeast.  Corwin re-reduced his original offsets, though, and they match this multiple system.  CGCG (330-039) doesn't give the IC identification.

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IC 2187 = MCG +04-18-010 = CGCG 117-025 = PGC 20857

07 22 43.3 +21 29 00

Size 0.4'x0.3'

 

24" (2/5/13): faint, very small, elongated N-S, 20"x10".  A mag 12.5 star is attached at the north end, which interferes with viewing.  Forms a close pair with IC 2188 = IC 2186 1.8' N.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2187 = J 3-997, along with IC 2186, on 11 Feb 1896.  Malcolm Thomson notes that the CGCG incorrectly identifies IC 2187 as being IC 2188.

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IC 2188 = IC 2186 = MCG +04-18-011 = CGCG 117-026 = PGC 20858

07 22 43.2 +21 30 47

Size 0.9'x0.6';  PA = 111d

 

24" (2/5/13): brightest in a trio with IC 2187 1.8' S.  At 375x appeared fairly faint, small, slightly elongated 22"x15" ~E-W, faint stellar nucleus.  2MASX J07224774+2131452 lies 1.5' NE.  This small group is located 45' SE of the double star Delta Gem (3.5/8.5 at 6").

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2188 = J. 3-998 on 28 Feb 1900.  IC 2186, found by Javelle on 11 Feb 1896, may be the first observation of this galaxy.  See Corwin's notes for the story.

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IC 2191 = MCG +04-18-024 = CGCG 117-047 = PGC 21163

07 30 17.5 +24 19 40

V = 14.1;  Size 0.8'x0.55';  PA = 20d

 

24" (2/14/15): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated SSW-NNE, 20"x15", contains a very small brighter nucleus.  NGC 2398 lies 10' due south.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2191 = J. 3-1000 on 7 Feb 1896.  His position is accurate.

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IC 2193 = UGC 3902 = MCG +05-18-018 = PGC 21276

07 33 23.8 +31 28 59

V = 13.4;  Size 1.5'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 90d

 

17.5" (1/23/93): faint, small, elongated 5:2 WSW-ENE, small bright core.  A mag 13.5 star is at the north edge 32" NNE of center.  IC 2194 lies 10' SSE and IC 2196 lies 11.4' SW.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 2193 on 12 May 1888 with the 12-inch at Lick Observatory.  This was three nights after he found IC 2194, 2196 and 2199 - his first discoveries at Lick.  He noted (from his logbook), "Found a new nebula in field with those of May 9th, and north of them.  Small, hazy, faint, less than 1' s.p. 10m star."  Although the star is closer to 13th magnitude and his position is poor, the identification is certain.

 

Harold Corwin notes that Javelle's IC 2192 is not identical to IC 2193 as suggested by Dreyer in the IC description.  IC 2192 is an extremely faint galaxy at 07 33 20.3 +31 21 41 (J2000).

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IC 2194 = MCG +05-18-020 = CGCG 147-039 = PGC 21285

07 33 40.2 +31 20 04

Size 1.0'x0.3'

 

17.5" (1/23/93): faint, very small, round, very small bright core.  Faintest in the IC 2199 group with IC 2196 7' NE and IC 2193 10' NNW.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 2194 = J. 3-1002 , along with IC 2196, 2197 and 2199, on 9 May 1888.  These were his first discoveries with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory and labeled "b" on the sketch of the field.  He spent a great deal of effort in trying to calculate the positions with respect to Castor.  Stephane Javelle independently discovered the galaxy on 24 Jan 1898 and noted J. 1002 as "faint, round, 20"-25", gradually condensed, granular."

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IC 2196 = UGC 3910 = MCG +05-18-021 = PGC 21300

07 34 09.8 +31 24 20

V = 12.7;  Size 1.4'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 150d

 

17.5" (1/23/93): fairly faint, fairly small, round, even concentration to a brighter core.  On line with three mag 13.5 stars 1.1' SW, 2.1' SSW and 2.5' SSW.  Second brightest in the IC 2199 group with IC 2199 12.6' SE, IC 2193 11.4' NW and IC 2194 7' SW.  Located 30' S of Castor!

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 2196 = J. 3-1003, along with IC 2194, 2197 and 2199, on 9 May 1888.  These were his first discoveries with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory and labeled "c" on his field sketch.  He also found "d", which he described as "vvF, foll 'c' [IC 2196] about 3' of arc."  At this offset is 2 stars and an extremely faint galaxy attached.  Stephane Javelle independently discovered IC 2196 on 24 Jan 1898 and noted "faint, nearly round, 25"-30", gradually condensed, granular."

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IC 2199 = UGC 3915 = MCG +05-18-022 = PGC 21328

07 34 55.8 +31 16 35

V = 13.1;  Size 1.1'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.5;  PA = 25d

 

17.5" (1/23/93): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, brighter along major axis.  A small elongated group of eight mag 13 stars is close west.  Preceded by mag 8 SAO 60192 7.7' WSW and mag 8.5 SAO 60197 6.3' SW.  Brightest in a group of 4 IC galaxies with IC 2196 12' NW and IC 2193 24' NW.  Located about 35' S of Castor!

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 2199, along with IC 2194, 2196 and 2197, on 9 May 1888.  These were his first discoveries with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  His position is 3.5' too far south (similar offset as IC 2194) and labeled "a" on the sketch.

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IC 2200 = ESO 123-012 = LGG 144-005 = PGC 21075

07 28 17.5 -62 21 10

V = 13.2;  Size 1.3'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.0;  PA = 58d

 

24" (4/4/08 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): at 260x appeared moderately bright, fairly large, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, even surface brightness.  A mag 12.6 star is off the northeast end.  Forms a close pair with IC 2200A at 1.4' SW.  OC 2200A had an unusual appearance with a very bright stellar nucleus (or a star is superimposed) and much fainter extensions SW-NE.  This duo is located 15' SW of NGC 2417.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 2200 = DS 313 on a plate taken in 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "eF, eS, eE at 65”, bet 2 st, susp."  The western of the "2 st[ars]" in the description is likely not a star, but IC 2200A.

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IC 2205 = CGCG 148-015 = WBL 152-001 = PGC 21773

07 46 54.6 +26 52 20

V = 14.1;  Size 0.7'x0.35';  PA = 51d

 

24" (2/16/15): at 300x; fairly faint, small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 16"x12", brightens weakly to the center.  Contains a well defined halo of moderate surface brightness.  Located 6.6' SW of NGC 2449 in the WBL 152 group.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2205 = J. 3-1009 on 16 Jan 1896.  His position is accurate.

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IC 2209 = UGC 4093 = Mrk 13 = PGC 22232

07 56 14.4 +60 18 14

V = 13.7;  Size 1.1'x0.9';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 145d

 

13.1" (1/11/86): very faint, diffuse, small, weak concentration, requires averted vision.  Forms the fainter member of a pair with NGC 2460 5.4' NE.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 2209 = Big. 268 on 24 Feb 1894.  The IC position is accurate.

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IC 2220 = Toby Jug Nebula = ESO 124-RN?3

07 56 50.9 -59 07 32

Size 6.0:'x4.0:'

 

13.1" (1/30/06 - Costa Rica): at 105x the "Toby Jug Nebula" is visible surrounding a bright red variable star, V341 Carinae and was easy to chase down just 1.6” north of the naked-eye open cluster NGC 2516.  The nebula appears as a large, irregular glow unfiltered.  With careful viewing the west side is bowed in with thin extensions to the west on the north and south ends.  The nebulosity is not as extensive on the following side of the star.

 

13.1" (2/17/04 - Costa Rica): The "Toby Jug Nebula" is an unusual bipolar red reflection nebula 1.5 degrees north of NGC 2516.  Unfiltered at 105x, a fairly large irregular glow is visible surrounding the bright red variable V341 Car = HD 65750 (mag 6.2-7.1).  The nebula is bowed towards the west with the curved section on the following side of V341.  It extends furthest to the NW and the SW and is indented and weaker due west of the star.  The total size of the "Toby Jug" is 2'-3'.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 2220 = DS 315 on a plate taken in 1908 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "!! Nebula involving [HD 65750], extends 2' in dec and 1' in RA, 2 B and 2 F spiral wisps, spiral in form."

 

IC 2220 was named the Toby Jug Nebula by Paul Murdin, David Allen and David Malin in their book "Catalogue of the Universe" published in 1979.  David Malin included the Toby Jug Nebula in his 1999 book "The Invisible Universe" and wrote, "A few degrees from the bright star Avoir and a little south of Miaplacidus is a curious nebula with the uninspiring catalog name IC 2220.  It has a popular name taken from its superficial resemblance to the profile of a toby jug, a traditional English beer mug with a large handle, with one side molded as a stout character with a rustic, painted face. My colleagues and I suggested the name Toby Jug in our book "Catalogue of the Universe" in 1978, and it seems to have stuck, even in the United States, where toby jugs are rarely seen."

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IC 2233 = UGC 4278 = MCG +08-15-052 = CGCG 236-036 = FGC 730 = PGC 23071

08 13 59.0 +45 44 38

V = 12.6;  Size 4.7'x0.5';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 172d

 

48" (4/15/10): this remarkably thin, beautiful superthin edge-on extends 4.0'x0.25' (~15:1 axial ratio) NNW-SSE.  Contains a brighter elongated central region with a slightly brighter nucleus (though no bulge).  The overall surface brightness is fairly low and the galaxy gradually dims near the ends of the extensions.  The center is situated only 0.9' SW of a mag 10 double (a mag 13.5 companion lies 13" away) and the orientation aligns with the center of the galaxy.  Roughly midway along the northern extension is a mag 14 star.  Beyond this star the galaxy gradually fades to the tip, extending to within 0.6' of a faint star off the NNW tip.  On the south extension, the galaxy also fades, but after nearly dimming out there is a feeble glow at the very tip that is slightly angled or bent towards the east.  Located 17' SE of the Bear-Paw galaxy.

 

17.5" (2/24/90): very faint, moderately large, extremely thin edge-on NNW-SSE with a low even surface brightness.  A mag 14 star is embedded at the north tip and a mag 11/14 double star at 13" separation is off the east side 1.0' from center.  Located 17' SSE of NGC 2537.  This galaxy is one of the thinnest known.

 

Isaac Roberts discovered IC 2233 photographically on 25 Mar 1894 using the 20" reflector at his "Starfield" observatory in Sussex, England.

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IC 2293 = MCG +04-20-024 = CGCG 119-054 = PGC 23352

08 19 32.1 +21 23 39

V = 14.0;  Size 0.9'x0.7';  Surf Br = 13.4;  PA = 123d

 

18" (2/26/11): faint, small, round, 20" diameter, low even surface brightness.  This member of the Cancer I cluster is located 5.6' SE of brighter NGC 2557.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2293 = J. 3-1034 on 2 Mar 1896.

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IC 2311 = ESO 495-002 = MCG -04-20-007 = PGC 23304

08 18 46.0 -25 22 11

V = 11.5;  Size 2.1'x1.9';  Surf Br = 13.0

 

17.5" (3/25/95): fairly faint, fairly small, round, 1.2' diameter.  Even concentration to a small bright core and stellar nucleus.  Located in a rich star field 2.3' SE of a mag 10.5 star.  Just south is a 10' distinctive semicircle of stars leading to NGC 2566 located 7.6' S.  Second brightest member of the Klemola 10 quartet (2 fainter E-galaxies to the SW not seen).

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 2311 = Ho I-8 visually on 27 Jan 1889 using the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  It was found sweeping along with NGC 2566, which was described as "the S. of 2, roundish, pB, two stars involved."  IC 2311 was noted as "the N one is pB, S, R, stellar nucleus (?).  It is 1/2 [150 dia field = 8'] north of the above neb.  They are both among scattered stars."  He later added the note "one of these is new - the other probably = NGC 2566."

 

Herbert Howe independently rediscovered this galaxy on 16 Feb 1898 with the 20-inch Clark Refractor at Chamberlin Observatory in Colorado.  He noted "pB, vS, R, lbM, 6' n of NGC 2566" and measured an accurate position.  Barnard apparently never notified Dreyer (along with other discoveries) and Howe is credited with the discovery in the IC, though Barnard's observation was 9 years earlier.

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IC 2338 = Arp 247 NED1 = UGC 4383a = MCG +04-20-044 = CGCG 119-080sw = PGC 23546

08 23 32.7 +21 20 18

V = 14.8;  Size 0.5'x0.4'

 

17.5" (3/8/02): this is the southwestern component of a double system with IC 2339 (Arp 247).  IC 2338 was extremely faint and small, ~10" diameter, with possibly a faint stellar nucleus.  A threshold star about 30" NW also confuses sorting out the identifications and orientations.  Member of the Cancer I cluster.  In a small trio with IC 2341.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2338 = J. 3-1036, along with IC 2339 and 2341, on 2 Mar 1896.

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IC 2339 = Arp 247 NED2 = UGC 4383b = MCG +04-20-045 = CGCG 119-080ne = PGC 23542

08 23 34.2 +21 20 51

V = 14.0;  Size 1.1'x0.6'

 

17.5" (3/8/02): Arp 247 consists of a very close pair of faint galaxies with IC 2341 5.7' SSW.  The brighter component, IC 2339, is very faint, small, 30"x20" SW-NE.  IC 2338 is a very compact companion nearly just off the SW end (separation 0.7' between centers).  One or two extremely faint stars about 30" NW also confuse the observation.  Member of the Cancer I cluster.  Located 5' WSW of mag 9.6 SAO 80153.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2339 = J. 3-1037, along with IC 2338 and 2341, on 2 Mar 1896.

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IC 2341 = UGC 4384 = MCG +04-20-046 = CGCG 119-081 = PGC 23552

08 23 41.4 +21 26 05

V = 13.6;  Size 1.3'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.2;  PA = 1d

 

17.5" (3/8/02): faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 N-S, 40"x20", weak concentration.  Arp 247 = IC 2339/2341 lies 5.7' NNE in the same high power field.  Member of the Cancer I cluster.  Located 4.8' NW of mag 9.6 SAO 80153.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2341 = J. 3-1039, along with IC 2338 and 2339, on 2 Mar 1896.

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IC 2367 = ESO 562-005 = PGC 23579 = PGC 23580

08 24 10.1 -18 46 32

V = 11.9;  Size 2.4'x1.7';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 55d

 

16" LX200 (4/14/07): moderately bright, moderately large, elongated 3:2 SW-NE, ~1.0x0.65', broad concentration.  Two faint stars (aligned N-S) are just off the NW side and a very faint star is at the west edge.  Situated in a rich Puppis star field peppered with faint stars and a mag 10.6 star 7' NW.  This is a relatively bright galaxy that was missed in the NGC.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 2367 visually on 1 Dec 1888 with the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted "Picked up a smallish pB nebula, not in NGC." and measured micrometric offsets from a nearby star.

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IC 2374 = CGCG 149-027 = MCG +05-20-016 = PGC 23758

08 28 22.1 +30 26 36

V = 15.3;  Size 0.5'x0.45';  PA = 163d

 

18" (2/26/11): extremely faint to very faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  Forms the NW vertex of an equilateral triangle with IC 2378 2.2' ESE and IC 2376 2.3' SSE.  CGCG 149-028 lies 1.4' NNE.  In the dense core of the challenging cluster AGC 671

 

17.5" (2/22/03): marginal object in AGC 671, nearly on a line with brighter IC 2380 and IC 2378, just 2.2' WNW of IC 2378.  Glimpsed a few times at 220x, but needing a better night for a decent view.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2374 = J. 3-1043, along with IC 2376, 2378 and 2380, on 24 Jan 1898.  CGCG doesn't equate 149-027 with IC 2374.  The galaxy identified as IC 2374 in CGCG is actually IC 2376.  The PGC also has the identifications confused and Megastar has all the IC designations on the wrong galaxies.  Finally, it's odd that Javelle mentions "near star 11.5", but there is no brighter star near this galaxy.  Corwin questions whether he could have seen an asteroid instead? 

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IC 2375 = MCG -02-22-014 = PGC 23672

08 26 19.7 -13 18 11

V = 13.1;  Size 1.9'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 83d

 

24" (2/16/15): first in a striking trio of IC galaxies.  At 322x; appeared fairly faint to moderately bright, fairly small, very elongated 7:2 E-W, 0.8'x0.25'.  IC 2377 lies 1.6' E and IC 2379 2.1' ENE.

 

In addition, I picked up MCG -02-22-011 14' SSW (same redshift as triplet; the quartet forming LDCE 574).  MCG -02-22-011 was comparable to the ICs and appeared fairly faint, small, elongated 5:3 N-S, ~25"x15", small bright core.  A mag 12.3 star is off the southeast side [30" from center].

 

17.5" (2/8/97): first and brightest of a close trio with IC 2377 1.6' E and IC 2379 2.1' ENE.  Faint, moderately large, elongated 3:1 E-W, 1.5'x0.5', even surface brightness.  The group lies near two mag 11 stars oriented SW-NE.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 2375 = Ho I-9, along with IC 2377 and 2379, on 22 Feb 1898 with the 20" refractor at the Chamberlin Observatory in Denver.  He noted "F, vS, elongated at 90”, 1st of 3" and his micrometric position matches MCG -02-22-014 = PGC 23672.

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IC 2376 = CGCG 149-029 = MCG +05-20-017 = PGC 23764

08 28 26.1 +30 24 28

Size 0.7'x0.45';  PA = 65d

 

18" (2/26/11): faint to very faint, very small, elongated SW-NE, 18"x12".  Located 25" NW of a mag 13.7 star and 1.8' SW of IC 2378 in the core of AGC 671. 

 

17.5" (2/22/03): extremely faint and small, round, 10" diameter.  Appears as a very small knot 24" NW of a mag 13.7 star.  Located in the core of AGC 671, 1.9' SW of brightest member IC 2378.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2376 = J. 3-1044, along with IC 2374, 2378 and 2380, on 24 Jan 1898.  CGCG misidentifies this galaxy as IC 2374.  See Harold Corwin's notes on IC 2374 for more.

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IC 2377 = MCG -02-22-015 = PGC 23683

08 26 26.1 -13 18 23

Size 0.7'x0.4';  PA = 36d

 

24" (2/16/15): at 322x; faint to fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated, 0.4'x0.3', even surface brightness.  Faintest (lowest overall surface brightness) in a close trio with IC 2375 1.6' W and IC 2379 0.9' NNE.  A mag 11 star is 1.6' ESE

 

17.5" (2/8/97): second and faintest in a trio with IC 2375 and IC 2379.  Extremely faint, small, round, very low even surface brightness, 30" diameter.  IC 2379 is just 0.9' NNE and IC 2375 1.6' W.  A mag 11 star lies 1.5' ESE.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 2377 = Ho I-10, along with IC 2375 and 2379, on 22 Feb 1898 with the 20" refractor at the Chamberlin Observatory in Denver.  He noted "eF, vS, 2nd of 3" and his micrometric position matches MCG -02-22-015 = PGC 23683.  The identifications of IC 2377 and IC 2379 are reversed in PGC but correct in MCG.

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IC 2378 = CGCG 149-031 = MCG +05-20-018 = PGC 23771

08 28 31.6 +30 25 53

V = 14.0;  Size 1.1'x0.8';  PA = 30d

 

18" (2/26/11): faint to fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated SW-NE, 45"x35", low surface brightness halo with only a broad weak concentration, then sharply concentrated with a very small brighter nucleus.  IC 2378 is the largest and brightest galaxy in the core of AGC 671 with a number of faint galaxies nearby including IC 2374 2.2' WNW, IC 2376 1.8' SW, IC 2380 3' SE, CGCG 149-28 and CGCG 149-35.

 

17.5" (2/22/03): very faint, small, round, 25" diameter, low even surface brightness.  Brightest in AGC 671 with IC 2380 3.1' SE, IC 2376 1.9' SW and IC 2374 2.2' WNW.  Other fainter members nearby.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2378 = J. 3-1045, along with IC 2374, 2376 and 2380, on 24 Jan 1898.

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IC 2379 = MCG -02-22-016 = PGC 23681

08 26 27.8 -13 17 36

Size 0.9'x0.5';  PA = 144d

 

24" (2/16/15): at 322x; fairly faint, fairly small, oval 4:3 NW-SE, 0.45'x0.3', small bright core.  Second brightest in the triplet with IC 2377 0.9' SSW and IC 2375 2' WSW.  A mag 11 star lies 1.7' SE and a slightly fainter star is 1.9' NE.

 

17.5" (2/8/97): third in close trio with IC 2375 0.9' SSW and IC 2377 2.1' WSW.  Very faint, small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, 0.5'x0.3'.  A mag 15 star lies 30" N.  Located 1.9' SW of a mag 12 star and 1.7' NW of a mag 11 star.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 2379 = Ho I-11, along with IC 2375 and 2377, on 22 Feb 1898 with the 20" refractor at the Chamberlin Observatory in Denver.  He noted "vF, vS, 2nd of 3" and his micrometric position matches MCG -02-22-016 = PGC 23681.  The identifications of IC 2377 and IC 2379 are reversed in PGC but correct in MCG.

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IC 2380 = CGCG 149-032 = MCG +05-20-019 = PGC 23777

08 28 43.9 +30 24 16

V = 14.4;  Size 0.75'x0.6';  PA = 169d

 

18" (2/26/11): faint, very small, round, 20" diameter, weak concentration.  Situated 1.4' NE of a mag 12 star and 3' SE of brighter IC 2378.

 

17.5" (2/22/03): very faint, very small, round, 20" diameter.  Second brightest in AGC 671 and just slightly fainter than IC 2378 3.1' NW, though similar in size.  A mag 12.5 star is 1' SW.  IC 2376 lies 3.8' due west.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2380 = J. 3-1046, along with IC 2374, 2376 and 2378, on 24 Jan 1898.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 2388 = CGCG 089-063

08 39 56.5 +19 38 43

Size 0.5'x0.3'

 

18" (1/13/07): extremely faint, very small, round, 15" diameter.  Located 1.5' S of a mag 10 star in the Beehive cluster and forms the southwest vertex of a 3.5'x1.5' rectangle including two mag 10 stars (one mentioned above at 3.6' separation).

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 2388 and communicated the discovery directly to Dreyer.  His position and description matches this faint galaxy, but the discovery date and telescope are unknown.

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IC 2389 = UGC 4576 = MCG +12-09-011 = CGCG 331-064 = CGCG 332-011 = PGC 24711

08 47 58.2 +73 32 18

V = 13.4;  Size 1.6'x0.3';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 126d

 

17.5" (1/12/02): fairly faint, very elongated 7:2 NW-SE, 0.75'x0.2'.  Situated just off the NW end of a curving 5' string of 5 stars oriented SE-NW, the brightest being a mag 11.8 star 2.3' SE.  NGC 2646 lies 11' SE.

 

Guillaume Bigourdan discovered IC 2389 = Big. 269 on 3 Feb 1894.  His position is accurate.

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IC 2391 = ESO 165-SC4 = Cr 191 = Omicron Velorum Cluster

08 40 18 -52 55

V = 2.5;  Size 50'

 

13.1" (1/30/06 - Costa Rica): very bright and large naked-eye cluster surrounding mag 3.6 Omicron Vel (just north of the False Cross).  Resolved in 9x50 finder and my 15x50 IS binoculars.  Includes 7 bright stars with a wide (1.3') bright pair of mag 5 stars on the east side.  The border of this scattered group is not well defined but the fainter stars fill out over a degree in the 20mm Nagler 66' field.

 

13.1" (2/17/04 - Costa Rica): this very large naked-eye cluster appears as a fuzzy glow surrounding mag 3.6 Omicron Velorum (1.8 degrees NNW of mag 2.0 Delta Velorum in the False Cross).  This scattered 50' group contains perhaps three dozen stars and barely fits in the field of the 20 Nagler.  Perhaps a better view is obtained in the 9x50 finder or 10x30 IS binoculars which does a nice job of resolving the brighter stars, but the group is really too sparse and scattered to look impressive in the 13".

 

Al-Sufi first mentioned IC 2391 = Lac II-5 around 644 AD as a "nebulous star."  Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille observed it in 1751-1752 during his journey to the Cape and described a "small heap of stars" in his 1/2-inch refractor.  Solon Bailey also found the cluster on a photographic plate in 1896 using a 1" (f/13) Cook lens at the Arequipa station.  The discovery was reported in "A Catalogue of Bright Clusters and Nebulae" (Annals of Harvard College Observatory, Vol LX, No. VIII) and Bailey was credited with the discovery in the IC.

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IC 2395 = ESO 210-SC3 = Cr 192 = vdB-Ha 47 = Lund 1060

08 42 31 -48 06 30

V = 4.6;  Size 15'

 

13.1" (2/18/04 - Costa Rica): this bright naked-eye group includes mag 5.5 HX Velorum on the west side.  Resolved in the 9x50 finder.  In the 13.1", roughly three dozen stars are visible in a 10' field.  The bright stars are scattered mostly on the following side of the group in an elongated arrangement extending to the southeast.  There is also a fairly rich gathering of stars within 4' of HX Vel.  NGC 2660 is located 48' S.

 

Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille discovered IC 2395 = Lac. III-3 between 1751-1752 during his expedition to the Cape of Good Hope.  This identification was missed by Dreyer, Jones, etc.  Solon Bailey independently discovered the cluster photographically in 1896 with a 1" Cook lens at the Arequipa station in Peru.  The discovery was published in his 1908 paper "A Catalogue of Bright Clusters and Nebulae, Annals of Harvard Observatory, Vol LX, No. VIII.

 

Brent Archinal noted the equivalence of this cluster with vdB-Ha 47.  The Lynga position for IC 2395 is incorrect but OK for vdB-Ha 47.  Brian Skiff gives a centroid position of 08 42 31 -48 06.5 (2000).

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IC 2398 = MCG +03-23-003 = CGCG 090-006 = PGC 24664

08 46 44.6 +17 45 18

V = 14.9;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  PA = 8d

 

48" (4/4/11): moderately bright, oval 5:3 N-S, 30"x18", broad concentration, brighter core.  Three mag 12.5-14 stars within 1' cradle the galaxy to the NE, SE and south.  Located 2.2' NNW of a mag 10.9 star.  The faint planetary Abell 30 lies 8' NNE.

 

Max Wolf discovered IC 2398 = W. I-136 on a photographic plate taken on 13 Jan 1901 at the Heidelberg Observatory.

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IC 2411 = NGC 2667B = MCG +03-23-009 = CGCG 090-018 = Holm 98b = WBL 196-004 = PGC 24755

08 48 30.2 +19 02 38

V = 14.9;  Size 0.8'x0.25';  PA = 43d

 

24" (2/16/15): at 322x; very faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 SW-NE, 25"x12", very low surface brightness.  Fainter of a pair with NGC 2667 1.6' SSW.

 

Ralph Copeland discovered IC 2411 on 26 Dec 1873 with LdR's 72-inch telescope and noted "cF, pS, lE pf; was thought to have an eF companion about 2' nf."  Dreyer followed this up on 21 Feb 1876, saying, "eF; I think it is only a * 16 m +- nf."  Because of his uncertainty Dreyer didn't assign this galaxy an IC designation. 

 

Max Wolf discovered it again on a Heidelberg plate on 13 Jan 1901 and assumed it was new.  Dreyer catalogued it as IC 2411, with no mention of the prior discovery. Corwin notes that "Had Dreyer been observing on a somewhat better night, or (perhaps) with a freshly-polished mirror, the fainter galaxy might also have received an NGC number."  MCG doesn't label this galaxy as IC 2411.

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IC 2421 = UGC 4658 = MCG +06-20-013 = CGCG 180-019 = Holm 101A = PGC 24996

08 54 21.6 +32 40 51

V = 13.3;  Size 2.2'x2.0';  Surf Br = 14.8;  PA = 147d

 

18" (4/4/12): at 175x appeared faint, moderately large, roundish, ~40" diameter.  Pretty low nearly even surface brightness with very weak concentration and no distinct core or zones, so appears fainter than V mag suggests.  This pretty face-on two-armed spiral is located 49' SE of NGC 2683 and 9' SW of mag 7.4 HD 76069.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2421 = J. 3-1060 on 6 Apr 1896 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 2431 = "Browning" = VV 645 = UGC 4756 = MCG +03-23-030 = CGCG 090-063 = Mrk 1224 = SDSS CGB6 = PGC 25476 + PGC 200245 + PGC 200246

09 04 35.4 +14 35 39

V = 14.0;  Size 0.55'x0.4';  Surf Br = 12.3;  PA = 32d

 

48" (2/21/12): at 488x this compact 25" quartet resolved into a trio of adjacent, extremely small "knots" (galaxies) each ~8" diameter, within a common halo.  One or two seem to have stellar nuclei including the knot on the south side, which corresponds with SDSS J090434.82+143536.3 = PGC 200246 (V = 15.7).  The other two knots are very close west and northwest (PGC 200245).  A mag 12 star is 1.7' NNE.  The seeing was fairly poor at the time of the observation, so I needed to wait for steady moments.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2431 = J. 3-1068 on 24 Feb 1896 with the 30-inch refractor at the Nice Observatory.  His micrometric position is accurate.

 

UGC classifies IC 2431 quadruple system.  The V-V Atlas of Interacting Galaxies II, has the note ""Browning".  Three?"  The name "Browning" probably refers to a Browning pistol, which it resembles in the atlas.

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IC 2437 = ESO 564-021 = MCG -03-23-020 = PGC 25518

09 05 33.1 -19 12 26

V = 12.9;  Size 1.8'x1.1';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 123d

 

17.5" (2/8/97): brightest of three galaxies in field including NGC 2754 and NGC 2758 about 10' S.  Fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NNW-SSE, 40"x25".  Weak even concentration to a brighter core and faint stellar nucleus.  Forms the north vertex of a triangle with two mag 12.5 stars 1.0' W and S.

 

17.5" (3/25/95): faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, slightly brighter core.  Forms the vertex of an isosceles right triangle with two mag 12.5 stars 1.0' W and 0.9' S of center.  A line of three mag 9.5 stars follows in the field including SAO 154906 and 154914.  In a trio with NGC 2758 9.7' N and NGC 2754 8.9' NW.

 

Herbert Howe discovered IC 2437 = Ho I-13 on 23 Feb 1898 and recorded "F, vS, R, 10' s of NGC 2754, 2757 and 2758."  His micrometric position is accurate.  It's odd that Muller viewed NGC 2754 and 2758 at the Leander-McCormick Observatory but missed this brighter galaxy about 10' north.

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IC 2448 = PK 285-14.1 = ESO 061-PN1 = PN G285.7-14.9

09 07 06.3 -69 56 31

V = 10.5;  Size 11"x9"

 

24" (4/4/08 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): this extremely bright, 10.5-magnitude compact planetary is located 34' SW of mag 1.7 Beta Carinae (Miaplacidus).  At 350x it appeared ~10" diameter with a very high surface brightness disc and a faint, thin outer envelope increasing the diameter a couple of arc seconds.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 2448 = Fleming 80 on a Harvard objective prism plate taken in 1898 at the Arequipa station.

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IC 2449 = HCG 37B = NGC 2783B = UGC 4856 = MCG +05-22-017 = CGCG 151-026 = Holm 113b = FGC 857 = PGC 26012

09 13 32.9 +29 59 59

V = 14.3;  Size 1.9'x0.2';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 77d

 

24" (2/9/13): faint to fairly faint, thin edge-on 5:1 WSW-ENE, 50"x10", contains a small brighter core.  HCG 37C lies 1' E and NGC 2783 is 1.5' SE.  Collinear with two mag 10/11 stars 1.6' SSE and 2.7' SSE.  A mag 14 star lies 0.6' N.

 

17.5" (2/8/97): second brightest of three visible in HCG 37.  Appears very faint, fairly small, elongated 2:1 or 3:1 E-W (difficult to determine due to very low surface brightness arms).  Only core noticed at first glance, extensions require averted vision to see well.  Located 1.5' WNW of NGC 2783.  HCG 37c is 1.0' E of center.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2449 = J. 3-1081 on 16 May 1903.  There is nothing at his position but Malcolm Thomson found that reversing the offset for his RA separation lands on UGC 4856 = HCG 37B.  This galaxy is not identified as IC 2449 in modern catalogues except for NED, Corwin, Thomson and Steinicke.

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IC 2469 = ESO 433-017 = MCG -05-22-008 = UGCA 163 = PGC 26561

09 23 01.1 -32 27 00

V = 11.2;  Size 4.7'x1.0';  Surf Br = 12.6;  PA = 37d

 

18" (3/17/07): moderately bright, very elongated 7:2 SW-NE, 2.5'x0.7', sharply concentrated with a bright 40"x30" core and much fainter extensions.  A mag 12 star is superimposed on the southwest end.  A mag 10 star lies 5.8' W.  This is a bright and large IC galaxy that was surprisingly missed by John Herschel and discovered by Swift in 1897.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 2469 = Sw XI-93 on 28 Dec 1897 and recorded "pF, cS, vE, 10m * close sp."  His RA is 36 seconds too small, but the identification is certain based on his description.

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IC 2474 = MCG +04-22-057 = PGC 26810

09 27 11.4 +23 02 04

Size 0.5'x0.2'

 

17.5" (4/13/91): extremely faint and small, round.  A mag 14 star is attached at the SE end and interferes with viewing.  Forms a close pair with NGC 2885 2' SE.  Faintest of three in a small group.

 

Sir Robert Ball probably discovered IC 2474 = Big. 275 on 10 Jan 1867 using LdR's 72".  He noted "3 objects seen close together, of which one is probably a nebula, the other possibly also, and third a star?  All of these are eF, and would perhaps not be seen unless on so good a night as this is."  The second and third objects are probably IC 2474 and MCG +04-22-060, though Dreyer did not include any additional entries in the NGC because of his uncertainty.  In any case, Bigourdan discovered the galaxy again on 21 Mar 1890 and was credited with the discovery in the IC.

 

CGCG and UGC misidentify NGC 2885 = IC 538 = CGCG 121-098 as IC 2474. 

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IC 2488 = ESO 166-SC14 = Cr 208 = Mel 97

09 27 27 -56 57 24

Size 70'

 

24" (4/10/08 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): very large, very bright cluster at 84x but fairly scattered.  The most striking portion are two bright ~N-S strings of stars, each ~5' in length, on the SE side of the cluster.  These two strings are connected on the north end by a couple of stars forming a "U" outline.  Many of the other stars are also arranged in strings including streams of stars that extend to the NW on both the north and south side of the cluster.  The most prominent string starts at the northern end of the western row and extends NW to a mag 9.4 star.  The outline of the cluster then meanders south on the west side before heading back SE towards the two parallel strings.  Although the listed diameter is 70', my description applies to the central 15' portion of the cluster.  Located 30' W of mag 3.1 north Velorum.  The irregular planetary, NGC 2899, lies 51' N.

 

Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille discovered IC 2488 = Lac III-4 = D 330 between 1751-1752 using a 1/2-inch telescope at 8x during his expedition to the Cape of Good Hope.  James Dunlop described "A faint cluster of small stars of mixed magnitude, with two or three pretty bright stars in it.  This answers to 485 Argus (Bode) and is described as a small star surrounded by a nebula."  Solon Bailey also found the cluster on a photographic plate in 1896 using a 1" f/13 Cook lens at Arequipa station.  The discovery was reported in "A Catalogue of Bright Clusters and Nebulae" (Annals of Harvard College Observatory, Vol LX, No. VIII) and Bailey was credited with the discovery in the IC.

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IC 2493 = MCG +06-21-056 = CGCG 181-065 = PGC 27322

09 36 17.5 +37 21 50

V = 14.1;  Size 0.6'x0.5';  Surf Br = 12.6

 

17.5" (3/12/94): faint, very small, round, 30" diameter, smooth unconcentrated glow.  A mag 14 star is 1.4' NW.  NGC 2922 lies 21' NNE.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2493 = J. 3-1115 on 14 May 1903.  His micrometric position is accurate.

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IC 2497 = PGC 165538

09 41 04.1 +34 43 58

V = 15.1;  Size 0.6'x0.3';  PA = 116d

 

48" (4/1/11): fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated WNW-ESE, 0.4'x0.3', brighter core.  This galaxy is located just 20" N of Hanny's Voorwerp!  2MASX 094106.75+3443565 lies 33" E.

 

Stephane Javelle discovered IC 2497 = J. 3-1118 on 14 May 1903.  HyperLeda doesn't identify PGC 165538 as IC 2497.

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IC 2501 = PK 281-5.1 = ESO 126-PN26 = PN G281.0-05.6

09 38 47.2 -60 05 31

V = 10.4;  Size 2"

 

24" (4/11/08 - Magellan Observatory, Australia): at 200x, this very compact planetary appeared as a very bright, mag 10.5 blue "star" that was slightly out of focus.  Although it was barely non-stellar at this power, it was obvious by its "soft" nature and blue color that it was a planetary.  Good contrast gain with a UHC filter.  At 350x, IC 2501 was clearly resolved as a very small 3" disc with a crisp edge and extremely high surface brightness.  Located 15' SE of mag 6.9 HD 83614.

 

Williamina Fleming discovered IC 2501 = HN 101 in 1904 on a Harvard objective prism plate taken at the Arequipa station.

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IC 2510 = ESO 373-029 = MCG -05-23-017 = PGC 28147

09 47 43.5 -32 50 15

V = 12.5;  Size 1.3'x0.7';  Surf Br = 12.2;  PA = 148d

 

18" (3/17/07): fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 NW-SE, weak concentration.  Located 3.7' E of a mag 9.8 star.  IC 2511 lies 21' E.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 2510 = DS 320 on a plate taken in Apr 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "eF, vS, cE at 140”, bM, susp."

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IC 2511 = IC 2512 = ESO 374-049 = MCG -05-23-018 = PGC 28246

09 49 25.4 -32 50 31

V = 12.3;  Size 2.9'x0.6';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 41d

 

18" (3/17/07): fairly faint, moderately large, very elongated 4:1 SW-NE, 1.2'x0.3'.  Forms a pair with IC 2513 8' ESE.  Located 24' WSW of NGC 3038 and 5.7' E of mag 8.5 HD 85117.  IC 2512 and 2514 are duplicate entries for IC 2511 and 2513 in Lewis Swift's same published list.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 2511 = Sw XI-97, along with IC 2514, on 30 Dec 1897.  He recorded "pB; pS; eeE; spindle; 7m * np; not 3038; np of 2 [with IC 2514]."  His position is pretty good, but he found the pair again on 12 Feb 1898 but confused the orientation of the pair.  Although DeLisle Stewart only found one pair on an Harvard plate at Arequipa, Dreyer included both pairs in the IC.  So, IC 2511 = IC 2512 and IC 2514 = IC 2513.

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IC 2514 = IC 2513 = ESO-374-050 = MCG -05-23-019 = PGC 28290 = PGC 28283

09 50 00.7 -32 53 01

Size 1.5'x0.3';  PA = 62d

 

18" (3/17/07): moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 3:2 WSW-ENE, 0.45'x0.3' (core region) with possibly very faint extensions, brightens to a quasi-stellar nucleus.  Two mag 12/13 stars are close following and a faint star is at the ENE end.  Forms a pair of edge-ons with IC 2511 = IC 2512 8' WNW.  NGC 3038 lies 17' NE and a mag 10.7 star lies 3' E.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 2514 = Sw XI-100, along with IC 2511, on 30 Dec 1897.  He recorded "eeF; eS; 3 F st close f; sf of 2 [with IC 2511]."  His position and description is good, but he found the pair again on 12 Feb 1898 and confused the orientation in his second observation.  As a result, IC 2514 = IC 2513.

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IC 2522 = UGCA 189 = ESO 374-010 = MCG -05-24-004 = KTS 37B = PGC 28606

09 55 08.9 -33 08 14

V = 11.9;  Size 2.8'x2.0';  Surf Br = 13.6;  PA = 0d

 

17.5" (4/15/93): fairly faint, large, round, diffuse, just a weak concentration.  Forms a pair with IC 2523 4.5' S.  Located 1.8' S of mag 9 SAO 200865.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 2522 = DS 322, along with IC 2523, on a plate taken in Apr 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "vF, cL, R, * 8 n, susp."

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IC 2523 = ESO 374-011 = MCG -05-24-005 = KTS 37C = PGC 28607

09 55 09.5 -33 12 37

V = 12.8;  Size 1.3'x0.8';  Surf Br = 12.7;  PA = 25d

 

17.5" (3/28/87): fairly faint, small, slightly elongated.  One or two faint stars are off the east end.  Forms a pair with IC 2522 4.5' N.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 2523 = DS 323, along with IC 2522, on a plate taken in Apr 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "vF, vS, cE at 20”, susp."

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IC 2531 = ESO 435-025 = MCG -05-24-015 = UGCA 191 = AM 0957-292 = FGCE 896 = LGG 185-006 = PGC 28909

09 59 55.4 -29 37 02

V = 12.0;  Size 6.9'x0.6';  Surf Br = 13.3;  PA = 75d

 

17.5" (2/1/03): large, low surface brightness streak, 1.5'x0.3', oriented WSW-ENE; broad, weak concentration.  In a field with a number of mag 10-11 stars.  Located 6' SE of a wide mag 10.7/13.5 pair and a similar distance south of a quartet of mag 11/12 stars.  At the southwest edge of the 220x field are a trio of mag 9-10 stars.

 

Lewis Swift discovered IC 2531 = Sw XI-104 on 15 Feb 1898 and logged "eeeF; pS; cE; trapezium n and nf; D * np."  His position is poor, but the identification is certain.

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IC 2533 = ESO 435-027 = MCG -05-24-017 = PGC 28948

10 00 31.7 -31 14 42

V = 12.0;  Size 1.8'x1.3';  Surf Br = 12.8;  PA = 1d

 

17.5" (3/28/87): moderately bright, small, almost round, strong bright core, possible stellar nucleus.  Located 31' N of NGC 3095.

 

E.E. Barnard discovered IC 2533 = D.S. 325 visually on 13 May 1890 using the 12-inch refractor at Lick Observatory.  He noted "Indef. 12m.  A 7 1/2m star 10' p and 5' S.  His rough pointing (9h 56m -30.9 for 1890) lands 12'-14' from NGC 3095, NGC 3100 and IC 2533.  Barnard has the note "= NGC 3100" in his notebook, but his description of the mag 7.5 star only fits IC 2533.  Mag 7.2 HD 86765 is 7' preceding and 6' south of IC 2533.  DeLisle Stewart recorded it from an Arequipa plate in 1900 and is credited in the IC.

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IC 2536 = ESO 374-026 = PGC 29157

10 03 30.1 -33 57 00

V = 13.8;  Size 1.9'x0.4';  Surf Br = 13.5;  PA = 45d

 

17.5" (4/1/00): very faint glow close NW of a mag 14 star.  This is an edge-on but appeared too faint in unsteady seeing to clearly view any details.  An evenly matched pair of mag 11.5 stars lie 5' NE.  Located 28' NW of NGC 3120.

 

DeLisle Stewart discovered IC 2536 = DS 327 on a plate taken 1 May 1900 at Harvard's Arequipa Station.  He noted "F, S, E at 50”, cbM."

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